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Effect of Seed Size on Seedling Performance in Panax g.inseng (종자의 크기가 묘삼의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jong-Man;Lee, Seong-Sik;Kim, Yo-Tae
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.85-91
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    • 1981
  • Ginseng seeds were gathered from 3,4,5 and 6 years of age and were classified into four qroups (below 4mm, 4∼5mm, 5∼6mm and above 6mm in across sieve). They were sown in seedling bed and some characters were investigated in each qroup of seed size. 1. The distribution of seed size of below 4mm, 4-5mm, 5-6mm and 6mm were 23.7%, 60.8%, 12.4% and 4.5%, respectively. 2. The ratio of seed coat dehiscence was not affected by seed size but emergence ratio and emerging vigor were superior in large seed. 3. The large seed showed superiority in stem length, stem diameter, leat and also in root length, root diameter and root weight. but diseased root was not affected by seed size. The effect of age(seed harvest) was not significant on all those characters.

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A Study on the line characteristics and coverage of FLC-C VDSL system. (FLC-C VDSL 선로특성과 Coverage에 관한 연구)

  • 길계태;하종영;권순철;한권훈;신종원;임종대
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.25 no.3B
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    • pp.446-455
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, we analyzed the reach performance of the FLC-C VDSL system using 4-CAP modulation scheme. We measured the attenuation of VDSL lines and their noise characteristics, and calculated the channel capacity. And then, we evaluated the VDSL coverage fro each type of cables; CPEV 0.5mm, CPEV 0.65mm, UTP3 0.5mm, UTP5 0.5mm, FS 0.4mm, FS 0.5mm. In case that FLC-C VDSL modern transmits 25.92 Mbps data over a UTP5 0.5mm cable, the VDSL reach appears to be about 570mm.

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Impact of Lumen Size and Helical Coil Place Change in Spring on Orthodontic Force (Spring의 lumen size와 helical coil 형성 위치 변화가 교정력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Gyu-Sun;Lee, Sun-Kyoung;Kim, Bok-Dong
    • Journal of Technologic Dentistry
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.331-337
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to impact of force system change in finger spring that add helical coil one round on orthodontic force. Methods: The following conclusions were drawn from the experiment conducted after bending 90 samples with a CNC wire forming machine while changing the height and lumen size to 1mm - 3mm - 5mm and 2mm - 3mm - 4mm respectively in the coil of the force system in finger spring added with one wheel of helical coil of 18-8 stainless steel round wire (${\Phi}0.5mm$, spring hard) from Jinsung Co. in domestic market under the following conditions: Laboratory name = Instron 5942; Temperature($deg^{\circ}C$) = 18.00; Humidity(%) = 50.00; Rate 1 = 10.00000 mm/min; Compressive extension = 5.0mm. Results: When Coil height is 1, 3, 5mm and lumen size is 2, 3, 4mm reduce finger spring as mean value of compressive extension occasion maximum load(mN) increases as coil height rises, and lumen size grows to 5.0mm. And was expose that compressive load(mN) increases as coil position of finger spring rises and increase as lumen size is decrescent. Conclusion: As the adherence height of coil was raised from 1mm through 3mm to 5mm, compressive load increased. As the lumen size increased from 2mm through 3mm to 4mm, compressive load decreased. Therefore, these results suggest that it is desirable to lower the coil height and enlarge the lumen size to enhance the biomechanical efficiency of finger spring when manufacturing the finger spring for removable orthodontic devices.

Determination of Transferring Period of Several Plants using Image Processing (영상처리를 이용한 작물의 모종시기 결정)

  • 민병로;김웅;김동우;이대원
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.178-184
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    • 2004
  • This study carried out to develope the vision system which automatically finds out a optimum transferring period of plants (Perilla, Platycodon grandifloums and Lactuca sativa) by using image process-ing. This system mearsured a height, long diameter and short diameter of the three plants with 20 replications. Following results were obtained on each plant. Compared with real data to be measured by hand with the vernier calipers, height, long diameter and short diameter of Perilla showed 0.5 mm average error rate with 1.7%, 4.7 mm average error rate with 3.9% and 5.5 mm average error rate with 6.9% respectively. Those of Platycodon grandifloums showed 2.4 mm with 8.1%, 3.4 mm with 7.2% and 4.0 mm with 10.4% respectively. Those of Lactuca sativa showed 4.0 mm with 9.1 %,3.4 mm with 7.2% and 3.6 mm with 9.4% respectively. The system could be used to transfer accurately the plant seedling, if the system were improved enough to reduce error rate for the optimum transferring period of a plant in the greenhouse.

Early Osteological Development and Squamation in the Spotted Sea Bass Lateolabrax maculates (Pisces: Lateolabracidae) (한국산 점농어(Lateolabrax maculatus) 자치어의 골격발달과 비늘형성)

  • Kang, Chung-Bae;Myoung, Jung-Goo;Kim, Yong-Uk;Kim, Hyong-Chol
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.271-282
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    • 2012
  • Early osteological development of the skull, vertebral column, and fins, and squamation in the spotted sea bass, Lateolabrax maculates, were studied under extensive larval rearing conditions. The first ossification during cephalic skeleton development began with the premaxillary, dentary, and parasphenoid at 6.4 mm Total length (Notochord length 6.1 mm) and was completed by 25.2 mm TL (Standard length 20.3 mm). Ossification of the cartilaginous caudal complex started simultaneously in the urostyle and two preural centra at 12.2 mm TL (10.4 mm) and it was completely ossified by 32.0 mm TL (26.4 mm). The principal caudal fin rays, with a count of 9/8, began to ossify at 11.6 mm TL (10.2 mm) and the procurrent caudal fin rays, with counts of 4 (upper) and 3 (lower), started to ossify by 12.6 mm TL (10.9 mm). Ossification of these parts was completed by 21.4 mm TL (17.5 mm). Ossification of the vertebral column was first observed in the first to fourth centra at 8.3 mm TL (7.5 mm) and was fully completed by 21.7-35.0 mm TL (17.8-29.3 mm). The pectoral girdle started to ossify by 5.6 mm TL (5.4 mm) and was completed by 26.8 mm TL (21.8 mm). Eight pectoral fin rays were ossified at 11.6 mm TL (10.2 mm) and 16-18 rays were fully ossified by 13.8 mm TL (12.0 mm). Also, the dorsal, anal, and pelvic fin rays started to ossify at 12.2 mm TL (10.4 mm) and were completed by 12.8 mm TL (11.2 mm), 23.8 mm TL (19.4 mm), and 13.8 mm TL (12.0 mm), respectively. Ossification of the anal and dorsal pterygiophores initially occurred by 12.6 mm TL (10.9 mm) and 14.3 mm TL (12.2 mm), and was completed by 21.4 mm TL (17.5 mm) and 19.3 mm TL (15.9 mm), respectively. Squamation started at three centers of differentiation: the middle region of the trunk, the anterior of the caudal peduncle, and on the caudal peduncle at 23.8 mm TL (19.4 mm). The body was covered with scales, except the snout, at 57.2-60.2 mm TL (SL 47.1-49.2 mm).

Measurement of the Noise according to the Slice Thickness in MDCT (MDCT에서 절편두께에 따른 Noise 측정)

  • Moon, Il-Bong;Dong, Kyung-Rae;Kim, Mi-Hyun;Choi, Sung-Hyun;Kweon, Dae-Cheol;Goo, Eun-Hoe
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.151-155
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    • 2017
  • MDCT is used to determine how the noise changes as the slice thickness changes. Noise according to thickness of 1.5, 3.0, 5.0 and 10.0 mm was analyzed using the Siemens (Somatom Definition Flash, Germany) equipment and calibration conditions such as tube voltage and tube current using the calibration QC phantom. 1.5, 3.0, 5.0 and 10.0 mm, respectively. The mean HU was 1.5 mm (7.7 HU), 3.0 mm (4.9 HU) and was reduced by 59.5% from 1.5 mm. 5.0 mm (3.9 HU) and 97.6% compared to 1.5 mm, 10.0 mm (3.1 HU) and 148% less than 1.5 mm. It was found that as slice thickness increased, noise decreased, while slice thickness decreased. In conclusion, setting the appropriate slice thickness for each site may be useful for obtaining appropriate noise and image quality.

Studies on the Root System of Mulberry Tree at Slope. Land (경사지에 있어서의 상수의 근계에 관한 연구)

  • 김문협;임수호
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.8
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1968
  • This experiment was carried on to investigate the root system of the half bench terracing mulberry field of 170cm wide at slope 1and. The results obtained are as follows; 1. Total root weight per nest in case of p1anting two sapling is from 2.4 to 2.8kg, of which most are over l0mm in diameter, 1-5mm intermediate, and below 1mm and 5-10mm fewest. Total root length. per nest is 177-255 meter except less than 1mm in diameter, of which 1-5mm is longest and over l0mm shortest. 2. From the view of vertical distribution of root, the weight and length of root (90%) are mostly concentrated 20cm below and then 20-40cm from the surface of land. 3. Most roots have grown right and left within 30cm from the mulberry stock. 4. Most roots have grown at 35-70cm block and 70-105cm block from front side of terrace, if further than this, roots have become fewer. Root distribution at front side is more considerable than that at rear side of terrace. 5. There was no significant difference among the mulberry varieties.

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Analysis of Storage Requirement of an Agricultural Reservoir in Chungcheongnam-do Province Using MM5 (MM5를 이용한 충청남도지역 농업용저수지 필요저수량 변화 분석)

  • Yun, Dong-Koun;Chung, Sang-Ok;Kim, Seong-Joon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1862-1866
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    • 2010
  • 기후변화에 관한 정부간 협의체(International Panel on Climate Change, IPCC) 4차 보고서에는 21세기말 지구의 평균기온이 최대 $6.4^{\circ}C$ 까지 더 상승할 것으로 전망하였다(IPCC, 2007). 지구의 평균온도는 지난 100년 동안 $0.74^{\circ}C$ 상승하였으며 그중 0.45%는 최근 25년간 상승한 것이며 이것은 지난 100년 보다 2.4배나 빠르게 상승하고 있는 추세이다. 우리나라의 경우 기온이 전 지구평균기온에 비해 2배 이상 높은 $1.5^{\circ}C$정도 상승 하였다. 또한 온실가스 증가 속도는 다른 나라에 비해 빠르게 진행되고 있으며, 1990년에서 지난 2001년간 다른 OECD국가들과 비교했을 때 가장 빠르게 증가하고 있을 뿐 아니라($CO_2$배출량은 OECD국가 중 10위) 현재와 같은 에너지 다소비형 산업구조와 소비패턴으로는 온실가스 배출량이 감소할 가능성은 낮은 것으로 분석된다. 따라서 우리나라의 경우 다른 국가에 비하여 기후변화에 취약한 위치에 있고 민감하게 반응함에 따라 미래 기후변화에 대한 영향은 우리나라 농업수자원에 큰 영향을 미칠 것으로 판단된다. 본 연구에서는 기상청에서 제공하는 MM5 기상자료를 이용하여 농업용저수지 필요저수량 변화를 예측하였다. MM5 기상자료는 충남 서산관측소 과거 관측자료를 이용하여 편의보정을 거쳐 재추출하였다. 생성된 자료는 물수지분석 입력 자료로 구축하여 충남에 위치한 고풍저수지에 대하여 필요저수량변화를 예측하였다. 그 결과 기온상승으로 인한 실재증발산량은 676mm에서 717mm로 41mm가 증가하였으며, 소비수량 또한 1,617mm에서 1,659mm로 42mm 증가하였다. 유효우량은 2020s는 520mm 이였으나 2080s는 533mm으로 13mm 증가한 것으로 분석되었다. 본 자료를 이용하여 고풍저수지의 필요저수량을 분석한 결과 2020s, 2050s, 2080s 각각 31.2%(3,538.9천$m^3$), 16.0%(1,489.7천$m^3$), 26.6%(2,834.5천$m^3$)가 부족한 것으로 예측되었다. 이는 강우량은 증가하나 기준년도에 비하여 5월 8월이 낮게 예측된 것이 가장 큰 원인으로 분석되었다. 따라서 소비수량은 증가하지만 유효유량의 부족으로 필요저수량이 부족한 것으로 예측되었다.

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Early Osteological Development of the Larvae and Juveniles in Sebastes oblongus (Pisces: Scorpaenidae) (황점볼락(Sebastes oblongus) 자치어의 골격발달)

  • Byun, Soon-Gyu;Kang, Chung-Bae;Myoung, Jung-Goo;Cha, Ban-Seok;Han, Kyeong-Ho;Jung, Choon-Goo
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 2012
  • Skeletal development in the oblong rockfish, Sebastes oblongus, was studied based on extensive larval rearing conditions from December 2007 to March 2008. Newly-hatched larvae lacked osteological elements. After 3 days of bearing, jaw bones were ossified almost simultaneously with the frontal, parietal, clavicle, opercle, preopercle and branchiostegal rays at 8.0 mm average total length (TL). Ossification of the opercular was completed by 12.3 mm and the full complement of ossified elements of cranium and pectoral girdle were completed by 16.2 mm. Ossification of the cartilaginous caudal complex began to at 9.8 mm, and completely ossified by 18.0 mm. The fusing of the first and second, and the third and fourth hypurals initially occurred by 10.8 mm, and their fusion was finally completed at 18.0 mm. Notochord flexion occurred and formed an individual centrum by 8.5 mm and 10.8 mm, respectively, and all 26 centra were ossified by 13.2 mm. The preorbital bone began to ossify on the anterior region of eye at 10.8 mm, and the $1^{st}$ suborbital bone appeared ossified on the lower of eye by 12.3 mm, and all elements were ossified at 27.5 mm. Finally, after 71 days of bearing, the juveniles became 27.5 mm, and ossification was completed at this stage.

Effects of Supplementing of Aluminosilicate MAXIMINERAL(72) on the Performance of Broiler Chickens (규산염광물질 MAXIMINERAL(72) 첨가가 육계의 생산성에 미치는 영향)

  • 이승환;서상훈;엄재상;백인기
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 1996
  • A feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplementing MAXIMINERAL(72)(MM), a cornmercial product of Ca, Mg-bentonite, to the broiler diet. One thousand hatched rnale broiler chickens(Cobb strain) were randomly assigned to 4 dietary treatments; MM 0% (control), MM 1%, MM 2%, and MM 2% + tricalciurnphosphate (CaP) 0.5%. Each treatment had 5 replicates of 50 birds each. Birds were grown on floor and fed ad libitum for 5 wk. Through the whole period, weight gain and feed intake were not significantly different among treatments. However, weight gain of MM 2% + CaP 0.5% group was highest and orthogonal contrast showed that the feed intake during the period of 0~2 wk was significantly(p<0.01) lower in MM supplemented groups than the control. Feed efficiency (feed /gain) of MM supplemented groups were significantly better than the control. Feed efficiency of the control was significantly(p<0.05) higher than MM 1% and MM 2% + CaP 0.5% groups but not different from MM 2% group. Contents of ash, Ca and P of tibia were not significantly different among treatments but that of P tended to be low in MM 1% and MM 2% groups. There were significant (p<0.01) differences in plasma alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity among treatments. The highest AP activity was shown in MM 2% + CaP 0.5% group followed by the control, MM 2% and MM 1% group. It was concluded that supplernentation of MM at the level of 1% of broiler diet significantly improves feed efficiency and adjustment of P level rnay further improve the performance of the broiler chickens.

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