• Title, Summary, Keyword: MIS 5e

Search Result 52, Processing Time 0.043 seconds

Late Quaternary Sequence Stratigraphy in Kyeonggi Bay, Mid-eastern Yellow Sea (황해 중동부 경기만의 후기 제4기 순차층서 연구)

  • Kwon, Yi-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.242-258
    • /
    • 2012
  • The Yellow Sea has sensitively responded to high-amplitude sea-level fluctuations during the late Quaternary. The repeated inundation and exposure have produced distinct transgression-regression successions with extensive exposure surfaces in Kyeonggi Bay. The late Quaternary strata consist of four seismic stratigraphic units, considered as depositional sequences (DS-1, DS-2, DS-3, and DS-4). DS-1 was interpreted as ridge-forming sediments of tidal-flat and estuarine channel-fill facies, formed during the Holocene highstand. DS-2 consists of shallow-marine facies in offshore area, which was formed during the regression of Marine Isotope Stage (MIS)-3 period. DS-3 comprises the lower transgressive facies and the upper highstand tidal-flat facies in proximal ridges and forced regression facies in distal ridges and offshore area. The lowermost DS-4 rests on acoustic basement rocks, considered as the shallow-marine and shelf deposits formed before the MIS-6 lowstand. This study suggests six depositional stages. During the first stage-A, MIS-6 lowstand, the Yellow Sea shelf was subaerially exposed with intensive fluvial incision and weathering. The subsequent rapid and high amplitude rise of sea level in stage-B until the MIS-5e highstand produced transgressive deposits in the lowermost part of the MIS-5 sequence, and the successive regression during the MIS-5d to -5a and the MIS-4 lowstand formed the upperpart of the MIS-5 sequence in stage-C. During the stage-D, from the MIS-4 lowstand to MIS-3c highstand period, the transgressive MIS-3 sequence formed in a subtidal environment characterized by repetitive fluvial incision and channel-fill deposition in exposed area. The subsequent sea-level fall culminating the last glacial maximum (Stage-E) made shallow-marine regressive deposits of MIS-3 sequence in offshore distal area, whereas it formed fluvial channel-fills and floodplain deposits in the proximal area. After the last glacial maximum, the overall Yellow Sea shelf was inundated by the Holocene transgression and highstand (Stage-F), forming the Holocene transgressive shelf sands and tidal ridges.

Marine Terraces and Quaternary Faults in the Homigot and the Guryongpo, SE Korea (호미곶과 구룡포지역 해안단구와 신기지구조운동)

  • Choi, Sung-Ja
    • The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.25 no.3
    • /
    • pp.231-240
    • /
    • 2016
  • Three Quaternary faults have been revealed in marine terraces nearby the Homigot and the Gurongpo in the southeastern offshore of Korean Peninsula. The Hajung fault cuts the $4^{th}$ marine terraces and the Guman fault the $2^{nd}$, respectively. The Hajung fault strikes $N55^{\circ}$ to $45^{\circ}W$ and dips $40^{\circ}$ to $45^{\circ}NE$ with reverse-displacement of 180cm vertically. There are four sets of colluvial sediment strata that would be produced by faulting and indicate four times of fault movements during MIS 7 and MIS 5c. The Guman fault site consists of three sets of reverse faults that strike $N80^{\circ}E$ to $N70^{\circ}W$ and dip $25^{\circ}{\sim}35^{\circ}SE$ to $30^{\circ}SW$ with vertical displacement of 9~18 cm. The Guman faulting occurred during 80 ka (MIS 5a) to 71 ka (MIS 4) but it extends only to the lowest bed, the pebble sand bed, lay just on the unconformity, and not to the upper. Considering the attitude of the faults, we inferred that the Hajung fault was activated under the ENE-WSW compression during MIS 7 to MIS 5c and the Guman under N-S trending compression during MIS 5a. Using the OSL age dating results, we reconfirmed that the $2^{nd}$ terrace is correlated to MIS 5a and the $4^{th}$ terraces to MIS 7.

Estimation of Uplift Rate Based on Morphostratigraphy and Chronology of Coastal Terraces in the SE Part of Korean Peninsula (한반도 남동부에 분포하는 해안단구의 지형층서 및 연대자료를 이용한 융기율 평가)

  • Kim, Ju-Yong;Yang, Dong-Yoon;Choi, Won-Hak;Kim, Jeong-Chan
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.51-57
    • /
    • 2006
  • Terrace stratigraphy of the southeastern coastal areas of Korea is reappraised on the basis of terrace mapping and geochronology. Coastal terraces are divided into uHT ($90{\sim}130\;m$), HT ($63{\sim}86m$), MT ($36{\sim}55\;m$), and LT ($8{\sim}25\;m$) according to altitude. Among these, the Lower Terrace I is interpreted to have formed during MIS 5e based on Tephras Aso-4 (MIS 5c), Ata(MIS 5d or 5e) and OSL data. The age of Lower Terrace II is thought to be MIS 5a based on tephras and OSL data. The uplift rate in the SE part of Korea during the formation of the Lower Terrace (i.e. the MIS 5) ranges from 0.08 to 0.25 mm/yr and averages as 0.15 mm/yr. Such value is quite small in comparison to that of Japan, Taiwan or many other tectonically active areas in the world.

  • PDF

Characterization of interfacial electrical properties in InSb MIS structure (InSb MIS구조에서의 계면의 전기적 특성 평가)

  • Lee, Jae-Gon;Choi, Sie-Young
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.5 no.6
    • /
    • pp.60-67
    • /
    • 1996
  • The interfacial electrical properties of InSb MIS structure with low temperature remote PECVD $SiO_{2}$ have been characterized. The interlace-state density at mid-bandgap of the MIS structure was about $1{\sim}2{\times}10^{11}\;cm^{-2}eV^{-1}$, when the $SiO_{2}$ film was deposited at $105^{\circ}C$. However, large amount of interlace states and trap states were observed in the MIS structure fabricated at temperatures above $105^{\circ}C$. The time constant of $10^{-4}{\sim}10^{-5}\;sec$ of interface states was extracted from G- V measurement. As the deposition temperature increased, the hysteresis of C- V curves were increased due to the high trap density.

  • PDF

A Marine Terrace Correlated to MIS 5e on the Basis of Pollen Analysis at Sanha-Dong, Ulsan, Southeastern Coast of the Korean Peninsula (화분분석에 의한 한국 남동부 해안 산하동 일대의 MIS 5e 대비 해성단구 동정)

  • Choi, Seong Gil;Shin, Hyeoncho;Park, Ji Hoon
    • Journal of The Geomorphological Association of Korea
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1-11
    • /
    • 2017
  • The pollen analysis on the deposits of the lower marine terrace I of the estimated paleoshoreline height of 18m was performed in order to estimate the formation age of this terrace developed at the Sanha-dong coast, Ulsan, southeastern coast of the Korean peninsula. The pollen assemblage of the peat layer of SH-1 pollen zone (Quercus-Ulmus/Zelkova zone), lying directly on the marine rounded pebble layer of this terrace, shows that the climatic environment of the deposition period of SH-1 pollen zone was almost similar to that of the Postglacial climatic optimum period, but slightly cooler than that of the late warm stage of Last Interglacial(MIS 5a) in the eastern coast of Korea. This heightens the possibility that the deposition period of the marine rounded pebble layer which was covered by the above SH-1 peat layer is the MIS 5e which has been estimated by a previous study of the sedimentary facies of this terrace deposits (Choi, 2016). The pollen assemblage of SH-2 pollen zone (Pinus-Quercus zone) shows that the climate of this period was almost similar to that of the late Postglacial, but slightly cooler than that of the period of SH-1 pollen zone. This means that the climate around the Sanha-dong was still warmer in the deposition period of the peat layer of SH-2 pollen zone. Thus, the peat layer of SH-2 pollen zone was considered to have been deposited during the period from the early regression stage of the MIS 5d which is the estimated final stage in the deposition period of the above peat layer of SH-1 pollen zone to any stage in which the warmer environment of MIS 5 has still lasted. The humic silt layer of SH-3 pollen zone (Pinus-Ulmus/Zelkova-Abies zone) is assumed to have been deposited during the interstadial of the Last Glacial (MIS 3).

Formative Age of Coastal Terraces and Uplift Rate in the East Coast of South Korea (우리나라 동해안의 해안단구 형성시기와 융기율)

  • Park, Chung-Sun;Kihm, You Hong;Nahm, Wook-Hyun;Lee, Gwang-Ryul
    • Journal of The Geomorphological Association of Korea
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.43-55
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study tries to examine papers on coastal terrace in the East Coast of South Korea and to summarize formative age and elevation of the terrace. Spatial and temporal variations of uplift rate in the Coast based on absolute age published are also reviewed. The terrace in the middle part in the Coast from Goseong to Samcheok distributes in an elevation of 10-20 m and its formative age is MIS 5a. The terraces during MIS 5e and 7 develop on an elevation of 20-35 m and 60-80 m, respectively. The mid-southern part in the Coast from Uljin to Yeongil Bay has the terraces with elevations of 10-25 m and 25-45 m and their ages are MIS 5a or 5c and 5e, respectively. The terraces with elevations of 10-25 m and 30-45 m correspond to MIS 5a and 5e, respectively, in the southern part in the Coast from Homigot to Busan. Assuming that elevation of sea level during the formation of each terrace is the same as in the present time, uplift rates in the Coast range from 0.05 to 1.36 m/ky with an average of approximately 0.33 m/ky. The highest and lowest rates since MIS 5 are found in the Gyeongju (approximately 0.39 m/ky) and Pohang (approximately 0.19 m/ky) areas. With a consideration of elevation of sea level at that time, however, the middle, midsouthern and southern parts in the Coast show uplift rates of 0.16-0.28 m/ky, 0.20-0.36 m/ky and 0.24- 0.36 m/ky since MIS 5, respectively, suggesting that the southern part in the Coast has experienced relatively higher uplift rate.

Morphological Correlation and Chronology of Lower Terrace Formations of Southeastern Coast of Korea (한국 남동해안 저위단구 퇴적층의 지형대비 및 형성시기 고찰)

  • Choi, Weon-Hack;Kim, Ju-Yong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Quaternary Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.48-54
    • /
    • 2005
  • Terrace morphology is so conspicuous in the south eastern coastal areas. Coastal terraces can be divided into 5 main surfaces, including beach and coastal alluvial plain(AP, $4{\sim}5m$), Low Terrace(LT, 8 $^{\sim}$ 25m), Middle Terrace(MT, 36 $^{\sim}$ 55m), High Terrace(HT, 63 $^{\sim}$ 86m) and upper High Terrace(uHT, above 90m). Among them Lower Terrace Formation is distributed between 8m and 20m in altitude. Both Tephra deposited of LT2 formation and OSL datings of sand layers in LT 2 and LT 3 Formations support the age of the LT 2 formation is MIS 5d or 5e, most probably 5e. The age of LT 3 is interpreted MIS 5a, based on tephra production in organic mud layers and OSL dating of sand deposits just above the beach pebbles of the LT 3. Particularly the transgression, possibly equivalent to the well-known Monastirrian episode in the Mediterranean Sea.

  • PDF

Marine Terrace of Daebo-Guryongpo-Gampo, SE Korea(II) (대보-구룡포-감포 지역의 해안단구(II))

  • 최성자
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
    • /
    • v.37 no.2
    • /
    • pp.245-253
    • /
    • 2004
  • The 36km-long Daebo-Campo coast has a well-developed marine terraces divided to six steps by elevation of paleoshoreline : 0.5 m(T1), 10 m(T2), 30 m(T3), 40 m(T4), 60 m(T5) and 75 m(T6). The 2$^{nd}$ and 3$^{nd}$ platforms in Daebo to Guryongpo are wider and more distinctive than those of Guryongpo to Gampo. The 3$^{nd}$ terrace of 30 m high is subdivided to two flights as lower(T3b) and upper(T3a) by old sea cliff. Platform age is unclear because of coral fossil free. However, the terrace age could be determined with convergent OSL ages from beach sediments on 2$^{nd}$ step(T2). OSL ages of the terrace of 10 m high range in 60-70 ka. It reveals that the 2$^{nd}$ -step platform correlates to Oxygen Isotope Time scale, substage 5a(ca. 80 ka), and that uplift rate is ca. 0.19 m/ka for 2$^{nd}$ terrace at Daebo-Campo coast. If considering equivalent uplift rate for all terraces since the Late Pleistocene, the 3$^{rd}$ and 4$^{th}$ terraces would be 5e substage and 7 stage. The 30 m-high terrace provides a good indicator for uplift at Daebo-Gampo coast since 125,000 yrs(MIS 5e). It suggests that the local neotectonic deformation might cause an optional uplift rate of ca. 0.19 m/ka along the SE coast of Korea.

The estimation of the marine terrace of the Last Interglacial culmination stage(MIS 5e) in the Sanhari of Ulsan coast,southeastern Korea (울산 해안의 최종간빙기 최온난기 추정 해성단구)

  • Choi, Seong-Gil
    • Journal of The Geomorphological Association of Korea
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.47-59
    • /
    • 2016
  • The formation age and depositional environment of the marine terrace I of the estimated paleoshoreline altitude of 18m in Sanhari of Ulsan coast, southeastern Korea were investigated on the basis of examination of lithofacies and stratigraphy of terrace deposits. Marine deposits of the terrace is composed of rounded boulders(70cm in diameter) and rounded pebbles(1.0cm in diameter) which overlay them. The above rounded boulders which lie on the paleo-shore platform are considered to have been formed by wave abrasion in the same period that the paleo-shore platform was developed. The rounded pebbles which lie on the rounded boulder layer are considered to have been deposited in gravel beach and berm environment, judging from the laminae developed in this layer. The paleo-shore platform and marine rounded gravel layer of the terrace are assumed to have been formed in the large transgression period of the Last Interglacial culmination stage(MIS 5e), judging from the comparision of the formation age of 125ka B.P. of Juckcheon terrace I in the adjacent Pohang coast which was dated by amino acid dating. The terrestrial deposit of this terrace was largely composed of angular and subangular gravel mixed with marine rounded pebble which has been carried away mainly from the deposit of previous marine terraces and redeposited in this terrace. The lowest peat layer of terrastrial deposit was considered to have been deposited during the period from the late MIS 5e which is the estimated finishing time of deposition of the above marine gravels to the early stage of following regression period(MIS 5d) in which the sea level was still high. The sediments of angular and subangular gravel deposit which lie on this peat layer were assumed to have been deposited during the period from the early stage of the first regression period(MIS 5d) of the Last Interglacial to the Last Glacial. The lower part of the angular gravel layer is composed of the deposits of the fluvial and colluvial sediments, whereas most of the upper and middle part of the layer is mainly composed of angular gravels of colluvial sediments formed in the cold environment.

Characteristics of Marine Terrace Sediments Formed during the Marine Isotope Stage 5e in the West South Coast of the Korean Peninsula (한반도 서남해안 MIS 5e 해안단구의 퇴적층 특성 연구)

  • Yang, Dong-Yoon;Han, Min;Kim, Jin Cheul;Lim, Jaesoo;Yi, Sangheon;Kim, Ju-Yong
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
    • /
    • v.49 no.6
    • /
    • pp.417-432
    • /
    • 2016
  • It was firstly revealed in this research that the marine terrace of the Ijin-ri (Bukpyung-myeon, Haenam-gun) was formed during the last interglacial (Marine Isotope Stage 5e; MIS 5e). The marine terrace totally ranging from 4.8 m (asl) to 8.8 m (asl) is subdivided into 4 units; Unit I ranges 4.8-5.3 m, unit II ranges 5.3-6.9 m, unit III ranges 6.9-8.3 m, and unit IV ranges 8.3-8.8 m. Strong evidences that units II and III were formed during MIS5e were obtained based on OSL dating, the physical characterizations such as particle size distribution, magnetic susceptibility and water content, principal element and trace element analyses, and quantitative clay mineral analysis for samples at the 30 cm intervals. The rounded gravels on the marine terrace are regarded to be originated from the clastic materials transported directly from the surrounding mountains toward the marine and abraded in the coastal area, without any fluvial processes. During the warmest period (125k, unit II), the increase in rainfall, along with the rapid rise in sea level, was likely caused the high amount of clastic materials transported to the upper part of the beach. As a result of comparing clay mineral ratios of study site with those derived from sediments of either tidal flats, or the Yellow Sea, it is interpreted that the sediments of study site were influenced from the marine. The results will be used to investigate the hydrological activity and sedimentary environment during the high sea level in the past.