• Title, Summary, Keyword: MEA (monoethanolamine)

Search Result 57, Processing Time 0.074 seconds

CO2 Removal using MEA (monoethanolamine) Impregnated Mesoporous Materials (MEA (monoethanolamine) 함침 메조포러스 물질을 이용한 CO2 회수)

  • Park, Ye-Won;Baek, Il-Hyun;Park, Sang-Do;Lee, Jae-Wook;Park, So-Jin
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.45 no.6
    • /
    • pp.573-581
    • /
    • 2007
  • The present study deals with removal of $CO_2$ using various mesoporous materials impregnated with MEA (monoethanolamine). The mesoporous materials such as MCM-41, MCM-48 and SBA-15 were synthesised and then impregnated with 30, 50 and 70 wt% of MEA, respectively. XRD, FT-IR and SEM were used to evaluate the characterization of those. From the adsorption/desorption experiments for various materials, the adsorption capacity of these materials were found in the order of MCM-41> MCM-48> SBA-15. MCM-41 impregnated with 50 wt% of MEA showed the maximum adsorption capacity of $57.1mg-CO_2/gr-sorbent$ at $40^{\circ}C$. It is nearly 8 times higher than MCM-41 without impregnation of MEA. In the multiple cycle test of 20 times, MCM-41 impregnated with 50 wt% of MEA showed a constant adsorption capacity.

A Polarographic Study of Nickel-Monoethanolamine Complex (Ni-Monoethanolamine 착염의 폴라로그라피-)

  • Son, Byung-Yung;Yang, Jae-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.121-123
    • /
    • 1965
  • Polarographic studies of Ni(II) ion complexed with monoethanolamine, MEA, in aqueous solution have been carried out using sodium perchlorate as a supporting electrolyte. With use of D. C. and A. C. polarograms polarographic behaviors of the complex have been discussed. The wave obtained from basic solutions are found to be well defined and reversible, while reduction of the complex at pH smaller than 8.8 seems to be kinetic controlled with different complex species. Reducing species of the complex on the mercury electrode is determined to be $Ni(MEA)_3OH$ instead of $Ni(MEA)_2(OH)_2$ which is reported by other workers. Overall stability constant of $Ni(MEA)_3OH$ is obtained to be $10^{20}.$

  • PDF

Bacterial Degradation of Monoethanolamine (생물학적 방법에 의한 Monoethanolamine의 분해 연구)

  • Hyun, Jun-Taek;Rhee, In-Hyoung;Kwon, Sung-Hyun;Kim, Dong-Jin;Cho, Dae-Chul
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.157-161
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study is to investigate the biological degradation and the characteristics of MEA, a pH regulator to be put in the cooling water circulation system for power plants, loading to elevate concentrations of COD and N when eluted into the water environment. MEA, $NH_4^+$ and CODcr were monitored in flask cultures and in a batch aerator. MEA was found to be biologically degradable, producing substantial amount of ammonia (max. 78.1%) in a form of $NH_4^+$ and other carboneous intermediates. The degradation reaction rates were similar one another over all MEA concentrations tested as the activated sludge (microbial consortium) was acclimated to MEA with the gradual and stepwise increase in MEA input into the batch aerator. Also, MLVSS kept increasing with increasing MEA input. The COD-based degradation reaction order was determined to be 1.

Coverage-dependent adsorption behavior of monoethanolamine on TiO2 (110)

  • Sohn, So-Dam;Kim, Su-Hwan;Kwak, Sang-Kyu;Shin, Hyung-Joon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.126-126
    • /
    • 2016
  • Understanding adsorption behavior organic molecules at oxide surfaces is very important for the application of organic-inorganic hybrid materials. Recently, monoethanolamine (MEA) adsorbed on $TiO_2$ surface has received great interests because it can lower the work function of $TiO_2$ in photo-electronic devices such as OLED and solar cells. In this study, we investigated the role of surface defects in adsorption behaviors of MEA at the rutile $TiO_2$ (110) surface by combined study of scanning tunneling microscopy and density functional theory calculations. Our results revealed that oxygen vacancy is the most stable adsorption site for MEA on $TiO_2$ (110) surface at low coverage. As coverage increases, the oxygen vacancies are occupied with the molecules and MEA molecules start to adsorb at Ti rows at higher coverages. Our results show that the defects at oxide surfaces and the intermolecular interactions are important factors for determining stable adsorption structure of MEA at $TiO_2$ (110) surfaces.

  • PDF

Densities and excess volumes of aqueous monoethanolamine and diisopropanolamine systems at atmospheric pressure from 303.15 K to 333.15 K

  • Na, Jaeseok;Min, Byoung-Moo;Park, Young Cheol;Lee, Jong-Seop;Shin, Hun Yong
    • The Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
    • /
    • v.34 no.10
    • /
    • pp.2725-2730
    • /
    • 2017
  • The densities of water+monoethanolamine (MEA), water+diisopropanolamine (DIPA), DIPA+MEA binary systems and water+DIPA+MEA ternary system were measured over the full range of composition at temperatures from 303.15 K to 333.15 K by using an Anton Paar digital vibrating tube density meter (DMA4500). The experimental excess volumes were obtained from the experimental density results and fitted using the Redlich-Kister-Muggianu expression. The parameters obtained from the binary excess volume data were used for the correlation of ternary system with one additional ternary parameter for each isotherm. All investigated binary and ternary systems are completely miscible, because the values of excess volume are negative under the examined conditions.

Methane Recovery and Carbon Dioxide Stripping by MEA Solution the Autocirculation Bubble Lift Column Reactor (내부순환식 기포탑 반응기 상에서 MEA (monoethanolamine) 용액에 의한 이산화탄소 분리 및 메탄회수)

  • Lee, In-Hwa;Kim, Sun-Yil;Park, Ju-Young
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.239-244
    • /
    • 2007
  • For the simultaneous methane recovery and $CO_2$-stripping, we have been developed dual vent auto circulation bubble lift column reactor, and evaluate optimum conditions for monoethanolamine (MEA) solutions as a $CO_2$ absorbent. At the 5 wt% MEA solution, we investigated the pH change during $CO_2$-stripping and absorption reaction, $CO_2$-stripping rate with reaction time, methane recovery efficiency for various inflow rates of air, $CO_2$-stripping rate for flow liquid over flow height, and $CO_2$-stripping dependency on the temperature of absolvent solutions. The suggested optimum conditions for $CO_2$ recovery with MEA in the dual vent auto circulation bubble lift column reactor were 40 mm over flow liquid height, 1.5 L/min of air inflow rate, and $25^{\circ}C$ of absorbent solution temperature.

Electrochemistry Characterization of Metal Using Monoethanolamine as Corrosion Inhibitor (부식억제제로 모노에탄올아민을 사용한 금속의 전기화학적 특성)

  • Park, Keun-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.88-94
    • /
    • 2012
  • In this study, the current-voltage curves for metals were measured using cyclic voltammetry. The relationship between the electrochemical properties and surface states of metals were investigated by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). In cyclic voltammetry, we used a 3-electrode system for the electrochemical measurements. The measurement was conducted at the condition that consists of the first reduction from the initial potential to -1350 mV, continuous oxidation to 1650 mV, and last reduction to the initial potential. The scan rates were 50, 100, 150 and 250 mV/s. The results show the C-V characteristics of metals to be for an irreversible process, which was caused by the oxidation current from cyclic voltammogram, when monoethanolamine (MEA) was used as a corrosion inhibitor. When we used MEA as a corrosion inhibitor, the diffusion coefficient was decreased as the concentration of electrolyte was increased. In the SEM images of copper, we observed an increase of surface corrosion at the increased electrolyte concentration. Addition of $1.0{\times}10^{-3}M$ corrosion inhibitor MEA reduced the effect of corrosion prevention due to the relatively large diffusion coefficient at the electrolyte concentration of 0.1N.

Degradation of Aqueous Monoethanolamine Absorbent (모노에탄올아민 흡수제의 열화특성 분석)

  • Cho, Youngmin;Nam, Sung-Chan;Yoon, Yeo-Il;Moon, Sungjun;Baek, Il Hyun
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.195-199
    • /
    • 2010
  • The reversible chemical absorption using MEA (monoethanolamine), one of alkanolamine, is generally used as a conventionally method for $CO_{2}$ capture. Even MEA absorbent has excellent reactivity with $CO_{2}$, it has been known to have the decrease of absorption capacity caused by $CO_{2}$, $O_{2}$ or other acid gases in flue gas, corrosion and thermal degradation. In this study, MEA solutions degraded in the steam reforming process of refinery used and the absorption performance were compared for the used of conventional MEA solution. In case of 30 wt% MEA and mixture of 20 wt% thermal degraded absorbent (DP) and 10 wt% PZ, the absorption capacities were $0.5365mol-CO_{2}$/mol-absorbent and $0.5939mol-CO_{2}$/mol-absorbent respectively. PZ added thermally degraded absorbent showed the enhanced absorption capacity. On the contrary, the absorption rates were $1.1610kg_{f}/cm^2{\cdot}min$ for 30 wt% MEA, $0.5310kg_{f}/cm^2{\cdot}min$ for mixture of 20 wt% thermal degraded absorbent (DP) and 10 wt% PZ and $0.3525kg_{f}/cm^2{\cdot}min$ for 30 wt% thermally degraded absorbent only. The absorption rates of PZ added thermally degraded absorbent was higher than that of thermally degraded absorbent only. Therefore, it can be confirmed that thermally degraded absorbent can be reused as an absorbent for $CO_{2}$ by the addition of suitable additives.

Analysis on Chemical Ingredients with Anti-microbial Activity in Water-based Metalworking Fluids

  • Park, Donguk;Lee, Jonghang;Lee, Kwonsup
    • KSTLE International Journal
    • /
    • v.4 no.2
    • /
    • pp.52-55
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to estimate if the level of several chemical ingredients including alkanolamines or ethanolamines (EA) examined in the specific synthetic metalworking fluid (MWF) "A" can cause anti-microbial activity and health effect. Three water-based MWF products ("A", "B", and "C") were studied every week for two months (from June 1, 2002 to July 30, 2002). Chemical ingredients such as formaldehyde, boron, EA, and copper were examined. In the sump where MWF "A" was used, not only the total level of EA, monoethanolamine(MEA), diethanolamine(DEA) and triethanolamine(TEA), but also boron level were significantly higher than those of the other MWFs. ANOVA statistical tests indicated that levels of pH, alkalinity, boron, MEA, DEA and TEA in MWF "A" were significantly higher than those in other MWF types. Correlation tests also found that levels of pH, alkalinity, boron, MEA, DEA and TEA in MWF "A" are significantly correlated. We suggested the assumptions that excessive concentrations of EA, and borate at a high pH level, may cause anti-microbial resistance synergically. To demonstrate this assumption, additional study is needed to examine the relationship between the levels of microbes and excessive concentrations of EA, and borate at a high pH level.

Analysis on Chemical Ingredients with Anti-microbial Activity in Water-based Metalworking Fluids

  • Park, Dong-Uk;Kim, Bok-Hwan;Lee, Kwon-Sup
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Health Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.217-222
    • /
    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to estimate if the level of several chemical ingredients including alkanolamines or ethanolamines (EA) examined in the specific synthetic metalworking fluid (MWF) ‘A’ can cause anti-microbial activity and health effect. Three water-based MWF products (‘A’, ‘B’, and ‘C’) were studied every week for two months. Chemical ingredients such as formaldehyde, boron, EA, and copper were examined. In the sump where MWF ‘A’ was used, not only the total level of EA, monoethanolamine(MEA), diethanolamine(DEA) and triethanolamine(TEA), but also boron level were significantly higher than those of the other MWFs. ANOVA statistical tests indicated that levels of pH, alkalinity, boron, MEA, DEA and TEA in MWF ‘A’ were significantly higher than those in other MWF types. Correlation tests also found that levels of pH, alkalinity, boron, MEA, DEA and TEA in MWF ‘A’ are significantly correlated. We suggested the assumptions that excessive concentrations of EA, and borate at a high pH level, may cause anti-microbial resistance synergically. To demonstrate this assumption, additional study is needed to examine the relationship between the levels of microbes and excessive concentrations of EA, and borate at a high pH level.

  • PDF