• Title, Summary, Keyword: MCNP 4.2 code

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TET2MCNP: A Conversion Program to Implement Tetrahedral-mesh Models in MCNP

  • Han, Min Cheol;Yeom, Yeon Soo;Nguyen, Thang Tat;Choi, Chansoo;Lee, Hyun Su;Kim, Chan Hyeong
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.389-394
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    • 2016
  • Background: Tetrahedral-mesh geometries can be used in the MCNP code, but the MCNP code accepts only the geometry in the Abaqus input file format; hence, the existing tetrahedral-mesh models first need to be converted to the Abacus input file format to be used in the MCNP code. In the present study, we developed a simple but useful computer program, TET2MCNP, for converting TetGen-generated tetrahedral-mesh models to the Abacus input file format. Materials and Methods: TET2MCNP is written in C++ and contains two components: one for converting a TetGen output file to the Abacus input file and the other for the reverse conversion process. The TET2MCP program also produces an MCNP input file. Further, the program provides some MCNP-specific functions: the maximum number of elements (i.e., tetrahedrons) per part can be limited, and the material density of each element can be transferred to the MCNP input file. Results and Discussion: To test the developed program, two tetrahedral-mesh models were generated using TetGen and converted to the Abaqus input file format using TET2MCNP. Subsequently, the converted files were used in the MCNP code to calculate the object- and organ-averaged absorbed dose in the sphere and phantom, respectively. The results show that the converted models provide, within statistical uncertainties, identical dose values to those obtained using the PHITS code, which uses the original tetrahedral-mesh models produced by the TetGen program. The results show that the developed program can successfully convert TetGen tetrahedral-mesh models to Abacus input files. Conclusion: In the present study, we have developed a computer program, TET2MCNP, which can be used to convert TetGen-generated tetrahedral-mesh models to the Abaqus input file format for use in the MCNP code. We believe this program will be used by many MCNP users for implementing complex tetrahedral-mesh models, including computational human phantoms, in the MCNP code.

COMPARISON OF CANDU DUPIC PHYSICS CODES WITH MCNP

  • Gyuhong Roh;Park, Hangbok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 1997
  • Computational benchmark calculations have been performed for CANDU DUPIC fuel lattice and core using a Monte Carlo code MCNP-4B with ENDF/B-V library. The eigenvalues of the DUPIC fuel lattice have been predicted by an integral transport code WIMS-AECL using ENDF/B-V library for different burnup steps and lattice conditions. The comparison has shown that the eigenvalues match those of MCNP-4B within 0.20% $\Delta$k difference between WIMS-AECL and MCNP-4B results. The calculation of a 2-dimensional CANDU core loaded with DUPIC fuel has shown that the eigenvalue predicted by a diffusion code RFSP using lattice parameters generated by WIMS-AECL matches that of MCNP-4B within 0.12%Δk and the largest bundle power prediction error is around 7.2%.

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Calculation of gamma buildup factors for point sources

  • Kiyani, Abouzar;Karami, Abbas Ali;Bahiraee, Marziye;Moghadamian, Hossein
    • Advances in materials Research
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.93-98
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    • 2013
  • Objective of this study is to calculate gamma buildup factors for pointed and isotropic gamma sources in depleted uranium, uranium dioxide, natural uranium, tin, water and concrete using MCNP4C code. The thickness of the media ranges from 0.5 to 10 mean-free-path (mfp) and gamma energy ranges from 0.5 to 10 MeV. Owing to the outstanding accuracy of MCNP in calculation involving gamma interaction, results fairly match those reported previously. The maximum relative error is 2%.

Monte Carlo Calculation of Thermal Neutron Flux Distribution for (n, v) Reaction in Calandria (몬테칼로 코드를 이용한 중수로 Calandria에서의 $(n,\;{\gamma})$ 반응유발 열중성자속분포 계산)

  • Kim, Soon-Young;Kim, Jong-Kyung;Kim, Kyo-Youn
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 1994
  • The MCNP 4.2 code was used to calculate the thermal neutron flux distributions for $(n,\;{\gamma})$reaction in mainshell, annular plate, and subshell of the calandria of a CANDU 6 plant during operation. The thermal neutron flux distributions in calandria mainshell, annular plate, and subshell were in the range of $10^{11}{\sim}10^{13}\;neutrons/cm^2-sec$ which is somewhat higher than the previous estimates calculated by DOT 4.2 code. As an application to shielding analysis, photon dose rates outside the side and bottom shields were calculated. The resulting dose rates at the reactor accessible areas were below design target, $6 {\mu}Sv/h$. The methodology used in this study to evaluate the thermal neutron flux distribution for $(n,\;{\gamma})reaction$ can be applied to radiation shielding analysis of CANDU 6 type plants.

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Current Status of ACE Format Libraries for MCNP at Nuclear Data Center of KAERI

  • Kim, Do Heon;Gil, Choong-Sup;Lee, Young-Ouk
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.191-195
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    • 2016
  • Background: The current status of ACE format MCNP/MCNPX libraries by NDC of KAERI is presented with a short description of each library. Materials and Methods: Validation calculations with recent nuclear data evaluations ENDF/BV-II. 0, ENDF/B-VII.1, JEFF-3.2, and JENDL-4.0 have been carried out by the MCNP5 code for 119 criticality benchmark problems taken from the expanded criticality validation suite supplied by LANL. The overall performances of the ACE format KN-libraries have been analyzed in comparison with the results calculated with the ENDF/B-VII.0-based ENDF70 library of LANL. Results and Discussion: It was confirmed that the ENDF/B-VII.1-based KNE71 library showed better performances than the others by comparing the RMS errors and ${chi}^2$ values for five benchmark categories as well as whole benchmark problems. ENDF/B-VII.1 and JEFF-3.2 have a tendency to yield more reliable MCNP calculation results within certain confidence intervals regarding the total uncertainties for the $k_{eff}$ values. Conclusion: It is found that the adoption of the latest evaluated nuclear data might ensure better outcomes in various research and development areas.

Analysis of Gamma Radiation Fields in the MAPLE-X10 Facility Associated with Loss-of-Pool-Water Accident Conditions (LOSS-OF-POOL-WATER 사고시 연구용 원자로 MAPLE-X10 시설에서의 감마 방사선장 해석)

  • Kim, Kyo-Youn;Ha, Chung-Woo;I.C. Gauld
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 1989
  • An analysis for the gamma radiation fields in the research reactor MAPLE-X10 facility has been peformed under the assumption of partial loss of reactor and service pool water to assess the safety from the view point of design. Four photon source terms considered in the analysis were calculated using the ORIGEN-S code. Gamma dose rate calculations over the reactor and service pools during the water-loss accident conditions were performed using QAD-CG code. MCNP code (Monte Carlo Neuron and Photon Transport code), also, was used to assess the scattered radiation fields away from the pools, which is appropriate for calculating the scattered photon dose rates outside of the solid angle subtended by the source and pool walls.

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RADIATION SAFETY ASSESSMENT FOR KN-12 SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL TRANSPORT CASK USING MONTE CARLO SIMULATION

  • Kim, J.K.;Kim, G.H.;Shin, C.H.;Choi, H.S.
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.207-214
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    • 2001
  • The KN-12 spent nuclear fuel (SNF) transport cask is designed for transportation of up to 12 assemblies and is in standby status for being licensed in accordance with Korea Atomic Energy Act. To evaluate radiation shielding and criticality safety of the KN-12 cask, each case of study was carried out using MCNP4B Code. MCNP code is verified by performing benchmark calculation for the KSC-4 SNF cask designed in 1989. As a result of radiation safety evaluation for the KN-12 cask, calculated dose rates always satisfied the standards at the cask surface, at 2m from the surface in normal transport condition, and at 1 m from the surface in hypothetical accident condition. Maximum dose rate was always arisen on the side of the cask. For normal transport condition, photons primarily contribute to dose rate between two kinds of released sources, neutrons and photons, from spent nuclear fuel but for hypothetical accident condition, contrary case was resulted. The level of calculated dose rate was 27.8% of the limit at the cask surface, 89.3% at 2 m from the cask surface, and 25.1% at 1 m from the cask surface. For criticality analysis, keff resulting from the criticality analysis considering the condition of optimum partial flooding with fresh water is 0.89708(0.00065. The results confirm the standards recommended by all regulations on radiation safety.

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An Epithermal Neutron Beam Design for BNCT Using $^2H(d,n)^3He$ Reaction

  • Han, Chi-Young;Kim, Jong-Kyung;Chung, Kyu-Sun
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.512-521
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    • 1999
  • A feasibility study was performed to design an epithermal neutron beam for BNCT using the neutron of 2.45 MeV on the average produced from $^2H(d,n)^3$He reaction induced by plasma focus in the z-pinch instead of the conventional accelerator-based $^3H(d, n)^4$He neutron generator. Flux and spectrum were analyzed to use these neutrons as the neutron source for BNCT. Neutronic characteristics of several candidate materials in this neutron source were investigated Using MCNP Code, and $^7LiF$ ; 40%Al + 60%$AIF_3$, and Pb Were determined as moderator, filter, and reflector in an epithermal neutron beam design for BNCT, respectively. The skin-skull-brain ellipsoidal phantom, which consists of homogeneous regions of skin-, bone-, or brain-equivalent material, was used in order to assess the dosimetric effect in brain. An epithermal neutron beam design for BNCT was proposed by the repeated work with MCNP runs, and the dosimetric properties (AD, AR, ADDR, and Dose Components) calculated within the phantom showed that the neutron beam designed in this work is effective in tumor therapy. If the neutron source flux is high enough using the z-pinch plasma, BNCT using the neutron source produced from $^2H(d,n)^3$He reaction will be very feasible.

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Neutron Dose Rate Analysis of PWR Spent Fuel Transport Cask Using Monte Carlo Method

  • Do, Mahnsuck;Kim, Jong-Kyung;Yoon, Jeong-Hyoun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.847-852
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    • 1995
  • A shielding analysis for KSC-7, the shipping cask for transporting the 7 PWR spent fuel assemblies, has been carried out. Radiation source term has been calculated on spent fuel with burnup of 50,000 MWD/MTU and 1.5 years cooling time by ORIGEN2 code. The shielding calculation for the cask has been made by using MCNP4A code with continuous cross section data library from ENDF/B-V. As a result of neutron dose rate analysis, another shielding calculational model on spent fuel shipping cask was provided which is using the Monte Carlo method.

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