• Title, Summary, Keyword: MBSR

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Effects of K-MBSR Program according to the Length of the Training Period on Emotional Response of College Students (수행기간에 따라 K-MBSR 프로그램이 대학생의 정서반응성에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Jae-Hong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.11
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    • pp.198-208
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was examined the effects of the K-MBSR program according to the length of the training period. Three versions of the K-MBSR program were compared: a 4-week program composed of formal meditation an 8-week program with official meditation and a 12-week program that combined the 4-week and 8-week programs. The 4-week K-MBSR program did not result in a significant decrease in depression, anxiety, or negative emotion. The 8-week and 12-week K-MBSR programs decreased the score of depression significantly, and the effect continued until 8 months. The effect of the 12-week K-MBSR program was greaterthan the effect of the 8-week program, but not significantly. The result of this study indicates that the effect of the 4-week K-MBSR program appears insignificant. The effects of the 8-week and 12-week programs are almost the same, but the effect of 12-week K-MBSR program showed a slightly greater effect in the post-test and 8-month test. The findings were discussed the effect of k-MBSR Program and recommendations for further research.

Critical Review of the Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on Stress and Health-related Quality of Life (QOL) (Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) 프로그램이 스트레스 및 삶의 질에 미치는 효과에 대한 분석)

  • Song, Yeoung-Suk;Lindquist, Ruth;Choi, Eun-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.121-129
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: In numerous studies, MBSR programs have been shown to reduce stress and improve health-related QOL. Although MBSR programs have been shown to be beneficial, its effects have not been well-determined among Korean populations in clinical nursing practice. The purpose of this review was to describe the effects of MBSR on stress and health-related QOL so that the potential benefits of this intervention may be evaluated for wider application in Korea. Methods: Articles published in peer-reviewed journals in the English or Korean language up to 2009 were reviewed; 14 articles met the inclusion criteria for this review and there were no Korean papers. Results: MBSR groups were found to have significantly reduced stress outcomes relative to non-MBSR groups in 6 of 11 studies. In regards to health-related QOL, participants of the MBSR programs had increased scores after MBSR intervention relative to control groups in 5 of 7 studies. Conclusion: MBSR programs was effective in decreasing stress and increased the health-related QOL in the majority of studies reviewed. MBSR merits study in Korean patients to determine whether similar salutary patient outcomes may be obtained.

The Effect of Korean Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction Program on Perceived Stress and Depression for Mothers of Children and Adolescents with a Mental Disorder (마음챙김기반 스트레스 완화 프로그램이 소아·청소년 정신질환자 어머니의 지각된 스트레스 및 우울에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Hyunsook;Kim, Sungjae
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study applied the Korean Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (K-MBSR) program for mothers of children and adolescents with mental illnesses, and verified its effectiveness on perceived stress and depression based on the Middle-range theory of caregiver stress. Methods: A quasi-experimental, non-equivalent control group pre-post test design was used. The K-MBSR program was reconstructed with experts' advice to adjust subjects' characters. Using a group approach, sessions were conducted once a week for six weeks, and each session took 2.5 hours. Results: The experimental group did not show a significant decrease in perceived stress than the control group. However, the experimental group showed a significant decrease in depression than the control group. Conclusion: The K-MBSR program was effective for depression. Future studies on high-stress groups or with an extended program are necessary to clarify the effects of the K-MBSR program on perceived stress. These results are consistent with the middle-range theory of caregiver stress, the theoretical framework of this study. When caregivers have similar inputs, proper intervention can change the control process. Further, it can be assumed that this change positively affects the output.

Mindfulness Meditation Experiences among Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: A Phenomenological Study (관상동맥질환자의 마음챙김 명상에 대한 경험: 현상학적 연구)

  • Song, Yeoungsuk;Song, Taeyun;Lee, Jong Young;Yoo, Young Sook;Kwon, So-Hi
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was aimed to explore and describe the experiences of mindfulness meditation (mindfulness- based stress reduction, MBSR) among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) as a method of cardiac rehabilitation. Methods: In-depth interviews was conducted with 7 participants with CAD post percutaneous coronary intervention. Main question was 'what is your experiences with MBSR?' Colaizzi's seven steps of phenomenological analysis was used for eliciting embedded meanings. Results: Five theme clusters were found; rediscovery of mindfulness meditation, obtaining self-control for stress management, self-worth, feeling of happiness, and looking into myself. Conclusion: This study provides a profound picture on the experiences of mindfulness meditation among participants with coronary artery disease. MBSR can help patients with CAD in reducing stress and to enhance their cardiac rehabilitations. It is hoped that mindfulness meditation can be used in clinical setting as a part of cardiac rehabilitation program.

The Effect of K-MBSR Program on Stress, Stress Coping Style, Depression, Anger and Sleep of Middle Aged Women (한국형 마음챙김 명상 프로그램이 중년여성의 스트레스, 스트레스 대처방식, 우울, 분노 및 수면에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Jeong Min;Choi, In-Ryoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.194-206
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine a Korean Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (K-MBSR) program for middle aged women and to verify the program's effectiveness on stress, stress coping style, depression, anger and sleep. Methods: Fifty-two women aged from 40 to 59 (26 in the experimental group and 26 in the control group) from G city participated in the study. Data were collected from February 13 to April 3, 2013. The experimental group received 8 sessions, scheduled once a week, with each session lasting two and a half hours. Outcome variables included stress, stress coping style, depression, anger, sleep and a physiological measure (EEG). Results: There were significant decreases for stress (t=-2.14, p=.037), depression (t=-2.64, p=.011), state trait anger (t=-3.79, p<.001) in the experimental group compared to the control group. Conclusion: The findings in this study indicate that the K-MBSR program is an effective program to decrease stress, depression, and state trait anger in middle aged women.

Effects of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction Program on Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

  • Joo, Hye-Myung;Lee, Sung-Jae;Chung, Yong-Gu;Shin, Il-Young
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.345-351
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    • 2010
  • Objective : In this study, the Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program was applied to patients presenting with depression and anxiety after surgery from spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and the effects were assessed. Methods : The subjects were patients admitted for cerebral aneurysm rupture and treated by means of surgery from March to December, 2007. More than 6 months had passed after surgery, without any special lesions showing up on computed tomography (CT), and the Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) was 5 points. Among patients with anxiety and depression symptoms, 11 patients completed the program. The MBSR program was conducted once a week, 2.5 hours each, for 8 weeks. The evaluation criteria were : 1) the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI): it measures the type and level of depression, 2) the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory : the anxiety state of normal adults without mental disorder, and 3) Heart Rate Variability (HRV) : the influence of the autonomous nervous system on the sinoarterial node varies continuously in response to the change of the internal/external environment. Results : The BDI value was decreased from 18.5 ${\pm}$ 10.9 to 9.5 ${\pm}$ 7.1 (p = 0.013) : it was statistically significant, and the depression level of patients was lowered. The state anxiety was decreased from 51.3 ${\pm}$ 13.9 to 42.3 ${\pm}$ 15.2; the trait anxiety was reduced from 50.9 ${\pm}$ 12.3 to 41.3 ${\pm}$ 12.8, and a borderline significant difference was shown (p = 0.091, p = 0.056). In other words, after the treatment, although it was not statistically significant, a decreased tendency in anxiety was shown. In the HRV measurement, standard deviation normal to normal (SDNN), square root of the square root of the mean sum of squared differences between adjacent normal to normal intervals (RMSSD), and total power (TP) showed significant increase, Physical Stress Index (PSI) showed a significant reduction, and thus an improvement in the homeostatic control mechanism of the autonomic nervous system was ween. Conclusion : The MBSR program was applied to the patients showing anxiety and depression reaction after SAH treatment, and a reduction in depression symptoms and physiological reactions were observed. The application of the MBSR program may be considered as a new tool in improving the quality of life for patients after surgery.

Qualitative Analysis of the Experiences in Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction(MBSR) on Hwa-Byung Patients (화병환자의 마음챙김에 기초한 스트레스 감소 프로그램(Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction:MBSR)경험에 관한 질적 연구)

  • Song, Seung-Yeon;Cho, Hyun-Ju;Kim, Sang-Young;Kim, Jong-Woo
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.153-158
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The objective of the study is to examine what effects the Mindfulness-based stress reduction program can have on Hwa-byung patients. Methods : Ten Hwa-byung patients have participated in this 8-week Mindfulness-based stress reduction program for Hwa-byung. In addition, participants were interviewed regarding the experiences from the changes during meditation or everyday life. Data were collected though a consumer panel and individual interviews. Responses were coded using Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) methodology. Results : The experiences were categorized into 7 domains and divided to 23 categories. Results showed the psychotherapeutic effects of Mindfulness-based stress reduction program, specifically, positive cognitive changes, emotional stability, and changes in attitude. Also, all participants reported improvement of anger management skill and feeling of tranquility. This means that the Mindfulness-based stress reduction program can relieve the symptoms of Hwa-byung. Conclusions : Mindfulness-based stress reduction program makes changes about emotion, physical symptoms, cognition and personal relationship. This program can be applied to psychotherapy for Hwa-byung.

Facing Stress Through Mindfulness and Its Clinical Use (마인드풀니스를 통한 스트레스 대처와 임상적 활용)

  • Kim, Kyung-Seung
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.5-16
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    • 2008
  • Several treatment programs putting mindfulness to practical use are being utilized in the various clinical settings as well as educational fields since 1980's. In this article, I studied several books and journals related with mindfulness and tried to show that mindfulness may have its neural circuits in the brain and can be utilized in the form of MBSR, MBCT, ACT, DBT not only to reduce stress and the symptoms of various psychosomatic conditions but to be applied to psychiatric illness such as, anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, and eating disorders, predicting its usefulness as a new psycho-social treatment.

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Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction Program for Psychiatric Inpatients (마음챙김 명상 프로그램이 정신과 입원 환자의 스트레스반응 및 파워에 미치는 효과)

  • Hong, Hye Min;Jang, Sun Joo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.271-279
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of a Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program on stress response and power in psychiatric inpatients in a closed ward. Methods: For this study a quasi-experiment design was used to examine the effects of the intervention. The MBSR program conducted in this study was a six-session program, in which participants were asked to meditate for 45 minutes twice a week for 3 weeks. Homogeneity between the experimental and control group was assessed using ${\chi}^2$ test, t-test, and Fisher's exact test. The results of the assessment showed that the variances of the two groups were equal. Demographic variables of the study participants were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study hypotheses were verified using t-test. Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ was measured to assess the reliability of each test. Results: Compared with the control group, patients in the experimental group showed significant improvement in scores for stress response (t=3.62, p=.001) and power (t=-3.42, p=.001). Conclusion: These results suggest that the mindfulness meditation program can be used as a psychosocial rehabilitation intervention for psychiatric inpatients by capitalizing on its positive effects on emotional reactivity and behavioral regulation.

Comparison of Effectiveness of Psychotherapies for Relieving Depressive Symptoms in Anxiety Disorders : A Systematic Review (불안장애에 동반된 우울증상에 대한 Psychotherapies의 효과비교 : 체계적 문헌고찰)

  • Kim, Sun-Young;Kim, Eun-Jin;Jeon, Sang-Won;Shin, Dong-Won;Shin, Young-Chul;Oh, Kang-Seob
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.20-28
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    • 2019
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to compare and analyze effectiveness of various psychotherapies of depressive symptoms in patients with anxiety disorders by means of a systemic review. Methods : A systematic search using key words was conducted using EMBASE, MEDLINE and CENTRAL. Results : Five studies were included in this systematic review. The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) was used for quality assessment. Diagnostic-specific cognitive behavioral therapies for various anxiety disorders (ds CBT) were also effective in reducing comorbid depression. Transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapies targeting anxiety and depression (tCBT-AD) were not superior than ds CBT for anxiety disorders. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) was more effective than traditional cognitive behavioral therapy. Conclusion : ds CBT relieves anxiety symptoms as well as depressive symptoms comorbid with anxiety disorders effectively. In addition, MBSR is more successful for anxiety disorders with co-occurring depression by focusing broadly on the shifting relationship to internal experience rather than focusing narrowly on specific symptoms.