• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lysholm score

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Postoperative Complications After Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Autograft (자가 슬개건을 이용한 전방 십자 인대 재건술의 수술 후 합병증)

  • Zhu, Fang Zhen;Yoo, Moon-Jib;Kim, Myung-Ho;Park, Hee-Gon;Bahng, Seung-Chul
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.122-127
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Evaluation and analysis of the incidence of postoperative complications after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft. Materials and Methods: We reviewed 172 cases of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft in anterior cruciate ligament tear without meniscal injury. We performed Lysholm knee score and KT-2000 testing, simple radiograph, physical examination as evaluation factor. Also, around knee pain, swelling, limitation of motion, patellofemoral crepitation, paresthesia and pain on kneeling were evaluated. Results: The average follow up period was 49.8 months. In 172 patients, 148 males and 26 femlaes were evaluated. The average age was 34.4 years. The Lysholm knee score improved from 51.9 points preoperatively to 90.8 points at final follow up. Clinical outcome was excellent in 83%, good in 11%, fair in 4% and poor in 2%. There were many cases of complications, 24 cases (14%) of around knee pain, 12 cases (7%) of swelling, 45 cases (26.2%) of patellofemoral crepitation, 52 cases (30%) of donor site paresthesia, 65 cases (38%) of pain on kneeling, 10 cases (5.8%) of limitation of motion at extension, 13 cases (8%) of limitation of motion at flexion and 2cases (1.2%) of patellar fracture. Conclusion: Although arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone had good clinical results, many complications were noted. Some factors in surgical technique were suspected to be related to the complications and long term follow up will be necessary to further evaluated.

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Double-bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction using Autogenous Hamstring Grafts (이중 다발 자가 슬괵건을 이용한 전방십자인대 재건술)

  • Choi, Nam-Yong;Nam, Won-Sik;Yang, Young-Jun;Han, Chang-Hwan;Moon, Chan-Woong;Kwon, Jae-Young;Song, Hyun-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.112-117
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Double-bundle reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) has the advantage of restoring the isometry and original function of ACL. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical results following double-bundle reconstruction of ACL using autogenous hamstring grafts through an accessory anteromedial portal. Materials and Methods: From January 2005 to July 2006, sixty patients(52 males, 8 females) underwent double-bundle ACL reconstruction using autogenous hamstring tendons..The mean age was 31.7 years($20{\sim}51$ years). The mean follow up period was 13.4 months($12{\sim}16$ months). We made a horizontal-oblique skin incision just medial to tibial tuberosity and harvested semitendinosus and gracilis tendon. Tibial tunnel for posterolateral bundle was made near its anatomical position. By modifying an anatomic reconstruction of ACL by Yasuda et al., we made a femoral tunnel for posterolateral bundle through accessory anteromedial portal. Tunnels for anteromedial bundle were made with conventional method. We reconstructed anteromedial bundle with semitendinosus tendon and posterolateral bundle with gracilis tendon. Clinical results at last follow up were evaluated by range of motion, extent of anterior displacement(KT-1000 arthrometer), pivot-shift test. Functional evaluation of clinical outcomes were evaluated by Lysholm score and modified Feagin Scoring System. Results: There was no limitation of motion of knee joint at last follow up. Mean side to side difference of anterior displacement of tibia by KT-1000 arthrometer was improved from 8.4 mm preoperatively to 1.7 mm postoperatively(p<0.05). Average Lysholm score was improved from 64.1 preoperatively to 92.2 postoperatively(p<0.05). In modified Feagin Scoring System, 90% of cases were rated as good or excellent. Conclusion: Double-bundle reconstruction of ACL using autogenous hamstring grafts through accessory anteromedial portal results in good clinical outcomes.

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Arthroscopic Pull-out Suture Repair of Posterior Root Tear of the Medial Meniscus - Minimum 5 Years Follow-up Results - (내측 반월상 연골판 후방 부착부 파열의 관절경적 견인 봉합술 - 최소 5년 추시결과 -)

  • SaKong, Hyub;Shin, Hong Kwan;Lee, Young-Kook;Bae, Ki Cheor;Cho, Chul Hyun;Lee, Kyung Jae;Son, Eun-Seok;Kim, Doo Han
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.153-159
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study aims at evaluating our results with a 5-year follow up of arthroscopic pull-out suture repair of posterior root tear of the medial meniscus. Materials and Methods: This study enrolled 30 cases who underwent a arthroscopic pull-out suture repair to treat the posterior root tear of the medial meniscus from January 2001 to May 2005 and followed up at least 5 years. The average follow-up period was 76 months (range, 60-90 months). Clinical results by use of the Lysholm knee score and radiographic grade by use of the Kellgren-Lawrence classification were evaluated and second-look arthroscopy was done in all cases. The clinical results were compared with trauma history, obesity, varus deformity and time to operation. Results: At the last follow up, the Lysholm knee score improved from 55 points to 86 points. For the radiological results, 23 cases displayed maintenance or improvement of the medial joint space on the follow up X-ray, but 7 cases displayed decrease of the medial joint space, and 1 case was lately performed total knee replacement due to progressive osteoarthritic change. Conclusion: Arthroscopic pull-out suture repair has a good result at 27 cases (90%) in minimum 5 years follow-up. The clinical improvement was significantly reduced in more severe varus angle.

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Arthroscopically Assited Reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament using the Flexible Reamer (유연성 연마기를 이용한 관절경적 전방 십자 인대 재건술)

  • Lee Seoung-Joon;Park Jung-Ho;Chae In-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.176-182
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to describe the surgical technique of ACL reconstruction with the flexible reamer and evaluate the clinical results of this method. Materials and Methods : Twenty four patients who followed for 12 months were included. The results were evaluated by Lachman test, KT-2000 arthrometer, Lysholm score, and postoperative roentgenogram of the knee. Results : The range of motion of the affected knee was acceptable except one case(10 to 90 degree) and at the last follow up, two cases were positive in Lachman test. Mean Lysholm knee scoring scale was 63.7 point preoperatively and 91.4 point at the last follow up. The results of KT-2000 arthrometer was 6.6mm preoperatively and 1.5mm at the last follow up. In operative time, there were decrease of mean 13.5 minute than ACL reconstruction without the flexible reamer, Conclusion : ACL reconstruction with the flexible reamer achieves the ideal isometric point of tibia and femur with no difficulty, proper notchplasty preventing from the impingement, and lessens the operative time.

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Arthroscopic Posterior Cruciate Ligament Repair (관절경적 후방 십자 인대 봉합술)

  • Kim, Kyung-Taek;Sohn, Sung-Keun;Kim, Chul-Hong;Kang, Min-Soo;Lee, Chul-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of arthroscopic primary repair of a posterior cruciate ligament(PCL) avulsion injury without bony fragment at the femoral attach site. Materials and Methods: From Jan. 1993 to Dec. 2002, we performed 10 cases of PCL repair by arthroscopic suture technique. The mean follow-up period was $38.7{\pm}11$ months and the mean age of the patients was $28.2{\pm}6$ years old. 8 cases were men. 2 cases were women. At last follow-up, all cases were evaluated with the Lysholm and Gillquist knee rating system and International Knee Documentation Committee criteria. Posterior tibial displacement on stress lateral radiograph and posterior instability with posterior drawer test were measured also in all cases. Results: The mean Lysholm and Gillquist score was $94.5{\pm}2.6$. 4 cases were IKDC A(normal) and the other 6 cases were IKDC B(nearly normal). Posterior instabilities by posterior drawer test were grade I in 5 cases and grade II in 5 cases. A mean posterior translation of tibia was $3{\pm}2.3$ mm on stress lateral radiographs. Conclusion: Arthroscopic primary repair of PCL avulsion without bony fragment at the femoral attach site is one of the useful methods that reduce the posterior instability and improve the functional outcomes.

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The Outcome of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Patients with Meniscal Injury (반월판 연골 손상이 동반된 환자에서 전방 십자 인대 재건술의 임상적 결과)

  • Lee Kwang Won;Park Jae Guk;Jung Yu Hun;Kim Byung Sung;Kim Ha Yong;Choy Won Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.160-168
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : To analyze the anterior stability and functional results after the arthroscopic ACL reconstruction and meniscectomy based on meniscus status at the time of surgery. Materials and Methods : From October 1997 to October 2002, 78 patients (male 64 female 14) were treated by arthroscopic ACL reconstruction and meniscectomy and followed more than 12 months (range, $12\~72$ months, average: 32 months). Average age was 32 years old (range, $18\~57$ years old). We divided the patients into 4 groups; Both menisci was intact (BMI, control group), lateral meniscus removed (LMR), medial meniscus removed (MMR) and both menisci removed (BMR). Anterior passive displacement (objective stability) was estimated using KT-2000 arthrometer under the loading of 15lb,20lb and 30lb and evaluated anterior drawer test, Lachman test, range of motion, thigh circumference. Functional evaluation system of IKDC, OAK and Lysholm knee score was used. Results : Average anterior displacement under the loading of 30lb were 2.47 mm, 2.96 mm, 2.96 mm and 3.57 mm in each group(BMI, LMR, MMR, BMR) and it was statistically significant difference (p<0.05). There is no statistically significant difference in average anterior displacement under the loading of 15lb and 20lb in each group but it has showed decreasing tendency in meniscal removed groups. The mean anterior displacement was within 3 mm in 21 cases, 15 cases, 24 cases and 12 cases (total 72 cases, $94\%$) under the loading of 15lb and 20 cases, 15 cases, 24 cases and 11 cases (total 70 cases, $91\%$) under the loading 20lb of in each group and postoperative knee joint stability has showed increasing tendency (p>0.05). The mean score was 94.5, 93.2, 92.2 and 90.4 points in each group and 71 cases $(91\%)$ were more than excellent or good with a OAK score and fair results were noted 4 cases in both meniscal removed group. There were 65 cases $(83\%)$ with a Lysholm knee score more than excellent or good, and IKDC grading were more than normal or nearly normal in 74 cases $(95\%)$ except 4 cases (2 cases in MMR group and 2 cases in BMR group). Conclusion : Long-term anterior stability and functional results of a successful ACL reconstruction affected by tile status of the menisci at the time of surgery and KT-2000 arthrometer was good for estimation of objective follow up.

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Arthroscopic ACL Reconstruction Using Fresh-Frozen Achilles Allograft -Clinical results, Recovery of sports activity- (아킬레스 동종건을 이용한 전방십자인대 재건술후 임상적 결과와 운동력 회복 평가)

  • Chun Churl Hong;Ha Dae Ho;Kim Dong Chul;Kim Hyun Jun
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) reconstruction using achilles allograft was done for whom ACL injured person in recreational sports activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results and return to their sports activity in these patients. Materials and Methods : ACL injured 56 amateur athletes who had experienced sports 3 times a week more than 5 years, reconstructed with Achilles allograft, and it was analyzed subjective and objective parameter, Tegner scoring, Telos stress arthrometer, Lysholm Knee Scoring System and modified Feagin scoring system. The average age was 25 years old (range: 18$\~$49), the average follow up period was 15 months (range: 12$\~$19). Morbid sports were football (29 cases), basket ball (14 cases), badminton (5 cases), tennis (3 cases), squash (2 cases) and otherwise (3 cases). Result : The mean Lysholm Knee Scoring System was improved to 88.2 from 60. Telos arthrometer in anterior stress test revealed 2.3 mm improved from 7.1 mm. The modified Feagin scoring system showed 50 cases (89$\%$) with excellent and good results. We had obtained 12 cases (21$\%$) of Tegner score VI, 32 cases (57$\%$) of score V, 20 cases (35%$\%$ of score IV, 3 (5.3$\%$) cases of score III. Conclusions : Reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligaments can restore stability sufficient to allow sports activity in ACL injured patients, but it’s difficult to achieve 'normal' sports activity. So we will have to solve the reasons of this dissatisfaction at furthermore.

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Biceps Rerouting Technique(Modification of Clancy) for Posterolateral Rotatory Instability (대퇴이두건 전환술(Clancy 변형 술식)을 이용한 후외측 회전 불안정성의 재건)

  • Kim Sung-Jae;Shin Sang-Jin;Kim Jin-Yong;Rhee Dong-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 2000
  • Introduction : This study compared the clinical results with biceps rerouting fer the isolated posterolateral instability (PLI) and for the PLI combined with PCL injuries. Methods : 21 cases of isolated PLI (group I) and 25 cases of PLI combined with PCL rupture were included in the study. The PLI was reconstructed by modified biceps femoris rerouting technique with PCL reconstructions performed prior to the PLI correction in cases of combined injury The clinical results were reviewed and analyzed. Results : Pre-operatively positive reverse pivot shift test turned negative in 43 cases post-operatively. Increased preoperative external rotation thigh foot angle (ERTFA) showed significant differences between the two groups and all fell within normal limits post-operatively At a mean follow-up of 40.3 months, the average Lysholm knee score and. The Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Ligament Score for group I and group II revealed above 90 points without statistically significant difference between the groups. 3 cases of tenodesis failure developed and re-operation was performed. Discussion and Conclusion : The advantages of modified Clancy technique include reduced surgical damages to the iliotibial band and fixation of the biceps tendon at the isometric position. The modified biceps rerouting technique is recommended for the reconstruction of both isolated and combined PLI except in patients with severe damages at the attachment of biceps tendon.

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Functional knee test in sports injury (스포츠 손상에서 슬관절 기능 검사의 의의)

  • Moon, Hyung-Tae;Seo, Jung-Gook;Ha, Jeong-Ku;Kim, Ji-Yeong;Kim, Min-Gun;Kim, Jin-Goo
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.109-115
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of three functional performance tests and one-legged hop test and to establish the reference data of the three functional performance tests of the active young Korean men. Materials and methods: We performed five tests on 40 normal subjects such as one-legged hop test (single hop, triple hop) and the three functional performance tests (carioca test, co-contraction test, shuttle run test). The mean age was 28.4 years. The mean score of Tegner activity scale was 6.2 and Lysholm score 98.2 Mean value and standard deviation were obtained. The correlation of age, height and weight with the results, the relationship between FPT and one-legged hop test and the mean difference between dominant and non-dominant limbs were statistically calculated. Results: All data obtained were normally distributed and there were no significant relationship between age, height and weight. The paired t-test of one legged hop test showed no statistical significance between dominant and non-dominant limbs. The results of one legged hop test had strong relationship with functional performance test. Conclusion; The three functional performance tests can be a useful functional test in ACL-insufficient athletes. Our results can be used as normal reference data of the normal active Korean men.

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Comparative Medium Term Results of Arthroscopic ACL Reconstruction with Quadrupled Semitendinosus Tendon versus BPB tendon (4겹의 반건양건과 골-슬개건-골을 이용한 관절경적 전방 십자 인대 재건술의 중기적 치료 결과 비교)

  • Kim, Hyoung-Soo;Park, Seung-Rim;Kang, Joon-Soon;Lee, Woo-Hyeong;Kim, Ki-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2001
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare the postoperative success and stability of arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) reconstructions using central one third bone-patellar-tendon bone(BPB) autograft versus quadrupled semitendinos-us(ST) autograft as the medium term review. Materials and Methods : Eighty patients(40 BPBs,40 STs) with isolated ACL injury were available for a mean follow up of 49.4 months(BPB) and 48.8 months(ST). There was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to age and sex. We compare the final results between two groups with respect to subjective Lysholm score, objective laxity including anterior drawer test, Lachman test, pivot shift test, KT-2000 measurements and International Knee Documentation Committee(IKDC) evaluation system. Results : Postoperatively, positive anterior drawer test was found in $22.5\%\;and\;27.5\%$, positive Lachman test was found in $30.0\%$ and $25.0\%$ and positive pivot shift test was found in $15\%\;and\;20\%$ of the ST and BPB group, respectively(p>0.05). Mean side to side difference of KT-2000 at 20 lbs was 2.2 mm for the ST group and 2.1 mm for the BPB group. There was no significant difference between the two groups about Lysholm score(>0.05). Anterior knee pain was knee common in the BPB group. Eighty-three percent of the patients were nearly normal according to the IKDC grade in both groups. Conclusion : We consider that autogenous semitendinosus tendon is a good alternative subsititute in ACL reconstruction together with the bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft.

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