• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lysholm score

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Posterior Cruciate Ligament Augmentation Using an Autogenous Hamstring Tendon Graft and the Posterior-Posterior Triangulation Technique (만성 단독 후방십자인대 파열에서 자가 슬괵건과 후-후 삼각술기를 이용한 만성 후방십자인대 보강술)

  • Kim, Yeung Jin;Chae, Soo Uk;Choi, Byong San;Kim, Jong Yun;Lee, Hwang Yong;Han, Chang Wan;Han, Su Hyoun
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.24-30
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of arthroscopic posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) augmentation using an autogenous hamstring tendon graft and the posterior-posterior triangulation technique with preservation of ligament remnant or elongated ligament. Materials and Methods: From January 2002 to December 2009, we performed PCL augmentation using an autogenous hamstring tendon graft and the posterior-posterior triangulation technique in 32 patients. The mean age was 35.2 years. Twenty two cases were male and 10 cases were female. Average follow-up period was 5 years and 5 months (range: 2-7.9). Subjective and objective parameters were utilized in analyses, such as the mean range of motion, post. drawer test, Lysholm knee score, Tegner activity score, International Knee Documentation Cominittee (IKDC) grade, and second look arthroscopic examination. Results: At last follow up posterior displacement by the Telos stress test decreased from $10.8{\pm}5.1\;mm$ to $2.8{\pm}3.7\;mm$ (p<0.05). The final Lysholm knee score improved from $60.4{\pm}5.8$ to $84.6{\pm}4.8$. Tegner activity score improved from 3.2 to 4.8. The final IKDC grade was A in 18, B in 11, C in 3. Postoperative Lysholm knee score, IKDC grades, Tegner activity scale, and posterior displacement demonstrated statistically significant improvement compared to the preoperative state (p<0.05). Conclusion: Arthroscopic PCL reconstruction using an autogenous hamstring tendon with preservation of ligament remnant showed a good clinical results and posterior stability.

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The Effect of Arthroscopic Medial Meniscectomy in Degenerative Arthritis of the Knee (슬관절 퇴행성 관절염에서 관절경적 내측 반월상 연골 절제술의 효과)

  • Kim, Do-Yeon;Choi, Yun-Jin;Lee, Seung-Joo;Ko, Min-Seok;Choi, Chong-Hyuk
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: In patients with meniscal tear with degenerative arthritis, controversy remains as to whether arthroscopic menisectomy is worthwhile or not. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of arthroscopic medial meniscectomy in degenerative arthritis of the knee with meniscal tear. We also intended to identify pertinent indications and risk factors. Materials and Methods: 287 patients underwent arthroscopic medial meniscectomy from 2006 to 2008; 103 patients who had Kellgren-Lawrence grade II, III arthritis of the knee, were over 50 years old, and had minimum 1 year follow-up, were analyzed in this study. Clinical assessment was performed retrospectively using the arthroscopic surgery database, medical records, questionnires and interviews. Assessment included visual analogue scale (VAS) scores and Lysholm scores. Results: The mean Lysholm score increased from 69 to 85 after surgery. The mean VAS score improved from 7 to 3.1 after surgery. Kellgren-Lawrence grade II group and group with trauma history showed significant improvement of pain and function compared with grade III and group without trauma history. Outerbridge grade I showed significantly more improvement of pain than grade III and IV. Multiple regression analysis showed that trauma history and Outerbridge grade affect the improvement of Lysholm score. Conclusion: In one year follow-up, arthroscopic medial menisectomy can improve pain and function of patients in Kellgren-Lawrence grade II, III degenerative arthritis of the knee. We could expect good results especially in group with low Kellgren-Lawrence grade, trauma history, and mild articular cartilage lesion.

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The Results of Treatment of Lateral Meniscus Tear in Tibial Plateau Fracture (경골과 골절과 동반된 외측 반월상 연골 파열의 치료 결과)

  • Kim, Jung-Man;Kwon, Yong-Jin;Choi, Kwang-Chun;Choi, Seong-Pil;Yoo, Ju-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.155-160
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: To evaluate the results of meniscal repair and partial meniscectomy of lateral meniscus injury associated with tibial plateau fracture. Materials and Methods: Between February 1993 and August 2004, 24 cases (23 patients) of lateral meniscus tear with tibial plateau fracture were evaluated retrospectively. The most frequent type of tear was the longitudinal tear of the meniscocapsular junction (14 cases, 66.7%). All fractures were reduced under the control of arthroscopic and image intensifier. Arthroscopic repair of the longitudinal tear of the lateral meniscus or arthroscopic partial meniscectomy was performed. The final results were evaluated with the Ikeuchi criteria and Lysholm score. Results: At the final follow-up, the outcome was excellent in 12 cases (85.7%), good in 1 case (7.1%) and fair in 1 case (7.1%) among 14 cases of meniscal repair, and the excellent in 4 cases (66.7%) and good in 2 cases (33.3%) among 6 cases of partial meniscectomy according to the Ikeuchi criteria, There was a significant improvement of Lysholm score after surgery, 92.3 postoperatively compared with 56.6 preoperatively (p<0.0001, paired t-test). Conclusion: The fracture of the lateral tibial plateau did not seem to affect on the healing of the meniscus repair and partial meniscectomy.

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with a Four-Strand Single Semitendinosus Tendon Autograft (반건양건 단일 4가닥을 이용한 전방십자인대 재건술)

  • Kyung, Hee-Soo;Kim, Tae-Gong;Oh, Chang-Wug;Yoon, Sang-Hyup
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.138-142
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the result of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using a fourstrand single semitendinous tendon to decrease the donor site morbidity due to harvest both semitendinosus and gracilis tendon. Materials and Methods: Thirty seven consecutive patients who had underwent ACL reconstruction using four-strand single semitendinosus tendon were evaluated. Mean age was 28.6 years old. Male was 34, female 3 patients. Time from injury to surgery was 5.4 months. Combined injuries were 10 meniscus injuries, 3 medial collateral ligament injuries and 1 osteochondral injury. Mean follow-up period was 16 months(12~18 months). Clinical evaluation was done using range of motion, Lachman test, pivot-shift test, Lysholm score & KT-2000 arthrometer. Results: All patients showed the normal range of motion of mean 150..at follow-up. Lachman test and pivot-shift test was negative in 35 cases. Lysholm score was improve from 84 to 92. Two cases had residual laxity due to poor compliance. Mean anterior translation compared to contralateral side by KT-2000 arthrometer improved from 6.7 mm preoperatively to 2.1 mm at follow-up. Conclusion: Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with use of a four-strand single semitendinosus tendon autograft showed good clinical results.

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All-Inside Meniscal Repair Using FasT-Fix (FasT-Fix를 이용한 All-Inside 반월연골판 봉합술)

  • Jung, Yu-Hun;Choi, Nam-Hong;Kim, Byeong-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.24-28
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: All-inside meniscal repair using FasT-Fix (Smith & Nephew Endoscopy, Andover, Massachusetts, USA) is a popular method for the meniscal tear. However, there was no report after all-inside repair using FasT-Fix for the meniscal tear in Korea. Therefore, the purpose of this retrospective study was to report clinical outcomes after all-inside meniscal repair using FasT-Fix. Materials and Methods: 25 consecutive patients underwent meniscal repairs using FasT-Fix for tears of the posterior horn of the medial or lateral menisci combined with hamstring anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions. Postoperative evaluations included Lysholm knee score and Tegner activity scale. Using clinical criteria, a repaired meniscus was considered healed if there was no effusion or joint line tenderness, negative McMurray test, and no sense of giving way. Results: The average follow-up was 47.9 months (range, 40 to 61 months). At follow-up, the mean Lysholm score was 91.8 and the mean Tegner activity scale was 5.6. According to clinical criteria, 20 (80%) menisci was healed, and 5 (20%) failed. Conclusion: All-inside meniscal repair using FasT-Fix showed satisfactory results in patients with hamstring ACL reconstructions.

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Arthroscopic Reduction and Internal Fixation of Intra-articular Fractures of Lateral Tibial Plateau (관절면을 침범한 경골 외과 골절의 관절경적 정복 및 내고정술)

  • Lee, Kwang-Won;Lee, Hang-Ho;Yang, Dong-Hyun;Choy, Won-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study is to analyze the clinical and radiological results after arthroscopic reduction and internal fixation of intra-articular fractures of lateral tibial plateau. Materials and Methods: The subject of the study are the 13 cases of the patients visited orthopedics surgery during March year 2000 to August year 2004 because of intra-articular fractures of lateral tibial plateau and were treated with arthroscopic reduction and internal fixation. X-rays and CT or MRI were both carried out to identify the precise pattern of fracture and the degree of depression which showed out to be all type 2 by Schatzker fracture classification. And in 9 of the cases, autogenous and allogenous bone grafts were given as bone loss were severe. The average age was 48, age group between 31 and 66, and average follow up period of about 38 months ($13{\sim}65months$). Radiological ratings were given by comparing the X-rays of degree of joint congruency before and after the operation, functional ratings by analyzing IKDC score and Lysholm score. Combined injuries observed after arthroscopy were posterior cruciate ligament injury in 1 case, meniscus injury in 4 cases and medial collateral ligament in 2 cases. Results: During follow up, X-rays showed well-maintained reduction of articular surface in all cases and no complications such as joint depression, fracture reduction loss, angular deformity or malunion were found. Average Lysholm score at last follow up was 87 points ranging from 65 to 97, in 8 of the cases excellent, 3 good, 1 fair and 1 poor according to Lynsholm classification. Average IKDC score was 92 (from 82 to 99). Conclusion: Not only does arthroscopic reduction of lateral tibial plateau fracture bring exact reduction of articular surface, but also, is considered to be a good way of operation to diagnose and treat combined injuries of knee joint using arthroscopy.

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Simultaneous Acute Rupture of Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Patellar Tendon - A Case Report - (전방십자인대 및 슬개건 급성 동시 파열 - 1예 보고 -)

  • Kim, Yeung-Jin;Kim, Tae-Kyun;Yang, Hwan-Deok;Kim, Hyoung-Jun;Park, Jin-Young;Seo, Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.103-107
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    • 2006
  • Simultaneous acute rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the patellar tendon is a very unusual injury. That is difficult to diagnose in initial evaluation of knee injury, because the patellar tendon rupture is often missed. We report a 26 year-old male patient who was treated with ACL reconstruction using achilles allograft and direct patellar tendon repair with achilles allograft augmentation. The patient had the stable knee and full range of motion. It's clinical results were excellent(Lysholm score 93, Tegner activity score 6).

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Results of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Unicondylar Arthroplasty for Medial Compartment Knee Osteoarthritis combined with Anterior Instability (전방 불안정성과 동반된 슬관절 내측 구획 진행성 관절염환자에서 전방십자인대 재건술 및 인공 관절 부분 치환술의 결과 - 3예 보고 -)

  • Lee, Chul Hyung;Song, In Soo;Ji, Jong Hun;Kim, Tae In
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.88-94
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    • 2013
  • Three cases who had medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee (Kellgrene-Laurence grade 3 and Outerbridge grade 4) and anterior instability of the knee due to rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament in relative young ages underwent staged anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction followed by medial unicondylar arthroplasty in 2 cases and simultaneous anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and unicondylar arthroplasty. We evaluated clinical results some kinds of preoperative and postoperative International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Lysholm score and last follow-up hospital for special surgery (HSS), knee society score (KSS). We consider that medial unicondylar arthroplasty with staged or simultaneous anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is very good option of the treatment for the anterior instability and pain from advanced arthritis.

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The Effectiveness of the IKDC Subjective Score in Clinical Outcome Study after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (전방 십자 인대 재건술 후 결과 판정에 있어 IKDC 주관적 점수의 유용성)

  • Kim, Ji-Yeong;Kim, Deuk-Won;Kim, Jin-Goo
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.95-121
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The goal is to identify the effectiveness of the IKDC subjective score in the clinical outcome study after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four patients after ACL reconstructions using twelve hamstring autografts and twelve Achilles allografts were evaluated. Lysholm knee score, IKDC subjective score, Knee Outcome Survey score and Tegner activity score were evaluated for the subjective outcome value. Static instability tests, Biodex dynamometer and one-legged hop for distance tests were done for the objective outcome value. Three functional performance tests (FPTs) including Carioca test, Shuttle run test and Co-contraction test were performed for deciding the final results. Each scale was compared with FPTs results and Pearson's correlation test was used to test the correlation between the parameters. Results: IKDC subjective score, single hop test, and quadriceps power in low velocity of Biodex dynamometer tests had a positive correlation with the total FPTs results. Conclusion: IKDC subjective score can be an effective test to evaluate the functional status as well as the subjective outcome after ACL reconstruction.

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Complications of PCL Reconstruction using Tibial Inlay Technique (경골 Inlay 방법을 이용한 후방 십자 인대 재건술의 합병증)

  • Kim Myung-Ho;Park Hee-Gon;Yoo Moon-Jib;Byun Woo-Sup;Shim Shang-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.128-133
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was planned to evaluate complications? of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction with tibial inlay technique using autogenous bone-patellar tendon-bone graft. Materials and Methods: From September 1994 to January 2004, we analyzed surgical complications in fifty-seven patients with fifty-eight cases who underwent PCL reconstruction. Fifty of them were male and seven female. The mean age of the patients was 35(15$\~$73). Twenty eight cases of injury were isolated PCL, while thirty cases had associated injury of knee. The causes of injury were thirty-nine cases of traffic accident, seven sport injuries, seven fall down injuries, and five of others. The follow-up study was done at 4 weeks, 3 months,6 months and 1 year after surgery. KT-2000 arthrometer and posterior stress X-ray were used to examine the stability of the knee joint and the Lysholm Knee Score and a variety of clinical complications were evaluated. Results: Although the mean score of the preoperative Lysholm Knee Score was 43.2, the postoperative score was increased to 87.9. The preoperative mean value of knee stability using KT-2000 arthrometer was 8.75 mm(6.2$\~$14.3 mm) but the postoperative mean was 3.41 mm(2.1$\~$10.6 mm). The intraoperative complications were: one case of popliteal artery injury with compartment syndrome, one case of patellar fracture, two cases of 20$^{\circ}$ flexion loss, and two cases of anterior cortical penetration of the screw through proximal tibia during screw fixation. The postoperative complications were: eleven cases of knee instability, one case of patellar fracture, five cases of extension loss, thirteen cases of flexion loss, twenty-one cases of around knee pain and eight cases of kneeling pain. Conclusion: After PCL reconstruction with tibial inlay technique using autogenous bone-patella tendon-bone graft, complications were observed in this study. Careful attention during and after the operation, as well as rehabilitation must be required.

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