• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lysholm score

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Knee Injury In Soccer Play (축구경기시의 무릎손상)

  • Lee, Dong-Chul;Bae, Sang-Keun;Shon, Oog-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.141-146
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was performed to analyze the mechanism and type of knee injury during soccer game and to evaluate the functional recovery after treatment. Materials and Methods: From October 2002 to January 2005, 49 patients were treated surgically. Mean age was 28.8 (8-36) years old, mean follow-up duration was 14.9 (8-36) months. Injury was evaluated by physical examination, radiography, and arthroscopic finding. Clinical results were evaluated with Lysholm score and Tegner activity score. Results: According to classification of the ligament injury, the incidence of single ACL injury was the most frequent and 27 cases. Injuries took place, in 2nd half of the games, and in the winter. Among the mechanism of injury, turn & twisting was 20 cases and the most frequent. The preoperative Lysholm score, Tegner activity score were 45, 2 and those of last follow-up were 87.6, 6, respectively. Conclusion: The recovery of Lysholm and Tegner activity score were good, but the sports activity was clearly decreased alter injury. It was suggested that appropriate physical & psychological rehabilitation and education were inevitable.

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Case Report : 3 Cases of CPM Combined with Korean Medical Treatment for Knee Joint Rehabilitation (한방 치료를 병행한 슬관절 재활 CPM 증례보고 3례)

  • Ha, Hyunju;Kim, Myeongkyu;Lee, Chiho;Oh, Minseok
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to report the cases of knee injury that are treated with both CPM and Korean medicine. Methods : We treated 3 patients who had knee joint pain and gait disturbance by knee injuries with Korean medicine and CPM treatment. We evaluated the outcomes by checking NRS, ROM, Lysholm knee score, walking state and other symptoms. Results : The NRS, ROM, Lysholm knee score, and other symptoms of 3 patients were improved before they. These results show possibilities of simultaneous treatment of Korean medicine and CPM. But there is a limit that the number of cases is not sufficient, and there was no long-term follow-up after discharge. Conclusions : Simultaneous treatment of Korean medicine and CPM has an effect on knee joint rehabilitation. Further studies are needed to prove the effectiveness of Korean medicine combined with CPM.

Revision of Failed ACL Reconstruction - Early Result - (전방 십자 인대 재 재건술 단기 추시 결과)

  • Ahn Jin-Hwan;Cho Yong-Jin;Lee Yong-Seuk;Shin Seong-Kee
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : The purpose was to evaluate the early result of revision of failed anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Materials and Methods : From August 1997 to February 2002, this report presents the findings of 18 patients who had revision surgery for failed ACL reconstruction. There was an average of 39 $(7\~120)$months from index procedure to the time of revision. Allografts were used in 14 $(78\%)$cases and autografts were used in 4 $(22\%)$cases and the revision procedures were assisted by arthroscopic technique. The majority of chief complaints were instability in 16 $(89\%)$cases. Sixteen $(89\%)$ cases had 1 previous reconstruction, 2 $(11\%)$ cases had 2. Before and after revision, patients were evaluated by Lachman test, pivot shift test, KT 2000, radiographs, Lysholm score and HSS score and subjective satisfaction. Results : Average length of followup was 27 $(12\~60)$months. Preoperatively, all cases were positive in Lachman test and pivot shift test. After revision the majority of cases were negative. Objectively improving stability was confirmed by KT 2000 and all average KT 2000 was 7.75 $(3.5\~12.5)$mm preoperatively and 2.36 $(1.0\~6.0)$mm at final followup. Lysholm score and HSS score were also improved from 72.6 $(66\~77)$ and 72.5 $(68\~78)$ preoperatively to 89.2 $(80\~92)$ and 88.2 $(81\~92)$ at final followup. Most $(89\%)$ of patients were satisfied with their results. The most common causes of failed ACL reconstruction were malposition of femoral tunnel in 11 $(61\%)$cases. Conclusion : Arthroscopic revision ACL surgery with adequate graft for failed ACL reconstruction was successful in objectively and subjectively improving stability. However, considering the most common causes of failure after ACL reconstruction were errors in surgical technique, it is important that the primary ACL reconstruction should be performed with correct surgical technique.

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconsruction Using Tibialis Tendon Allograft - A Short-Term Follow-Up Result - (동종 경골건을 이용한 전방 십자 인대 재건술 -단기 추시 결과-)

  • Woo, Jong-Ken;Ko, Sang-Hun;Lew, Sog-u;Park, Moon-Soo;Jung, Kwang-Hwan;Gwak, Chang-Youl;Lee, Chae-Chil;Cho, Sung-Do
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.89-93
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: To evaluate the clinical stability and function after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) reconstruction using fresh-frozen tibialis tendon allograft. Materials and Methods: Of the patients who underwent ACL reconstruction using tibialis tendon allograft from July 2002 to June 2003, thirty-one patients could be evaluated and the mean follow-up period was 19 months. Evaluations included were Lysholm knee score, 2000 International knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) subjective knee score, Lachman test, pivot shift test, KT-1000 arthrometer measurement and 2000 IKDC knee examination. Results: The mean Lysholm score was 88. Twenty-eight patients (90.3%) were good or exellent for the measured parameters. Twenty-seven patients(87.1%) was over 70 in IKDC subjective knee score. Thirty patients (96.8%) had 1+ firm end or negative Lachman test. 27 patients (87.1%) had a negative pivot shift. Thirty patients (96.8%) had less than 5mm difference of maximal manual difference by KT-1000 arthrometer. Twenty -nine patients (93.5%) were nearly normal or normal grade by 2000 IKDC knee examination. Complications were 1 case of failure and 1 case of infection. Conclusion: ACL reconstruction with the double-stranded fresh-frozen tibialis tendon allograft resulted in a reliable and predictable outcome after short-term follow-up.

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Clinical Results of ACL Reconstruction in the Immature Adolescent via Transphyseal Approach in Tibia Based on a New Indication Paradigm (새로운 수술적응증에 의한 골 미성숙 전방십자인대 손상 환자에서의 성장판을 통과하는 전방십자인대 재건술의 결과)

  • Lee, Dong Chul;Shon, Oog Jin;Park, Chul-Hyun;Kwon, Moon Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: To evaluate clinical and radiologic outcomes of transphyseal anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in patients with open physes who were selected with authors' new operative indications. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 15 patients with open physes who underwent a transtibial ACL reconstruction and were followed up for 4~6 years after surgery. Our operative indications involved 1) choronologic age of ${\geq}$ 16 in male and ${\geq}$ 14 in female, 2) open physes of ${\leq}$ 2 mm width, and 3) Risser sign and Tanner stage of ${\geq}$ 3. Tibialis anterior tendon allograft was used in all patients, and endobutton and bioscrew were used for femoral and tibial fixations, respectively. Functional outcomes were evaluated using Lysholm Knee Scoring scale, Tegner activity scale, and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) 2000 subjective score. Physical examinations to evaluate stability involved Lachman and pivot shift tests. For radiographic results, we evaluated side to side differences of anterior displacement in stress views. In addition, with use of scannograms taken at last follow-up, we examined side to side differences of femorotibial angles, anatomical and mechanical lateral distal femoral angles, mechanical medial proximal tibial angles and leg lengths. Results: The mean Lysholm Knee score was 51(40-61) points preoperatively and 97(94-100) points at last follow up. The mean Tegner activity score was 2.6 points preoperatively and 7.1 points at last follow up. The mean IKDC score was 32.6 points preoperatively and 88.3 points at last follow up. The mean anterior displacement of the tibia was improved from 6.7(${\pm}1.0$) mm to 1.9(${\pm}0.9$) mm. There were no leg length discrepancies over 5 mm and no statistically significant differences in all the radiographic variables representing growth disturbance. Conclusion: This study suggests that patients with open physes who selected by authors' new indication would safely undergo transphyseal ACL reconstruction with successful outcomes.

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Arthroscopic Management for Pyogenic Arthritis with Positive Culture in the Knee Joint (배양 검사로 증명된 화농성 슬관절염의 관절경적 치료)

  • Baek, Seung-Hoon;Kim, Se Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.167-174
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is investigation of clinical and functional outcomes in homogeneous group with positive culture after arthroscopic management for pyogenic knee arthritis and analysis of factors affecting those outcomes. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two patients with positive culture after arthroscopic management were included. Mean follow-up period was 41.6 months. Clinical evaluation included death related to infection, recurrence, time to normalize erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP), duration of administration of intravenous antibiotics and readmission. Radiographic evaluation was performed according to Kellgren and Lawrence. The prevalence of total knee arthroplasty was investigated and functional evaluation included modified Lysholm, Tegner activity and Korean version of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (K-WOMAC) score. Results: Staphylococcus aureus was identified in 21 patients. Time to normalize ESR and CRP was 78.0 and 67.6 days, respectively. Two patients died while there were six recurrences and five readmissions. Rate of recurrence was significantly high in patients with chronic renal failure (P=0.034) and incidence of readmission was associated with higher radiographic grade of osteoarthritis and rate of reoperation (P=0.032 and P=0.006, respectively). At the final follow-up, radiographic grade worsened in 21 patients and was associated with those at first visit. Five arthroplasties were performed. Average modified Lysholm score, Tegner activity score and K-WOMAC score were 53.5, 2.7, 44.2 points, respectively. Conclusion: The severity of osteoarthritis on final radiographs was associated with those at first visit. Patients with higher grade of osteoarthritis at first visit showed higher incidence of readmission and those with chronic renal failure demonstrated higher chances of recurrence.

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Pull-out repair for root tear of medial meniscus (내측 반월상 연골 후방 골 기시부 파열의 수술적 봉합술)

  • Kim, Deok-Weon;Moon, Jeong-Seok;Kim, Min-Gun;Kim, Jin-Goo
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.40-45
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study is to evaluate the clinical findings of media] meniscus root tear, pull-out repair technique and it's short term results. Materials and Methods: From September 2003 to August 2004, 23 cases of total 27 medial meniscus root tears were treated by pull-out repair technique. Mean age was 60.2 years old. The pull-out technique was divided into 2 groups In group 1(14/23 cases), anterolateral portal was used and in group 2(9/23 cases), anterolateral and posteromedial portals were used for bed preparation. Concomitant cartilage lesions were documented as ICRS mapping system. The clinical outcomes were evaluated according to Lysholm Knee Score. Results: The postoperative Lysholm Knee Score was 77.1(range; $58{\sim}97$) in group 1 and 81.4(range; $72{\sim}94$) (p>0.05). The failure rate was 3 of 14 cases(21.4%) in group 1 and 1 of 9 cases(11.1%) in group 2. Twenty of 22 cases(90.9%) showed cartilage lesions in weight bearing portion of medial femoral condyle which were 8 grade III and 5 grade IV according to the Outerbridge classification. Conclusion: Pull-out repair seems to be a useful treatment of the medial meniscus root tear for preservation of circumferential hoop tension of meniscus.

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The Effect of Arthroscopic Medial Meniscectomy in Degenerative Arthritis of the Knee (슬관절 퇴행성 관절염에서 관절경적 내측 반월상 연골 절제술의 효과)

  • Kim, Do-Yeon;Choi, Yun-Jin;Lee, Seung-Joo;Ko, Min-Seok;Choi, Chong-Hyuk
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: In patients with meniscal tear with degenerative arthritis, controversy remains as to whether arthroscopic menisectomy is worthwhile or not. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of arthroscopic medial meniscectomy in degenerative arthritis of the knee with meniscal tear. We also intended to identify pertinent indications and risk factors. Materials and Methods: 287 patients underwent arthroscopic medial meniscectomy from 2006 to 2008; 103 patients who had Kellgren-Lawrence grade II, III arthritis of the knee, were over 50 years old, and had minimum 1 year follow-up, were analyzed in this study. Clinical assessment was performed retrospectively using the arthroscopic surgery database, medical records, questionnires and interviews. Assessment included visual analogue scale (VAS) scores and Lysholm scores. Results: The mean Lysholm score increased from 69 to 85 after surgery. The mean VAS score improved from 7 to 3.1 after surgery. Kellgren-Lawrence grade II group and group with trauma history showed significant improvement of pain and function compared with grade III and group without trauma history. Outerbridge grade I showed significantly more improvement of pain than grade III and IV. Multiple regression analysis showed that trauma history and Outerbridge grade affect the improvement of Lysholm score. Conclusion: In one year follow-up, arthroscopic medial menisectomy can improve pain and function of patients in Kellgren-Lawrence grade II, III degenerative arthritis of the knee. We could expect good results especially in group with low Kellgren-Lawrence grade, trauma history, and mild articular cartilage lesion.

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The Clinical Results of Meniscus Allograft Transplantation - Comparison between medial, Lateral, Isolated and Combined Procedure Groups - (동종 반월상 연골 이식술의 임상적 결과 - 내측과 외측 및 동반 손상의 유무에 따른 비교 -)

  • Cho, Seung-Mok;Yoon, Kyoung-Ho;Lee, Jung-Hwan;Bae, Dae-Kyung;Song, Sang-Jun;Kang, Chang-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.28-33
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: To compare the clinical outcomes after meniscus allograft transplantation between lateral and medial or isolated and combined procedure groups. Materials and Methods: Of the patients who had undergone arthroscopic meniscal allograft transplantation between Dec. 1997 and Jun. 2007, 52 patients were available for retrospective evaluation. Patients were grouped into lateral(33 cases) and medial(19 cases) transplant groups as well as those with isolated(18 cases) and combined(34 cases) procedure. The average age was 34.2 years and the mean follow-up period was 42.2 months. Postoperative range of motion (ROM), visual analog scale (VAS), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) subjective score, Lysholm score, Tegner score, patient's subjective satisfaction, $2^{nd}$ look arthroscopy and MRI were evaluated retrospectively. Results: Mean postoperative ROM was $130.3^{\circ}$. The VAS showed an improvement from 5.96 to 3.05 at the last follow up. IKDC subjective score and Lysholm score also showed an improvement from 46.5 to 64.5 and from 61.9s to 79.58 respectively. Tegner score was improved from 2.9 to 3.6. Overall, 61.5% of patients reported they were completely or mostly satisfied with procedure. There were no significant differences noted between lateral and medial groups as well as isolated and combined groups. In 2nd look arthroscopy, 10 of 18 cases showed good pheripheal healing and there were 6 cases of partial and 2 of complex tear. We observed graft subluxation or extrusion in 12 of 16 cases who were evaluated with follow-up MRI. Conclusion: Meniscus allograft transplantation alone or in combination with other procedure showed an improvement in knee pain and clinical score. But there were no significant difference between lateral and medial groups or isolated and combined procedure groups.

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The Follow-up Results of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using The Flexible Reamer (유연성 연마기를 이용한 관절경적 전방 십자 인대 재건술의 추시 결과)

  • Chae, In-Jung;Wang, Joon-Ho;Choi, Gi-Won;Song, Dong-Ik
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.18-23
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical results of the function and stability of ACL reconstruction using the flexible reamer. Materials and Methods: We reviewed 98 patients who taken ACL reconstruction using the flexible reamer from March, 1999 to May, 2004. And the follow-up period was more than 12 months in all cases. We used the subjective tests including Lysholm knee score and 2000 International Knee Documentation Committee(IKDC) subjective knee score, and the objective tests such as anterior drawer test, Lachman test, pivot shift test, and KT-2000 arthrometer to evaluate the clinical results. Results: In the range of motion of the affected knee, the extension deficit more than 5 degree was 8 cases preoperatively and 1 case postoperatively. The flexion deficit more than 5 degree was 12 cases preoperatively and 2 cases postoperatively. The mean Lysholm knee score was 61.3 point(${\pm}3.5$ SD) preoperatively and 87.7 point(${\pm}2.0$ SD) postoperatively. The mean 2000 International Knee Documentation Committee(IKDC) subjective knee score was 49 point(${\pm}3.3$ SD) preoperatively and 84 point (${\pm}2.2$ SD) postoperatively. 93 cases were more than grade II in Lachman test preoperatively and 5 cases postoperatively. 71 cases were more than grade II in pivot shift test preoperatively but 89 cases were negative postoperatively. The mean maximal manual difference by KT-2000 arthrometer was 6.8 mm(${\pm}1.9$ SD) preoperatively and 1.8 mm(${\pm}0.8$ SD) postoperatively. Conclusion: ACL reconstruction using the flexible reamer achieved the ideal isometric point of femur and anatomic graft placement, so we could obtain good results, especially in rotational stability.

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