• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lysholm score

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The Clinical Results of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Over 40 years Old (40세 이상의 환자에 있어서의 전방 십자 인대 재건술의 임상적 결과)

  • Song, Eun-Kyoo;Seon, Jong-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.196-200
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : To evaluate clinical outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in middle-aged patients and determine the factors affecting the outcome. Subjects and Methods : Clinical results obtained from 60 cases (60 patients) older than 40 years of age at the time of surgery and 58 cases (58 patients) younger than 40 years of age who underwent ACL reconstruction between August 1988 to January 2002, return to sports activity, and stress radiographs using Telos instrument were compared. Results : The Lysholm knee score was improved from the preoperative score of 54.0 points to the postoperative score of 92.9 in patients older than 40 years of age and was improved from 56.2 points to 92.2 points in patients younger than 40 years of age. Clinical outcome was excellent in 51 cases $(85\%)$ and good in 9 cases $(15\%)$ in patients olde. than 40 years of age and was excellent in 47 cases $(81.0\%)$ and good in 11 cases $(19.0\%)$ in patients younger than 40 years of age. There was a significant difference in the rate of returning to preoperative sports activity between patients older than 40 years of age ($60\%$, 36 cases) and younger than 40 years ($82.8\%$, 48 cases). According to Telos stress radiography, the preoperative difference of 11.2 mm was decreased to the postoperative difference of 3.1 mm in patients older than 40 years of age and the preoperative difference of 10.7 mm was decreased to the postoperative difference of 2.9 mm in patients younger than 40 years of age. Clinical outcome did not show significant correlation with age, gender, surgery method, the presence of additional injury, and the rate of return to sports activity before receiving injury (p>0.05). Conclusion : Age didn't have a significant influence on the final outcome of ACL reconstruction and good results could be obtained with ACL reconstruction even in middle-aged patients.

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Arthroscopic Excisional Debridement of Cyst-like lesion in juxta-articular Knee Joint (관절경을 이용한 슬관절주위 낭종유사 병변의 절제제거술)

  • Ko, Sang-Hun;Cho, Sung-Do;Kim, Jong-Oh
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : A cyst-like lesion within and around the knee joint is very rare, with very few articles available in the literature. The aim of this study is to evaluate effectiveness of arthroscopic treatment of cyst-like lesion within and around the knee joint which reported rarely. Materials and Methods : We are reporting 14 cases of cyst-like lesion around the knee joint. Our cases include 3 ganglion cyst in infrapatellar fat pad, 1 fibroma, 1 giant cell tumor and 1 epidermoid cyst which have not yet been reported. The diagnosis of cyst-like lesion in Juxta-articular knee Joint was made only by MRI study and we confirmed pathology. Male was 9, female was 5 cases, average age was 24(11-43)year old. Follow up was average 45(12months-8years)months. Minimum follow up was 12 months. Results : All the patients were treated arthroscopic excisional debridements successfully. All the cases were excellent result in last follow up by functional criteria in Lysholm knee score average 98.9(95-100). All examimation was normal except 3 cases in last follow up. But all patients satisfied in arthroscopic treatment. Conclusion : Arthroscopic excisional debridement of the cyst-1ike lesion in juxta-arthcular knee joint is excellent method, but long term follow up needed in the future.

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Arthroscopic Repair for the Acute Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears (급성 전방 십자 인대 파열의 관절경적 봉합술)

  • Choi, Chong-Hyuk;Yoon, Han-Kook;Kim, Hyung-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) repair with minimal incision and to review prognostic factors according to ACL tear patterns and the presence of associated injury Materials and Methods: Thirty eight patients (thirty nine knees) with acute ACL tear were given arthroscopic ACL repair between January 2001 and December 2002 and were followed up at least over six months. Intraoperative findings such as ACL tear pattern and the presence of synovial or concomitant medial collateral ligament injuries were recorded. Each knee was then postoperatively re-evaluated with aid of KT-1000 arthrometer and Lachman test and Lysholm score. Results: Postoperative limitation of motion was significant when combined typed ACL tear was present with concurrent medial collateral ligament(MCL) injury. In contrast, in the case where there were sole proximal ACL tear or no evidence of synovial injury, the limitation of motion was not significant. Anterior laxity was significantly associated with the presence of combined typed ACL tear or concurrent synovial injury, but was not significant when there were sole proximal ACL tear. Conclusion: In the case where there is sole proximal ACL tear without concurrent synovial injury, arthroscopic ACL repair can be considered as a treatment modality for the treatment of acute ACL injury.

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The effectiveness of MRI evaluation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using hamstring tendon autograft (자가 슬괵건을 이용한 전방십자인대 재건술 후 결과 판정에 있어 MRI 검사의 유용성)

  • Kim, Jin-Goo;Kim, Young-Woo;Lee, Soo-Won;Shim, Jae-Chan;Oh, Soo-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of MRI after ACL reconstruction with femoral tunnel at 10 o'clock position. Materials and Methods: MRI findings of 29 patients after ACL reconstruction using hamstring tendon autograft were evaluated. The mean period from operation to MRI was 18.9 months($7{\sim}40$ months). Signal intensity, morphology and continuity of graft, femoral insertion, graft angle, roof impingement, cross pin breakage and position were evaluated. Those findings were compared with KT-2000, Lysholm knee score and pivot shift test. Results: There was no significant correlation between signal intensity of graft and the duration to MRI. Most common pattern of the morphology was straight, and the continuity was well-preserved. 13 cases of femoral tunnel insertion were zone 4 and 16 were zone 3. There were no roof impingement. 10 cases showed cross pin breakages, of which 5 were found at the outside of distal femoral posterior cortex. 9 showed cross pin directed posteriorly in axial view. There was no significant correlation between clinical results and cross pin breakage. Conclusion: MRI examinations after ACL reconstructions are useful to evaluate the graft status, position of the graft and cross pins. Since the direction of the cross pin is important especially in 10 o'clock femoral position, care should be taken to avoid cross pin breakage.

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A Case Report of a Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Intervention Strategy Applied with an ICF Tool in a Patient with Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (ICF 도구를 적용한 앞십자인대 재건술 환자의 고유수용성신경근촉진법 중재전략의 증례)

  • Song, Myung-Soo;Kim, Beom-Ryong;Kim, Chang-Heon;Noh, Hyun-Jeong;Kang, Mi-Gyeong
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use an ICF tool in an intervention for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) patients to examine and evaluate the patients' functional problems, measure the results of the intervention, and present the process of preparing proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) intervention strategies, thereby contributing to changes in and development of relevant future clinical practices. Methods: A PNF rehabilitation exercise program using an ICF tool was applied to ACLR patients five times per week for four weeks. To measure the resulting changes, the ICF evaluation display, the visual analog scale (VAS), the manual muscle test (MMT), the range of motion (ROM) test, the Lysholm knee score (LKS), and the muscle endurance test (MET) were used. Results: After the intervention was applied to the ACLR patients, improvements were achieved in all the tests: ICF evaluation display, VAS, MMT, ROM, LKS, and MET. Conclusion: Utilizing the ICF tool, this study identified functional problems of ACLR patients. When the intervention was applied, physical functions improved, and structural damage was reduced, leading to enhanced levels of functional activities such as postural changes, posture maintenance, gait, movements, and movements between different places. The patients were able to complete the teacher training, which was their goal.

Stiff Knee Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction - Cause Analysis and Treatment - (전방 십자 인대 수술 후 합병된 슬관절 강직 - 원인분석 및 치료 -)

  • Choi, Nam Yong;Lee, In Ju;Choi, Moon Ku;Ko, Hae Sok;Kim, Seung Ki;Park, Sung Jin;Han, Suk Koo;Kang, Young Mok
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.72-76
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    • 1998
  • Between March 1992 and December 1995 at St. Paul's, Holy Family, St. Vincent and Eui Jung Bu St. Mary Hospitals Catholic University, two hundred and eighty patients underwent arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) reconstruction using central one-third bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft. Nine of these patients had limitation of motion(LOM) defined as a knee flexion contracture greater than 10o or less than 125o of passive knee flexion. This study analyzes the causes of LOM after ACL reconstruction as well as the results after passive manipulation or arthroscopic adhesiolysis under anesthesia for LOM. The results are as follows: 1. Out of nine patients, initially three had isolated ACL injuries and six had combined injuries. Seven of nine cases were perfomed by ACL reconstruction within four weeks and two were performed after four weeks following injury. 2. Treatment for LOM after ACL reconstruction was done after 5.5 months on average. 3. Arthroscopic adhesiolysis was done in 5 cases. There were fibrous adhesions at suprapatellar pouch and femoral intercondylar notch in all cases, respectively, infrapatellar fat pad in 3 cases and medial para patellar gutter in 2 cases. Two patients had a fibrous nodule, "cyclops" lesion, which formed anterior to the ACL graft. 4. Range of motion and Lysholm knee score were much improved following passive manipulation or arthroscopic adhesiolysis under anesthesia for LOM.

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Effect of Closed and Open Kinetic Chain Exercise after Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (십자인대 재건술 후 닫힌사슬운동과 열린사슬운동의 효과)

  • Kwon, Soon-Bog;Lee, Hyun-Ok
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.297-310
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    • 2005
  • Open kinetic chain exercise has lost favour in rehabilitation after cruciate ligament reconstruction due to concerns that this exercise is harmful to the graft and will be less effective in improving function. Therefore rehabilitation has focused over the past decade on closed kinetic chain exercise. Open kinetic chain and closed kinetic chain exercises were compared for their effects on proprioception, muscle strength and knee instability in the early period of cruciate ligament reconstruction rehabilitation. The study subjects were 14 patients in 28weeks from cruciate reconstruction surgery(11 male, 3 female; mean age = 44.36 years). Closed kinetic chain exercise group used ball, balance pad and air cushion, to perform weightbearing exercises and the open kinetic chain exercise group used elastic rope and N-K table, to perform non-weightbearing exercises. Between tests, subjects trained 5 times per week for 2 weeks. Statistical analysis was by Wilcoxon signed rank test and Mann Whitney U test. In result, this study shows that both open and closed kinetic chain exercise programs lead to an improved muscle strength and Lysholm score. But there was no improvement in proprioception at both exercises. Closed versus open kinetic chain exercise in early period of rehabilitation after cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery do not differ in their effects on knee proprioception, muscle strength and instability. But the effect of closed kinetic chain exercises was showed more improvement than open kinetic chain exercises between pre-post exercises. Therefore further study is required to assess effect of both groups in more long period.

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Operative Treatment of the Displaced Bucket Handle Tear of the Medial Meniscus (내측 반월상 연골의 전위된 양동이 손잡이형 파열의 수술적 치료)

  • Hahn Sung-Ho;Yang Bo-Kyu;Yi Seung-Rim;Chung Shun-Wook;Lee Dong-Ho;Kim Min-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.142-149
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to compare with result of repair and resection in displaced bucket handle medial meniscal tear. Materials and Methods : From Sep. 1998 to Dec. 2001, we experienced 46 cases, 45 patients. We classified them into repair group (group I, 23 cases) and resection group (group II, 23 cases). We analyzed the time interval between injury and operation, zone of tear, the status of reduction and quality of displaced fragment of all cases. Average follow-up period is 29, 28 months, respectively. We evaluated the final results of both groups as Lysholm knee score, radiologic changes and 2nd look arthroscopy. Results : Mean age was 25 years old in both group, respectively. Mean interval between injury and surgical treatment was 12 and 17 weeks. respectively. In group I, 6 of 7 cases were evaluated as clinical success in red-red zone, 12 of 15 cases were assessed as clinical success in red-white zonal tear, stable reduction. Another case which is evaluated as clinical failure showed red-white zonal tear, unstable reduction and poor quality meniscal fragment. 5 cases showed variant degrees of tibio-femoral compartment symptom. In group II, red-white zone (9 cases) and white-white zone (14 cases) were treated as resection and got good results. Conclusion : Considering zone of tear, reducibility and quality of meniscal fragment before treatment will improve the success rate of meniscal repair.

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7 to 22Y Follow-up of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction : from the standpoint of OA (전방 십자 인대 재건술 7년에서 22년 장기 추시: 관절염 관점에서)

  • Yang, Sang-Hoon;Sim, Jae-Ang;Kwak, Ji-Hoon;Kim, Byung-Kag;Ahn, Byung-Moon;Lee, Beom-Koo
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.20-24
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: To evaluate the long term outcomes of the ACL reconstruction from the standpoint of osteoarthritis. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 31 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction from April 1986 to April 1999 and could be followed-up more than 7 years. Mean follow-up period was 10.1 years (7~22 years). In terms of the graft, 11 cases were treated with the ACL reconstruction using a autologous hamstring tendon graft, 20 cases were treated with using a autologous bone patellar tendon bone graft. For femoral tunnel, 11 cases were placed through transtibial tunnel, 20 cases were placed through anteromedial portal using mini-open arthrotomy. Functional and radiographic evaluation was performed. Results: Mean Lysholm score was $89.2{\pm}11.7$ points. Patients had KT-2000 side-to-side differences were $2.1{\pm}1.9\;mm$. IKDC ligament evaluation showed 38.7% type A, 48.3% type B, 6.5% type C and 6.5% type D. Femoral tunnel were placed at 11 or 1 o'clock position in transtibial technique and placed 10 to 10:30 or 2 to 2:30 o'clock position in technique using anteromedial portal. Radiographic analysis for degenerative arthritis revealed that in group using anteromedial tunnel, 50.0% were excellent, 25.0% were good. In group using transtibial tunnel 18.2% were excellent, 18.2% were good. Conclusion: More than 87.1% of cases, long term result of the ACL reconstruction showed good and excellent result in IKDC score. Especially, the group using tunnel through anteromedial portal showed good results for degenerative arthritis.

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ACL reconstruction with autologous hamstring tendon - Short term clinical result using new femoral suspensory fixation device 'Cross Pin' and graft tensioner for maintaining a constant tension- (자가 슬괵건을 이용한 전방 십자 인대 재건술 - 새로운 대퇴부 현수고정법인 Cross Pin과 일정한 긴장력 유지를 위한 Graft Tensioner 사용의 단기 추시 결과 -)

  • Seo, Seung-Suk;Kim, Chang-Wan;Kim, Jin-Seok;Choi, Sang-Yeong
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: To evaluate the short term clinical result of ACL reconstruction with autologous hamstring tendon using Cross pin and Graft Tensioner and to seek way to resolve the experienced technical problems. Materials and Methods: From January 2008 to March 2009, 35 patients who had been treated arthroscopic ACL reconstruction were enrolled. The femoral side of ACL graft was fixed with Cross pin. The tibial side of graft was fixed with Intrafix and post-tie. The graft was tensioned with Graft Tensioner at 80N. We analyzed the clinical, radiographic results and complications. Results: IKDC subjective score and Lysholm score improved to 89.1 and 91.4 points. Also, Pivot shift test and One-leg hop test showed good results postoperatively. Side to side difference using KT-1000 arthrometer and Telos stress radiography improved compared with normal limb to $2.8{\pm}1.6$ mm and $2.6{\pm}1.3$ mm, respectively. The femoral tunnel enlarged to $2.3{\pm}1.1$ mm. Soft tissue irritation and femoral tunnel-graft harness length mismatch, femoral tunnel-cross pin tunnel mismatch were happened as peri-operative complications. Conclusion: Using of Cross pin and Graft Tensioner for ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendon is one of the good method for obtaining stability in short-term clinical result. But to reduce femoral tunnel-cross pin mismatch, it needs to shorten femoral bone tunnel and to create cross pin tunnel as vertical as possible. And to reduce femoral tunnel-graft harness mismatch, it needs to advance position rod further 3 mm when to create femoral tunnel.

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