• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lysholm score

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Clinical outcome in relation to stability of longitudinal meniscal tear associated with anterior cruciate ligament rupture (전방 십자인대 파열에 동반된 반월상 연골판 종파열의 파열부위 안정성에 따른 치료 결과)

  • Seo, Seung-Suk;Kim, Chang-Wan;Kim, Jin-Seok;Kim, Jeon-Gyo
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of treatment for longitudinal meniscal tear in ACL rupture patients by clinical evaluation and $2^{nd}$ look arthroscopy. Materials and Methods: Among the patients who underwent surgery due to ACL rupture and longitudinal meniscal tear between 2002~2009, 32 patients were selected for the study. The patients were devided into three groups; group 1 had repair, group 2 had partial menisectomy due to impossible to repair, group 3 had conservative treatment due to stable meniscus. Comparative retrospective analysis was applied with KT 1000 arthrometer, Lysolm' score, Tegner activity score, IKDC subjective score, and $2^{nd}$ look arthroscopy. Results: Lysolm' score, Tegner activity score, IKDC subjective score showed no statistical difference in all three groups. KT-1000 side to side difference improved from 6.2, 6.15, 6.38 before surgery to 2.56, 2.49, 2.58 after surgery in group 1, 2, and 3, respectively. In group 1, second-look arthroscopy revealed complete healing in 12 patients, incomplete healing without any clinical symptoms in 2, and healing failure in 1. In group 2, second-look arthroscopy showed partial regeneration on margin of meniscectomy. In group 3, second-look arthroscopy revealed complete healing in 2 patients, while 4 showed incomplete healing so that have repaired. Conclusion: In the study, the outcome was better when the stable longitudinal meniscal tear on posterior horn with ACL rupture had active treatment.

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Revision Anterior Cruciate Ligament Surgery Using Hamstring Autograft (슬괵건을 이용한 전방 십자 인대 재 재건술)

  • In Yong;Bahk Won-Jong;Kwon Oh-Soo;Suh Young-Wan;Im Dong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.183-188
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of revision surgery for failed anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using quadruple hamstring tendon autograft. Materials and Methods : From May 2000 to July 2002, six patients received ACL revision surgery using quadruple hamstring autograft for failed ACL reconstruction. Femoral tunnels were made 40 mm in depth and fixed with a cross pin and a bioabsorbable interference screw to fill the bone defect. In tibial tunnels, the grafts were fixed with Intrafix(Mitek, Norwood, MA). In case of tibial tunnel widening, additional screw-washer fixation was done. Follow up was at least 12 months postoperatively. Clinical assessments consisted of Lysholm knee scores, International Knee Documentation Committee(IKDC) evaluation form and manual maximal side to side difference using KT-2000 arthrometer. Results : The average Lysholm knee score improved from 77.2 preoperatively to 87.7 postoperatively. At the final IKDC evaluation, 1 case was graded as normal, 4 nearly normal, 1 abnormal. Mean side to side difference of manual maximum anterior displacement using the KT-2000 arthrometer was 1.8mm. The success rate was $83\%$. Conclusion : ACL revision surgery using quadruple hamstring autograft with double fixation is considered good procedure with successful results.

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Posterior Cruciate Ligament and Posterolateral Structure Reconstruction using Bilateral Hamstring Tendons (양측 슬괵건을 이용한 후방 십자 인대 및 후외측 지대 재건술)

  • In, Yong;Kim, Seok-Jung;Lee, Gyu-Yeong
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.167-173
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical results of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and posterolateral structure (PLS) reconstruction using bilateral hamstring tendon autografts. Materials and Methods: From October 2002 to March 2004, ten patients were received PCL and PLS reconstruction simultaneously using bilateral hamstring autografts. PCL was reconstructed using ipsilateral hamstring tendon and fixed with cross pins and Intrafix (Mitek, Norwood, MA). PLS was reconstructed using contralateral hamstring tendon. The mean follow up was 17 months. Clinical assessments consisted of Lysholm knee scores, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) evaluation form and posterior stress radiographs. External rotation of tibia was evaluated at $30^{\circ}\;and\;90^{\circ}$ knee flexion using Noyes and Barber-Westin's classification. Contralateral harvest site morbity was evaluated using IKDC evaluation form and flexion power of the knee. Results: Mean posterior displacement of tibia using stress radiographs was improved from 13.3 mm to 3.7 mm. In tibial external rotation evaluation, 7 patients were functional, 2 patients were partially functional and one failure. The average Lysholm knee score improved from 54 preoperatively to 86 postoperatively. At the final IKDC evaluation, 8 patients were graded as nearly normal, 2 were graded as abnormal. In contralateral harvest site morbidity evaluation, 2 patients complained of numbness around the wound but negligible. Conclusion: PCL and PLS reconstruction using bilateral hamstring autografts was considered as a good treatment method with minimal contralateral harvest site morbidity.

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Clinical Results of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Hamstring Tendon (슬괵건을 이용한 전방십자인대 재건술의 임상적 결과)

  • Song Eun Kyoo;Lee Keun Bae;Shin Sang Gyoo;Kim Hyun Jong
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.21-25
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: To evaluate the clinical results after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with hamstring tendon and Ligament Anchor (LA) screw, which is newly designed for fixation of graft into femur. Materials and Methods: Fifty eight patients who were followed up at least more than 2 years after ACL reconstruction with four strands of Hamstring tendon and LA screw were included in this study. The graft was fixed with LA screw at femoral tunnel and with only bioabsorbable interference screw at tibial tunnel. The mean follow-up period was 28 months. The clinical results were evaluated by physical examination and Lysholm knee score. Widening of bony tunnel and anterior laxity difference compared with normal side by instrumented anterior laxity test with Telos(R) (Telos stress device; Austin & Associates, Inc., Polston, US) were evaluated. Results: The Lysholm knee score improved from 60.0 points preoperatively to 94.0 points at last follow up. On the Lachman test, there were mild (+) instability in 16 cases, moderate (++) in 24,severe (+++) in 18 preoperatively. 50 cases were converted to negative and 8 to mild instability at postoperative follow up. On instrumented anterior laxity test with Telos(R), difference between normal and affected knee on 20 lb was 12.9 mm in average preoperatively, and was decreased to 3.1mm at last follow-up. The femoral tunnel was widened from 10.6 mm postoperatively to 12.7 mm (21.1$\%$) at follow up on antero-posterior plane and from 10.7 mm to 12.4 mm (16.5$\%$) on lateral plane. Tibial tunnels was also widened from 9.8mm to 11.8mm (20.7$\%$) on antero-posterior plane and from 9.9mm to 11.7 mm ($18.9\%$) on lateral plane. Complications were: anterior knee crepitus in 17 case, quadriceps muscle atrophy(>3 cm) in 6, penetration of screw over the lateral femoral cortex in 5, saphenous nerve paresthesia in 2.Conclusions: ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendon and LA screw was one of the choice of grafts and fixation devices in restoring knee stability and in improving clinical results with little complications such as excessive widening of bony tunnel and anterior knee pain

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Case of Acute Posterior Cruciate Ligament Complete Injury of Knee Improve by Acupuncture Therapy (급성 후방십자인대 완전손상의 침치료 호전 1례)

  • Song, In-kwang;Park, Jun-sung;Kim, Woo-young;Lee, Seung-duk;Kim, Kap-sung
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.210-217
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this case study is to show a case of acute posterior cruciate ligament(PCL) complete injury improved by conservative acupuncture therapy. The patient was treated for 100 days. The patient received deep interarticular electroacupuncture(EA) stimulation at S35, LE200, LE211 and treated by other acupoint stimulation, herb medication, cupping, physical treatments and exercise. We evaluated through MRI and Lysholm knee score. We suggest to treat acute posterior cruciate ligament(PCL) injury with acupuncture therapy meaning conservative therapy and would like to research acupuncture treatment plan for the further treatments.

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Comparative Study of Arthroscopic ACL Reconstruction Using Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Versus Four-Stranded Semitendinosus-Gracilis Tendon (관절경적 전방십자인대 재건술시에 골-슬개건-골과 네가닥 반건양건-박건을 이용한 방법의 비교연구)

  • Kim, Jin Goo;Lim, Young;Kim, Byung Jik;Ko, Han Suk;Moon, Hyung Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.107-113
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    • 1998
  • This study is retrospective analysis of 31 patients treated by arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction, from September 1995 to September 1996. ACL reconstructions using autogenous bone patellar tendon bone (B-PT-B) were done in 18 patients, and using hamstring tendon were done in 13 patients. We used four-stranded hamstring tendon grafts and fixed the grafts using Endobutton and screw. The mean postoperative Lysholm knee score was 87.2 points in B-PT-B. group, and 89.0 points in hamstring tendon group. There were no clinically significant results between two groups in Telos test, quadriceps atrophy, Lachman test, anterior drawer test and pivot shift test, but the incidences of anterior knee pain were lower in hamstring group. Four-stranded hamstring tendon graft showed enough stability and good functional outcome similar to that of patellar tendon graft, and had an advantage of quicker return of quadriceps function and less donor site morbidity.

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The Clinical Case Report about Postoperative Rehabilitation for the Tear of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Treated with Korean Medical Treatment and Continuous Passive Motion (한방 치료와 연속 수동 운동(CPM)을 병행한 전방 십자인대 파열 환자의 수술 후 재활 치료에 대한 증례 보고)

  • Park, Chang-Hyun;Song, Yun-Kyung
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine for Spine and Nerves
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The objective of this study is to report the effect of Koran medical treatment and CPM exercise on recovery after reconstruction surgery of torn anterior cruciate ligament Methods : A 27-year-old male patient who had anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery was treated by Korean medical treatment and CPM exercise from March 24th 2015 to April 16th 2015. Results : After treatments, VAS were generally decreased, ROM of Lt. knee got better from $95^{\circ}/10^{\circ}$(flexion/extension) to $120^{\circ}/-5^{\circ}$ (flexion/extension), Lysholm Score increased from 26 to 63. Conclusions : This study showed that Korean medical treatments and CPM exercise has meaningful effect on recovery after reconstruction surgery of anterior cruciate ligament. And it is considered that we need to apporoach recovery of these kinds of operation with more active Korean medical treatment, and further researches should be done steadily.

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Does Second-Generation Suspensory Implant Negate Tunnel Widening of First-Generation Implant Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction?

  • Sundararajan, Silvampatti Ramasamy;Sambandam, Balaji;Singh, Ajay;Rajagopalakrishnan, Ramakanth;Rajasekaran, Shanmuganathan
    • Knee surgery & related research
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.341-347
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Tunnel widening following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is commonly observed. Graft micromotion is an important contributing factor. Unlike fixed-loop devices that require a turning space, adjustable-loop devices fit the graft snugly in the tunnel. The purpose of this study is to compare tunnel widening between these devices. Our hypothesis is that the adjustable-loop device will create lesser tunnel widening. Materials and Methods: Ninety-eight patients underwent ACL reconstruction from January 2013 to December 2014. An adjustable-loop device was used in 54 patients (group 1) and a fixed-loop device was used in 44 patients (group 2). Maximum tunnel widening at 1 year was measured by the L'Insalata's method. Functional outcome was measured at 2-year follow-up. Results: The mean widening was 4.37 mm (standard deviation [SD], 2.01) in group 1 and 4.09 mm (SD, 1.98) in group 2 (p=0.511). The average International Knee Documentation Committee score was 78.40 (SD, 9.99) in group 1 and 77.11 (SD, 12.31) in group 2 (p=0.563). The average Tegner-Lysholm score was 87.25 (SD, 3.97) in group 1 and 87.29 in group 2 (SD, 4.36) (p=0.987). There was no significant difference in tunnel widening and functional outcome between the groups. Conclusions: The adjustable-loop device did not decrease the amount of tunnel widening when compared to the fixed-loop device. There was no significant difference in outcome between the two fixation devices. Level of Evidence: Level 3, Retrospective Cohort.

Factors Affecting the Extent of Graft Tendon Synovialization after Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Based on Second-Look Arthroscopic Findings

  • Ahn, Gil Yeong;Nam, Il Hyun;Lee, Yeong Hyeon;Lee, Yong Sik;Choi, Young Duk;Lee, Hee Hyung;Hwang, Sung Hyun
    • Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.413-419
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    • 2018
  • Background: We aimed to examine the factors that influence synovialization of the grafted tendon after double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction based on second-look arthroscopic findings. Methods: Out of 205 knees that were treated between August 2008 and May 2016 with double-bundle ACL reconstruction using bio-absorbable cross-pins and Endobuttons for femoral tunnel fixation, we enrolled 65 knees (64 patients) that underwent second-look arthroscopy with hardware removal at 1 year postoperatively. Measured clinical outcomes included the Lysholm score and Tegner activity score that were evaluated preoperatively and during the final follow-up. We analyzed the relationship between synovial coverage and patient age, length of the preserved remnant tissue on the tibial side, type of bundle (anteromedial or posterolateral), type of graft (autograft or allograft), and time from injury to surgery. Results: The area of synovial coverage showed a significant statistical correlation with patient age and the length of the preserved remnant tissue on the tibial side. The average synovial coverage was significantly better for the anteromedial bundle than for the posterolateral bundle, better for the autograft than for the allograft reconstruction, and better when treated in the acute stage than in the chronic stage. However, synovialization of grafted tendon did not correlate to clinical outcomes. Conclusions: While we were able to identify several factors influencing synovialization of the grafted tendon after double-bundle ACL reconstruction, including patient age, length of preserved remnant tissue of the torn ACL, type of bundle, type of graft, and time from injury to surgery, we found no evidence that increased synovialization improves clinical outcomes at 1 year postoperatively.

The Result of Autologous Osteochondral Grafting for the Osteochondral Lesion of the Talus (거골의 골연골 병변에 대한 자가 골연골 이식술의 결과)

  • Ahn, Young-Joon;Hahn, Sung-Ho;Yang, Bo-Kyu;Yi, Seung-Rim;Yoo, Jae-Ho;Chung, Shun-Wook;Bin, Sung-Woo;Zoo, Min-Hong;Kim, Seong-Wan
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.48-55
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the results of the autologous osteochondral grafting for the osteochondral lesion of the talus. Materials and Methods: This study included 21 patient who had been treated with the open autologous osteochondral grafting between December, 1999 and December 2003. We treated the patients with autologous osteochondral grafting method who had the lesion of stage II or medial lesion of stage III without improvement for at least 6 months, the medial lesion of stage IV, the lateral lesion of stage III, IV by Berndt and Harty's classification or who had not improved with previous operation. The average duration of follow up was 26 (12-56) months. 6 patients had been treated with the previous operation that 3 patients with drilling, 3 patients excision, curettage and drilling. Results: The average AOFAS Ankle/Hindfoot score was 92.7 points and no patient had a limitation of the daily activities due to pain or abnormal function. Postoperative radiography showed good joint congruency and postoperative MRI good incorporation of the graft. The average Lysholm knee score was 96 points and only two patients had mild knee pain during severe exertion. Conclusion: The autologous osteochondral grafting is the useful operative method when the lesion is advanced stage or when previous operative treatment has failed.

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