• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lysholm score

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Arthroscopic Treatment of Meniscal Cyst (슬관절 반월상 연골 낭종의 관절경적 치료)

  • Bae, Dae-Kyung;Yoon, Kyung-Ho;Kwon, Oh-Soo;Shin, Dong-Jun;Im, Yang-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.14-20
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : To analyze the clinical result of the arthroscopic decompression of meniscal cyst and meniscus resection or repair of meniscus tear. Materials and Methods : From April 1994 and October 2001, 19 patients with diagnosis of meniscal cyst associated with tears of the meniscus were treated by arthroscopic meniscal resection or repair with decompression of the cyst. The mean age was 39.8 years(range, 22-58years). The follow-up period ranged from 3 months to 36 months with an average of 18 months. Seven of 19 patients had tenderness over the joint line with palpable mass. Treatment consists of arthroscopic resection or repair of meniscal tear with decompression of the cyst through transmeniscal approach. Open excision of cyst was performed in one case. Clinical evaluation was performed using Lysholm knee score and Tegner activity. All cases were executed proper treatment using arthroscopy. Results : Twelve cysts involved the lateral meniscus$(64\%)$ and seven cysts were on medial cyst$(36\%)$. Most of lateral meniscal cysts were located in anterior one-third and medial meniscal cyst were on posterior one-third. Meniscal tear were observed in seventeen cases$(89.5\%)$ and most tears were horizontal$(79\%)$. Preoperative symptom disappeared and no cyst recurrences were observed at last follow-up(mean follow-up: 18 months). Conclusion : Meniscal cysts involved lateral side in $64\%$ and most of them were associated with meniscus tear$(89.5\%)$ which consists of mainly horizontal component$(79\%)$.

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Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction using Fresh Frozen Achilles Allograft - Clinical results, 2nd look Arthroscopic and Histologic findings - (신선 동결 아킬레스 동종건을 이용한 전방 십자 인대 재건술 - 임상적 결과, 2차 관절경 및 조직학적 소견 -)

  • Chun Churl Hong;Ha Dae Ho;Choi Min Kyu;You Son Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2001
  • Purpose : We observed usability of allograft by evaluating the clinical results, second look arthroscopic and histologic findings at last follow up after anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) reconstruction using by fresh frozen Achilles allograft. Materials and Methods : We analyzed in 58 patients(59 cases) by subjective and objective parameters, Telos stress arthrometer and Modified Feagin Scoring System. The average age and follow up period was 25 years(ranging from 18 to 49 years), and 15 months(ranging from 12 to 19 months). Among them we studied second look arthroscopic and histologic findings in 16 patients. Results : The mean Lysholm Score wits improved from 60 to 88.2 as well the anterior translation was improved from 7.1 min to 2.3mm at last follow up. The second look arthroscopic findings were close to normal in ligament thickness, tension and showed revasculization at the holly attachment site. Light microscope(LM) findings showed dense cellularity like a normal ligament. In electron microscope(EM) collagen fibrils showed parallel arrangement longitudinally and unimodal pattern diameter close to normal tissue in the transverse section. Conclusion : We think that the fresh frozen Achilles allograft is a good substitution of autograft in cruciate ligament reconstruction.

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Treatment of Lateral Meniscus Injury (외측 반월상 연골손상의 치료)

  • Bae, Dae-Kyung;Kwon, Oh-Soo;Lim, Chan-Teak
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.92-98
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    • 2001
  • Purpose : To analyze the clinical results of isolated lateral meniscus injury according to discoid versus non-discoid, athletes versus non-athletes and repaired cases versus cases treated with meniscectomy. Materials and Methods : Between January 1997 and June 2000, arthroscopic lateral meniscus surgery was performed in 329 cases. We reviewed 80 cases of isolated lateral meniscus injury without associated ligament injury or other pathologic condition retrospectively. The study population was composed of 54 males and 26 females with average age of 30.2 years(range, $17\~40$ years). Average follow up period was 15 months(range, $12\~39$ months). Eighty cases were classified into three categories; discoid group versus non-discoid group, athletes versus non-athletes, repaired cases versus cases treated with meniscectomy. Clinical evaluation was performed using Lysholm knee score and Tegner activity. Results : Non-discoid group had higher incidence of longitudinal tear than discoid group. Athletes group had higher incidence of repaired cases than non-athletes group. The repaired group had better clinical result than patient treated with meniscectomy group. Conclusion : Although lateral meniscus has some special features including anatomic mobility which can cause instability after meniscectomy and technical difficulties in repairing, it is recommended repairing meniscus tear not only longitudinal but also horizontal and complex tear to obtain better clinical results.

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The Surgical Treatment of Chronic Avulsion Fracture of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (진구성 전방 십자 인대 견열 골절의 수술적 치료)

  • Song Eun-Kyoo;Seol Jong-Yoon;Choi Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 2002
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results after treatment of old ACL(anterior cruciate ligament) avulsion fracture of tibia. Materials and Method : 11 cases who were followed up at least 2 years after treatment in chronic ACL avulsion fracture of tibia were included in this study. The average age of patients was 26(9-66) years and the mean period of follow up was 53(24-131) months. After evaluation of the lesion and treatment of associated lesion under arthroscope, open reduction and internal fixation or fragment removal was performed. Pull-out suture was performed in 8 cases, screw fixation in 2 cases. Results : The Lysholm knee score was 64.3 in average preoperatively and improved to 96.2 average at follow up. On the Lachman test, there were mild(+) instabilities in 7 cases, moderate(++) in 4 cases. On the postoperative Lachman test, there were no instabilities in 9 cases, mild(+) instabilities in only 2 cases. According to Meyers and Mckeever's evaluation protocol, 9 cases $(81.8\%)$ were excellent, 2 case $(18.2\%)$, good. On preoperative instrumented anterior laxity test with $Telos^{\circledR}$, side to side difference in 201b was 7.8(10-4) min in average and 2.1(6-0) mm in average at follow-up. Conclusion : In chronic ACL avulsion fracture, it is thought that combination of arthroscopic evaluation of associated injury and open reduction and fixation and fragment removal can bring about satisfactory results.

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Anatomic Double-Bundle Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Achilles Allograft - Preliminary Report - (이중고리 동종 아킬레스건을 이용한 후방십자인대 재건 - 예비 보고 -)

  • Lim, Hong-Chul;Yoo, Jae-Chul;Han, Sang-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : Preliminary report of the technique and trial of double bundle PCL reconstruction using Achilles allograft. Materials and Methods : From May 1999 to July 2000, 8 cases of PCL insufficient patients were treated with Achilles allograft reconstruction using the double bundle and double femoral tunnel technique. The tibial tunnel was prepared anteromedially. All other combined injuries within the knees were treated accordingly. Minimal follow-up period was 1 year. The results was assessed from the point of function and stability using Lysholm knee score and KT-2000 arthrometer. Results : Up to present follow up. 8 patients showed good sign of recovery with no instability (translation less than 2 mm) except olio that has been grafted-ligament rupture. In addition, none showed any sign of infection nor ROM limitation. Two complications were seen, which one had grafted-bone fracture and the other grafted-ligament rupture. The former occurred during operation and the latter occurred due to improper protection. Conclusion : Presently the follow up period is too short to draw any conclusive opinion but it is essential to select healthy and well sterilized allografts fur successful outcome. Double femoral tunnel technique seems to be more physiologic in PCL reconstruction. With these prerequisites, it seems to be a good alternative to use Achilles allografts fur the reconstruction of PCL. However, a longer follow-up is needed.

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Percutaneous Lateral Release and Medial Reefing for Recurrent Patellar Dislocation (재발성 슬개골 탈구의 경피적 외측부 유리술 및 내측부 중첩술)

  • Choi, Chong-Hyuk;Oh, Kyung-Soo;Kim, Hyoung-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study seeks to address the results of percutaneous lateral release and medial reefing for patients with recurrent patellar dislocation. Materials and Methods: This paper focuses on 27 cases from 25 patients who had a surgical operation at our hospital in a span of eight years and six months from the time of December 1996 to May 2005. The subjects consist of 11 males and 14 females, and their average age was 22.2 years old. All the patients had their trauma history, and the average frequency of dislocation before surgery was 11.5 times. Results: The congruence angle before operation was 23.3 degree on the average, while the lateral patellofemoral angle was -5.7 degree on average. However, the congruence angle after surgery came to -2.4 degree, while the lateral patellofemoral angle recovered to the normal range of within 11.5 degrees. Four cases showed the recurrent dislocation, and two out of those four cases had -35, -12 degrees of their lateral patellofemoral angle respectively and 59, 14 degrees of their congruence angle respectively. Conclusion: Using percutaneous lateral release with medial reefing can be considered as an effective treatment for recurrent patellar dislocation

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Prognostic Factors Affecting the Treatment of the Tear of the Posterior Horn of Meniscus (반월상 연골 후각부 파열의 치료에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Ha, Dong-Jun;Kim, Chang-Wan;Seo, Seung-Suk;Cho, Il-Je
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.89-94
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting the treatment results of medial meniscus posterior horn tear. Materials and Methods: Forty seven patients who had been performed the arthroscopic surgery for medial meniscus posterior horn tear were enrolled in this study. We analyzed the clinical outcomes with Lysholm score and Tegner activity score in accordance with the factors such as patients' age, tibiofemoral angle, uptake in bone scintigraphy, surgical methods and patterns of meniscal tears, respectively. Results: The patients' age didn't affect to the results, but the preoperative tibiofemoral angle over valgus $4^{\circ}$ and the preoperative normal uptake in scintigraphic assessment showed a positive influence on the clinical outcomes. The partial meniscectomy and repair in surgical methods had no statistically significance. In addition, the pattern of meniscal tear did not have an effect on the clinical results. Conclusion: We can conclude that many factors should be considered to get satisfactory results. Among them, preoperative bone scintigraphy may be a good assessment factor for the postoperative prognosis, reflecting the condition of meniscal tear and the periarticular bone and soft tissue.

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Clinical Results of ACL Reconstruction -Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone vs Hamstring Tendon Autograft- (자가 골-슬개건-골 및 슬괵건을 이용한 전십자인대 재건술후 결과 비교)

  • Song, Eun Kyoo;Lee, Keun Bae;Seo, Hyoung Yeon;Seol, Jong Yoon
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 1999
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical and radiologic results of the anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone unit with doubled semitendinosus and gracilis tendons. Materias and Methods : Clinical results of ACL reconstructions which were performed in 47 patients using doubled semitendinosus and gracilis were compared with those performed in 45 patients using bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft. There were no differences in preoperative parameters(age, sex, instability). Average follow-up period were 17 months and 19 months each. Results : There were no significant differences between two groups in functional results (Lysholm knee score), degree of laxity and range of motion at final follow-up. However, the parapatellar complication, especially anterior knee pain after long distance walking or exercise and quadriceps weakness less occurred in hamstring tendon group than in bone-patellar tendon-bone group. Conclusion : Although there were no significant differences in clinical results of ACL reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft and doubled semitendinosus and gacilis, parapateller complications occurred more in the bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft group than in the doubled semitendinosus and gracilis group. It is thought that the careful selection of patient, achivement of skillful technique and active rehabilitation are important to prevent the parapatellar complications.

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Arthroscopic Reconstruction of Posterior Cruciate Ligament with Achilles Tendon Allograft (동종 이식 아킬레스 건을 이용한 관절경적 후방 십자 인대 재건술)

  • Kim, Kyung Taek;Sohn, Sung Keun;Lee, Dae Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 1999
  • Purpose : We have evaluated the outcome of the operative treatment of PCL rupture using the achilles tendon allograft. Materials and Methods : A retrospective study was completed for 30-PCL reconstruction cases, using the achilles tendon allograft from september 1996 to march 1998. There was an average follow up of 24 months, with range of 12 to 50 months. Results : The active range of motion was improved postoperatively. The Lysholm Knee Score was improved from a mean of 54 points preoperatively to 87 points postoerative 18 months. The "Cybex 340 isometric test" revealed satisfactory results compared with autograft. Conclusions : Use of allograft for recostruction of the PCL is an attractive option because it precludes the harvesting of autogenous tissue in a knee that is already at risk for patellofemoral and tibiofemoral osteoarthrosis.

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Reconstruction of Anterior Cruciate Ligament With Bone-Patellar tendon-Bone Allograft (동종 슬개건을 이용한 전방십자인대 재건술)

  • Chun, Churl Hong;Lee, Byoung Chang;Kim, Young Jin;Yang, Hwan Duk
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.102-108
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    • 1999
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of bone-patellar tendon-bone(B-PTB) allograft for ACL reconstruction without mechanical tensioning device. Material and Method : Forty-six knees in 43 patients were reviewed and evaluated with subjective evaluation, objective evaluation, Telos stress arthrometer and modified Feagin Scoring System. The average age at the time of operation was 27 years(range, 18-42) and the average follow up period was 41 months(range, 22-79). Authors reconstructed ACL using B-PTB allograft which was prepared by rehydration preoperatively without tensioning by mechanical tensioning device. The tension for allograft was obtained by full flexion and extension intraoperatively. All operation were performed arthroscopically by two-tunnel method to avoid the mismatching of allograft tendon length. Result : The modified Feagin Scoring System revealed 39 cases(84.7%) with excellent or good results and 7 cases(15.3%) with fair or poor results. The mean follow-up Lysholm Knee Score was 84. Telos arthrometer revealed 41 cases had an injured-to-uninjured difference of 5 mm or less(mean 2.3mm). The range of motion of knee was nearly normal and there was no extension lag in any cases at last follow up. Conclusion : Clinical results using B-PTB allograft showed less morbidity than B-PTB autograft. The intraoperative tensioning method by full flexion and extension without mechanical tensioning device was not bad. Therefore, B-PTB allograft is a good substitute material in reconstruction of the ACL.

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