• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lysholm score

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Combined Reconstruction of Posterior Cruciate Ligament and Posterolateral Corner with a Fresh Frozen Achilles Tendon Allograft (한 개의 신선동결 동종아킬레스건을 이용한 후방십자인대 및 후외방구조의 동시 재건술)

  • Kyung, Hee-Soo;Oh, Chang-Wug;Lee, Hyun-Joo;Ihn, Joo-Chul
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.102-108
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to report a result of the technique that reconstruct posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and posterolateral corner (PLC) simultaneously using a fresh-frozen Achilles tendon allograft. Materials and Methods: Forty two patients (45 legs) underwent PCL and PLC reconstruction were included. There were 38 males and 4 females. Mean age was 39 years. Used graft was a fresh frozen Achilles tendon allograft, which was divided by two size, larger one (${\emptyset}$ 10 mm) for PCL reconstruction and smaller one (${\emptyset}$ 8 mm) for PLC reconstruction. Arthroscopic reconstruction of the PCL was performed using transtibial, single incision, and single bundle technique with 10mm fresh frozen Achilles allograft tendon first. After PCL reconstruction, reconstruction procedure for posterolateral instability was performed using modified figure of "8" technique using smaller gtaft. For clinical evaluation, range of motion, posterior drawer test, varus stress test, prone external rotation (dial) test, Lysholm score, Tegner activity scale and posterior stress radiograph were used. Mean follow up period was 25 months. Results: Preoperatively posterior drawer test was 5 cases in grade II and 40 cases in grade III posterior instability. At final follow-up 22 cases returned within normal condition, 18 cases grade I and 5 cases grade II posterior instability. Though all patients showed positive result over 10 degrees in dial and varus stress test preoperatively, but only 9 cases showed positive both test at final follow-up. The range of motion deficit over $10^{\circ}$ flexion was 3 cases. Lysholm score was improved from mean 50 preoperatively to mean 83(p<0.05) and Tegner activity scale improved from mean 2.1 preoperatively to mean 4.6(p<0.05). In posterior stress radiographs, posterior displacement was improve from mean 16mm preoperatively to 4.1mm after treatment(p<0.05). All patients had improved compared to their pre-operative status as measured by physical examination such as posterior drawer test, varus stress test, dial test. Conclusion: We had successful results by combined reconstruction of the PCL & PLC with a fresh frozen Achilles tendon allograft in patients with PCL and posterolateral rotatory instability at a time.

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Results of the Reconstruction of Anterior Cruciate Ligament with Freshfrozen Achilles Allograft and of the Second-look Arthroscopy (신선 동결 동종 아킬레스건을 이용한 전방 십자인대 재건술 후 2차 관절경소견)

  • Yoo, Jae-Doo;Kim, Sung-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: To assess the clinical results of ACL reconstruction with a fresh frozen Achilles allograft, retrospectively and the findings of the graft in second look arthroscopy. Materials and Methods: Twenty-eight ACL reconstructions using fresh frozen Achilles tendon allograft were included in this study between March 1999 and February 2003. The average age was 31.2 years old and the average follow-up was 16.6 months(range: 12-26 months). The clinical evaluation was done by KT-1000 arthrometer, Lysholm knee score, range of motion, Lachman and pivot-shift test. Results: In the last follow-up of Lachman test, 21 cases showed normal, 5 cases grade 1, 2 cases grade 2 and 1 case grade1. The results of pivot-shift test data, 23 cases(82.1%) were normal, 4 cases(14.3%) grade 1, 1 case(3.6%) grade 2. The mean maximum side-to-side difference was improved from 6.75mm preoperatively to 2.46mm in the last follow-up. Lysholm knee score was improved from 73.5 preoperatively to 91.6 in last follow-up. Re-rupture of the ACL graft was found in one case and one case of wound infection in the tibial incision was found. The 6 cases showed the good synovialization of the ACL graft. Conclusion: The anterior stability was restored with ACL reconstruction using fresh frozen Achilles allografts and the good synovialization was found in the second-look arthroscopy

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Second-Look Arthroscopy after ACL Reconstruction with Autograft Tendons (자가건을 이용한 전방 십자 인대 재건술 후 이차 관절경 검사)

  • Fang, Zhen-Zhu;Yoo, Moon-Jib;Kim, Myung-Ho;Bahng, Seung-Chu;Kim, You-Jin;Park, Hee-Gon
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.38-44
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: To evaluate status of reconstructed ACL and changes around graft through second-look arthroscopy after arthroscopic reconstruction of the ACL with autograft tendons. Material and Methods: Between Jun. 2003 and Feb. 2007, the second look arthroscopy was performed on 22 cases. Second-look arthroscopy was conducted on average 15.1 $(7\sim31)$ months after reconstruction. 15 cases received hamstring tendon autograft, 7 cases received bone-patellar tendonbone autograft. We measured graft tension using displacement by probing, synovial coverage by visual analysis at second-look arthroscopy The assay in Lysholm score, Lachmann test and KT-2000 arthrometer were evaluated status of reconstructed ACL. Results: The hamstring tendon group showed normal tension in 11 cases and lax tension in 4 cases. The patellar tendon group showed normal tension in 3 cases, lax tension in 2 cases and partial tear in 2 cases. In the hamstring tendon group, synovial coverage was good in 11 cases, half in 3 cases and pale in 1 case, and the bone-patellar tendon-bone group was good in 4 cases and half in 3 cases. The patellar tendon group was superior to the hamstring tendon group in Lysholm score (p<0.05), but insignificance difference in KT-2000 arthrometer results statistically. Conclusion: The hamstring tendon group was superior to the bone-patellar tendon-bone group in second-look arthroscopy after ACL reconstruction with autograft tendons results, but long term follow up will be necessary to further evaluated.

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Arthroscopic Meniscectomy in Patients Aged Over 50 - More than 3 Years Follow-Up Result - (50세 이상 환자에서의 반월상 연골 절제술 - 최소 3년 이상 추시 결과 -)

  • Cho, Sung-Do;Youm, Yoon-Seok;Go, Sang-Hun;Jung, Kwang-Hwan;Cha, Jae-Ryong;Lee, Chae-Chil;Jeong, Ji-Young;Seo, Dong-Kyo
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.107-111
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiographical results of arthroscopic meniscectomy in patients aged over 50 with minimum 3-year follow-up. Materials and Methods: Of the patients who had undergone arthroscopic meniscectomies between Dec. 1997 and Dec. 2003, 36 patients(36 knees) were available for retrospective evaluation. The average age at the time of surgery was 56.4 years and the mean follow-up period was 63 months. According to the Kellgren-Lawrence classification, grade I change were noted in 16 patients, II in 12, III in 6 and IV in 2. According to Outerbridge classification, grade I articular lesions were noted in 16 patients, II in 10, III in 7 and IV in 3. Postoperative Lysholm score, patient s subjective satisfaction and radiographic changes were evaluated retrospectively. Results: Twenty-four patients(66.7%) were good or excellent for the Lysholm score and 26 patients(72.2%) were satisfied at final follow-up. Tibiofemoral angle was changes from mean valgus 3.9 degrees to mean valgus 2.6 degrees and 22 patients(61.1%) showed the progression of osteoarthritic changes. Conclusion: The satisfactory results could be obtained in 72.2% of patients aged over 50 with a minimal follow-up of 3 years after arthroscopic meniscectomy. The results tended to be worse in patients with moderate or severe tibiofemoral osteoarthritic changes or with articular cartilage lesions.

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Comparison of Single-Incision, Single-Bundle Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Allograft Tendon (동종건을 이용한 단일 절개, 단일 다발 후방십자인대 재건술의 비교)

  • Kyung, Hee-Soo;Cheon, Sang-Ho;Park, Kyung-Hyun;Jung, Jae-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.107-113
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction with single bundle, single-incision technique using Achilles tendon and tibialis anterior allograft with ligament remnant preservation. Materials and Methods: Twenty six patients underwent PCL reconstruction was included. There were 21 males and 5 females. Mean age was 32 years. Used graft was a fresh frozen Achilles tendon allograft (group I, 14 cases) and tibialis anterior allograft (group II, 12 cases). Arthroscopic PCL reconstruction was performed using transtibial, single-incision and single bundle technique with remnant preserving as possible. For clinical evaluation, range of motion, posterior drawer test, Lysholm score, Tegner activity scale, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) grade and posterior stress radiograph were used. The mean follow-up period was 21.6 months (12-40 months). Associated injuries were 5 medial collateral ligament injuries, which were treated by conservative method. Results: Range of motion (ROM) was returned to normal range in 24 cases, but ROM deficit under $10^{\circ}$ flexion was 2 cases at final follow-up period. Preoperative posterior drawer test was 17 cases in grade II and 9 cases in grade III. At final follow-up 13 cases returned within normal grade, 7 cases grade I and 6 cases grade II posterior instability. Lysholm mean score was improved from preoperatively 62 to 90 at final follow-up period. Tegner activity mean scale improved from preoperatively 3.5 to 5.6 at final follow-up period. IDKC grade was grade A was 3 cases, grade B 17 cases, grade C 6 cases. In posterior stress radiograph, posterior displacement was improved from mean 12 mm preoperative to 4.5 mm at final follow-up. There were no statistical differences between two groups in clinical evaluations. There were two cases of re-rupture of graft at the bone-tendon junction in group I. Conclusion: We had successful results of PCL reconstruction with single-incision, single bundle technique using Achilles and tibialis anterior allograft without difference between two groups in patients with PCL injury. There were more re-rupture of graft in Achilles tendon group.

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Open Posterior Approach versus Arthroscopic Suture Fixation for Displaced Posterior Cruciate Ligament Avulsion Fractures: Systematic Review

  • Song, Jae-Gwang;Nha, Kyung-Wook;Lee, Se-Won
    • Knee surgery & related research
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.275-283
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: To compare the clinical outcomes between the open posterior approach and arthroscopic suture fixation for displaced posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) avulsion fractures. Methods: A literature search was performed on MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases. The inclusion criteria were as follows: papers written in English on displaced PCL avulsion fractures, clinical trial(s) with clear description of surgical technique, adult subjects, a follow-up longer than 12 months and modified Coleman methodology score (CMS) more than 60 points. Results: Twelve studies were included with a mean CMS value of 72.4 (standard deviation, 7.6). Overall, 134 patients underwent the open posterior approach with a minimum 12-month follow-up, and 174 patients underwent arthroscopic suture fixation. At final follow-up, the range of Lysholm score was 85-100 for the open approach and 80-100 for the arthroscopic approach. Patients who were rated as normal or nearly normal in the International Knee Documentation Committee subjective knee assessment were 92%-100% for the open approach and 90%-100% for the arthroscopic approach. The range of side-to-side difference was 0-5 mm for both approaches. Conclusions: Both arthroscopic and open methods for the treatment of PCL tibial-side avulsion injuries resulted in comparably good clinical outcomes, radiological healing, and stable knees.

Clinical Results of Arthroscopic Salvage Repair including Popliteus Tendon as a Post for Complex Lateral Meniscus Tear (복합성 외측 반월상 연골판 파열에서 슬와건을 한시적 지주로 시행한 구제적 성격의 관절경 봉합술의 임상 결과)

  • Park, Sang-Eun;Kim, Sang-Kil
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2010
  • This study was undertaken to document the clinical results and technical aspects of arthroscopic repair including popliteus tendon as a post for the treatment of complex lateral meniscus in young people indicated as total meniscectomy. From June 2004 to May 2006, we prospectively studied arthroscopic repairs on 32 young people knees with symptomatic complex lateral meniscus that was treated by all inside repair technique using Popliteus tendon as a post. Clinical results were evaluated using Lysholm knee scores preoperatively and at final follow-up. 2nd look arthroscopy or MRI was taken at final follow-up. 80% of patients carried out MRI or 2nd look arthroscopy under permission. Most patients who follow up were able to return to their previous life activities with little or no limitation, and no reoperation was required after an average follow-up of 42.8 months. Mean Lysholm knee scores improved from 65.4 (range, 55 to 75) preoperatively to 93.9 (range, 79 to 100) at the final follow-up (P<.001). 80% meniscus healing was found on arthroscopic or MRI follow up. Conclusively, arthroscopic repair using Popliteus tendon as a post is effective for treating young people with complex lateral meniscus tear as a salvage procedure.

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The Clinical Results of Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Transtibial Tunnel and Posterior Transseptal Portal (경골터널과 후방 경격막 도달법을 이용한 후방십자인대 재건술의 임상적 결과)

  • Cho, Jin-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study is to provide the clinical results of arthroscopic posterior cruciate ligament(PCL) reconstruction with preservation of the original PCL using transtibial tunnel and posterior transseptal portal. Materials and Methods: 36 patients underwent PCL reconstruction with achilles tendon allografts. We tried to preserve of the original PCL.At the final follow-up, patients were evaluated retrospectively by four measurements: Lysholm knee scores, IKDC grades, Telos stress radiography, and second look arthroscopy.Follow-up periods were from 12 months to 30 months. Results: The average Lysholm knee score improved from $66.0{\pm}8.67$ to $87.9{\pm}5.04$. Preoperative IKDC grades were abnormal in 15(41.7%) and severely abnormal in 21(58.3%), postoperative IKDC grades were normal in 6(16%),nearly normal in 24(66%), abnormal in 5(16%) and severely abnormal in 1(2%).The average side to side difference in Telos stress test decreased from $12.5{\pm}2.61(7{\sim}20)$ mm to $3.9{\pm}1.34(7{\sim}1)$ mm (paired sample T test, p=0.001) Conclusion: Arthroscopic posterior cruciate ligament(PCL) reconstruction with preservation of the original PCL using transtibial tunnel and posterior transseptal portal is useful surgical method.

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Effect of Accelerated Rehabilitation with Anti-Gravity Treadmill Program : Isokinetic Myofuction and Functional Score of Knee Joint, ROM, and VAS Score in Meniscus Repair Patients (Anti-Gravity Treadmill Program을 적용한 가속재활의 효과 : 반월상연골 봉합술 환자의 슬관절 등속성 근기능 및 기능점수와 관절의 가동범위, 통증지수)

  • Cho, Han-Su;Oh, Du-Hwan;Lee, Jin-Wook;Zang, Seok-Am;Lee, Jang-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.46-54
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of participation in the accelerated rehabilitation with an anti-gravity treadmill program for 16 weeks on isokinetic myofunction and functional score of knee joint, ROM, and VAS score in meniscus repair patients. A total of 10 male adult patients who underwent meniscus repair by the same doctor were investigated in this study. Both extension and flexion peak torque at $60^{\circ}/sec$ and $180^{\circ}/sec$ significantly increased (p<0.001, p<0.01), while under muscle deficit, extension and flexion peak torque at $60^{\circ}/sec$ and extension peak torque at $180^{\circ}/sec$ significantly decreased (p<0.01, p<0.05). ROM in extension significantly decreased (p<0.05), whereas ROM in flexion significantly increased (p<0.01) in response to the program. VAS score significantly decreased (p<0.001) and lysholm scores significantly increased after completion of the program (p<0.001). These results suggest that 16 weeks of the anti-gravity treadmill accelerated rehabilitation program improves isokinetic muscle strength and functional score of knee joint, ROM, and VAS score in meniscus repair patients. Therefore, the anti-gravity treadmill accelerated rehabilitation program, which is a more scientific and effective method than conventional rehabilitation, leads to faster recovery of paly ground and normal daily activities.

Return to Sports Activity After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (전방십자인대 재건술 후 스포츠 활동 복귀)

  • Park, Jong-Hyuk;Lee, Jun-Mo;Bae, Hyun-Kyung;Im, Jong-Han;Lee, Ju-Hong
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine how many of our patients who had had anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction returned to their previous levels of sports and to identify why not doing so. Material and Methods: We evaluated 43 knees with a minimum of two years follow-up among whom undergoing 109 ACL reconstruction from September 2003. The mean age of patients was 26 years (17 to 45 years) Clinical results was evaluated according to the Lysholm Knee scores, Tegner activity score, subjective IKDC questionnaires, objective IKDC evaluation form and KT-1000 arthrometer. Results: The overall clinical results demonstrated significant improvement at the final follow-up comparing to preoperative data (P<0.05). Among 43 patients, 25 patients (58%) returned to their previous level of sports and 18 patients (42%) did not. Of whom, 11 patients (61%) were not able to return to sports due to fear to re-injury and 7 patients (39%) suffered from instability and pain. The differences in the Lysholm Scores, KT-1000 arthrometer and subjective IKDC in the 3 groups of patients by ANOVA test were found to be statistically significant (P<0.001). Although there is no difference in objective IKDC and KT-1000 arthrometer, the difference was observed in Tegner activities, subjective IKDC obtained by those who returned to sport and those who had fear to reinjury (P<0.001). Conclusion: This study showed that a quater of patients could not return to their previous level of sport after ACL reconstruction because of fear to reinjury. We thought that not only improving the technique of ACL reconstruction and systemic rehabilitation but also considering psychological factor of patients could allow more patients to return to the previous level of sports.

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