• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lymphocyte

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Role of Prostaglandin E in Modulating Immune Response in Lymph Nodes Draining the Uterus during the Implantation Period in Rats (흰쥐의 착상기간 중 DLN(lymph nodes draining the uterus) Lymphocyte의 활성도에 미치는 Prostaglandin E의 영향)

  • Cho, Hye-Seong;Ryu, Kyung-Za;Kim, Chang-Mee
    • The Korean Journal of Pharmacology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.93-99
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    • 1989
  • In our previous studies, it was found that activities of maternal peripheral lymphocytes and thymocytes were depressed during the implantation period in rats and rabbits. This study was therefore attempted to clarify further this immunosuppression locally by determining lymphocyte response in lymph nodes draining the uterus (DLN) and to elucidate the mechanism by which prostaglandin E (PGE) modulates immune response during the implantation process in rats. As compared with non-pregnant rats, the response of DLN lymphocytes to concanavalin A (Con A) was depressed during the implantation period in 100% of rats studied. The activity of DLN lymphocytes depressed on day 8 of pregnancy was, however, restored partially by the treatment of indomethacin (ID), indicating that prostaglandin (PG) might be one of factors responsible for immunomodulation during the process of implantation. DLN lymphocyte activity in non-pregnant rats was suppressed if PGE was pre-treated prior to Con A and this suppression was partially restored by the treatment of ID. Furthermore, DLN lymphocytes pre-treated with PGE produced PGE in vitro and this PGE production was blocked by the treatment of ID, suggesting that PGE induced PGE-producing cells. However, the pretreatment of estradiol, progesterone, and hCG at doses enough to suppress lymphocyte activity was ineffective in inducing PGE-producing cells. From these results, it is suggested that PGE induces PGE-producing suppressor cells, thereby increasing PGE concentration and PGE in turn depresses maternal local immune response as well as systemic immune response during the implantation period in rats.

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Changes in Lymphocyte Subsets following Open-Heart Surgery ; A Study for Changes in Lymphocyte Subsets (개심술 환자에서의 면역기능의 변화;T lymphocyte subset의 변화에 대한 고찰)

  • 황재준
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.25 no.11
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    • pp.1185-1191
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    • 1992
  • Cell mediated immunity is depressed following surgical procedure and the degree of immunosuppression is directly related to the magintude of the procedure, blood transfusion, and length of operation. So we would expect cardiac operations to be highly immunosuppressive, although little is konwn about their immunosuppressive effect. The nearly complete consumption of complement factors and decreased levels of IgM and IgG resulting in an impaired opsonizing capacity. Additionally, peripheral blood mononuclear cell counts including T-and B-lymphocytes and T-cell subsets are reduced. Depression of cell-mediated immunity following open-heart surgery is potentially detrimental because it could increase the susceptability of patients to viral and bacterial infection. We reviewed 20 patients after cardiac operation to search for changes in peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets. Lymphocyte subsets were measured by flow cytometer and the preoperative values of lymphocyte subsets were compared with those from the first, fourth, and seventh days after operation. After cardiac operation, total mumbers of T lymphocyte was severely depressed on the first postoperative day and returned to the preoperative level by the seventh day after operation. CD3, CD4, and CD8 lymphocytes were decreased on the first postoperative day and returned to the preoperative level by the seventh day also. There was four cases of wound infection and these patients had increased CD4 lympocyte and more decreased CD19 lymphocyte compared with the non-infected group. It is concluded from these data that cell-mediated immunity is significantly depressed for at least one week following open-heart surgery and this result was closely related to the postoperative infection.

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In vitro Effects of L-Ascorbic Acid and Acrylamide on Lymphocyte Proliferation in Young and Aged Mice

  • Kang, Nam-Sung;Pyo, Suhk-Neung;Sohn, Eun-Hwa
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.19-23
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the effects of Acrylamide (ACR) and L-ascorbic acid (AsA) on the proliferation of splenocytes and the mitogen-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation in young (8 weeks) and aged (82 weeks) C57BL/6male mice in vitro. AsA increased splenocyte proliferation in both groups; however, this effect was higher in old mice, while the proliferation of lymphocyte was decreased except for treatment at $1\;{\mu}g/mL$ low concentration in both mice. In addition, ACR treatment resulted in decreased LPS-induced B lymphocyte proliferation and ConA-induced T lymphocyte proliferation in both groups. However, AsA increased LPS/ConA-induced lymphocyte proliferation in young groups and had no effects in old mice except at $0.5\;{\mu}g/mL$ Thus, the present data indicate that there is no difference effect of ACR and AsA on lymphocyte proliferation, whereas the effect of AsA on mitogen-induced cell proliferation was reduced in old mice. Overall, our results suggest that various immunomodulators have differing effects of lymphocytic proliferation on young versus aged mice.

Effect of in vitro B-6 Vitameric Forms on Lymphocyte Proliferation in Healthy Young Women with Oral Vitamin B-6 Supplementation

  • Kwak Ho Kyung;Leklem James E.
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2005
  • A vitamin B-6 (B-6) intake higher than the current Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) has been found to provide an improvement in immune system. Seven premenopausal women consumed their usual diet with the exception of foods relatively high in vitamin B-6 for a total of 27 d. After 7 d, all subjects received a multivitamin supplement containing 2mg B-6 and 4 subjects were given an additional 50mg of B-6 supplement for 20 d. Lymphocyte response to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) was measured before and after the supplementation. To determine the effect of different forms of B-6 on lymphocyte proliferation, cell culture media supplemented with pyridoxal (PL) and PLP, as well as B-6 free media, were tested. A 50mg B-6 supplement significantly increased vitamin B-6 status. There was no further enhancement on lymphocyte proliferation when subjects were taking an additional 50mg of vitamin B-6 supplement. In general, lymphocyte proliferation in media with either PLP or PL did not show any prominent difference. These [m-dings suggest that there may be no further benefits of a B-6 dose beyond twice that of the current RDA on lymphocyte proliferation. Further studies are necessary to examine the effect of the B-6 intake level on activities of enzymes involved in cellular B-6 metabolism in lymphocytes to provide substantial insight into the mechanisms underlying the role of B-6 in the lymphocyte proliferation.

Comparison of Neutrophil/Lymphocyte and Platelet/Lymphocyte Ratios for Predicting Malignant Potential of Suspicious Ovarian Masses in Gynecology Practice

  • Topcu, Hasan Onur;Guzel, Ali Irfan;Ozer, Irfan;Kokanali, Mahmut Kuntay;Gokturk, Umut;Muftuoglu, Kamil Hakan;Doganay, Melike
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.15
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    • pp.6239-6241
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with the platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in predicting malignancy of pelvic masses which are pre-operatively malignant suspicious. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study we evaluated the clinical features of patients with ovarian masses which had pre-operatively been considered suspicious for malignancy. The patients whose intraoperative frozen sections were malign were classified as the study group, while those who had benign masses were the control group. Data recorded were age of the patient, diameter of the mass, pre-operative serum Ca 125 levels, platelet count, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and platelet/lymphocyte ratio. Results: There was statistically significantly difference between the groups in terms of age, diameter of the mass, serum Ca 125 levels, platelet number and platelet/lymphocyte ratio. Mean neutrophil/lymphocyte ratios showed no difference between the groups. ROC curve analysis showed that age, serum Ca 125 levels, platelet number and PLR were discriminative markers in predicting malignancy in adnexal masses. Conclusions: According to the current study, serum Ca 125 levels, pre-operative platelet number and PLR may be good prognostic factors, while NLR is an ineffective marker in predicting the malignant characteristics of a pelvic mass.

The effect of regular exercise on immune response and hormone (규칙적인 운동이 면역반응 및 호르몬에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sang Kyu
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2001
  • This study has measured the pulmonary function by treadmill test for 6 young women who were in twenties, and analyzed the respiratory-circulatory function and the change of hormone and immune response after performing the exercise program (60% severity) for 10 weeks. The results are as follows; 1. 10 weeks regular exercise made a decrease in weight and body fat proportion, and improved the respiratory-circular function by increasing the maximum oxygen absorption and ventilation. 2. 10 weeks regular exercise made a significant increase in count of WBC, lymphocyte, and T lymphocyte, but a significant decrease in B lymphocyte. NK cell also showed an increase in counts, but insignificant. 3. 10 weeks regular exercise made a significant increase in blood norepinephrine level. Epinephrine and cortisol also showed an increase in count, but insignificant. In summary, it suggested that 10 weeks regular exercise improves the immune function by decrease in body fat, increase in respiratory-circular function and metabolic efficiency, and also by raising Th/Ts ratio (an increase in count of WBC, lymphocyte, and T lymphocyte, but a decrease in suppressor T lymphocyte).

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Effects of Isoflavonoids on Mouse Lymphocyte Proliferation In Vitro

  • Namgoong, Soon-Young;Lee, Chang-Hee;Lim, Hyun-Pyo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.236-239
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    • 1994
  • The suppressive activity of isoflavonoids against lymphocyte proliferation in vitro was examined. Isoflabvonoid derivatives tested were isflavones isolated from Pueraia radix and synthesized 7-O-substituted biochanin A derivatives. The certain isoflavones such as biochanin A and 2-carbethoxybiochainin A were found to possess the suppressive activity against concanavaline A (Con A)-induced lymphocyte proliferation from mouse spleen. Against mixed lymphocyte culture reaction, biochanin A, 2-carbethoxybiochainin A, daidzein, formononetin, genistein and 7-O-isopropylbiochaninl A showed the suppressive activity at $10^{-5}$ M. However, all isoflavones tested did not show the suppressive activity against lymphocyte proliferation induced by B-cell mitogen, lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In general, isoflavones were revealed to be less active than flavones/flavonols.

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Subtypes of White Blood Cells in Patients with Prostate Cancer or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Healthy Individuals

  • Cihan, Yasemin Benderli;Arslan, Alaettin;Ergul, Mehmet Ali
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.4779-4783
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    • 2013
  • Background: This study aimed to evaluate the baseline white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, basophil, eosinophil count, total prostate-specific antigen (TPSA), free PSA (FPSA) level, neutrophilto- lymphocyte and neutrophil-to-monocyte ratios among patients with prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), as well as healthy individuals. Materials and Methods: 2005-2012 laboratory files of 160 patients with prostate cancer at Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Oncology Outpatient Clinic, 285 patients who were pathologically diagnosed with BPH in Urology Outpatient Clinic and 200 healthy individuals who were admitted to Internal Medicine Outpatient Clinic were retrospectively analyzed. Baseline WBC, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, basophil, eosinophil count, TPSA, FPSA level, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and neutrophil-to-monocyte ratio were recorded and compared across groups. Results: Patients with prostate cancer had a lower lymphocyte level compared to the patients with BPH and healthy controls (p<0.001). The mean monocyte count, leukocyte-to-monocyte ratio, and leukocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio were higher in patients with prostate cancer, but without significance. The mean WBC and leukocyte count were lower in patients with prostate cancer, but again without statistical significance (p=0.130). The mean TPSA and FPSA were 39.4 and 5.67, respectively in patients with prostate cancer, while they were 5.78 and 1.28 in patients with BPH. There was a significant difference in the mean TPSA and FPSA levels between the patient groups (p<0.001). Conclusions: Our study results showed that patients with prostate cancer had a lower level of lymphocytes, neutrophils and WBCs and a higher level of monocytes with a significant difference in lymphocyte count, compared to healthy controls. We suggest that lymphocyte count may be used in combination with other parameters in the diagnosis of prostate cancer, thanks to its ease of assessment.

May the Platelet to Lymphocyte Ratio be a Prognostic Factor for Epithelial Ovarian Cancer?

  • Kokcu, Arif;Kurtoglu, Emel;Celik, Handan;Tosun, Migraci;Malatyalıoglu, Erdal;Ozdemir, Ayse Zehra
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.22
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    • pp.9781-9784
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    • 2014
  • Background: The study aimed to evaluate changes in hematologic parameters, including white blood cell, platelet count, platelet indices, the platelet to lymphocyte and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratios in patients with early and advanced stages of epithelial ovarian cancers. Materials and Methods: The study included 100 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer who underwent primary staging exploratory laparotomy. Preoperative hematologic parameters, tumor histopathologic type, grade, stage and serum CA-125 levels were retrospectively analyzed. These parameters were compared between the patients with early (stage I-II) and advanced (stage III-IV) ovarian cancer. Results: White blood cell count and platelet indices, including mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width and platelet crit did not show a statistically significant difference between groups with early and advanced ovarian cancer. However, the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, platelet count, the platelet to lymphocyte ratio and CA-125 level showed a statistically significant difference between the two groups (p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.001, p<0.01 respectively). Conclusions: It was found that the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, platelet count and the platelet to lymphocyte ratio increased with the increasing stage of ovarian cancer. Furthermore, it was seen that the platelet to lymphocyte ratio is an independent prognostic factor related to the stage of epithelial ovarian cancer.

Roles of White Blood Cells and Subtypes as Inflammatory Markers in Skin Cancer

  • Baykan, Halit;Cihan, Yasemin Benderli;Ozyurt, Kemal
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.2303-2306
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    • 2015
  • Objective: Skin tumors are the most commonly seen cancer type worldwide. Regarding pathogenesis, it is thought that disruption of kinetics through T lymphocyte-mediated development of chronic inflammation may be involved. The present study was intended to identify role of inflammatory cells such as neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes in the determination of risk for skin cancer. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed charts of 569 cases diagnosed as having primary skin tumors. Data regarding age, gender and histopathological subtype were recorded. Blood parameters studied on the day before surgery including WBCs, neutrophils, and lymphocyte counts, neutrophil:lymphocyte and neutrophil:monocyte ratios were also recorded. Two-hundred and two healthy individuals presented for check-up in an outpatient clinic were selected as the control group. Parameters studied in cases with skin cancer were compared to those healthy individuals. Findings: Of the cases with skin cancer, 401 were basal cell carcinoma (BCC) while 144 were squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and 13 were malignant melanoma (MM). WBC, neutrophil and monocyte counts and the neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio were found to be lower in the patient group than in the healthy control group (p<0.001) while no significant difference was found in other parameters reviewed (p>0.05). No significant difference was found in WBC, neutrophil, neutrophil: monocyte ratio according to gender (p>0.05). Monocyte count was found to be $0.68{\pm}0.61$ in men and $0.55{\pm}0.25$ in women, indicating strong statistical significance (p<0.001). WBC, neutrophil and monocyte values were highest in control group while lowest in BCC. When BCC and SCC groups were compared to controls, significant differences found (p<0.001). There were no significant differences in lymphocyte counts among groups (p=0.976). Neutrophil:lymphocyte ratios were 3.24 in BCC, 3.59 in SCC, 3.44 in MM and 5.06 in control group (p<0.001). Conclusions: In our study, it was found that there were significant differences in complete blood count, neutrophil, monocyte and neutrophil:lymphocyte levels among groups. Neutrophil: lymphocyte ratio was found to be lowest in BCC among skin cancers.