• Title/Summary/Keyword: Lycorma delicatula

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Morphometric Analysis of Wing Variation of Lantern Fly, Lycorma delicatula from Northeast Asia (동북아시아 꽃매미 날개 변이의 형태계측학 분석)

  • Kim, Hyojoong
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.265-271
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    • 2013
  • Morphometric analysis of Lycorma delicatula was performed to confirm whether local individuals had a geographical difference in their wing variations. The L. delicatula individuals were collected from 10 localities in Korea, China, and Japan, and 14 morphometric characteristics selected from the forewing were analyzed. The Korean individuals were similar to the ones from the northern area of the Yangtze River, but less similar to the others from the southern area of the Yangtze River. The individuals from Seoul and Buan were very similar to those from Shanghai. In case of wing spots, the individuals from Beijing had relatively small spots, while the ones from Linan had big spots. The Japanese individuals had a relatively large wing size.

The Effect of Winter Temperature on the Survival of Lantern Fly, Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) Eggs (동절기 온도가 꽃매미 월동 알의 생존율에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Young Su;Jang, Myoung Jun;Kim, Jin Young;Kim, Jun Ran
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.311-315
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    • 2014
  • Lantern fly(Lycorma delicatula) is a major invasive pest that causes withering symptom of agricultural crops by sucking tree sap and sooty mold symptom by producing honeydew. This study was conducted to investigate the occurrence pattern of lantern fly in grape orchards in Gyeonggi area and the effect of winter temperature on L. delicatula egg survival during 2010 to 2013. In Gyeonggi areas, overwintered L. delicatula eggs began to hatch from early May and nymphs peaked in mid May. Adults emerged from late July and laid eggs until early November. The survival of L. delicatula eggs during overwintering was largely affected by winter temperatures. The relationship between the number of days below a threshold temperature (x) in January and the survival rate of overwintering L. delicatula eggs (y) was using linear regression model. The best model selected by the lowest RSS (residual sum of square) between predicted and actual survival was y = -1.0486 x + 94.496 ($R^2=0.7067$) with $-11^{\circ}C$ of threshold temperature. These results should be helpful to conduct L. delicatula management programs, since the results provided relivable prediction for the winter survival of L. delicatula eggs and the phenology of egg hatch in the spring.

Development and characterization of 15 microsatellite loci from Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae)

  • Kim, Hyo-Joong;Kim, Min-Young;Kwon, Deok-Ho;Park, Sang-Wook;Lee, Ye-Rim;Jang, Hyo-Young;Lee, Seung-Hwan;Lee, Si-Hyeock;Huang, Junhao;Hong, Ki-Jeong;Jang, Yi-Kweon
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.295-300
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    • 2011
  • Lycorma delicatula (White 1845), which has been recently introduced into Korea, is a notorious pest on grapes. This invasive insect has rapidly spread throughout central and southern Korea. To date, we have no behavioral or population genetics information, such as invasion routes and subsequent dispersal rates in Korea, to help understand and control populations of L. delicatula. Here, we have developed 15 novel microsatellite loci for L. delicatula. The isolated loci were polymorphic, with 2 to 19 alleles in 42 individuals from a single population in Korea. The analyses revealed that all 42 individuals had different multilocus genotypes with heterozygosity ranging from 0.214 to 0.866. Eleven of the 15 loci did not deviate significantly from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The isolated markers will facilitate population genetic studies of L. delicatula.

Management System of Invasive Alien Species Threating Biodiversity in Korea and Suggestions for the Improvement (국내 생물다양성 위협 외래생물의 관리제도 및 개선방향)

  • Kim, Dong Eon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.33-55
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    • 2018
  • It has been noted that the main cause of biodiversity loss is influx of alien species. Specifically, habitats destruction, economic loss, and human injury are increasing due to invasive alien species. There were 2,167 alien species in Korea. 21 alien species of extraterrestrials including Lycorma delicatula, Solenopsis invicta, Myocastor coypus, and Spartina alterniflora at high risk through ecological risk assessment, are designated as invasive alien species. Alert species, which may have negative impact on ecosystems when they are introduced into the country, are assigned to 127 species through the ecosystem risk evaluation. To list such alien species to prevent invasion of alien species in advance, and to minimize damage caused by imported alien species, a national level management system called the Conservation and Use of Biological deversity Act was established, but there is a lack of a systematic management system in accordance with degree of risk. There is also a risk assessment chart should be developed thatreflects ecological characteristics of each taxon and evaluation criteria in predicting the risk.

Feeding Behavior of Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) and Response on Feeding Stimulants of Some Plants (식물에 대한 꽃매미의 섭식행동과 섭식자극)

  • Lee, Jeong-Eun;Moon, Sang-Rae;Ahn, Hee-Geun;Cho, Sun-Ran;Yang, Jeong-Oh;Yoon, Chang-Mann;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.467-477
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    • 2009
  • Host preference was tested on the 7 species plants against ggot-mae-mi, Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae). This insect highly preferred Ailanthus altissima and Vitis vinifera however, didn't choose the other plants preferentially. Both nymphs and adults lived longest in A. altissima and V. vinifera but lived in short and low ecdysis rate against other plants and 3 species fruits. By analyzing the phloem-feeding behavior using EPG, L. delicatula was showed the short time in non-probing phase and it also exhibit the longest feeding time in A. altissima and V. vinifera, but other plants did not feed the phloem at all. In sugar contents analysis, A. altissima existed high sucrose proportion and followed by fructose>glucose, V. vinifera was analyzed by an order of glucose> fructose>maltose>sucrose>rhamnose, Malus pumila was as glucose> fructose, Pyrus calleryana was as glucose>unkown>fructose, Hibiscus syriacus was as sucrose>glucose. Nymphs and adults of L. delicatula lived longest in 5% sucrose solution, and next is in 5% fructose solution. However, they lived short in other sugar solutions. L. delicatula nymph and adult according to the combination of sugar proportion found in original plants lived longer in sugar combination solution of A. altissima and those of V. vinifera was next. Analyzed original sugar proportion from M. pumila, P. calleryana, H. syriacus respectively, L. delicatula lived short period comparing to the A. altissima, V. vinifera. This result was judged that sugar contents affected on choosing the host plants.

A Review on the Insecticidal Activity of Neem Extracts (Azadirachtin) and its Current Status of Practical use in Korea (님추출물 아자디라크틴의 살충활성과 국내 이용현황에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Dong-soon
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.60 no.4
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    • pp.463-471
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    • 2021
  • As a tropical plant, the neem tree (Azadirachta indica) has been used for a long time for disease and pest control and medical purposes. In this paper, we reviewed for the active ingredient of neem, the mode of action of azadirachtin in terms of insect growth regulation, repellent, feeding inhibition and oviposition against plant pests. And also we reviewed the current status of practical use in Korea. Among 57 products of neem-based eco-friendly organic agricultural materials distributed in Korea, seven products were certified for their efficacy. The average azadirachtin content of the seven products was 0.38%, which was 5.5 times less than the average content of 2.1% distributed worldwide. In the control effect on neem products in Korea, it showed some variation on aphids, but most showed a control effect of more than 90%. The treatment effects of Lycorma delicatula nymphs were 73-77%, and the control effects for thrips were obtained in the range of 50-72% mortality. The mortality effects against bug and moth species were generally low. It is expected that this review would provide important information necessary for the understanding of distributed neem products and the interpretation of experimental data.

Mass-rearing Techniques of Anastatus orientalis (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae), as the Egg-parasitoid of Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae): An Using Method of Antheraea pernyi (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) and L. delicatula Eggs in Laboratory (꽃매미 알 기생천적인 꽃매미벼룩좀벌의 대량사육기술: 산누에나방과 꽃매미 알 활용 방법)

  • Seo, Meeja;Kim, Jeong Hwan;Seo, Bo Yoon;Park, Changgyu;Choi, Byeong Ryeol;Kim, Kwang Ho;Ji, Chang Woo;Cho, Jum Rae
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.57 no.4
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    • pp.243-251
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    • 2018
  • Eggs, immature eggs, and pupae of 8 different insects (Halyomopha halys, Riptortus pedestris, Lymantria dispar, Antheraea yamamai, Verlarifictorus spp, Antheraea pernyi, and Musca domestica) including Lycorma delicatura were used to select the alternative host for laboratory mass rearing of A. orientalis. Except L. delicatula's eggs and immature eggs of A. pernyi, other 7 tested insects were not parasitized by A. orientalis. A. pernyi was reared with oak tree leaves and its cocoons were harvested on mid-July and early October. On 4 or 5 days after emergence, only female adults showing swollen abdomen were collected and stored at $1{\sim}5^{\circ}C$. We could get 150~200 eggs per one female by dissecting the female's abdomen. For examining the possibility for laboratory mass rearing of A. orientalis with A. pernyi's immature eggs, developmental periods from egg to pupa between the two different hosts were compared. Developmental periods were 36.1 days on immature eggs of A. pernyi and 36.8 days on an original host's eggs, respectively. The number of parasitized eggs by A. orientalis' female for 24 h was 3.4 on immature eggs of A. pernyi and 4.2 on an original host's eggs, respectively. However, there were no significant statistical differences in developmental period and parasitization between the two hosts. By supplying honeyed water to newly emerged female parasitoids, it was able to maximize their longevities up to 64.3 days after emergence. Therefore, our results support potential for laboratory mass-rearing of A. orientalis using A. pernyi's immature eggs as an alternative host.

Arthropod Diversity in Walnut Orchards (호두나무 포장 내 절지동물의 다양성)

  • Jung, Jong-Kook;Lee, Hyoseok;Lee, Seung Kyu;Koh, Sanghyun
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.121-133
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the community structure of arthropods, including various insect pests and their natural enemies, in walnut orchards. Furthermore, we tried to compare the species richness and community structure of arthropods by three different sampling methods, including beating, funnel trap, and pitfall trap. Arthropods were surveyed in three walnut orchards located at Gimcheon, Buyeo, and Hwaseong in South Korea from May to September, 2016. A total of 408 arthropod species were identified from 4,372 individuals, and 63 species were collected in all study sites. The species richness was the highest in funnel trap, while the abundance was the highest in pitfall trap. The species composition of the insects collected by the beating method was more similar to that of the funnel trap than the pitfall trap. Although the distributions of the economically important pests were different according to the study sites, six species, including Dichocrocis punctiferalis, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona, Gastrolina depressa, Lycorma delicatula, Metcalfa pruinosa, and Pochazia shantungensis, are the potentially important pests in walnut orchards. We also found a variety of predators and parasitoids, which will be important for walnut pest management.