• Title/Summary/Keyword: Lycorma delicatula

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Economic Impacts of Invasive Pests under Climate Change: A Case of Lycorma delicatula (기후변화에 따른 미발생 병해충 피해 경제적 영향 분석: Lycorma delicatula의 사례를 중심으로)

  • An, Hyunjin;Cho, Sung Ju;Oh, Saera;Jung, Jae-Min
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.415-422
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    • 2018
  • Lycorma delicatula, known as spotted lanternfly, is a planthopper native to Southeast Asia, including Vietnam, India and South China. This species damages local fruit trees and has spread rapidly in South Korea in recent years. The purpose of this study is to present the methods and estimation results pertaining to the risk of invasive species like Lycorma delicatula. We used a partial budget (PB) method to assess direct income reduction of farm households and a partial equilibrium (PE) model to examine social welfare change from the outbreak of Lycorma delicatula. We also estimated the future economic impacts of Lycorma delicatula under various climate scenarios considering habitat suitability. As climate change progresses, domestic ecosystems are expected to become increasingly vulnerable to pest outbreaks leading to further economic damage. We believe that this study can be a base to evaluate efficiency of the national pest control and quarantine system.

Attraction effect against Lycorma delicatula, antioxidant activity and local irritation test of Ailanthus altissima extract (가죽나무 추출물의 꽃매미 유인효과, 항산화 활성 및 국소자극성시험)

  • Lee, Seung-Jin;Park, Seung-Chun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.231-237
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    • 2013
  • This study aimed to assess the attraction effect against Lycorma delicatula and antioxidant activity of hexane, chloroform, butanol and water fraction obtained from Ailanthus altissima methanol extract. The attraction effect of chloroform fraction showed the highest activity (47%) as compared to that of other fractions. In the DPPH radical scavenging activity, methanol and butanol fraction showed higher antioxidant activity than other solvent fractions. From the above results, the potential chloroform fraction was further performed by local irritation test in New Zealand white rabbits. In eye irritation test, chloroform fraction showed moderate irritant at high concentration 0.5 g/site/mL, but there was no eye irritation at low concentration (0.05 g/site/mL). In accordance with the Draize evaluation of skin irritation, the primary irritation index was calculated to 3.3 and 0.68 at high (0.5 g/site/mL) and low concentration (0.05 g/site/mL) causing moderate and mild irritation, respectively. On the basis of this study, Ailanthus altissima chloroform fraction could be safely considered to be a candidate of attractant against Lycorma delicatula.

조경수의 해충 - 중국에서 침입한 꽃매미 -

  • Choe, Gwang-Sik
    • Landscaping Tree
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    • pp.21-22
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    • 2009
  • 꽃매미는 1932년 일본의 곤충분류 학자 Doi에 의해 꽃매미(Lycorma delicatula(White, 1845)와 희조꽃매미(Limois Emelianovi Oshanin, 1980) 2종이 보고된 바 있다. 이는 1979년에 발간된 한국동식물도감(문교부)에 있지만 그 동안 표본이 채집되지 않아 한국곤충명집(한국응용곤충학회, 한국곤충학회, 1994)에서 Lycorma delicatula는 제외 시키고 Limois emelianovi 1종만을 꽃매미로 기록하였다. 하지만 2008년 한정민 등 6인 분류학자에 의해 이 종에 대한 형택�F걱 특징과 Cytochrome Oxidase 1 (CO 1)분석을 통해 이종을 꽃매미로 Limois emelianovi를 희조꽃매미로 재분류 보고하여 그동안 주홍날개꽃매미로 불려지던 Lycorma delicatula는 꽃매미로 부르는 것으로 결론났다. 본 해충 꽃매미는 도시 내 조경수 공원 가로수 등에 식재되는 다양한 활엽수에 피해를 주며, 특히 사람들에게 혐오감을 유발하므로 이에 대한 생태 형태와 간략한 방제방법을 소개하고자 한다.

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Chemical Control Effect Against Spot Clothing Wax Cicada, Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) Nymphs and Adults (꽃매미(Lycorma delicatula) 약충과 성충에 대한 약제방제 효과)

  • Kim, Sun-Kook;Lee, Gi-Yeul;Shin, Yon-Ho;Kim, Gil-Bah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.440-445
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the toxicities of five registered insecticides to the Lycorma delicatula nymphs and adults. Insecticidal activities were evaluated by testing systemic and residual effects in the laboratory, and control efficacy in the vineyard. For the 3rd nymphal instars and adults, etofenprox+diazinon, chlorpyrifos, etofenprox, dinotefuran and imidacloprid showed perfect insecticidal activity. The systemic effects of dinotefuran and etofenprox+diazinon on grape roots at half concentration were showed the adult mortality of 82.2% and 84.4%, respectively. Chlorpyrifos at recommended concentration was showed mortality of 86.0%. The leaf systemic effects at recommended and half concentrations of all insecticides except dinotefuran were lower than 65% but the mortality at double concentration of chlorpyrifos, dinotefuran, etofenprox were more than 82%. The residual effect between etofenprox+diazinon and dinotefuran at recommended and double concentrations were 100% at 14 days after treatment, the other insecticides have low efficacy. All the four insecticides showed 87% control value on nymphs in the field test and adults appeared more than 96% control value st and adinotefuran, etofenprox+diazinon, however, the other insecticides decreased to 59.1 % and 61.2%. Therefore, dinotefuran and etofenprox+diazinon showing high systemic effects to roots and long residual effects to leafs have high control efficacies.

Comparison of Cuticular Hydrocarbons of Different Developmental Stages of the Spot Clothing Wax Cicada, Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) (꽃매미(Lycorma delicatula)의 발육단계별 표피탄화수소 비교)

  • Cho, Sun-Ran;Lee, Jeong-Eun;Jeong, Jin-Won;Yang, Jeong-Oh;Yoon, Chang-Mann;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.185-194
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    • 2011
  • Aliphatic cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) of different developmental stages of the spot clothing wax cicada, Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) were analyzed using GC and GC-MS. The numbers of carbons in the major CHCs of each developmental stage 32, 33, 28, 38, 37 in the egg, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th instar nymphal stages, and adults, respectively. The cuticle of Lycorma delicatula contains mainly methyl-branched 9-methylheptacosane (15.11%) in the egg stage, and a high proportion of n-heptacosane in nymphal stages (15.75, 22.42, 25.04, and 23.11 % in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th instars, respectively). In contrast, male and female adults had high proportions of n-nonacosane (13.42 and 16.55%). The chemical constituents of CHCs were classified into five groups (n-alkanes, monomethylalkanes, dimethylalkanes, trimethylalkanes, olefins) and group profiles of each developmental stage were compared. Egg surface was composed mainly monomethylalkanes (45.39%), a saturated hydrocarbon. Nymph CHCs consisted primarily of n-alkanes (37.63 to 46.12%). There was a difference between adult male and female CHCs. However, both contained n-alkanes and monomethylalkanes. CHCs with trimethyl or double bonded structure were rare in all stages.

Parasitism Rate of Egg Parasitoid Anastatus orientalis (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae) on Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) in China (중국에서 알기생봉 Anastatus orientalis (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae)의 꽃매미 Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) 알에 대한 기생율)

  • Choi, Man-Young;Yang, Zhong-Qi;Wang, Xiao-Yi;Tang, Yan-Long;Hou, Zhen-Rong;Kim, Jeong Hwan;Byeon, Young Woong
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.135-139
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    • 2014
  • Anastatus orientalis Yang et Gibson(Hymenoptera : Eupelmidae) is the egg parasitoid of lantern-fly Lycorma delicatula. The natural parasitism showed that: (1)the highest parasitism rate of egg masses was 68.96% in Yantai Shandong; (2)the highest parasitism rate of eggs was 32.98% in Haidian Beijing; (3)the eggs of parasitoids hatched and emerged earliest in Yangling Shaanxi; emergence time of different populations in Yantai, Guangang Tianjin, Qinhuangdao Hebei and Haidian was similar; (4) the sex ratios were various among the populations ranging from 1.92 to 1.94; (5) parasitism rates of egg masses on Populus sp., Salix sp. and Toona sinensis were not significantly different, the highest parasitism rate of egg masses was 64.3% on T. sinensis, and the lowest rate was 27.4% on Ailanthus altissima; (6)parasitism rates of eggs on Populus sp., Salix sp., T. sinensis and A. altissima were not significantly different, about 30% averagely.

Seasonal Occurrence of Spot Clothing Wax Cicada, Lycorma delicatula(Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) and It's Control Efficacy Using EFAM at the Vineyards (포도원 꽃매미(Lycorma delicatula) 발생소장 및 친환경농자재 살충력 평가)

  • Lee, Ki-Yeol;Kim, Sun-Kook;Kim, Ik-Hawn;Kim, Kyung-Su
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.303-309
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to investigate the evaluation of insecticidal efficacy and control effect in field of 10 environmental-friendly agricultural materials (EFAM) and seasonal occurrence at the vineyards to the Lycorma delicatula. L. delicatula nymphs occurred from late May to late August the highest early June (1st nymph) while adults occurred from late July to November with the highest peak of early October (preovipositing female) in 2010. Total population density of L. delicatula was the highest in early June. For the 3rd~4th nymphal instars and adults, EFAM (Spider, Jindikap-plus and Byejin-${\alpha}$) showed perfect insecticidal activity 2hour after treatment. Seoncho showed insecticidal activities 96.7% within 48 hour. Residual effects between EFAM showed 55.5% Spider at recommended concentration at 7 days after treatment(DAT), the other EFAM had low efficacy. Jindikap-plus and Spider showed 99% control value on nymphs in the field test at 3DAT, appeared control value more than 90% at 7DAT. Also, the control effects of Jindikap-plus and Spider were showed the adult mortality of 100% and 98.2% respectively at 3DAT, 90.6% and 84.6% respectively at 7DAT. Whereas the other EFAM had low efficacy. Jindikap-plus and Spider were excellent control effects compared with Acetamiprid WP.

Insecticidal Activity of 26 Insectcides against Eggs and Nymphs of Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) (꽃매미의 알과 약충에 대한 26 약제의 살충활성)

  • Shin, Yun-Ho;Moon, Sang-Rae;Yoon, Chang-Mann;Ahn, Ki-Su;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.157-163
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    • 2010
  • This study was performed to investigate the hatching rate and eggs period until hatching in the laboratory against lantern fly, Lycorma delicatula eggs with different collecting date of eggs, and the susceptibility of 26 insecticides to the eggs, 1st and 2nd nymphs of Lycorma delicatula. The eggs of L. delicatula were increased the hatching rates as passed collecting date of eggs, and shorten in eggs period until hatching. By screening the susceptibility of 26 insecticides to the eggs, 1st, and 2nd nymphs, chlorpyrifos (312.5 ppm) showed the perfect inhibition effect of hatching against the eggs, however, the other insecticides did not show that effect. According to the collecting date of eggs, chlorpyrifos bioassayed the inecticidal effect with different concentration (625 ppm at double conc., 312.5 ppm at recommended conc., and 156.3 ppm at half conc.). The eggs collected from Apr. 20th 2010, were showed the inhibition effect of hatching over 94.5%, but the eggs collected from May 10th, 2010 were showed the inhibition effect of hatching as 86.7, 71.1, and 47.1%, respectively. However, hatched eggs were all killed perfectly within 24 hours. At recommended and half concentrations, the eggs collected from 15, May, are decreased the effect as 48.6%, 53.7%, respectively, and the mortality of eggs hatched also decreased as 61.0 and 22.0%, respectively, however, double concentrations did not show the changes. From the above results, it will be anticipate to show the higher mortality against the eggs of L. delicatula when treated chlorpyrifos until late-April.

Environmentally-friendly Control Methods and Forecasting the Hatching Time Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) in Jeonnam Province (전남지역에서 꽃매미 부화시기 예측과 친환경 방제방법)

  • Choi, Duck-Soo;Kim, Do-Ik;Ko, Suk-Ju;Kang, Beom-Ryong;Park, Jong-Dae;Kim, Seon-Gon;Choi, Kyeong-Ju
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.371-376
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to predict the hatching time of eggs of Lycorma delicatula, to select an effective environmentally-friendly agriculture material (EFAM) and to evaluate the attraction effect of brown sticky traps for controling of Lycorma delicatula nymph and adults. Eggs hatched 55.9, 26.8, 21.6 days after incubation at 15, 20, $25^{\circ}C$ with 14L:10D condition and the hatching rates of egg were 61.9, 57.8, 30.4%, respectively. At high temperature conditions, egg development periods were shorter and the hatching rate was lower. The relationship between temperature and developmental rate was expressed by the linear equation Y=0.0028X-0.0228, $R^2$=0.9561. The low temperature threshold of eggs was $8.14^{\circ}C$ and the thermal constant required to reach larva was 355.4 DD. According to this relationship, the mean estimated hatching date was $22^{nd}$ May. The effective EFAM was natural plant extract, sophora extract, derris extract to nymph and natural plant extract, pyrethrum extract, sophora extract to adult. Among three colors of sticky trap : brown, blue and yellow, the brown sticky trap was the most attractive to nymphs and adults of L. delicatula over a 2 weeks trial period. It suggested that the brown sticky trap could be a very useful and environment-friendly control method for nymphs and adults of L. delicatula.

Biological Characteristics of Lycorma delicatula and the Control Effects of Some Insecticides (꽃매미(Lycorma delicatula)의 생태 특성 및 약제 살충 효과)

  • Park, JI-Doo;Kim, Min-Young;Lee, Sang-Gil;Shin, Sang-Chul;Kim, Jun-Heon;Park, Il-Kwon
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.53-57
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    • 2009
  • Biological Characteristics of Lycorma delicatula and insecticidal activity of some insecticides against nymphs of L. delicatula was investigated. Nymph of L. delicatula had 4 instars, and color of body was black. There were white spots on the body of 1st-3rd nymph. Upper body became red at 4th nymph. Adult forewings were brownish, and had black spots. Color of hind wing were red. The egg mass was covered with a yellowish brown secretion. The adult of L. delicatula emerged once a year. Among test insecticides, deltamethrin 1% EC and fenitrothion 50% EC showed very quick and strong insecticidal activity against the 2nd-3rd nymphs of L. delicatula. Imidacloprid 4% SL and clothianidin 8% SC showed 100% insecticidal activity at 24h after treatment. Thiacoprid 10% SC revealed the weakest insecticidal activity among the insecticides tested.