• Title, Summary, Keyword: Location-awareness

Search Result 309, Processing Time 0.031 seconds

Location Awareness Method using Vector Matching of RSSI in Low-Rate WPAN (저속 WPAN에서 수신신호세기의 Vector Matching을 이용한 위치 인식 방식)

  • Nam Yoon-Seok;Choi Eun-Chang;Huh Jae-Doo
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
    • /
    • v.12 no.4
    • /
    • pp.93-104
    • /
    • 2005
  • Recently, RFID/USN is one of fundamental technologies in information and communications networks. Low-Rate WPAN, IEEE802.15.4 is a low-cost communication network that allows wireless connectivity in applications with limited Power and relaxed throughput requirements. Its applications are building automation, personal healthcare, industrial control, consumer electronics, and so on. Some applications require location information. Of course location awareness is useful to improve usability of data Low-Rate WPAN Is regarded as a key specification of the sensor network with the characteristics of wireless communication, computing, energy scavenging, self-networking, and etc. Unfortunately ZigBee alliance propose a lot of applications based on location aware technologies, but the specification and low-rate WPAN devices don't support anything about location-based services. RSSI ( Received Signal Strength indication) is for energy detection to associate, channel selection, and etc. RSSI is used to find the location of a potable device in WLAN. In this paper we studied indoor location awareness using vector matching of RSSI in low-Rate wireless PAN. We analyzed the characteristics of RSSI according to distance and experimented location awareness. We implemented sensor nodes with different shapes and configured the sensor network for the location awareness with 4 fixed nodes and a mobile node. We try to contribute developing location awareness method using RSSI in 3-dimension space.

  • PDF

IEEE 802.15.4 MAC-based Location-ID Exchange Protocol for Realizing Micro-Cell Connectionless Location- Awareness Services

  • Kim, Baek-Gyu;Kang, Soon-Ju
    • Journal of Computing Science and Engineering
    • /
    • v.2 no.4
    • /
    • pp.412-427
    • /
    • 2008
  • We propose ID-exchange protocol for Connectionless Location-Awareness Service (CLAS) to locate mobile nodes in indoor sensor network. When adapting location-awareness service to sensor network, the target system must be designed in accordance with various metrics which reflect the system requirement. We especially consider sustainability of the existing service which has been provided for its original purpose, such as environmental monitoring. The detailed meaning of sustainability here is that, even if location-awareness service is newly added to the existing service, the system must be assured to retain a stable network condition, and to deal with newly caused traffic properly. The CLAS ID-exchange protocol is especially designed for fixture and mobile nodes communication to achieve these properties. The protocol operates on 802.15.4 MAC layer to make mobile node work independently of the procedure to build routing table of fixture node, so a stable routing condition can be achieved even if there are many mobile nodes. Moreover, the dedicated frequency channel is assigned only for this protocol, so that traffic caused by location-awareness service can be distributed to another channel. A real system adapting the protocol was implemented to monitor fire and authorities' positions. We verified the overhead and elapsed time for location-awareness. The result shows the proposed protocol has a high performance in detecting speed, traffic distribution, and stability of overall network.

A hand-off mechanism of mobile nodes in a location positioning system based on ZigBee tags

  • Eun, Seong Bae;Chae, Yi Geun
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.38 no.2
    • /
    • pp.175-181
    • /
    • 2014
  • Location awareness is one of the key functions to build an U-city. Recently, many of works for the location-aware systems are emerging to be applied to on-going large-scale apartment complex. For example, when dwellers or cars with active tags are move in the apartment complex, the active tags broadcast their own identifiers periodically and receivers such that routers use this information to calculate the location of the active tags. Since the active tags can actually move between routers and coordinators, it requires a hand-off mechanism. In this paper, we investigate the hand-off problem occurred in location awareness system based on ZigBee active tags. We propose and analyze a new approach for handling the hand-off problem. Through a mathematical analysis, we show that our approach diminishes the quantity of packet transfer than ZigBee's approach.

A Study on the User and Location Awareness Technology Applied Dimming Lighting Control System to Save Energy (에너지 저감을 위한 사용자 및 위치인식 기술 적용 디밍 조명제어 시스템 연구)

  • Choi, Kihyun;Kim, Yongseong;Lee, Henagwoo;Seo, Janghoo
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.14-23
    • /
    • 2015
  • Although research and technology developments have recently increased to save lighting energy within buildings, such research and technology development are judged to be unsuitable for energy savings since they are limited in the sense that the application of the technology is fragmented. This study proposes a user and location awareness technology applied to dimming lighting control system and verified the effectiveness of energy savings by building a test bed. The results were as follows : 1) This study suggested a user and location awareness technology applied to dimming lighting control system. 2) The system shows 96.6% and 82.8% energy saving rates, respectively, on the basis of one user, compared to an on/off lighting control and the user and location awareness technology applied to on/off lighting control system. 3) The energy consumption of the user and location awareness technology applied to on/off lighting control system and the user and location awareness technology applied to dimming lighting control system increased to 96.6%, 88.3%, and 59.6% and 82.8%, 85.0%, 51.5%, respectively, on the basis of one, two, and three users, compared to the on/off lighting control system. This study confirmed the energy saving performance of the user and location awareness technology applied to the dimming lighting control system through performance evaluation. In this regard, further study needs to be undertaken to evaluate the performance at night time.

Indoor Passive Location Tracking and Activity Monitoring using WSN for Ubiquitous Healthcare

  • Singh, Vinay Kumar;Lee, Seung-Chul;Lim, Hyo-Taek;Myllyla, Risto;Chung, Wan-Young
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
    • /
    • v.5 no.4
    • /
    • pp.382-388
    • /
    • 2007
  • Indoor location system using wireless sensor network technology was applied for the status evaluation and activity monitoring of elderly person or chronic invalid at home. Location awareness application is transparent to the daily activities, while providing the embedded computing infrastructure with an awareness of what is happening in this space. To locate an object, the active ceiling-mounted reference beacons were placed throughout the building. Reference beacons periodically publish location information on RF and ultrasonic signals to allow application running on mobile or static nodes to study and determine their physical location. Once object-carried passive listener receives the information, it subsequently determines it's location from reference beacons. By using only the sensor nodes without any external network infrastructure the cost of the system was reduced while the accuracy in our experiments. was fairly good and fine grained between 7 and 15 cm for location awareness in indoor environments. Passive architecture used here provides the security of the user privacy while at the server the privacy was secured by providing the authentication using Geopriv approach. This information from sensor nodes is further forwarded to base station where further computation is performed to determine the current position of object and several applications are enabled for context awareness.

Location Tracking based on MS-Based/Assisted Location Trigger Model with Context-Awareness

  • Park, Sung-Suk;Lee, Yon-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
    • /
    • v.21 no.6
    • /
    • pp.63-69
    • /
    • 2016
  • In this paper, we proposed the location tracking system based on MS-Based/Assisted(Mobile Station-Based and Assisted) location trigger service model with context-awareness for the intelligent location tracking of moving objects. It provides the proper resulting value that matches the context of users through the analysis about the situation of the user, physical environment, computing resource and the existing information on user input. In order to provide real-time data, we proposed the location tracking system which realizes the intelligent information such as the expecting arrival time and passing the specific area of the moving object by adopting the location trigger. So, it derives to minimize the costs of communication for the mobile object tracking applications. The proposed location tracking system based on context-awareness can be used for realtime monitoring, intelligent alarm/action, setting up of the optimized moving path, dynamic adjustment of strategies and policies. So it has the advantage to develop the application system which is aimed at optimization of the object tracking and movement.

Accuracy Improvement Scheme for Location Awareness based on UWB system (UWB 기반 위치인식 정확도 향상 기법)

  • Choi, Young-Hoon;Bae, Jung-Nam;Kim, Jin-Young
    • The Journal of the Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.231-236
    • /
    • 2011
  • In recent years, LBS(Location Based Service) is applied in many different fields. Therefore, various location-aware schemes have been studied. In the location awareness system using time dependent algorithm, TOA(Time of Arrival) or TDOA(Time Difference of Arrival) algorithm, distortion of a signal by AWGN(Additive White Gaussian Noise) and multi-path effects cause the degradation of location awareness performance. In this paper, the unexpected noise is eliminated by averaging multiple pulses in order to overcome the degradation of performance. Also, we research the technique for improving the performance of the location awareness by detecting direct-path signal with adjusting threshold.

A CDN-P2P Hybrid Architecture with Location/Content Awareness for Live Streaming Services

  • Nguyen, Kim-Thinh;Kim, Young-Han
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
    • /
    • v.5 no.11
    • /
    • pp.2143-2159
    • /
    • 2011
  • The hybrid architecture of content delivery networks (CDN) and peer-to-peer overlay networks (P2P) is a promising technology enables effective real-time streaming services. It complements the advantages of quality control and reliability in a CDN, and the scalability of a P2P system. With real-time streaming services, however, high connection setup and media delivery latency are becoming the critical issues in deploying the CDN-P2P system. These issues result from biased peer selection without location awareness or content awareness, and can lead to significant service disruption. To reduce service disruption latency, we propose a group-based CDN-P2P hybrid architecture (iCDN-P2P) with a location/content-aware selection of peers. Specifically, a SuperPeer network makes a location-aware peer selection by employing a content addressable network (CAN) to distribute channel information. It also manages peers with content awareness, forming a group of peers with the same channel as the sub-overlay. Through a performance evaluation, we show that the proposed architecture outperforms the original CDN-P2P hybrid architecture in terms of connection setup delay and media delivery time.

A Study on Light-Shelf System using Location-Awareness Technology for Energy Saving in Residential Space (에너지 저감을 위한 주거공간 내 위치인식기술 적용 광선반 시스템 개발연구)

  • Gim, Sanghoon;Kim, Yongseong;Lee, Henagwoo;Seo, JangHoo
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
    • /
    • v.26 no.6
    • /
    • pp.275-286
    • /
    • 2014
  • Light shelf is an efficient system that reduces the energy consumption by bringing the natural light down to the deep spaces inside of a building. However, the existing light shelves have limits in reducing energy usage, because the direction of the light flow is determined by the external environment such as the altitude of the sun and the azimuth. This current study presents a system that increases the efficiency of the light shelf by applying the Location-Awareness technology, in which the efficiency was verified through the performance evaluation. According to the examination of the technology for the Location-Awareness within residential space, 'Zigbee' type appears to be the most appropriate. The Location-Awareness technology operates the light shelf based on both the angle control axis and the light shelf angle control axis through the modularization of the reflector surface which is less affected by the external environment. The results of the performance evaluation showed that the movable light shelf that employs the Location-Awareness technology can reduce the energy consumption for lighting by 98.3% compared to the fixed light shelf and by 97.3% compared to the movable light shelf without Location-Awareness.

Dynamic Selection of Candidate Device for the Seamless Service Using User Location Prediction (세션 모빌리티를 위한 사용자 위치 예측 통한 동적 후보 장치 선택)

  • Jung, E.-Gun;Lee, Seung-Hoon;Kim, Sang-Wook
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.510-516
    • /
    • 2008
  • In ubiquitous environment, there are no limits to utilize networks whenever and wherever you are. That pervasive networks are combined with the information devices and then create various services such as car navigation of LBS(location based service) and DMB(Digital Multimedia Broadcasting). As these kinds of services are getting more various, the complexity is also getting higher and ultimately the convergence will make people feel frustrated. One of the solutions is Context-Awareness[1] technology. User interface with context-awareness filters unnecessary information and prevents users from being blocked due to the massive information. In this paper, we describe the seamless service system based on location-awareness, which is a type of context-awareness. We developed the system based on UPnP AV Framework. This system provides the automatic terminal device selection for the nomadic user. The system establishes new connections for the ongoing streaming playback session with the new AV devices without substantial loss of playback so that the user can enjoy the seamless service. The AV device selection based on the user's location needs no user's intervention or notification so it achieves the improvement of usability and complexity.

  • PDF