• Title, Summary, Keyword: Local agenda 21

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A Study on the Efficient Management Plan of the Local Agenda21 (지방의제21의 효율적 운영방안에 관한 연구)

  • 정응호
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.375-382
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    • 2003
  • The Local Agenda21 is an action program of local dimension to realize of sustainable development. The citizen participation is prime issues and very important f3r successful practice of the Local Agenda21. The purpose of this research is to analyze the citizen participation problem and to suggest the improvement plan at the advanced course of the Local Agenda21. The research results are as follows; 1. The recognize of citizen about the Local Agenda21 is very low. Namely, the citizen of about 50% answered not to know about the Local Agenda21, 2. However, citizens showed the participation opinion to be very active by simple explanation about the Local Agenda21. 3. Also, citizens showed the result to be very affirmative in the environment problem consciousness investigation. Namely, citizens were recognizing the environment problem as the problem of the society synergic.

Local Agenda Actural Condition and Direction of Architecture (건축분야의 지방의제 현황과 방향)

  • Ahn, Tae-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2003
  • Local Agenda 21 insists Local National role for earth environmental preservation. It is effect in earth environment important code that each local government promotos Local Agenda 21. Local agenda requires changes in lifestyle from everyone, such as limiting use of energy.Local agenda is difficult to define. But the goal of agenda development can guide furure policy. In this study, investigated local agenda actural condition and housing present condition, energy consumption. It is analyzed practice item of city and architecture local agenda. It is also proposed data of architecture and presented direction of architecture local agenda.

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Development of the Evaluation Model for the Quantitative Analysis of Local Agenda 21 (지방의제 21의 정량적 분석을 위한 평가모델의 개발)

  • Woo, Hyung-Taek
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.1205-1220
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to develop the evaluation model which can analyse local agenda 21 comprehensively and systematically from the making process to the designed contents. The evaluation model was devised through the theoretical review of local agenda 21 and designing the evaluation system composed of evaluation domains, related indicators and scales. The evaluation system was carefully constructed based on planning theories and the discussion and agreement of specialists regarding local agenda 21. This model has three evaluation domains of process, content, and evaluation of implementation with different weighting values. Each domain contains large indicators, medium indicators and small indicators. Each indicator has different weighting value according to its importance. Basically, each small indicator was scored by 3 or 5 point scale. This evaluation system can not only analyse local agenda 21 quantitatively, but also find out good points, problems, and limits of various phases of planning and implementing local agenda 21.

Analysis and Evaluation of Local Agenda 21 of Daegu City (대구광역시 지방의제 21의 분석과 평가)

  • Song, Mun-Kon;Woo, Hyung-Taek
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.129-142
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    • 2007
  • The main purpose of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the local agenda 21 of Daegu City based on the evaluation model and propose important measures to solve its problems and improve the limitations. As a whole, the evaluation result of the local agenda 21 of Daegu City showed very low score, only 151 points out of 500 points and revealed it was below the level in all three domains of making process, designed content, and evaluation of implementation. The making process got only score below the half in all large indicators of under-standing, driving, and rationality. This unsystematic and irrational process inevitably resulted in ambiguous and proclamatory content mainly expressing willingness to do. This fact means that the local agenda 21 of Daegu City has not served as the comprehensive local environmental plan containing visions, policies, ends and means. It did not suggest evaluation system and institutionalization of evaluation. These results of evaluation suggested that the existing local agenda 21 of Daegu City was neither useful nor effective and thus the totally new local agenda 21 should be prepared. Finally, important measures in making process, designed content and evaluation of implementation were proposed for the remaking.

A Study on the Development School Agenda 21 to Activate Environmental Education (학교 환경교육을 활성화시키기 위한 학교의제 21 개발 연구)

  • Park, Ha-Na;Nam, Young-Sook
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to develop School Agenda 21 to activate environmental education at schools. In detail, this study is intended to develop operating procedures, major issue areas or domains, and instructions on the preparation for School Agenda 21. School Agenda 21 means the action plan which students, teachers, parents, and other concerned parties (including office of education, local municipal bodies, and NGOs) write under agreement with respect to their respective roles in order to activate environmental educations oriented toward sustainable development. The results of this study are as follow. First, the operating procedures for School Agenda 21 consist of seven steps; organization, diagnosis of problems, setup of targets or objectives, development of codes of behavior, system establishment, practices and reviews, and evaluation and feedbacks. Second, major issue areas for School Agenda 21 are classified into six; school management, class operation, independent subject activity, separate subject activity, non-subject activity, and external relations of school. Third, instructions of the preparation of School Agenda 21 address these 10 concepts; balance, unification, continuity, daily routine, linkage, environmental justice, participation, peculiarity of schools and classes, regional peculiarity, and concreteness, which consider 7 principles for environmental education, levels of learners, regional features, and concreteness. School Agenda 21 developed from this study converts existing environmental education toward sustainable development environmental education, and developed for the purpose to activate school environmental education, but ultimate purpose of this study are realizing sustainable society, sustainable future to realize education for sustainable development. So School Agenda 21 is expected to important performance way making possible Local Agenda 21, National Agenda 21, Agenda 21 as if education, public recognition and discipline contents of the 36 chapter of Agenda 21.

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Issues in the Concepts and Approaches of Sustainable Community Development (지속가능한 지역사회개발의 개념과 접근과제)

  • Ko, Soon-Chul
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.147-160
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    • 2002
  • Although the philosophy of sustainable community development does not give the cure-all solutions for the major problems faced in the communities, it is theoretically and practically recognized as a newly emerging paradigm toward community development theoretically and practically. However, more specific tasks and issues of sustainable community development remain unchallenged and descriptive statements. The main objective of this study was to find out the extensive community development practices through the review of current works in the area of sustainable community development indicator, local agenda 21 and the relative issues. The recommendations of this study were the following; 1) The sustainable community development indicators available in the community level should be selected. Also, how to integrate the objective condition and subjective perception in community development practices, and how to weigh the indicator item should be solved in order to compare and measure the implementation of community development works. 2) In relation to local agenda 21, how to secure the implementation mechanism is more important than the developing the local agenda 21. 3) The policies aimed to raise the resident's awareness, formation of community field, create community social capitals, and define strategies to the selective community development programs should be considered to make the philosophy of sustainable community development active in the field level.

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Devices for Greening and Conservation of Small City in Korea - Focused on Implementation of 'Local Agenda 21'- (우리나라 중소도시의 녹지보전과 녹화추진 방안 - "지방의제 21' 실천을 중심으로 -)

  • 박미호;이명우
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.23-38
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this paper is to propose directions for urban greening and nature conservation in small-to-medium-sized cities in Korea for implementation of the Local Agenda 21 (LA 21 hereafter). In this paper, the status of implementation of the LA 21 in both Korea and Japan have been examined. In addition, the green-related plans of both countries have been compared. The cities of Jeonju and Sagamihara were chosen as examples to compare. The result of the research is as follows: 1)With regard to the responsible bodies, in Korea, the implementing plans were initiated by the environment-related authorities of local governments while, in Japan, the plans of action were initiated through consultative committees reflecting opinions from citizens and business entities. 2)Concerning the status of implementation of LA 21, the city of Jeonju has adopted a plan of action and then implemented the plan through a consultative body without adequate legal ground. On the other hand, the city of Sagamihara has enacted a local ordinance to implement the LA 21 It was learned that the newly enacted ordinance has positively been interrelated to existing environmental plans. 3)Regarding urban greening and nature conservation plans, the city of Jeonju has focused on comprehensive measures to preserve and restore ecology while the city of Sagamihara has clearly suggested educational purposes in its plans in addition to preserving and restoring ecology. 4)In terms of support by law or legal system concerned, it has been teamed that, compared with Japan, Korean plans have not been properly supported by law or the legal system to urban greening and nature conservation plans. The same was shown in the city of Jeonju as compared with the city of Sagamihara. As for future directions, the follow are proposed: 1) establishment of a local Committee on Sustainable Development, 2) enactment of relevant and regulations such as the Master Plan of Parks and Green Open paces, 3) establishment of ecological greening plans.

Analysis for Environmental Consciousness on Conservation Planning Considering the Regional Characteristic -The Case of Daegu City- (지역특성을 고려한 환경보전계획수립을 위한 시민환경의식 분석)

  • Ryu, Ji-Won;Jung, Eung-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.23 no.12
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    • pp.2071-2082
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    • 2014
  • In this study, the environmental consciousness of Daegu citizen on conservation planning considering the regional characteristics was investigated. Data were collected throughout a survey and 1400 people were selected using a stratified sampling method based on populations of Daegu administration district. Results wee followings; First, the levels of environmental consciousness were different dependent on districts' characteristics. Second, poor awareness on Daegu Agenda 21 (Clear and Green Daegu 21) were shown. Daegu Agenda 21 is the action plan for the sustainable environmental conservation activities of the City of Daegu. Third, waste was the most serious environmental problems of Daegu, air quality was second worst, and third was river water quality from the survey, but differentiated awareness was shown dependent on regional spatial factors and pollution emission factors. Last, a public environmental education was the most important issue to make invigorations and progress for future environmental policy.

Study on the Values for Urban Green Space in terms of University Students -The Case of Talsong Park in Taegu- (대학생집단의 도시 공원녹지에 대한 의식에 관한 연구 -대구시 달성공원을 중심으로-)

  • 김수봉;김정배
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.883-888
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    • 1998
  • The aim of this paper is to suggest basic guidelines for the urban park development policy in Taegu. This research is mainly based on university students' essay on <private inquiry of urban park in Taegu>. Talsong Park, the most popular site for the students' essay, was selected for the purpose of the study. The research focused on the general images of the park, negative images of the park and aspirations and demands for the park in relation with Talsong Park redevelopment policy. The research of this result suggested that the renovation of Talsong Park from zoo-oriented park to the historic & cultural park status. The other main suggestion was consideration of public participation from the planning stage for the betterment of park management. In addition, the importance of environmental education for the local people was stressed in order to enhance public awareness of environment for the solution of our common environmental problems in relation with Local Agenda 21.

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Localizing Agenda 21 Program in Vietnam and Its Implementations in Local Government (베트남의 지역 아젠다 21과 그 실행에 대한 분석 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Don
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.503-508
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    • 2012
  • 베트남은 1991년 이래로 지속가능한 개발을 국가계획에 반영하여 온 최초의 몇 안 되는 실행국가이다. 2004년 4월에는 베트남의 수상이 베트남 아젠다 21의 지속가능성과 연계한 전략적 접근에 대한 결정을 문서화하고 있다. 아젠다 21의 제28장에서 언급된 바와 같이 지역 자치단체장은 지역 아젠다 21을 실행하기 위한 과정에 참여하고 있으며 이는 지역사회, 지역의 정책 및 프로그램이 국가계획과 연계되어야 하며 지역의 단체들은 이 부분에 준비 및 참여를 수행하였다. 본 논문은 이러한 국가 계획하에 아젠다 21을 수행한 2개의 지방자치단체에 대한 참여프로그램 분석을 수행한 연구이다. 랑손시의 대중위생관리 및 미칸마을의 녹색성장에 대한 참여프로그램을 분석하였다.