• Title, Summary, Keyword: Local Cultural Heritage

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A Study on the Training Plan of Local Culture Promotion Personnel through the Migrant Women in Uljin-gun

  • Koo, Ja-Bong
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.186-198
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    • 2019
  • The means to train plan of local culture promotion personnel through the migrant women refers to the knowledge education of local cultural personnel through the accurate recognition of Korean culture and local culture and related information to foreign immigrants and workers in each region of the country. Through education courses in four areas, such as international manners, local promotion education, cultural heritage, and experience learning, the immigrant women will present a leading direction in which they can expect to play a role as experts in regional culture and public relations through the mother country's language.

A Study of the Historical Significance of Reclamation and How to Preserve and Utilize Reclamation of Cultural Heritage -Focusing on modern and contemporary reclamation sites in the Saemangeum area- (간척의 역사적 의미와 간척문화유산의 보존·활용 방안 연구 - 새만금 지역 근·현대 간척 시설을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Minseok
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.110-139
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    • 2020
  • Reclamation is the act of creating new lands by constructing dikes in offshore tidal flats to utilize them for various purposes, including the establishment of farmland to secure food for an increasing population. Based on the fact that reclamation has resulted in drastic changes in the environmental, economic, social, and cultural aspects of land expansion and development, population movement, and the formation of cities since ancient times, I reviewed the value of reclamation sites and addressed the issue of how to preserve and utilize them. "Reclamation culture" refers collectively to the recognition and concept system, behavior styles, and cultural products created by changes in the environment, and the tangible, intangible, and natural heritage generated directly and indirectly by reclamation is defined as "reclamation cultural heritage". It shows that the historical background of reclamation accords with prevailing trends, and that the reclamation sites possess cultural heritage value due to their historical, academic, and scarce characteristics. Numerous reclamation cultural heritage sites at the Gwangwhal and Gyehwa dikes are on the verge of being destroyed, with their original function having ended after the construction of Saemangeum Sea Wall. I propose measures to preserve these under the principle that utilization is based on the basic premise of conservation. First of all, modern and contemporary reclamation sites must necessarily be designated and managed as registered cultural properties, local cultural heritage, future heritage, and agricultural heritage. In particular, as it has been confirmed that reclamation sites created after the Goryeo and Joseon dynasties and the 1950s have not been designated as cultural heritage sites. It is necessary to review the characteristics and values of such reclamation sites through a full survey of national reclamation data. Effective and sustainable utilization of reclamation cultural heritage, which has not been acknowledged in the past due to its close relationship with our lives, is necessary to search for hidden stories found within that heritage, to organize governance for the efficient use of reclamation resources, and to build a museum to collect and display the history and culture of the reclaimed areas. Finally, through links with countries with experience in reclamation, we will be able to cope jointly with international issues such as those pertaining to society, culture, and environment, and would be able to implement various projects to further the advancement of human beings.

Usage and Management according to Visitor Characteristics of Natural Monument Marsh Plants of Daesong-ri, Haman (천연기념물 함안 대송리 늪지식물의 방문객 특성에 따른 활용 및 관리방안)

  • Lee, Nara;Won, Son-Ji;Shin, Jin-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.578-585
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    • 2017
  • This study was intended to analyze the visitors' awareness of the cultural asset value of Marsh Plants of Daesong-ri, Haman (Natural Monument 346) as well as the requirement for use and management of the only marsh designated as a National Monument in order to provide the implication for future management. The result of the analysis showed that the public awareness and the awareness level of the natural monuments were low and that the motivations for visiting were the experience and education of nature, rest and leisure, and experience of the cultural heritage, in that order. The analysis of motivation for visiting according to the awareness level showed that the group with a high awareness level of the Marsh Plants or the group that thought highly of its cultural asset value tended to visit it more for the experience of nature or the experience of the cultural heritage than for simple resting. For usage, the visitors required the basic amenities such as guide board and the more active promotion. They also preferred the discovery of traditional resources using the marsh plants and the experience of nature. Both local residents and outside visitors pointed out the lack of systematic management policy and lack of communication with local residents as the main problems. They recognized that the policy that balanced the preservation and usage through the cooperation of various stakeholder including local residents must be established and applied in the field to ensure proper management.

Explanations of the Revised Protection of Cultural Properties Act (개정 문화재보호법 해설 -'99년 1월 ~ 2001년 9월 기간 개정사항-)

  • Cho, hyon-jung
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.34
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    • pp.222-267
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this document is to explain the revisions of the Protection of Cultural Properties Act and its sub-laws which have been mad from Jan. 1999 to Sep. 2001. The Protection of Cultural Properties Act and its sub-laws have been revised three times from 1999 to 2001, before and after the Office of Cultural Properties was raised to Cultural Properties Administration on May 24, 1999. The main points of the revisions are as follows. First of all, the role of the local autonomous entities has been increased. The governor of the local autonomous entities is entitled to announce administrative orders related to the preservation of State-designated Cultural Properties. Also, the local autonomous entities has the authorities to examine whether the construction work which will be made in the outer boundaries, which is provided by regulations, of the protected area of the cultural properties might have any effect on preservation of cultural properties or not. Second, preventive actions to protect the cultural properties have been strengthened. If the scale of construction work is more than some scale, the preliminary survey of the surface of the earth to confirm the existence of buried cultural properties and their distribution is obligated. One who is promoting the development plan more than some scale must discuss the plan with the Administrator of Cultural Properties Administration in the process of planning. These actions would be effective to prevent the cultural properties from being damaged because of the development. Third, relaxation of the restrictions has been proceeded. On the basis of regulations which specify the actions to affect the preservation of cultural properties, negative system that does not limit the actions which are not specified in the regulations is introduced. The appropriateness of both protected structure and area should be regularly reviewed and adjusted. Also, most of the restrictions which was made only for administrative convenience and over-regulated the people's living have been revised. Finally, the number of cultural properties to be protected has been increased. Besides the State-designated Cultural Properties, the other cultural properties which are worthy to be protected as City-or-Province-designated Cultural Properties can be designated provisionally and protected. The system of registration and maintenance of the buildings and facilities which are not designated as the Modern Cultural Heritages is established. The penalty for damaging and stealing the cultural Properties which are not designated to be protected was strengthened. Even a dead natural monument can be acknowledged as an natural monument and it is limited to make a specimen or stuffing of the dead natural monument. All of these actions are fit to the high level of understanding of the public about the cultural properties and as the result of these actions, the number of cultural properties to be preserved has been increased. To sum up, the directions of revisions of the Protection of Cultural Properties Act and its sub­laws which have been made from Jan. 1999 to Sep. 2001. are the localization of the protection of the cultural properties, the strengthening of protective actions, the relaxation of various regulations and the increasing of the number fo the protected cultural properties. Also, various problems raised in the processes of implementations of the laws have been reviewed and revised.

A Study on Improving Operating System of an Intangible Cultural Heritage by an Ecological Perspective (생태계적 방식에 의한 무형문화유산 체계 연구 - 자생력 강화방안을 중심으로 -)

  • Oh, Jung-Shim
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.30-45
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that transmissions of an intangible cultural heritage in Korea may be cut off because it is separated from human and social environment and protected and managed under the national system. In addition, another purpose is to criticize concept and method dichotomy in the current institution from an ecological perspective and consider the problem that the intangible cultural heritages are transmitted mainly by holders having skills and accomplishments by distinguishing them from others. Furthermore, the last purpose is to suggest a direction of policy emphasizing an importance of establishment of environment which allows nurture, change and development of local people, which may ensure continuous transmission in order to solve the problem and a transmission system of the intangible cultural heritage by using a principle in which the system is operated by self-recovery and natural rule of the ecology. The findings of this study show that seven problems can be analyzed by reviewing concept establishment and protection and transmission measure of intangible cultural heritages according to the Cultural Properties Protection Law, based on the ecological perspective. The protection and transmission methods of the intangible cultural heritage through the cultural heritage ecology are suggested by applying ecological theory to it. The intangible cultural heritage ecology defined in this paper means 'a sustainable community consisting of intangible cultural heritage, subject of activity and physical environment.' Since it is operated according to the principle reflecting the rules and features of natural ecology, it can keep system through self-recovery without an external intervention, as the case of natural ecology.

Material Characteristics and Clay Source Interpretation of Crucibles in Baekje Kingdom Excavated from the Ssangbukri Site in Buyeo, Korea (부여 쌍북리 유적 출토 백제 도가니의 재료학적 특성과 원료의 산지해석)

  • Kim, Ji-Young;Park, Jin-Young;Park, Dae-Sun;Lee, Chan-Hee
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2010
  • The crucibles of Baekje Kingdom from the Ssangbukri Site which were used for glass and metal melting had light brown, grayish blue and grayish brown colored bodies. In thin section, the crucibles contained numerous quartz grains and pottery fragments. The surface was covered with fine grained quartz for thermal resistance. Based on decomposition of mica group minerals and formation of mullite detected by X-ray diffraction analysis, it was inferred that all crucibles have been fired over $1,000^{\circ}C$. It was also found that firing temperature has exceeded $1,100^{\circ}C$ in some crucibles because feldspar was not detected. The maximum temperature was assumed at $1,200^{\circ}C$. The magnetic susceptibility values and geochemical characteristics sorted out the crucibles into two groups that differed from the characteristics of the local soils. This reflected geological setting of the site where the alluvium was formed from two kinds of surrounding rock masses, granite gneiss and biotite granite. However, the local soils had similarities with the crucibles in weathering degree and geochemical behavior of major elements. In consequence, it was considered that the raw clay of the crucibles was supplied from the local area of the site.

A Study on the Conservation and culturalization of Archaeological Heritage - On the emphasis of ordering better legitimacy and management system - (고고 유산의 보호 원리와 보존 활용 방안에 대하여 - 법(法)과 제도의 비교 고찰을 중심으로 -)

  • Jang, Ho-su
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.40
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    • pp.5-34
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    • 2007
  • Archaeological Heritage is material testimony of national and regional history, and it is one of the tourist's attractions. So it has very important meaning and identical value for a local residents. Public concern on the heritage site elevate higher day by day. They are willing to use it for a multiful purpose, cultural, educational, and even commercial one. But Archaeological Heritage is fragile, and visitors can impact negatively for protection and management of the authenticity on the heritage site. In this research I try to compare legal and administrative measure for the protection, management, and culturalization of Archaeological Heritage in many countries. And I suppose sustainable and practical strategies for keeping integrity of heritage.

A Study on the Improvement of Optimum Cost Estimation of Cultural Property Utilization Business by Case Study (사례분석을 통한 문화재 활용사업의 적정대가기준 수립에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Mi;Oh, Se-Wook;Ahn, Bang-Ryul;Park, Hee-Taek
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.119-131
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    • 2017
  • The recent cultural properties utilization projects by the Cultural Heritage Administration have no rational standards to pay reasonable prices to stakeholders participating in budget compilation or projects. Therefore, there are frequent conflicts when calculating budgets between the Cultural Heritage Administration supervising projects and local governments or private organizations. Especially, as the items or detailed standard of budget compilation from planning to completion of projects are unclear, it is hard to stably operate projects, and eventually, they are no more than one-shot events without being developed into long-term projects. Thus, this study analyzes the overall operational status, systems, and problems of current cultural properties utilization projects. A national-level budget compilation standard system is then suggested, for the stable operation of cultural properties utilization projects. In addition, this study benchmarks the items and detailed standard of budget compilation used in similar areas, and also puts together actual cases.

The Intended Curriculum and Cultural Traditions - A Comparative Case Study of Berlin and Hong Kong

  • Lui, Ka Wai;Leung, Frederick Koon Shing
    • Research in Mathematical Education
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.209-228
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    • 2011
  • Many studies such as Pepin (1999a; 1999b), Kaiser (2002), and Park & Leung (2006) revealed that there is a strong dependence of mathematics teaching on cultural traditions in different countries. This study was set up as a detailed comparison between the intended curricula in Berlin and Hong Kong to explore how cultural tradition influenced the intended curriculum. In this study, the intended curriculum is what the (local, state or national) curriculum developers stipulate in the official documents. The German educational system is influenced by the curriculum tradition called Didaktik. Didaktik is a tradition about teaching and learning. Since 16th century, Didaktik has been the most important tool for planning, enacting, and thinking about teaching in most of northern and central Europe (Westbury, 1998). On the other hand, the education system in Hong Kong is influenced by both the Anglo-Saxon curriculum tradition and the Confucian heritage culture (CHC). It was found in this study that, although many studies revealed that there is a strong dependence on cultural traditions of mathematics teaching in different countries, other factors such as social factors or the education system also played an important part in shaping the intended mathematics curriculum. So a simplistic view of dependence of the curriculum on cultural traditions is not warranted. The formation of the curriculum is a much more complicated process encompassing various factors including needs of society, advancement of technology, and government policies at different levels.

The Development of Textile Design by Using Prototype of Hwasun Unjusa (화순 운주사의 문화원형을 활용한 텍스타일 디자인개발)

  • Jung, Hyung-Ho;Bae, Soo-Jeong
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.100-114
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    • 2009
  • In Honam province, the cultural prototype are largely unknown to the people, also the research on this subject are scarce, the artistic excellence, somewhat under evaluated, both in our country and internationally. It is imperative that we develop the modern design using this prototype. thereby apply it to many areas of cultural products. We should extend the dimension not only to the local festival but also to the mass production resulting in the commercial gains. The Unjusa Buddha festival for promoting the public relation would be greatly benefited by using the concept of the temple, the local prototype, by which we expect to create a ingenious textile design pattern, coinciding with the main purpose of this study. The ancient material around Unjusa come to be the subject of our textile design by way of selecting the most remarkable ones of heritage among the materials of Unjusa. In the long run, the harmonious contrast of both traditional and modern image were sought in this study. Designed patterns were edited using Adobe Photoshop CS3, a multi-purpose graphic program and were simulated in the towel for visual presentation. The design is of two kinds, the one is of the free style using combinations of reclining Buddha, stone Buddha, stone pagoda, and geometric patterns freely not to be standardized. The other one is mixing of lotus pattern, reclining Buddha, and geometric patterns. These designs were applied delicately on the towel, necktie and handkerchief, and the various colors were suggested by the 6 color ways. The brilliance of our traditional cultural property should be noted by these designs and I hope that this study would be a help to develop our cultural prototype and make a product of using the outstanding heritage.