• Title, Summary, Keyword: Local Cultural Heritage

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A Study on the Design of Theme park-style Museum Considering Characteristics of Local Culture (문화유산을 활용한 테마파크형박물관에 관한 연구)

  • Park, So La;Woo, Sung Ho
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2013
  • The number of visitors to historic sites and museums in Korea has been on a rapid decrease and in order to search for creative ways to work on the problem, the study proposed a theme park-typed museum with cultural heritage applied and reviewed spatial strategies for such theme park-typed museums. Applied methods of research of this study are as follows. First, in order to understand definitions and current situations of cultural heritage use and theme park-typed museums, the study went thoroughly over all sorts of literature and reports as well as findings of advance researches on how to make a use of cultural heritage. Based on the results of the investigations, the study determined characteristics of the theme park-typed museums with cultural heritage applied which the study was proposing and the characteristics were categorized by type. Considering those characteristics and types gained in the study, the study looked for cultural heritage-based theme parks and museums in the world which were good enough to be used as research subjects in the study from the aspects of profitability and level of awareness. The study examined those theme parks and museums in the world and in the end, it found out ways to adopt the findings to the situations in Korea and discussed expecting effects as well. As to the characteristics of the theme park-typed museums with cultural heritage applied, the study divided those characteristics into mutual cooperation, location, communicability, authenticity, maintainability, education, durability, narrativity, undailiness, interactivity and leisure. The types were categorized into ride, environment direction, cartoon character and souvenir by attraction pattern. When cultural heritage is used actively, it would improve competitiveness of historic cultural sites and museums in return, making people realize the iterative structure of excavation, conservation, maintenance and use of cultural heritage. That would create many kinds of added values, re-discovering culture of the country. At the same time, it would also create a new value of culture as well. Now, it is important for us to do harder with researches on how to evolve museums and exhibition spaces. Considering that, the study is believed to make a contribution to revival of historic sites and museums in Korea but also establishment of scientific strategies.

Investigation on Potential Value for Maritime Cultural Heritage, Historical and Petrographic Characteristics of the Seosan Black Submerged Rocks (Geomenyeo) in Korea (서산 검은여의 역사적 및 암석기재적 특징과 해양유산적 잠재가치 검토)

  • Park, Jun Hyoung;Lee, Chan Hee
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.131-144
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    • 2019
  • The Seosan Geomenyeo(black submerged rocks), once located at the Cheonsuman bay of Buseokmyeon in Seosan, Korea, is a reef rock now exposed on the land surface. The Geomenyeo can also be found in the ancient geographic maps around the area. The local geographic names, like Buseok and Buseoksa temple are derived from the Geomenyeo. It is composed of ultramafic rocks complex and intrusive felsic igneous rocks. These rocks show diverse facies with various petrographic characteristics caused by geological processes such as intrusion and alteration. Ultramafic rocks complex can be roughly categorized as coarse grained ultramafic rocks and medium grained mafic rocks. Both cases are composed of pyroxene and amphibole, showing the general rock facies of pyroxenite, diabase and lamprophyre. Felsic igneous rocks includes pinkish medium grained granite, porphyritic amphibole granite and aplite with varied mineral compositions. The Geomenyeo is the only ultramafic rocks complex in the Cheonsuman Bay; moreover, it has a distinctive geological and scenic value, as well as a symbolic property. In order to preserve the Geomenyeo, it is necessary to investigate and promote it as a designated heritage site through academic studies, and compensate for the convenience and protection facilities. Additionally, the Geomenyeo should be evaluated as a maritime heritage site, due to the unique local culture as it succeeds the recognition of forefathers which regarded it as a local scenic site with significance.

A Study on Development of the Metadata Schema for Traditional Architecture Based on FRBR (FRBR기반의 전통건축물 메타데이터 스키마개발에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Youn-Yong;Kang, Eun-Bi;Lee, Jae-Na;Kim, Yong
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.29-57
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    • 2014
  • As one of various cultural heritages created by humanity, traditional architectures are an archival heritage and cultural heritage reflecting social trends and historical facts. These traditional architectures show various features depending on characteristics by local areas and climatic conditions. They can be expressed in diverse formats such as a picture, a floor plan, and a book. For managing and retrieving traditional architecture records, it is necessary to develop metadata schema based on the FRBR model. Accordingly, this study analyzes the current situation and the problem of domestic and foreign metadata schema related to cultural heritage, and proposes the FRBR-based metadata schema for managing the traditional architecture.

A Case Study for the Reorganization of the Standard of Government Function Classification (BRM): Focusing on the 'Cultural Heritage' Policy Area (정부기능분류체계(BRM)의 재정비를 위한 사례연구 - '문화재' 정책영역을 중심으로 -)

  • Nam, Seo-jin;Yim, Jin-hee
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.129-163
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated the administrative history, from the introduction of the "Standard of Government Function Classification" (BRM) to its development and application. Through the results of the survey, the causes of the problems observed in the current government's functional classification system were revealed. The current survey examined the functional classification scheme of the central government and local governments on the "cultural heritage" policy area (9 major functions, 59 middle functions, 297 small functions, and 1,287 unit tasks). It confirmed the problem of the separation of functions between central and local governments as well as other problems. Among the problems, this study proposed an improvement model through four representative cases such as the "designation of cultural heritage." In order to reorganize the "Standard of Government Function Classification," it is necessary to design a business function with the reproduction of tasks, establish a system for management and operation in order to maintain the consistency of the business function, educate users, and suggest continuous improvement.

Study on of cultural heritages through the case of Le Havre, France (프랑스 르아브르(Le Havre)시의 사례를 통해 살펴본 문화유산의 활용에 관한 연구)

  • CHO, Hyo Dan
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.30-47
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we introduce the French concept of 'valorisation' of heritage which corresponds to 'utilization(활용)' of heritage in Korea. As interests on the social, economic and identity values of heritage are increasing, it is considered as not only a target of protection and preservation but also an object of utilization. Even though this global transition has been formed quickly, the concepts regarding utilisation of heritage has not been academically founded and its related foreign terms or cases were not studied in depth. In particular, modern cultural heritage requires more attention and researches on the protection and utilization as it represents a relatively large range of utilization but it doesn't have strong protection policies. We justify the needs to introduce the concept 'valorisation' in Korea while analyzing Le Havre case that shows how to promote economic and social values of heritage as well as heritage values from 'local' to 'country' and to 'world'. This case was selected as it allows to identify the meaning of valorisation and heritagization process from modernly rebuilt areas after World War II to World Heritage Site.

A study on World Heritage conservation policies through the case of the Dresden Elbe Valley (드레스덴 엘베계곡의 사례로 본 세계유산 보존 정책)

  • Jo, Eugene
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.96-109
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    • 2015
  • The Dresden Elbe Valley of Germany was delisted from the World Heritage List after a long dispute amongst the city of Dresden, UNESCO and the World Heritage Committee upon a plan to build a four-lane bridge within the boundaries of the property. The plan was claimed to threaten the Outstanding Universal Value of the heritage embedded in the view of the river landscape. However looking back on the necessity of the bridge in order to maintain the city dynamics and the needs of the local population, it is possible to diagnose that plans for the bridge had a rather different nature from the usual urban 'development' plans appearing in the vicinity of other World Heritage properties. This article examines the process that led to the delisting of the Elbe Valley from the World Heritage List and assesses the problems arising between the entities which determine the value of the heritage and the entities that implement conservation measures. Recognizing the necessity of involving the local residents, this article stresses the importance of the role of communities in heritage conservation. It is also important to set up dependable directions for establishing conservation policies which takes into account the changing dynamics of the living environment, and sound methods for assessing the impact of future projects on the heritage.

The French Evolution of Protection-Management Systems for Historic Monuments and Their Surroundings over One-Hundred Years: 1913-2016 (프랑스 역사기념물과 그 주변 보호·관리제도의 진화: 1913~2016)

  • Lee, Sujin;Ryu, Je-hun
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.94-111
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to examine the evolutionary process of the protection-management system for historic monuments and their surroundings in France over one-hundred years. Because France and Korea shared policies and institutions regarding the management of historical monuments (cultural property) along with their surroundings, it is necessary to explore the French experience from a comparative perspective. In France, historical monuments began to be recognized as national heritage according to "the 1913 law" which has continued to evolve for more than one hundred years. In the beginning, a historical monument was preserved as a single building unit; however, since 1943, a new policy has been implemented to preserve sets of historical monuments along with their perimeters of protection zones. Moreover, since 1980, in the context of decentralization, local authorities have been given more roles and autonomy concerning the management of historic monuments and their surroundings. Local authorities have played a key role in the protection-management of historic monuments and their surroundings, and have become more active in the conservation of their architectural heritage, including historic monuments. The central government, however, remains as the headquarters whose rigorous policies provide a solid foundation for the decentralized management system of architectural and cultural heritage, including historic monuments. The final goal in the evolutionary process, then, targets the effective and harmonious integration of the protection-management system for historic monuments and their surroundings into urban and regional planning.

Improvement of cultural heritage disaster management - The Case of Sungnyemun's Collapse in Fire - (문화재 재난관리의 필요성과 발전방향 - 숭례문 화재사고사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Han, Beum-Deuk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.10
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    • pp.189-197
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    • 2008
  • The present study purposed to assert the necessity of cultural property disaster control through analyzing the fire of the Sungnyemun and to suggest directions for the development of cultural property disaster control in the future. For these purposes, we reviewed literature such as research papers and books on cultural property disaster control, and presented problems in current cultural property disaster control and solutions for the problems through case study of the fire of the Sungnyemun. In a word, the fire of the Sungnyemun is a representative case showing difficulty in disaster prevention activities for wooden cultural properties. Accordingly, we need to recognize the necessity of cultural property disaster control and to prepare measures. For this, first, it is essential to reinforce preventive systems against cultural property disasters. Second, early actions should be taken in consideration of the characteristics of each cultural property. Third, for cultural property disaster control, it is important to maintain cooperative relations among the Cultural Properties Administration, National Emergency Management Agency, and relevant local self.governing bodies. Lastly, standards for cultural property fire protection systems should be tightened by improving related laws, and institutional bases should be intensified through preparing grounds for aggravated punishment for crimes against cultural properties such as arsons.

Significance of "Pre-Study Post-Designation" Strategy in Natural Monument Designation System: With Special Reference to Geologic Heritage

  • Kong, Dal-Yong;Lee, Seong-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.324-332
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    • 2014
  • Many problems in naming natural monuments have been repeatedly argued by many researchers, and four different types of naming problems were identified: 1) name of unknown nationality (natural monument no. 82 and 108), 2) morphological name rather than scientific name (natural monument no. 180, 295, and 409), 3) name of fable character (local cultural property of Changnyeonggun), and 4) scientifically wrong name (natural monument no. 413). Among them, two cases (case 3 and 4) using wrong names are found in natural monument of geologic heritages, which should be ascribable to a hasty designation without an accurate and thorough scientific research. In order to solve these problems and to establish an ideal policy in designating natural monument, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage has been carrying out a research project of "Pre-study and Post-designation (PSPD)", especially targeting the rod-shaped stromatolite. It is likely that this new strategy of PSPD is a unique and the first step to solve many problems in designating and naming geologic heritages as natural monuments. As a consequence, we strongly suggest that PSPD system must be applied to natural monument designation as an institutional arrangement.

Preliminary Study on Defining and Assessing Heritage Values for Establishing Conservation Principles (문화유산 보존원칙 수립을 위한 가치의 정의 및 방법론에 대한 시론적 연구)

  • Lee, Su Jeong
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.154-171
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    • 2011
  • Assessing values in establishing conservation principles has been at the heart of discussions for the last twenty years since conservation has been recognised as a social process to include various kinds of stakeholders for making a rational decision rather than a single scientific activity by a small group of experts. Such perception makes values attributed to cultural heritage important in deciding the reason why, the way how to, and the thing what to conserve making value assessment become crucial theme to understand and developing value-based conservation process. However heritage values, the way of assessing them, and establishing value-based conservation principles have been less studied in Korea. This thesis aims to initiate studies of heritage values and encourage discussion for setting out value-based conservation principles. It has three main chapters: 1. to analytically review previous studies on value assessment to redelineate various kinds of values which can be attributed to Korean cultural heritage; 2. to examine affecting factors in assessing values and significance, which are authenticity and historical and cultural dimension of value assessment; 3. to develop a process to establish value-based conservation principles. This study left several areas to be developed in future studies: 1. deeper understanding of various kinds of values from local perspective taking actual cases; 2. addressing problems in compromising conflicting values and providing solution to conserve all attributed values withing devaluing certain aspects of values; 3. providing guidance for practicing value - based decision - making process and setting out regular training opportunities for heritage - related professionals.