• Title, Summary, Keyword: Literture Review

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A Validity Study of an Instrument for Children's Stress Coping Behavior (한국 아동의 스트레스 대처행동 척도의 개발)

  • 윤종희
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.95-106
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument which measures children's stress coping behaviors. The first 89 items were selected based on a literture review and a pilot study of 129 children with open questions. The final 75 items were selected using the data from subjects of 500 4th-5th and 6th grade children living in Seoul. The main study was conducted on March 5-10 1997. The data were analysis by frequencies percentages factor analysis and Cronbach's a. The resulting nine catagorical factors of 75 items in strument for children's stress coping behaviors were as fallows: positive revaluation of the situation emotional aggression problem-facing behavior information search for problem-solving emotion-vonvering behavior avoidance seeking spiritual support physical seperation for emotional relaxation emotional expression, The 9-factor 75-item scale explains 60.9% of children's stress coping behaviors and its value of Cronbach's a is 9.5.

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Coarctation of the Aorta in Adult: Report of three Cases and Review of the Literture (대동맥(大動脈) 축착증(縮窄症)의 임상적(臨床的) 고찰(考察))

  • Lee, Jung Ho;Yu, Hoe Sung;Yoo, Soo Woong;Lee, Hak Choong
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.276-286
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    • 1976
  • Coarctation of the aorta is an important congenital cardiovascular defect,. which occurs in a significant number of persons. The basic anatomic defect is a localized deformity of the media, manifested by two types of strictures in the aorta: "true" coarctation and tubular hypoplasia. The zone of coarctation is characteristically located distal to the origin of left subclavian artery at or just beyond the insertion of the ligamentum arteriosum. It shortens life if untreated, but it can be corrected to render the patient functionally normal. Here we have a 2-year operative experiences with 3 cases of the aortic coarctation, two of hypoplastic type and one of postductal type, at age of 17 to 19 year old Korean, operated in 1965 and l968 at the National Medical Center. The purposes of this report are to describe the immediate and late effect of surgery, histopathologic bases and the rarity of this lesions in Korea.

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Analysis of Reported Study on Intervention Programs for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (당뇨병환자에게 적용한 중재프로그램 연구논문 분석)

  • Song, Gab-Sun;Kim, Ho-Jin;Jun, Jum-Yi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.541-551
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    • 2015
  • This research was a review and analysis of published articles and theses in Korea on Intervention Programs for patients with Diabetes Mellitus. A comprehensive search of databases was undertaken(Korean studies, Riss4u). using research terms such as"diabetes", "diabetes and education" "diabetes and exercise", "diabetes and intervention", "diabetes and education or exercise." 53 studies were analyzed focusing on type, application method, dependant variable and effect using descriptive statistics. 8 intervention type and 113 dependant variables were used. The most frequently used applied education and counseling and glycometabolism, self-care, self-efficacy the most frequently used dependant variable. The effects of dependant variables no effect or were different effects. Further reserarch in the digital convergence should requires the consideration of Structured content and exercise and the effect of the measurement variables, including the psychological variable effect.

A Survey of the Image Conveyed by Different Types of Nurses따 Uniforms (간호사의 복장 형태에 따른 간호사 이미지에 대한 조사 연구)

  • 김조자;이원희;허혜경;김창희;홍성경
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.631-648
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    • 1993
  • This study is a descriptive study to provide basic data related to types of uniforms worn by nurses. Nurses, other medical center personnel, patients and their famillies were asked for their opinion on changing nurses’ uniforms and how the image of nurses is 1 elated to the type of uniform worn by the nurses. The data for this study were collected during the period from Feb. 25, 1993 to Mar. 26, 1993 at Y-University Medical Center from 132 nurses, 137 other medical center personnel, 117 patients and their families. The instruments used for this study were the Nurses’ Image Scale(NIS) developed by Bown(1986), and an instrument to measure opinions of uniform and cap using photographs of nurses’ uniforms that was developed by the researcher through a literture review. Data were analyzed using the SPPS / PC package, Statistics used for analysis were frequencies, percentages, paired t -test, and oneway ANOVA The results of this study are summarized as follows ; 1. Of the nurses, 84.3%, along with, 51.5% of the medical center personnel, 39.1% of the patients and their families agreed to a change in the color of nurses uniforms. 2. Similarly, 87.4% of the nurses,27.7% of the medical center personnel, 19.3% of the patients and their families were in favor of nurses not wearing caps. 3. Only 11.8% of nurses answered that a white uniform was important to the professional image of nursing. Only 2.4% of the nurses answered that a cap was very important to the professional image of nursing. 4. Only 1.6% of the nurses answered that a white uniform and cap were important to show the role of nurses in the twenty first century. 5. About 1/3, 36.5%, of the medical center personnel, the patient and their families answered that changing the color of the nurses' uniform will make a change in the image of nurses. 6. A White uniform and cap were seen as being im-portant in distinguishing nurses from other medical personnel in the hospital by 76.5% of the medical personnel, the patients and their families. 7. Nurses gave high marks to the idea of no cap regardless of the color of the uniform which would still portray the symbol of the nurses’ role, identity and would differentiate the role from other jobs. The patients and their families gave high marks to a white uniform with cap. 8. Generally, nurses, medical center personnel and patients and their families thought that a colored uniform with cap presented a good image of nurses. 9. There was a significant difference in the response among the three groups(F=24.65, P〈.001) to the figure in a white uniform with a cap, and the patients and their families thought it was the best portrayal of the image of nurses. There was a significant difference among the three groups(F=9.03, P〈.001) to the figure in a white uniform with no cap and the nurses indicated that it was the beat portrayed of the image of nurses. There was no significant difference among the three groups to the figure in a colored uniform with cap. There was a significant difference(F=17.50, P〈. 001) to the figure in a colored uniform with no cap, and the nurses indicated that it was the best portrayal of the image of nurses. In summary, the nurses wanted to change the color of uniform and not to wear a cap. But many of the medical center personnel, patients and their families indicated they did not agree with this idea. Therefore, changing the type of uniform worn by nurses should be done only after consideration has been given to the relation of the change to the professional role of nurses and the image of nurses held people in general. Suggestions arising from this study are as follows : 1. The relation between the role of nurses and their uniform was surveyed, and these results can be used as data when considering a change in uniforms. 2. A change in uniforms should be tried based on the norm established about uniforms. 3. The nurses did not want to wear a cap, but before a decision is definitely made it is necessary to study the philosophy related to the symbol of the cap because the figure of a nurse with a cap portrayed a positive image of the nurses. If the cap is kept, the symbol of the cap should be redefined. 4. In this study, only the image related to the uniform was examined, but in future studies it will be necessary to examine the practicality of various types of uniforms.

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