• Title, Summary, Keyword: Liquid fertilizer

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Effects of Liquid Pig Manure on Yield and Nutrition Supply of Green Manure Crops in Jeju

  • Kang, Ho-Jun;Yang, Sang-Ho;Kim, Yu-Kyoung;Jwa, Chang-Sook;Moon, Bong-Chun;Moon, Chae-Ran;Ko, Bok-Hee;Jung, Dae-Cheun
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.731-735
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    • 2015
  • The effects of liquid pig manure (LPM) on the yield and nutrient supply of green manure crops, such as hairy vetch alone and hairy vetch + rye mixture, were investigated. We used three treatments: no-fertilizer (NF); LPM, $4.0t10a^{-1}$ ($N-P_2O_5-K_2O=4.0-0.024-4.0kg10a^{-1}$); and chemical fertilizer (CF; $N-P_2O_5-K_2O=4.0-0-4.0kg10a^{-1}$). The green manure crops, namely, Vicia villosa Roth. (hairy vetch) and Secale cereale L. (rye). were sown on March 11 and harvested on June 24, 2014. Yield of green manure crops significantly increased in hairy vetch + rye mixture plot compared with the hairy vetch alone plot. In hairy vetch alone plot, yield of green manure crops was increased by application of LPM and CF, but there were no significant differences. Yield of green manure crops in hairy vetch + rye fresh mixture plot significantly increased by the LPM and CF treatments, but no difference was noted between the LPM and CF treatments. Nitrogen supply by the green manure crops was higher in hairy vetch + rye mixture plot than hairy vetch alone plot. However, there was no significant difference. Phosphorus and potassium supply significantly increased in hairy vetch + rye mixture plot compared with hairy vetch alone plot. By treating LPM and CF, the nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium supply were higher than those in no fertilizer. In conclusion, LPM could replace CF. When planting green manure crops, the hairy vetch + rye mixture was more effective than hairy vetch alone to effectively use green manure crops.

Host Plant Management Techniques for the Cultivation of Viscum album var. coloratum (Kom.) Ohwi

  • Lee, Bo Duck;Seo, Hyeong Min;Park, Cheol Ho
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.650-657
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    • 2016
  • Research has found that the management of the host plant is essential to mistletoe cultivation. A Trunk injection test on the host plant that contained a mixture of indole-3-butryc acid (IBA) and liquid fertilizer was conducted with respect to the improvement of the one year survival rate of mistletoe. As a result, the trunk injection experiments showed the effect of the IBA and liquid fertilizer mixture in all treatments. This mixture was effective to increase the survival rate of mistletoe by 20% with the IBA at 100 mg/L and Hyponex at 100 mg/L. The examination proved that the host plant fertilizer effect was the most effective treatment for organic fertilizer with 60% added NPK (4-2-1). Its effects were higher compared to the control at the length and diameter of one-years-old branches in the host plant, even when the parasitic mistletoe improved its growth in length, diameter, and number of branches. Comparing the control and host plant fertilizer, the latter was the most effective way to process 20 kg per a treatment effect in the experimental site and to process at any time after the inoculation. This treatment is effective to improve the growth of mistletoe by watering the host plant three times per week. Therefore, the management of the host plant is an essential element in the successful cultivation of mistletoe, not only to supply fertilizer and plant hormones to the host plant in the initial inoculation time but also to provide organic fertilizer and irrigation for the host plant.

Liquid-Composting Conditions of By-product Obtained from Degradation of Animal Carcass for Agriculture Recycling (폐가축사체의 농업적 재활용을 위한 가축사체 액상부산물의 액비화 조건 구명)

  • Seo, Young-Jin;Seo, Dong-Cheol;Kang, Se-Won;Lee, Sang-Gyu;Park, Ju-Wang;Choi, Ik-Won;Sung, Hwan-Hoo;Kang, Seog-Jin;Cho, Ju-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.348-354
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    • 2013
  • BACKGROUND: Globally, concern about emerging infectious diseases of livestock is growing. For the disposal of the animal carcass, it is necessary to recycle the carcass into an agriculturally usable product. The objective of this study was to investigate the composting conditions of liquid by-product obtained from degradation of animal carcass. METHODS AND RESULTS: Optimum conditions of liquid fertilizer were investigated using different microorganisms, pHs, and volumes of microorganisms (Lactobacillus rhamnosus+Pichia deserticola). Based on the results from the optimum conditions, compost maturity and quality of liquid fertilizer were evaluated for 112 days. The compost maturity of liquid fertilizer were higher in the order of LP(Lactobacillus rhamnosus + Pichia deserticola) > BC(Bacillus cereus) > BS(Bacillus subtilis). The optimum condition under different volumes of LP was injection of 0.5 mL/100 mL. The compost maturity under different pHs were higher in the order of pH 7 > $$5{\geq_-}9{\frac{._-}{.}}11$$. The liquid by-product at 56 days after composting was completely decomposed. The concentrations of T-N, T-P and $K_2O$ in liquid fertilizer at 56 days were 0.94, 0.17 and 3.78%, respectively, and the sum of those concentrations was 4.89%. CONCLUSION(S): Liquid fertilizer of by-product using pig carcass was decomposed with optimum conditions(LP, pH 7, injection of 0.5 mL/100 mL) in 56 days after composting, and was suitable for official standard of commercial fertilizer.

The Effect of Liquid Fertilizer Contained Amio Acids on the Growth of Bentgrass(Agrostis palustris Huds) and the Chemical Characteristics of Soil (아미노산 액비가 벤트그라스잔디(Bentgrass)의 생장과 토양에 미치는 영향)

  • 김영선;이규승;함선규
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.147-154
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    • 2003
  • This experiment was carried out to study an effect of liquid fertilizer contained amino acids(LFcAA) on the growth of bentgrass(Agrostis palustris Huds. penncross) and the change of soil chemicals characteristics. The utilization of nitrogen in soil was increased more 70.6∼90.1% in the treatment of LFcAA than in control. Fresh weight, dry weight and concentration of T-N, Mg and chlorophyll were increased in grass treated LFcAA. These results suggested that treatment of LFcAA was promoted utilization of nitrogen in soil and growth of bentgrass.

Accumulation of Food Wastes Liquid Fertilizer using Reverse Osmosis Membrane System (역삼투막을 이용한 음식폐기물 액비의 농축)

  • Cha, Gi-Cheol;Hwang, Myoung-Goo;Lee, Myung-Gyu;Tae, Min-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.159-168
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    • 2002
  • A lab-scale Reverse Osmosis(RO) membrane reactor was installed to investigate the membrane permeability, characteristics of membrane fouling at each conditions, and performance of elimination at different trans-membrane pressure(TMP) in the liquid fertilizer accumulated system. Experimental setup was divided to three different TMP conditions. As a result of experiment, permeability of RO membrane was proportional to the increase of TMP and temperature. After experiment was completed, two types chemical cleaning(remove the organic foulant and inorganic foulant) was done, and recover rate of permeability was each 99.8, 99.7 and 99.7%, respectively. From this experimental data, membrane fouling could be determined that the most of it was recoverable in this system, and major reason of fouling was concentration polarization. Elimination rate of solute substance in the liquid fertilizer indicated very stable(above 99%), except ammonia nitrogen, and the most stable elimination rate was investigated at the highest TMP condition (Run 3).

Nutrients Transport Pathway for Watershed Impact Analysis of Livestock Wastes and its Resources (양돈 퇴, 액비의 수질환경 영향분석을 위한 영양물질 이동경로 연구)

  • Oa, Seong-Wook
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.465-470
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    • 2011
  • Liquid fertilizer and composted cattle manure were applied to an agricultural land. This study was conducted to find the pathway of the nutrients transport. Nitrogen concentration was decreased by the repeatable precipitation in surface runoff, but the nitrate concentration in ground water was gradually increased by biological metabolism, especially with pig liquid fertilizer. Phosphorus was mostly adsorbed into the soil, and its reduction was affected by the soil drain by surface runoff in the summer. Averaged adsorption capacity of the phosphorus via Jar-test was determined as 21.5 mg P/kg of soil.

Estimation of Cattle Wastewater Treatment using Singang Advance Biology Reactor (SAB) (SAB 고율미생물반응기를 이용한 축산폐수처리의 성능 평가)

  • Lim, Bongsu;Kim, Doyoung;Park, Sungsoon
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.727-734
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the high rate biological reactor such as lab scale reactor before the application in site, and to get the basic data for possibility using liquid fertilizer with the effluent from biological reactor when the centrifugal machine was applied. The total volume of this reactor in 6 L, in composted of anoxic reactor (2 L), aerobic reactor (2 L), and nitification reactor (2 L). BOD removal efficiency rates when centrifugal machine was applied after effluent from biological reactor are over than 95%. This biological reactor was required post process to satisfy the effluent standards, and was need centrifugal machine to control the washout of microbes in the reactor. T-N removal efficiency rate in HRT 24 hr with centrifugation is 80.0%, and it is desirable to operate less than $1.3kgN/m^3{\cdot}d$ for 70% of T-N removal efficiency rate. T-P removal efficiency rate in HRT 24 hr is 68.2%, and become higher 71.3% after centrifugation. Considering in the 28.6% T-N removal efficiency rate, the nitrogen contents of the effluent from reactor is 0.34% to satisfy the liquid fertilizer.

Persistence of Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes in Soil, Liquid Manure Amended Soil, and Liquid Manure

  • Jung, Kyu-Seok;Kim, Min-Ha;Heu, Sung-Gi;Roh, Eun-Jung;Lee, Dong-Hwan;Lim, Jeong-A;Ryu, Jae-Gee;Kim, Kye-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.432-436
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    • 2014
  • While searching for healthier diets, people became more attentive to agricultural organic products. However, organic foods may be more susceptible to microbiological contamination because of the use of livestock manure compost and liquid manure, potential sources of pathogenic bacteria. This study was undertaken to investigate the persistence of Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes in soil, liquid manure amended soil, and liquid manure. Loamy soil, liquid manure amended soil, and liquid manure were inoculated with S. enterica, E. coli O157:H7, and L. monocytogenes. Samples were incubated in consistent moisture content at $25^{\circ}C$. Samples had been periodically collected during 120 days depending on the given conditions. S. enterica and E. coli O157:H7 survived over 120 days in loamy soil and over 60 days in liquid manure amended soil, respectively. L. monocytogenes decreased faster than other pathogens in soil. S. enterica, E. coli O157:H7, and L. monocytogenes survived for up to 5 days in liquid manure. S. enterica and E. coli O157:H7 in soil decreased by 2 to $2.5log\;CFU\;g^{-1}$ for 120 days. S. enterica and E. coli O157:H7 in liquid manure amended soil decreased slowly for 21 days. However, S. enterica, E. coli O157:H7, and L. monocytogenes sharply decreased after 21 days. S. enterica, E. coli O157:H7, and L. monocytogenes in soil increased by 0.5 to $1.0log\;CFU\;g^{-1}$ for 7 days. Foodborne pathogens in soil and liquid manure amended soil gradually decreased over time.

Utilization of Industrial Wastes as Fertilizer (산업폐기물(産業廢棄物)의 비료화(肥料化))

  • Shin, Jae-Sung;Han, Ki-Hak
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.27
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    • pp.68-79
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    • 1984
  • An increased population and rapidly expanding industrial development have led to enormous amounts of various domestic and industrial wastes. The proper disposal of ever-increasing wastes is a growing global problem. Land treatment is one of the rational approaches that are environmentally safe and economically practical. It has long been practised in many sites. Recycling of industrial wastes on agricultural land can provide better possible means for maintaining environmental quality and utilizing waste-resources. Even though industrial wastes are beneficial as soil amendment and fertilizer, they have some limitation on land application because of wide variability as well as physicochemical problem in their composition. A direct application of solid and liquid wastes on land is being practised in Korea and some experimental results are presented. The direct application of fermentation waste on rice resulted in a 6 percent yield increase. Another organic residue from glutamic acid fermentation is widely used not only as a direct application as a liquid fertilizer but also for a raw material of organic compound fertilizer. These wastes are much promising as sources of plant nutrients, since they have large amounts of nutrients, especially nitrogen with few toxic metals. On the other hand, fertilizers developed from inorganic industrial wastes include calcium silicate, calcium sulfate and ammonium sulfate. The calcium silicate fertilizer simply produced from slag, by-product of iron and steel manufacturing plant is one of the most successful example of the conversion of wastes to fertilizer and slag production capacity totals to over three million MT/year. About 200,000 MT of calcium silicate fertilizer is currently applied in the paddy rice every year. Calcium sulfate, a waste from the wet phosphoric acid process is to some extent used as a filler of compound fertilizers but quite large quantites are directly applied for the reclamation of tidal flat.

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