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Physicochemical Properties of Organic Liquid Fertilizer with Oil Cake and Rice Bran as Affected by Microorganism and the Ratio of Molasses

  • An, Nan-Hee;Kim, Yong-Ki;Cho, Jung-Rai;Jee, Hyeong-Jin;Lee, Byung-Mo;Yoon, Jong-Chul;Choi, Ji-Won
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.579-584
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    • 2013
  • The study was conducted to investigate changes in the characteristics of inorganic components during fermenting process of organic liquid fertilizers according to the type and ratio of microorganism and the amount of molasses when producing organic liquid fertilizers using sesame oil cake and rice bran. To select appropriate microorganisms, liquid fertilizers were produced through a 90-day fermentation process by adding mag-ggeo-li, yogurt, dried yeast, and leaf mold. The pH in liquid fertilizer was decreased, and then increased in all microorganism samples except the mag-ggeo-li sample. The EC was rapidly increased in all samples until the $10^{th}$ days after production, and showed no changes after the $60^{th}$ days in dried yeast and after the $30^{th}$ days in the other samples. The concentration of $NH_4$-N was generally increased with time. The concentration of $P_2O_5$ was rapidly increased until the $10^{th}$ days after production and was maintained at about 1% regardless of the type of microorganism. In terms of the characteristics of liquid fertilizers according to the ratio of selected dried yeast, the pH was decreased until the $30^{th}$ days after producing the liquid fertilizers, and then was increased regardless of the ratio of dried yeast. The EC was increased with time and showed no differences depending on the amount of dried yeast. The concentration of $NH_4$-N was increased with time and in proportion to the amount of dried yeast. In terms of the characteristics of liquid fertilizers according to the ratio of molasses, the pH was decreased with increasing the molasses. The EC and concentration of $P_2O_5$ were no differences according to the amount of molasses. When 3% molasses was added, the content of $NH_4$-N was 2.6 mg $L^{-1}$ at the beginning and was at 3,025 mg $L^{-1}$ on the $90^{th}$ days.

Development of Liquid Fertilizer Spreading System for a Sloped Land (경사지용 가축분뇨 액비 살포장치 개발)

  • Oh, I.H.;Jang, C.H.;Kim, W.K.;Song, J.H.
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2010
  • A major problem within the agricultural/farming community concerns the enormous amount of manure produced by livestock; one possible solution to this problem is to use the animal slurry as a liquid fertilizer. While there are several areas where this fertilizer could be used, one promising area of application is within chestnut tree fields. However, since most of these fields are located on slopes of varying grades and not on flat land, a different spread system is required. Generally, chemical fertilizer is spread in the chestnut field manually by hand; not only does this require a great deal of manpower it is also very difficult and hard work. In our lab experiment, we investigated the relationship between the amount of fertilizer spread and the length of pipe used at varying pressure levels. The hose in our system utilized PVC piping with evenly spaced holes for the fertilizer to dissipate. We initially found that the amount of spread was greatly reduced by reducing pipe pressure. While the difference of the amount of spread during fertilizing was not great, we did find that the reduction of the spread could be correlated to the frictional resistance of the inner lining of the pipe. Based on this, we hypothesized that an increase in pipe pressure would yield a consistent spread. Additionally, a similar outcome could be obtained by regulating the distance of the holes in the pipe and their diameter.

Nutrient Composition and Heavy Metal Contents of Matured Livestock Liquid Fertilizer in Korea (국내 가축분뇨 부숙액비의 비료성분 및 중금속 함량 분포특성)

  • Kang, Tak-Won;Halder, Joshua Nizel;Kim, Soo-Ryang;Yoon, Young-Man;Lee, Myung-Gyu
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2017
  • From July to August 2013, liquid fertilizers produced at 180 liquid manure public resource centers and liquid fertilizer distribution centers were collected. The maturity of liquid fertilizers was measured using the mechanical maturity measurement device. The nutrient contents (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium), physicochemical properties, and heavy metal content of 46 liquid fertilizers were investigated in this study. We used a matured liquid fertilizer with a total number of 46, with number of 7 for Gyeonggi-do, 3 for Chungcheongbuk-do, 2 for Chungcheongnam-do, 13 for Jeollabuk-do, 5 for Jeollanam-do, 3 for Gyeongsangbuk-do, 11 for Gyeongsangnam-do, 1 for Daejeon, and 1 for Jeju-do. The physicochemical properties were as follows: pH 8.0, EC 11.6 mS/cm, SS 5,188 mg/L, TKN 847mg/L, ${{NH_4}^+}-N$ 317 mg/L, ${{NO_3}^-}-N$ 170 mg/L, Org-N 360 mg/L, TP 193 mg/L, and TK 2,557 mg/L. The total amount of NPK was 3,596 mg/L. The total amount of N-P-K was as follows: a number of 2 at 1,000-2,000 mg/L (4%), a number of 17 at 2,000-3,000mg/L (37%), a number of 11 at 3,000-4,000mg/L (24%), and a number of 16 at 4,000mg/L or more (35%). Thus, 41% of the mature liquid fertilizers were below the official standard of commercial fertilizer (livestock manure liquid fertilizer) (0.3% of the total amount of N-P-K). Most of the N-P-K total amount showed non-uniform characteristics of low nitrogen and low phosphoric acid due to the potassium concentration. The average heavy metal content in the matured liquid fertilizer was as follows: As, not detected; Cd, 0.01 mg/kg; Hg, not detected; Pb, 0.02 mg/kg; Cr, 0.14 mg/kg; Cu, 6.89 mg/kg; Ni, 0.44 mg/kg; and Zn, 20.70 mg/kg. Thus, the official standard of commercial fertilizer was satisfied in all categories, indicating a safe level.

Effect of Pig Slurry Application on the Mineral Content of Leaf, Fruit Quality and Soil Chemical Properties in Pear Orchard (돈분 액비 시용이 배나무 잎의 무기성분 함량, 과실특성과 토양화학성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jin-Myeon;Lim, Tae-Jun;Lee, Seong-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.209-214
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    • 2012
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the replaceability of chemical fertilizer by SCB liquid fertilizer (SCB) in pear orchard for 5 years. The effects on the mineral content of leaf, fruit quality, yield and soil chemical properties are as follows: The mineral content of leaf showed no difference between the treatments; two SCB liquid fertilizer treatments based on the N (SCB-N) and K (SCB-K) content, and control (chemical fertilizer application). There were no significant differences in yield, titratable acidity and weight of the fruit although the figure of fruit weight was high in SCB-N treatment. Soluble solids content was higher in the SCB treatments than the control. Soil chemical properties such as the content of soil organic matter, available soil phosphate and exchangeable cation were not different, although soil pH was higher in SCB treatments. In conclusion, it is suggest that the use of chemical fertilizer in pear orchard could be replaced by the application of SCB liquid fertilizer because of the same effect on the growth of pear tree and soil chemical properties.

Advanced Treatment of Liquid Fertilizer from Livestock Night Soil Treatment Facility by Membrane Separation Processes (분리막 공정을 이용한 축산분뇨 처리장 액비의 고도처리)

  • Kim, Joo-Hye;Kim, Seung-Geon;Lee, Ho-Won
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.142-150
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    • 2014
  • This paper is to develop the process suitable for the advanced treatment of liquid fertilizer from the livestock night soil treatment facility (biogas plant). Nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) process was used, respectively, for the advanced treatment of liquid fertilizer. And membrane bioreactor (MBR) with and without biomedia were tested, respectively, for the pretreatment. It was found that almost T-N of the liquid fertilizer was composed of ammoniacal nitrogen. Transmembrane pressure of MBR with biomedia increased slowly during the operation time, while that of MBR without biomedia increased rapidly at the initial time. But there was no difference observed in the removal efficiencies of COD, T-N, and T-P irrespective of the dosage of biomedia. When the liquid fertilizer was pretreated by MBR with biomedia, the removal efficiencies of COD, T-N, and T-P were 99.8, 86.5%, and 99.8% by NF, and 99.9, 86.8%, and 99.8% by RO, respectively. Compared with the effluent quality standards of the livestock night soil treatment facility, the water quality treated by MBR and NF/RO process met the standard for COD and T-P, but exceeded the permitted standard for T-N. In order to meet the effluent quality standard for T-N, it is necessary to change the MBR operation cycle or to add the secondary treatment by NF/RO.

Comparison of Characteristics of Organic Liquid Fertilizer Containing Organic Resource by Adding Dry-yeast and Molasses (유기물을 이용한 유기농 액비 제조 시 건조효모와 당밀 첨가에 따른 액비 특성 비교)

  • An, Nan-Hee;Cho, Jung-Rai;Lee, Byung-Mo;Shin, Jae-Hun;Ok, Jung-Hun;Kim, Seok-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2014
  • Objective of this study was to investigate characteristics of inorganic components contained in liquid fertilizer produced using bone powder and rice bran by adding dry yeast and molasses. Addition of dry yeast to liquid fertilizer resulted in little change in pH, considerable increase in EC, and it showed high EC value compared to the control which has no additives. Also, it was appeared that the dry yeast-added treatment had higher at $2,936mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$ of $NH_4$-N concentration than the control which had $1,782mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$. In the other hand, addition of molasses resulted in low pH and slightly low EC, as compared to the control. $NH_4$-N concentration in the no added molasses treatment was $2,936mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$ higher than its molasses added treatment which had $2,378mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$. In conclusion, it was shown that addition of dry yeast to liquid fertilizer increased ammonium nitrogen concentration by accelerating nitrogen mineralization, while molasses has an effect of inhibiting nitrogen mineralization and enhancing the characteristics of fermentation. With application of organic liquid fertilizer containing bone powder and rice bran increased the fresh weight of Allium tuberosum.

Establishment scheme for official standards of liquid swine manure fertilizer

  • Lee, Dong Sung;Lee, Jae-Bong;Lee, Myoung-Yun;Joo, Ri-Na;Lee, Kyo-Suk;Min, Se-Won;Hong, Byeong-Deok;Chung, Doug-Young
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.360-368
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    • 2016
  • A more efficient use of nutrients can benefit both farmers and water quality. To propose an establishment scheme for official standards for liquid fertilizer from swine manure slurry, we evaluated previous and present data related to swine manure as well as analyzed 101 swine manure samples collected from 28 public livestock recycling centers throughout the nation. From these investigations, we found that the official standards for byproduct fertilizers set by the Rural Development Administration (RDA), especially for a liquid swine manure fertilizer, should be revised due to nutrient content requirements having to meet at least 0.3% content for the sum of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Otherwise, most of the swine manure cannot be utilized as a liquid fertilizer because the result of the 101 samples' analysis showed fewer than 28% of them met the minimum standard of ${\geq}0.3%$ content for the sum of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, while the contents of heavy metals as indicators of toxicity met the standard requirements. Therefore, it is suggested that official standards for byproduct fertilizers set by RDA should be revised as follows: no limit for nutrient contents and addition of chloride as homogeneity. Also, NaCl should be changed to Na because NaCl cannot be analyzed by instrument.

Effect of Liquid Fertilizer Containing medium of Lactobacillus confusa and Pichia anomala on Growth in Creeping Bentgrass (유산균(Lactobacillus confusa)과 효모균(Pichia anomala) 배양액 함유 액비의 시용이 크리핑 벤트그래스의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-Sun;Ham, Suon-Kyu;Kim, Tack-Soo;Jeon, Hyun-Suk
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.185-196
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    • 2008
  • This Study was conducted to evaluate the effect of liquid fertilizer containing medium of on growth of shoot and root in creeping bentgrass (Agrostis palustris Huds. cv. Pennlixs). According to application method of liquid fertilizer, the experiment plot was designed as follows; NF : non-fertilizer; CF : compound fertilizer(21-17-17) only; T500, T300, T100 : compound fertilizer +liquid fertilizer solution diluted 500, 300, 100 folds, respective; L500 : only liquid fertilizer solution which contained the medium of Lactobacillus confusa and Pichia anomala diluted 500 folds. The every treatments was arranged by a completely randomized complete block designs with three replications. The order of turf qualities like leaf color index and chlorophyll content in treatments showed T500 T300 T100 $\geq$ CF > NF. In treatment applied with compound fertilizer, the dry weight of shoot increased by about 13% in T500, T300 and T100 than CF, and that of root about 25% in just T300. Dry weight of shoot and root increased by 88% and 44% in L500 than NF, respectively. As compared with CF, T/R ratio in T500, T300 and T100 increased by 20%, 11% and 21%, respectively and root length 7%, 8% and 3%. In comparison with NF, T/R ratio and root length in L500 increased by 39% and 74%. These results suggested that the application of liquid fertilizer containing medium of Lactobacillus confusa and Pichia anomala induced the development of turf quality and growth by promoting root growth in creeping bentgrass.

A Survey on Present Conditions of Operational Management in the Animal Manure Public Resource Center (가축분뇨 공동자원화시설 관리운영 실태조사)

  • Kim, Doo-Hwan;Ha, Duk-Min;Shin, Yong-Hwan
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2013
  • This survey was conducted to investigate the present conditions of operational management in the 45 animal manure public resource center (APRC) in Korea. The regional distribution, processing capacity per year, capacity of liquid fertilizer storage tank, solid-liquid separation, utilization of facilities, odor reduction facility, on-site odor strength, complained in the community, liquid fertilizer sprayed area, use the Agrix, land application recipe, composting degree, quality management and general grading were surveyed and evaluated. General grading was divided with 5 stages (very good, good, fair, lack and bad). The number of evaluated "very good" animal manure public resource center was 7, and "good" was 5 and more than "fair" was 27. However, the number of evaluated negatively including "lack" and "bad" was occupied as 40% of the 45 animal manure public resource center.

Effect of Super Phosphate Addition and Spraying time of Amino Acid Fermentation By-product Liquid Fertilizer on the Number of Sprouts and Yield of Pasturages (아미노산(酸) 발효(醱酵) 부산액비(副産液肥)에 대(對)한 과석(過石) 첨가(添加)와 시용시기(施用時期)가 목초(牧草)의 출아(出芽)와 수량(收量)에 미치는 효과(效果))

  • Oh, Wang-Keun;On, Jae-Sup
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.375-380
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    • 1984
  • A pot experiment was conducted to learn the effect of non-compounded and compounded (with super phosphate) liquid fertilizers made of amino acid fermentation by product and the time of their application on the emergences and yield of orchard grass. Results obtained as follows; 1. The Application of the liquid fertilizers, on seeding day of the orchard grass raised soil pH and salt concentration more than the application on the days before seeding and decreased the number of sprouts of the grass which also lead to a lower yield of the grass compared with the latter. 2. Liquid compound fertilizer, however, tended to reduce the harmful effect on sprouting orchard grass compared with non-compounded liquid fetilizer, particulary in soil of on-lime applied. 3. The application of liquid and liquid compound fetilizers on somewhat acidic bare land a quite ahead of seeding or transplanting crops may not only reduce the effect of the fertilizers, provided the land is free from washing by rain or irrigation water, but also provide better conditions for sprouting and early growth of plant seedings than the use at the pre-seeding or pro-transplanting time.

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