• Title, Summary, Keyword: Liquid fertilizer

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Effect of Liquid Pig Manure on Growth of Rice and Infiltration Water Quality (돈분뇨 액비 시용이 벼 생육 및 침투수질에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Baeg-Kyun;Lee, Jong-Sik;Cho, Nam-Jun;Jung, Kwang-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.153-157
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    • 2001
  • To evaluate the effect of liquid pig manure application, the growth and yield of rice and the quality of infiltration water were investigated with application of different amounts of liquid manure. At this study, liquid pig manure was treated with 100, 200, 300 and 400% of recommending nitrogen fertilizer level, respectively. Liquid manure with application rate more than 200% of recommending N fertilizer level (11kg) caused to increase of plant height and number of tiller at panicle formation stage, but it caused the plant disease and pest and plant lodging. In those treatment, number of panicles per hill and number of spikelets per panicle were increased, but yield of rice was less than chemical fertilizer treatment due to low rate of ripeness and 1,000 grain weight. $NO_3-N$ concentration in infiltration water sample collected at 90 cm of soil depth was increased with increasing application amount of liquid manure. With liquid manure application more than 200% of recommending N fertilizer level, it affected negatively on yield and environment such as groundwater quality.

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Effect of Fish Meal Liquid Fertilizer Application on Soil Characteristics and Growth of Cucumber(Cucumis sativus L.) for Organic Culture (유기농 오이재배를 위한 어분액비 공급이 토양특성 및 오이 수량에 미치는 영향)

  • An, Nan-Hee;Cho, Jung-Rai;Gu, Ja-Sun;Kim, Young-ki;Han, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the application effects of fish meal liquid fertilizer on soil characteristics and growth of cucumber for organic cultivation. Cucumber in greenhouse was transplanted on March $31^{th}$ in 2016, and the experimental treatments involve six treatments: No fertilizer, 0, 25, 50, and 100 mg/L N application by fish meal liquid fertilizer and chemical fertilizer. In the results of soil chemical property, application of 100 mg/L of fish meal liquid fertilizer showed a significant differences in pH, K, and Mg contents. The soil microbial community varied in relation to the fish meal liquid fertilizer treatments. Microbial biomass was lower in the chemical fertilizer than in the liquid fertilizer treatment. Result of principal component analysis obtained from Ecoplate showed that fish meal liquid fertilizer treatments, no liquid fertilizer, chemical fertilizer, and no fertilizer were divided into distinct groups, with the no fertilizer treatment located furthest from the other treatments. There were no significant differences in plant height of cucumber between the fish meal liquid fertilizer treatments and chemical fertilizer treatments. Also, the cucumber yield did not vary significantly between the concentrations of liquid fertilizers, and there were also no significant differences in the yield among the fish meal liquid and chemical fertilizer treatments. In conclusion, it is suggested that the application of fish meal liquid fertilizer can be used as a additional fertilizer for cucumber production with organic culture in greenhouse.

Effects of top-dressing period on Yield and Storage Quality of Onion(Allium Cepa L.) (추비시기가 양파의 수량 및 저장성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김희대;이찬중;정은호;서전규
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.267-271
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to investigate the yield and storability of onions on top-dressing period. Top-dressing period was applied in February, March and March, April with liquid fertilizer and solid fertilizer of farmhouse practice during the onion growing season. The yields of onion in experimental station field and farmhouse field treated with conventional fertilization were 53.2 and 56.6MT, respectively. However, they were 58.2 and 60.8MT with application of liquid fertilizer in February and March, and 53.6 and 59.1MT with application of liquid fertilizer in March and April. Rotting rates until the end of August were lower with application of liquid fertilizer on February and March(15.8%, 28.9%), compared with application of solid fertilizer by farmhouse practice(23.6%, 41.0%), and were 20.7% and 31.7% by treatment of liquid fertilizer on March and April. In conclusion, treatment of liquid fertilizer on February and March decreased the rotting rate.

Livestock liquid fertilizer Utilization study of Zoysiagrass growing in the field (한국잔디 재배지에서 가축분뇨액비의 활용 연구)

  • Ham, Suon Kyu;Lim, JiYeon;Lee, YeongMin
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2014
  • Recently, manure emissions associated with the numerical increment of the domestic hog-breeding have increased, but it has been banned from ocean dumping by the United Nations Convention in 2012. To find out the site for spraying in large quantity of liquid manure fertilizer, we selected one grass plantation, which has the largest amount of grass production, in Jangsung, South Korea. We spread not only chemical fertilizer but also liquid manure fertilizer on the zoysiagrass plantation and researched the effect on the grass growth and development, soil chemical property, and seepage water of dike. As the test results, spread by compounding chemical fertilizer and liquid manure fertilizer and it is possible to substitute for some chemical fertilizer in terms of nutrients accumulation and the grass growth and development. Additionally, it gives less effects to soil chemical property and is efficacious to effective microorganism growth of soil. Therefore, adding liquid manure fertilizer will lead to reduce almost all the amount of chemical fertilizer usage. It is also expected to help for livestock manure management and to influence reducing the production cost of the grass plantation. However, to spread liquid manure fertilizer contaminates water system. For this reason, monitoring continuously, we need to find out improvement plans of the fertilization method in order to increase the usage of liquid manure fertilizer.

Effect of Cover Crop Species and Liquid Manure Application Rate on Green Manure Production, Leaf Mineral Content, Fruit Quality and Soil Chemical Properties in Pear Orchard

  • Lee, Seong Eun;Park, Jin Myeon;Park, Young Eun;Choi, Dong Geun
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.558-562
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    • 2014
  • Cover cropping and liquid manure application are considered as effective ways to replace the use of chemical fertilizer in orchard. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of cover crop species and liquid manure application rate on green manure production, leaf mineral content, fruit quality and soil chemical properties in pear orchard. The treatments include rye and hairy vetch as cover crops, two liquid manure application levels based on N and $K_2O$ requirement on each cover crop species, and chemical fertilizer as control. Green manure production was higher in hairy vetch than in rye. K content of pear leaves and soil exchangeable K content increased in N based liquid manure application treatments. The yield was higher in rye + liquid manure and fertilizer treatments, and fruit quality was not different between the treatments. Taking all of these into account, rye + $K_2O$ requirement-based liquid manure application is recommended in pear orchard for not only sufficient nutrient supply but also prevention of any problem related with soil $K_2O$ accumulation in pear orchard in long-term perspective.

Effects of Liquid Pig Manure on Growth of Potato, Soil Chemical Properties and Infiltration Water Quality (돈분액비 시용이 감자 생육, 토양화학성 및 침투수질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Ho-Jun;Yang, Sang-Ho;Lee, Shin-Chan
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.1130-1136
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to determine the effects of pig slurry on growth of potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Dejima), soil chemistry properties and infiltration water quality in volcanic ash soil and non-volcanic ash soil of Jeju. Fertilization of liquid pig manure was based on nitrogen. In volcanic ash soil and non-volcanic ash soil, there was no difference in the height and diameter of stems in chemical fertilizer and liquid pig manure application treatments. Also yields of potatoes were no significantly difference in chemical fertilizer and liquid pig manure application treatments. pH in all soil was increased by application of liquid pig manure compared to the chemical fertilizer plot. Contents of exchangeable K in all soil were accumulated excessively by fertilization of pig manure 100% compared to the chemical fertilizer 100%. But there was no difference between the chemical fertilizer 50%+liquid pig manure 50% and chemical fertilizer 100%. No difference between the chemical fertilizer and liquid pig manure was observed in available phosphate, exchangeable Ca and Mg. $NO_3$-N concentration of infiltration water sample collected at 70cm of soil depth was lower non-fertilizer than chemical fertilizer and liquid pig manure application treatments. In volcanic ash soil, the $NO_3$-N concentration of infiltration water was decreased from early, except liquid manure 100%. In non volcanic ash soil, the $NO_3$-N concentration of infiltration water increased until October 8, but then was reduced. In all soils, $NO_3$-N concentration of infiltration water was higher in the liquid manure 100% than those in the chemical fertilizer 100% and chemical fertilizer 50%+liquid pig manure 50%, but there were no differences. In conclusion, the growth of potato, fertilization of soil and $NO_3$-N content of infiltration water were not different between chemical 50%+liquid pig manure 50% and chemical 100% plot. So, liquid pig manure could be substituted for some amount of chemical fertilizer.

Organic Cucumber Productivity Affected by Long-term Application with Homemade Liquid Fertilizers (자가제조액비 장기연용 처리가 유기 오이의 생산성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Hyun-Sug;Jung, Ji-Sik;Jung, Seok-Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.87-100
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    • 2019
  • The study was initiated to compare crop productivity as affected by a long-term application with homemade liquid fertilizers in leading organic cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) farms in Suncheon and Kimcheon provinces. A Suncheon farm have applied an EM (effective organism) liquid fertilizer for one year and fifteen years, designating as EM 1-year and EM 15-year plots, respectively, with 4-year and 5-year application of native microbes-liquid fertilizer in Kimcheon farm, designating as Micro 4-year and Micro 5-year plots, respectively. pH in the EM-liquid fertilizer was high to approximately 7.7, and EC in the Micro-liquid fertilizer was 0.1 dS/m higher than those of EM-liquid fertilizer, with similar macro-nutrient concentrations observed in the both liquid fertilizers. Soil EC was the highest to the 10.0 dS/m for the liquid fertilizer with EM 1-year and showed less than 1.5 dS/m for other liquid fertilizer plots. Micro-liquid fertilizer plots had soil OM contents less than 20 g/kg, which was approximately two times less than those of EM plots. Soil microbial properties were not significantly different among the liquid fertilizer plots. SPAD and PS II values were significantly increased by EM 15-year plots with high levels of soil OM and EC. Liquid fertilizer plot with EM 1-year had high concentrations of T-N, Ca, and Na in the cucumber crops but low concentrations of P and Mg, in particular for low K of 1.2% which was two times less than those of desired level for an optimum cucumber growth. The lowest fruit yield was observed for the liquid fertilizer plot with EM 1-year with the highest soil EC accumulated. Liquid fertilizer plot with EM 15-year produced the expanded volume of crop canopy and increased fruit yield. Therefore, long-term of continuous application with an organic liquid fertilizer would have sustainably improved soil stability and the crop productivity.

Effect of Swine Liquid Manure and Phosphorus Application on Chemical Properties and Microbial Population of Italian (제주화산회토지역에서 돈분액비와 인산시용이 이탈리안 라이그라스 재배 토양의 화학적 특성 및 미생물상에 미치는 영향)

  • 김문철;현해남;최대진;문봉춘;고용구;강태숙
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.181-190
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of swine liquid manure(SLM) and phosphorus fertilizer from September, 1998 to July, 1999 on the soil fertility on Italian ryegrass field, Cheju volcanic ash soil. pH(lst investigated), Mg (2nd investigated) and Cu content (2nd investigated) on soil grown by Italian ryegrass were significantly increased by an increase of fertilizer P(P

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Simultaneous Removal of Organic Pollutants, N, P, and Antibiotics from Liquid Fertilizer using a Microbubble and Catalyst Coupling System (마이크로버블/촉매 융합 시스템을 이용한 액비 내 유기오염물질, N, P 및 항생제 동시 제거)

  • Lee, Dong Gwan;Sim, Young Ho;Paek, Yee;Kwon, Jin Kyung;Jang, Jae Kyung
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.983-991
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated the use of a hydroxyl-radicals-generated microbubble/catalyst (MB/Cat) system for removing organic pollutants, nitrogen, and phosphorous from liquid fertilizer produced by livestock wastewater treatment. Use of the MB/Cat system aims to improve the quality of liquid fertilizer by removing pollutants originally found in the wastewater. In addition, a reduction effect has been reported for antibiotics classified as representative non-biodegradable matter. Samples of liquid fertilizer produced by an aerobic biological reactor for swine wastewater treatment were first analyzed for initial concentrations of pollutants and antibiotics. When the MB/Cat system was applied to the liquid fertilizer, TCOD, TOC, $BOD_5$, and $NH_3-N$, and $PO_4-P$ removal efficiencies were found to be approximately 52%, 51%, 30%, 21%, and 66%, respectively. Additionally, Amoxicillin hydrate was removed by 10%, and Chlortetracycline HCl and Florfenicol were not present at detectable levels These findings confirm that the MB/Cat system can be used with livestock wastewater treatment to improve liquid fertilizer quality and to process wastewater that is safe for agricultural re-use.

The Manufacturing Characteristics of Organic Liquid Fertilizer with Poultry Manure, Soybean Meal, and Rice Bran (계분, 대두박, 쌀겨를 이용한 유기 액비의 제조 특성)

  • Lee, Guang-Jae;Jeon, Jong-Ok;Park, Jae-Ho;Nam, Sang-Young;Kim, Tae-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.577-587
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the manufacturing characteristics of organic liquid fertilizer with poultry manure, soybean meal, and rice bran at plastic house in Chungbuk Agricultural Research and Extension Service. Treatment was given 3 treatments; poultry manure+soybean meal (PM+SM), poultry manure+rice bran (PM+RB), and soybean meal+rice bran (SM+RB). The obtained results from this study were summarized as follows; The pH in liquid fertilizer was consistently increased in PM+SM treatment, and was increased after decreased at early season in PM+RB and SM+RB treatments. The electriacl conductivity(EC) in liquid fertilizer was rapidly increased from $2^{nd}$ weeks to $4^{th}$ weeks after fermentation in PM+SM and PM+RB treatments, and was rapidly increased from $4^{th}$ weeks to 6th weeks after fermentation in SM+RB treatment. The amount of $H_2S$ gas occurrence was the highest as $1,200\;mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ in early season, and was the lowest as $50\;mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ at $12^{th}$ weeks after fermentation of organic liquid fertilizer. The temperature of organic liquid fertilizer was stabilizing in $4^{th}$ weeks after fermentation. The yield of well of nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium was increased with increasing fermentation periods. It was not change from $4^{th}$ weeks after fermentation in content of calcium, magnesium and sodium in organic liquid fertilizer.