• Title, Summary, Keyword: Liquid Semen

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Post-thaw Thermal Resistance Test on Motility and Acrosomal Integrity of Filtered and Non-filtered Frozen Semen of Murrah Buffalo Bulls

  • Maurya, V.P.;Tuli, R.K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.1424-1428
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    • 2003
  • Present investigation was conducted to determine the post-thaw sperm motility and acrosomal damage of filtered and non-filtered frozen semen of Murrah buffalo bulls. Twenty semen ejaculates (from four Murrah buffalo bulls collected at weekly interval) were diluted in Tris egg yolk glycerol extender and divided into two parts. One was filtered through sephadex G-100 column and the other portion was kept as such (non-filtered). Both fractions were frozen in liquid nitrogen ($-196^{\circ}C$) by the standard method developed in the laboratory. After 24 h of freezing, non-filtered and filtered semen samples were thawed at $37^{\circ}C$ for 1 min. These samples were incubated at $37^{\circ}C$ in a water both. The different seminal characteristics i.e. percent progressive sperm motility, live and abnormal spermatozoa and spermatozoa with damaged acrosome were assessed at hourly interval till they remained motile. The filtered frozen and thawed semen showed significantly (p<0.05) high sperm viability and acrosomal integrity as compared to non-filtered semen.

Studies on Liquefaction of Semen (정액(精液)의 액화(液化)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Suk-Hee;Lee, Hee-Yong
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 1976
  • The human semen ejaculated in a form of liquid state, coagulates immediately after ejaculation, and then liquefies again. However, the mechanisms of neither coagulation and liquefaction of semen have not been explained clearly so far, and very limited numbers of report are available, although the spermatology and andrology made rapid progress. This clinical study has been undertaken to investigate the liquefaction phenomena and practicability of the results might be applied to fertility and infertility problems. As a preliminary study, in this report the liquefaction time of various semen groups is measured and analysed. The following results are obtained: 1. An average liquefaction time of semen of a total of 60 subjects: 25 minutes. 2. An average liquefaction time of semen according to sperm count: 1) Normospermia group (20 cases): 34 minutes. 2) Oligospermia group (20 cases): 21 minutes. 3) Azoospermia group (20 cases): 20 minutes. 3. An average liquefaction time of semen according to abstinence period: 1) Less than 3 days group (30 cases): 22 minutes. 2) More then 5 days group (30 cases): 28 minutes. In conclusion: 1. The liquefaction time of semen of the normospermia group is longer than oligospermia group or azoosermia group. 2. The liquefaction time of semen may not be greatly influenced by the various factors such as abstinence period, semen volume, semen pH, age of the subjects and so on. 3. In routine semen analyses, it is recommended to begin the analysis at least 25 minutes after the ejaculation. 4. Further studies are required in conjunction with practical application of liquefaction mechanism in infertility and fertility control.

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Development of Intrauterine Insemination Technique in Pig (돼지의 자궁내 인공수정기술개발에 관한 연구)

  • 공일근;정금택;이정우;정수룡;오인석;유대중;이효상;김기수;배인휴
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to investigate the possibility of porcine artificial insemination (A·I) on fertilizing capacity using intrauterine inseminator (IUI) method and conventional A·I (CAI) method. Number of sows used in this study was 15 far IUI and 59 fur (CAI), respectively. The results obtained are as fellows: 1 . The frozen and liquid semen used for A·I showed the higher farrowing rate in liquid semen (86.4%) than frozen semen (67%). Number of pigs born per semen type showed the higher values of number of piglets with no statistical significance using frozen semen (9.7) than liquid semen (9.3). 2. The farrowing rate per parity was highest in the 3∼5th parities (100%), f311owe4 by 0∼ 2th parities (60%), and was the smallest in 6 ∼ 10th parities (25%). Number of pigs born per litter was highest in 0∼2th parities (11.3), followed by 3 ∼ 5th parities (9.2) and lowest in 6∼ 10th parities. In the number of pigs bort per litter, the sow s in the high parities delivered lower number of piglets than those in low parities with no significant difference. These results indicated that fertilizing capacity could be improved by using IUI method.

Effects of Different Concentrations of Escherichia coli and Days of Preservation on Boar Sperm Quality

  • Chung, Ki-Hwa;Kim, In-Cheul;Son, Jung-Ho
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.213-217
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of bacterial contamination on elapsed time after preservation on boar semen. Known numbers of Escherichia coli (E. coli) were inoculated to freshly ejaculated semen and sperm parameters such as viability, motility, agglutination, acrosome integrity and hypo-osmotic swelling test were performed during 7 days of liquid preservation. Semen samples were prepared using antibiotic free BTS extender and 4 different levels of E. coli were treated to semen with following concentrations; 3,000, 5,000, 7,000, 10,000 CFU/ml of sperms. Semen samples were preserved at $17^{\circ}C$ for 7 days in semen storage until analyzed. Aliquots were subjected to measure the sperm viability, motility and agglutination using computer assisted sperm analysis (CASA) system, acrosome integrity was performed using chlortetracycline (CTC) staining method and hypo-osmotic swelling test was performed using hypotonic solution from day 1 (day of semen collection) to 7. Detrimental effects on sperm motility and viability were observed 3 days after preservation at the level of 5,000 CFU/ml (p<0.05). Percentage of sperm abnormality was higher (p<0.05) in over 5,000 CFU/ml groups. Sperm agglutination rate was also significantly higher (p<0.05) in groups of 5,000 and 7,000 CFU/ml. The rate of acrosome reacted sperm was higher as preservation time goes in all the samples but the pattern was clearly higher among E. coli contaminated groups (p<0.05). The sperm membrane integrity in terms of hypo-osmotic test, E. coli affects little compared to other sperm parameters. The deleterious effects observed due to the bacterial contamination in semen suggest that importance of hygiene protocol to minimize the bacterial contamination during semen collection and processing.

Seminal Attributes and Semen Cryo-banking of Nepalese Indigenous Achhami (Bos indicus) Bull under Ex-situ Conservation

  • Jha, Pankaj Kumar;Sapkota, Saroj;Gorkhali, Neena Amatya;Pokharel, Bhoj Raj;Jha, Ajeet Kumar;Bhandari, Shishir;Shrestha, Bhola Shankar
    • Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.272-279
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    • 2019
  • The study was conducted to evaluate the seminal attributes and cryobanking of Achhami (Bos indicus) bull semen. Of two Achhami bulls, 8 ejaculates from each bull were evaluated for seminal attributes. For semen freezing and cryo-banking, 4 ejaculates (having ≥2 mL semen volume, ≥75% of sperm motility and ≥1,000 × 106 cells/mL of sperm concentration) from each bull were used. Semen samples were diluted in egg-yolk-tris-citrate extender using a two-step dilution protocol, and were frozen in liquid nitrogen (LN2) vapour in a styrofoam box. The mean semen volume, colour, sperm mass activity, motility, viability, concentration, abnormal acrosome, midpiece and tail and, abnormal head of two Achhami bulls were 4.4 ± 0.5 mL vs. 2.5 ± 0.2 mL, 2.5 ± 0.1 vs. 2.4 ± 0.1, 3.5 ± 0.1 vs. 3.5 ± 0.1, 77.0 ± 1.1% vs. 78.3 ± 1.3%, 94.4 ± 0.5% vs. 91.0 ± 0.6%, 1137.7 ± 73.7 × 106 cells/mL vs. 1060.0 ± 44.3 × 106 cells/mL, 10.2 ± 0.5% vs. 10.3 ± 0.5% and 6.7 ± 0.5% vs. 8.2 ± 0.3%, respectively. The post-thawed sperm motility and viability were 53.0 ± 2.0% vs. 50.0 ± 0.0% and 80.2 ± 0.4% vs. 73.2 ± 0.7%, while evaluating by computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) system, the percentage of the progressive motility, fast motility, slow motility, local motility and immotile sperm were 75%, 68%, 7.4%, 16.6% and 8.6%, respectively. A total number of 620 doses semen straw were cryo-banked. Due to the acceptable post-thawed sperm motility and viability recorded, cryopreservation of Achhami semen is hereby recommended so as to preserve the Achhami breed. For further validation, the fertility will be observed from the produced frozen semen.

The Use of Styrofoam Box for Chikso (Korean Brindled Cattle) Semen Cryopreservation with Liquid Nitrogen (칡소 동결 정액 생산을 위한 스티로폼상자와 액체질소 이용 방법)

  • Kim, Sung Woo;Ko, Yeoung-Gyu;Lee, Jae-Yeong;Kim, Chan-Lan;Hwang, In-Sul
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.490-496
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    • 2020
  • A styrofoam box is used as a simple and easy freezing method to preserve animal semen as a livestock genetic source. This study optimized the methods of freezing chikso brindled cattle semen. To test the freezing box, the motility of spermatozoa was compared between two box sizes (length×width×heigh) with the dimensions of 23.5×30.5×22.5 cm and 25.5×46.5×26.5 cm. The motility of thawed sperm from brindled Korean bulls was used to confirm the efficiency of the freezing boxes. The box having a larger inner space with larger horizontal and height measurements supported better motility after thawing (60.4±5.3% vs 67.2±3.1%) with 10 min of exposure time in liquid nitrogen vapor. The optimized freezing space is estimated to be an essential element for successful freezing results and the larger box could be used for production of more than 60 frozen semen straws. These properties are also helpful to optimize the cryopreservation techniques that would control the quality and quantity of semen straws according to different animal species.

A Comparison between Pellet and Straw Methods in Canine Semen Freezing (개 정액의 정제화동결법과 Straw 동결법에 관한 비교실험)

  • Lee Jung-Won;Kim Heui-Eun;Kim Nam-Soo;Choi In-Hyuk
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.183-190
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    • 1991
  • Pellet and straw methods in canine semen freezing are compared with respect to motility, viability and acrosome demage of sperm during each of the two major processing steps, to prior-freezing and to frozen-thawing. Senen was extended with a tris-buffered egg yolk contained 4% glycero1 Pellet freezing in the hole of dry ice and straw freezing on the surface of liquid nitrogen were carried out, respectively. The frozen semen 10 days after storage in liquid nitrogen container. wao thawed. In the comparison of two freezing methods, the straw freezing method with 42.7% in motility. 49.2% in viability and 0.186 acrosome score after thawing seems to be superior to the pellet freezing method with 31.2%, 34.5% and 0.314%, respectively. Sperm motility of processing step to frozen-thawing against decrease rate 12.67% to Prior freezing appeared of 33.84% and 49.37% in straw and pellet freezing and increase of 0.02 in acrsomal score to prior freezing appeared of 0.08 and 0.21 in straw and pellet freezing method to frozen-thawing

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Effects of Glycerol Concentration on Viability of Frozen-thawed Canine Spermatozoa

  • Shin, Young-Jee;Son, Jung-Min;Lim, Young-Hwan;Kim, Young-Sil;Lee, Doo-Soo;Yoon, Ki-Young;Shin, Sang-Tae;Cho, Jong-Ki
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.115-118
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    • 2008
  • Glycerol is the cryoprotectant most frequently used to freeze semen in several of species. The objective of the present study was to compare the effect of three different glycerol concentrations (4, 6 or 8%, v/v) on frozen-thawed dog sperm survival rate. Ejaculates from 9 dogs collected by digital manipulation were pooled and assessed by macroscopic and microscopic criteria. Semen was divided into 3 aliquots, which were centrifuged and the sperm pellets rediluted with first Tris-glucose-citric acid extender. After 1 h cooling at $4^{\circ}C$, second extender containing 4, 6 or 8% glycerol was added, respectively. The semen was loaded into 0.25 ml straws and frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen and thawed. Sperm vigor, live:dead spermatozoa ratio using HOS test, and sperm morphology using $Spermac^{(R)}$ stain were evaluated. After thawing, there were no significant differences among groups in vigor, viability and morphology. In conclusion, the three glycerol concentrations (4, 6 or 8%) can be used successfully in cryopreservation of canine semen. Therefore the use of 4% glycerol in the extender has less toxic effect and reduces of freezing injuries.

Developement of Quantitative Extraction Method of Amygdalin without Enzymatic Hydrolysis from Kyonin(Armeniacae Semen) by High Performance liquid Chromatography

  • Kim, Dong-Min;Hong, Seon-Pyo
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.388.3-389
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    • 2002
  • Kyonin(Armeniacae Semen)is the herb medicine that contains amygdalin as a major ingredient. Amygdalin in water is decomposed into benzaldehyde. HCN. and glucose by emulsin. a hydrolysis enzyme in kyonin. A useful and practical method for the optimum extraction condition of amygdalin without enzymatic hydrolysis is required. The extraction yield of amygdalin of natural formula kyonin was 0.5% from crude powers. 0.7% from small pieces. 1.2% from half pieces and 2.7% from whole pieces. (omitted)

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Artificial Insemination in Poultry (가금의 인공수정)

  • Howarth, Birkett
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.57-71
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    • 1983
  • 1. Diluted chicken semen can be preserved at 2 to 5$^{\circ}C$ for 24 to 48 hr with resultant fertility of greater than 90% of that of fresh semen. Turkey semen can be preserved at 10 to 15$^{\circ}C$ for 6 to 24 hr and provide economical fertility. 2. Frozen chicken semen has given variable results; a 21 to 93% fertility ranges as compared to 92 to 94% expected with fresh semen. Highest fertility levels obtained with frozen turkey semen intravaginally inseminated have been 61 and 63% using DMSO and glycerol, respectively, as cryoprotectants. 3. The use of glycerol as a cryoprotectant reauires that its concentration in semen be reduced to less than 2% either by dialysis or centrifugation after thawing and before intravaginal insemination if optimal fertility is to be obtained. 4. The temperature at which cryoprotectants are added to semen and the time allowed for equilibration are important for subsequent fertility pre- and post-freezing. 5. The type of container used for packaging the semen, freeze or cooling rates, thaw rates and level of cryoprotectant all interact in affecting cell survival. 6. Plastic freeze straws as a packaging device for semen offers the following advantages: easy to handle, require minimal storage space, offer a wide range of freeze and thaw rates, and insemination can be made directly from them upon thawing. 7. Controlled slow cooling rates of 1 to 8$^{\circ}C$/min have thus far provided the best results for cooling chicken semen throught the transition phase change (liquid to solid) or critical temperature range of +5 to -20 or -35$^{\circ}C$. 8. Highest fertilities have been achieved with frozen chicken semen where a slow thaw rate (2。 to 5$^{\circ}C$) has been used regardless of the freeze rate. 9. To maintain a constant high level of fertility throughout a breeding season with frozen semen, a higher absolute number of spermatozoa must be inseminated (2 to 3 times as many) as compared to fresh semen since a, pp.oximately 50% are destroyed during processing and freezing. 10. The quality of semen may vary with season and age of the male. Such changes in sperm quality could be accentuated by storage effects. Thus, the correct number of spermatozoa may very well vary during the course of a breeding period. 11. As to time of insemination, it is best to avoid inseminating chicken hens within 1-2 hr after or 3-5 hr before oviposition; and turkey hens during or 7-10 hr before oviposition. 12. The physiological receptiveness of the oviduct at the time of insemination is a very important biological factor influencing fertility levels throughout the breeding season.

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