• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Liquid Semen

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Charolais의 정액 성상에 관한 연구 (Studies on the Properties of Charolais Semen)

  • 고광두;손봉환;변명대;김선환
    • 한국가축번식학회지
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.20-27
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    • 1980
  • This experiment was to study semen properties of Charolais for the a, pp.ication ot artificial insemination. The result obtained were summarized as follows: 1. In the preservation of liquid semen for 6 days, the survival rates of Charolais semen averaged 57.14% in skim milk solution and 58.17% in tris buffer solution. There were not differences. 2. Recovery of semen after thawing was vigorous in the semen that was diluted and frozen in 48 hrs. 3. The real rates of survival sperm for Charolais averaged 83% after living sperm was diluted and stained for 6 days. 4. Methylene blue reduction test diluted semen was fresh when it was diluted within 48 hrs. 5. If the diluted semen was preserved below 5$^{\circ}C$ in Charolais, the pH decreased by 0.2 in a day. 6. Diluted semen was more resistant to the cold shock than fresh semen. 7. In resistance against hot shock, sperm was almost dead in 20 minutes in 46.5$^{\circ}C$ in diluted semen, while it was dead in 30 minutes in 42.5$^{\circ}C$ in diluted semen. 8. In examination of morphological changes of sperm acrosome for 6 days, normal sperm in skim milk solution and tris buffer solution was 80% and 76.97% respectively, swelling sperm 12.8% and 15.27%, deficient sperm 0.6% and 0.97% abnormal staining 3.07% and 5.25%, immature sperm 0.28%, and 0.23%, whereas other abnormal sperm was 1.28% and 1.42%.

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Effects of L-Carnitine and Nicotinic Acid on Sperm Characteristics in Miniature Pigs

  • Lee, Yeon-Ju;Lee, Sang-Hee;Kim, Yu-Jin;Hwangbo, Yong;Lee, Seunghyung;Cheong, Hee-Tae;Yang, Boo-Keun;Park, Choon-Keun
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated the effects of L-carnitine (LC) and nicotinic acid (NA) on sperm viability during liquid storage at $18^{\circ}C$ in miniature pigs. $10{\mu}M$ LC and 30 mM NA, combined LC and NA (LN) were treated in fresh semen for 3, 7, and 10 days. In results, sperm survival increased in NA- and LN-treated semen on 7 and 10 days (p<0.05), mitochondrial integrity of live sperm increased in LN-treated semen on 7 days (p<0.05), but not NA-treated semen. In addition, we examined the acrosome reaction of sperm in miniature pigs. LC and NA did not influence on acrosome reaction of boar sperm. In conclusion, LC and NA effectively maintained the viability and quality of sperm during long-term storage in miniature pigs, suggesting that the combined LN may be useful for improving the semen extender for long-term liquid storage in pigs.

돈정액의 액상 및 동결보존에 관한 연구. III. 보존액이 액상정액의 정자생존성과 수태율에 미치는 영향과 희석방법과 용기가 동결정액의 생존성에 미치는 영향 (Studies on the Liquid and Freezing storage of Boar Semen III. Effects of Dilutor on Livability and Fertility of Liquid Semen and Effects of Dilution and Vessel on Livability of Frozen Semen)

  • 임경순;정장용
    • 한국가축번식학회지
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.30-35
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    • 1979
  • A, B and C dilutors were used to make Ka (A plus B (1 : 1)) and Na (B plus C(1 : 1)) dilutors in this experiment. Three aliqots of semen were respectivly diluted 1 : 1 and 1 : 2 (semen: dilutor) with Ka, Na and C dilutors and stored at 5$^{\circ}C$ for 7 days in order to study their livability during storage. Fertility was checked for the diluted semen with Ka, Na and C dilutors. Whole semen and extended semen with Na dilutos with and without DMSO were cold shocked at various temperatures for 10 min. Effects of different 1st and 2nd dilution with A, B, C and Na dilutors and of vessels on freezability of spermatozoa were investigtigated. 1. Extended semen 1 : 2 with Na and C dilutors showed highest live sperm index during storage for 7 days at 5$^{\circ}C$. 2. The components of Na dilutor per 100$m\ell$ were skim milk 2.5g, trisaminomethane 0.54g, citric acid 0.265g, glucose 2.835g, fructose 1.5g, sodium lauryl sulfate, 0.08g, penicillin 0.06g, streptomycin 0.075g, and egg yolk 10$m\ell$. 3. Fertility of diluted semen was higher than that of whole semen. Ka dilutor showed higher fertility than Na and C dilutors, and there was no difference in the fertility between Na and C dilutors. 4. Na dilutor with DMSO showed slightly higher livability than Na dilutor without DMSO during storage for 7 days at 5$^{\circ}C$. 5. Cold shock at 1$0^{\circ}C$ for 10 min. decreased greatly the sperm livalility of whole semen but not of extended semen with Na dilutor. Addition of DMSO to Na dilutor has no effect in prevention of cold shock. 6. The extended semen with C. C dilutor (1st and 2nd dilution with C and C dilutor) showed higher post-thawing sperm livability than A.A and Na. B dilutors. Na. B dilution shwed higher post-thawing sperm livability than A.A dilution. There was no difference in the post-thawing livability between semen in 1$m\ell$ straw and 10$m\ell$ aluminium package.

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Effects of Storage in Different Commercial Semen Extenders on Sperm Motility, Viability and Membrane Integrity of Korean Native Boar Spermatozoa

  • Sa, Soo-Jin;Kim, In-Cheul;Choi, Sun-Ho;Hong, Joon-Ki;Kim, Du-Wan;Cho, Kyu-Ho;Kim, Young-Hwa;Chung, Ki-Hwa;Park, Jun-Cheol
    • 한국수정란이식학회지
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.349-353
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to compare the effect of semen extenders on the sperm motility, viability, acrosome integrity and functional integrity of plasma membrane (HOST: hypo-osmotic swelling test) during liquid preservation of Korean Native boar semen. In this experiment, semen was diluted in Androhep plus, Beltsville Thawing Solution (BTS), ModenaTM, Seminark and Vitasem LD. Sperm-rich fractions were collected from three Korean Native boars and sub-samples were diluted ($30{\times}10^6$ spermatozoa/ml) in different semen extenders. Semen samples were stored at $17^{\circ}C$ for 96 hours. On everyday (0, 24, 48, 72, 96 h) after storage, the sperm characteristics relevant for fertility, such as sperm motility, viability, acrosome integrity and HOST positive were evaluated. The motility of spermatozoa stored in different extenders was no significantly different among other extenders (P>0.05). Also, no difference was observed among samples processed with different extenders in the percentage of sperm viability, acrosome integrity and HOST positive. All extenders maintained a high percentage (70%) of sperm motility, viability and acrosome integrity through 96 h of storage. The result of this study show that there was no significant differences among extenders in their capacity to preserve motility, viability and membrane integrity of spermatozoa from normal, fertile Korean Native boars for 96 h of liquid preservation at $17^{\circ}C$.

돼지 난모세포의 체외성숙 및 체외수정시 배양액과 액상정액의 효과 (Effect of Matruation Media and Liquid Boar Semen on Maturation and Fertilization of Pig Oocytes In Vitro)

  • 박창식;이규승;박병권;장학규;이의해;서직
    • 한국가축번식학회지
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.19-23
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    • 1997
  • This present study was carried out to examine the effect of maturation media and liquid boar semen on in vitro maturation and feritilization of pig oocytes. The results obtained were as follows : When the oocytes were cultured for 36∼42 hours in mTCM-199, Waymouth MB 725/1 and mTLP-PVA medium, the maturation rates were 90%, 92% and 88%, respectively. The sperm penetration rates of pig oocyte matured in vitro were 87%(mTCM-199), 90%(Waymouth MB 725/1) and 86%(mTLP-PVA), respectively. The rates of nuclear maturation and fertilization of pig oocytes among three different media did not differ. However, the rate of male pronucleus formation of pig oocytes was significantly higher in pig oocytes matured in Waymouth MB 725/1(91%) than oocytes matured in mTCM-199(66%) and mTLP-PVA(62%) medium (P<0.05). When the collected sperm-rich fraction without diluent was used fro in vitro fertilization in mTCM-199 fertilization medium, the fertilization rate was 87.9%. However, when the liquid boar semen diluted with B tschwiler diluent was used at day 3 and 5 after dilution, the fertilization rate was 40.8% and 0.0%, respectively.

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Effects of Sugar Type on Viability of Frozen-Thawed Canine Spermatozoa

  • Lim, Y.H.;Son, J.M.;Shin, Y.J.;Kim, Y.S.;Lee, D.S.;Yoon, K.Y.;Shin, S.T.;Cho, J.K.
    • 한국수정란이식학회지
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.239-243
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of type of the sugar supplemented to the extender on the vigor, viability and intact acrosomal rates of frozen-thawed dog spermatozoa. The ejaculated semen was diluted with TRIS-citric acid extender containing 200mM TRIS, 73mM citric acid, 6% (v/v) glycerol, 20% (v/v) egg yolk, 1% (v/v) antibiotics (streptomycin/penicillin), 44 mM sugar, which was either glucose, fructose or glucose-fructose combination, and distilled water to make the final volume of 100ml. Extended semen samples were cooled at $4^{\circ}C$ for an hour, packaged in 0.25ml straws, equilibrated for 10 minutes in liquid nitrogen vapor, and frozen in liquid nitrogen. Samples were thawed by placing straws into $37^{\circ}C$ water for 120 seconds. After thawing, vigor, viability and intact acrosomal rates of frozen-thawed semen were compared according to type of sugar. No significant differences were observed between glucose and fructose groups. In addition, combination of the 2 sugars also did not show any significant differences in the vigor, viability and intact acrosomal rates. In conclusion, glucose and fructose were equally efficient as sugar supplements for freezing extender.

개에서 동결정액의 경관내 주입을 통한 인공수정 (Intra-uterine Insemination with Frozen Canine Semen Using Vaginal Endoscope)

  • 정동희;최윤주;임상현;김용준
    • 한국임상수의학회지
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.44-47
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    • 2001
  • Semen were collected from 9 male dogs and frozen by liquid nitrogengas. Frozen semen were thawed at 7$0^{\circ}C$ for 8 seconds. About $2{\timss}10^8$ sperm per insemination were inseminated to 10 bitches (3 Retrievers, 4 Chihuahuas, 1 Yorkshire Terriers, 1 Maltese, and 1 Poodle) at three and six days after the estimated peak of luteinizing hormone. For small breed dogs, uretero-renoscope (Kahl Storz, Germany, 12.5 Fr) was used for trans-cervical insemination, whereas cystoscope(Kahl Storz, Germany, 22Fr) was used for large breeds (Retrievers). Pregnancy was diagnosed by ultrasonography at 30 days after insemination. All of 3 Retrievers (100.0%) and 3 bitches of 7 small breed dogs (42.9%) were conceived (60.0% in total). This result indicated that trans-cervical insemination using endoscope is an effective method for AI with frozen semen not only for large breed dogs such as Retriever but also for small breeds.

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Effect of Short-term and Long-term Preservation on Motion Characteristics of Garole Ram Spermatozoa: A Prolific Microsheep Breed of India

  • Joshi, Anil;Bag, Sadhan;Naqvi, S.M.K.;Sharma, R.C.;Rawat, P.S.;Mittal, J.P.
    • 아세아태평양축산학회지
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.1527-1533
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    • 2001
  • Garole is a prolific, rare, less known and small size Indian sheep breed found in low and humid Sunderban region of West Bengal. Although information on stored Garole ram liquid semen upto 24 h is available, but there is a need to further investigate the short-term and long-term preservability of Garole ram semen for extensive utilization of this valuable germplasm by artificial insemination. The aim of the present study was to apply computer-assisted sperm analysis technique for assessing the motion characteristics of Garole ram semen stored (i) in liquid state at refrigeration temperature for short-term preservation upto 48 h and (ii) in frozen state at $-196^{\circ}C$ for long-term preservation after packaging in mini straws. Short-term preservation had a significant effect on motility (p<0.01) as the motility progressively decreased from 90.1% at 0 h to 85.5% and 73.2% after 24 and 48 h of storage, respectively. Although the decline in rapid moving sperms was also significant (p<0.01) on storage but the decrease was more pronounced at 48 h as compared to 24 h of storage period. Storage of chilled semen had also a significant effect on % linearity (p<0.05), % straightness (p<0.01), sperm velocities (p<0.01), amplitude of lateral head displacement (p<0.01) and beat frequency (pO.Ol) of spermatozoa. The replication had a significant effect for all the variables except average path and straight line velocity. However, the interactions of short-term storage and replication were non-significant for most of the variables except % of medium moving sperms, sperm velocities and beat frequency. On long-term preservation of Garole ram spermatozoa under controlled conditions the mean post-thaw recovery of 70.4 and 71.4% motile spermatozoa was achieved having 48.8 and 48.9% of rapidly motile spermatozoa, respectively in both the replicates. The effect of replication on cryopreservation was significant (p<0.05) on amplitude of lateral head displacement and beat frequency, but there was no significant effect on motility, rapidly motile spermatozoa, linearity, straightness and sperm velocities of frozen-thawed spermatozoa. It can be concluded from these results that an average 70% motility can be achieved on storage of Garole ram semen in chilled liquid state upto 48 h or in liquid nitrogen after freezing under controlled conditions in straws. However, further studies are required to evaluate the fertility of short-term and long-term preserved Garole ram semen for extensive use of this prolific sheep breed.

돼지 액상정액의 보존액, 보존온도 및 기간이 정액성상과 번식성적에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Extender, Preservation Temperature and Period of liquid Boar Semen on Semen Characteristics and Reproductive Performance)

  • 김인철;이장희;김현종;박창식
    • 한국가축번식학회지
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2002
  • 돼지 인공수정센터에서 사육중인 인공수정용 종모돈을 이용하여 1995년부터 2000년까지 보존액 종류, 보존온도 및 보존기간에 따른 정액성상 변화와 번식성적을 조사하여 돼지 인공수정시 번식성적 향상과 실용화에 기여코자 본 연구를 실시하였다. 1. 돼지 액상정액의 보존액 종류에 따른 보존기간별 활력은 Androhep 보존액은 3일째부터, BTS 및 Modena는 5일째부터 현저하게 감소하는 경향을 보였고 (P<0.05), pH변화는 6.24~7.06 범위에서 변이가 심하게 관찰되었으며 Androhep 보존액이 산도가 낮은 경향을 보였으나 전반적으로 규칙 적 인 경향을 나타내었다. 보존액 종류별 보존기간에 따른 분만율은 BTS, Modena 및 Androhep 보존액 모두 5일 보존까지 차이가 없었다. 보존액별 분만율은 Androhep 보존액이 BTS 보존액과는 차이가 없었으나 1일 보존과 5일 보존에서 Modena보존액 보다 우수하였다 (P<0.05). 산자수는 보존 기간별 보존액간에 차이는 없었으나 Androhep 보존액은 3일 보존부터 산자수가 유의적으로 감소하였다 (P<0.05). 2. 보존온도에 따른 액상정액의 운동성과 정상첨체 비율에서 17$^{\circ}C$ 보존정액의 운동성은 3일째부터, 정상 첨체율은 4일째부터 감소하였으나 5$^{\circ}C$ 보존정액은 4일 보존까지 정액성상의 변화가 크지 않은 것으로 나타났다. 17$^{\circ}C$에 보존한 액상정액이 5$^{\circ}C$에 보존한 것보다 분만율은 현저히 높았으나 산자수는 비슷한 경향을 보였고, 분만율은 보존 2일째부터 산자수는 3일째부터 감소하였다. 5$^{\circ}C$ 보존정액은 4일까지 분만율에 큰 변화가 없었으나 산자수는 다소 감소하는 경향을 보였다.

액상정액을 이용한 인공수정시 품종, 계절, 인공수정 횟수 및 정자농도가 번식성적에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Breeds, Insemination Time, Breeding Season, Sperm Concentration on Reproductive Performance of Sows Inseminated by Liquid Boar Semen)

  • 김인철;박창식;이규승;서길웅;한성욱
    • 농업과학연구
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.85-91
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    • 2001
  • 돼지에서 액상정액을 이용한 인공수정이 번식성적에 미치는 영향을 구명하기 위하여 축산기술연구소 종축개량부 (충남, 성환) 돼지 인공수정센터에서 사육중인 인공수정용 종모돈을 이용하여 1995년부터 2000년까지 액상정액을 이용한 인공수정시 종모돈의 품종, 인공수정 횟수, 계절 및 정자농도가 번식성적에 마치는 영향을 조사하여 돼지 인공수정시 번식성적 향상과 실용화에 기여하고자 본 연구를 실시하였다. 액상정액 인공수정시 정액을 생산한 종모돈의 품종 (Landrace, Yorkshire, Duroc)간 번식성적은 유의차가 인정되지 않았다. 발정당 2회 또는 3회 인공수정 시에도 번식성적에 차이가 없었다. 인공수정을 실시한 계절별로 번식성적을 조사하였으나 계절간 차이점은 발견할 수 없었다. 액상정액 인공수정시 1회 주입정자의 최저농도를 구명코자 활력 70% 이상인 정자수를 기준으로 80 ml 병당 정자농도를 3.0, 2.5, 2.0 및 $1.5{\times}10^9$로 조절하여 인공수정한 결과 수태 율, 분만 율, 총산자수 및 생존산자수에서 통계적인 유의차가 인정되지 않아 1회 주입정자농도는 운동성 정자 기준으로 $1.5{\times}10^9/80ml$ 이상으로 조절하면 인공수정에 실용적으로 사용할 수 있음을 보였다.

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