• Title, Summary, Keyword: Liquid Semen

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Influence of Glycerol Concentration, Freezing Rate and Thawing Rate on Survival of Canine Spermatozoa Frozen (개 정자의 동결보존에 있어서 Glycerol 농도, 동결 및 융해 속도가 정자의 생존율 및 운동성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Je-Hyub;Park, Hyang;Park, Heum-Dae;Kim, Jae-Myung
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.195-201
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to establish most suitable freezing condition, to evaluate the different condition of freezing and thawing rates on the viability and motility of frozen canine spermatozoa. The ejaculated semen was added to obtained 200∼400 ${\times}$ 10$^{6}$ /$m\ell$ with extender I and was cooled to 4$^{\circ}C$ over 30, 60 and 120 minutes. And then, semen was diluted with extender II containing 4, 6 and 8%(v/v) glycerol for 60 min, respectively and packaged in 0.5$m\ell$ straw, equilibrated far 30, 60 and 120 min at 4$^{\circ}C$ and cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen vapor at different distance(3, 5, 7 and 9 cm, respectively), plunged into nitrogen tank. Samples were thawed by placing straws into 27, 37, 47, 57$^{\circ}C$ water bath for 120, 20 and 12 sec, respectively. The results were as follows; 1. The survival and motility rate immediately post-thawing was significantly higher in samples frozen in 4% glycerol than 6 or 8% glycerol(P< 0.05). 2. According to equilibration time at 4$^{\circ}C$, the survival and motility rate immediately post-thawing was significantly higher in samples frozen after 60 min equilibration than 30 or 120 min equilibration(P<0.05). 3. Freezing in distance of 5 cm from liquid nitrogen yield better survival and motility rate than the others(3, 7 or 9 cm)(P<0.05). 4. The effect of thawing rate on sperm survival were higher when the thawing was done at 37$^{\circ}C$ for 120 sec(P<0.05).

Studies on Cryotop Vitrification Method for Simple Freezing of Hanwoo Embryos (한우 수정란의 간이 동결을 위한 유리화 동결법에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hae-Lee;Kim, Sang-Hun;Kim, Yong-Jun
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 2014
  • This study was carried out to study the survival rate of thawed Hanwoo embryos frozen by the slow-rate freezing or the cryotop vitrification method. Hanwoo cumulus-oocyte complexes were recovered from ovaries at a slaughter house, matured for 20~22 hours, fertilized with Hanwoo semen for 5~6 hours, and cultured for 7~9 days in $38.5^{\circ}C$, 5% $CO_2$ incubator. For freezing, Day 7~9 blastocysts were collected. Embryos for the slow-rate freezing were equilibrated in 1.8 M ethylene glycol (EG) with Dulbecco's phosphate-buffered saline (D-PBS). Programmable cell freezer was precooled down to $-7^{\circ}C$, and the straw was seeded during 8 minutes-holding time, and was cooled to $-35^{\circ}C$ at the cooling rate of $0.3^{\circ}C/min$, and then was plunged and stored in liquid nitrogen. Embryos for the cryotop vitrification were treated in TCM199 with 0.5 M sucrose, 16% EG, 16% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). Embryos were then loaded individually onto cryotop and plunged directly into liquid nitrogen. The survival rates of embryos frozen by these two freezing methods were evaluated at 12 to 24h post-thawing. The survival rates of frozen/thawed Hanwoo embryos by the cryotop vitrification method ($56.86{\pm}26.53%$) were slightly higher than those by the slow-rate freezing method ($55.07{\pm}26.43%$) with no significant difference. Using the cryotop vitrification and the slow-rate freezing of Hanwoo blastocysts on Day 7 following in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment, the survival rates of frozen/thawed Hanwoo embryos were $72.65{\pm}18.3%$ and $79.06{\pm}17.8%$, respectively. The survival rates by the cryotop vitrification were higher than those by the slow-rate freezing on both Day 8 and 9 with significantly higher survival rate on Day 9 (p<0.05). Using the cryotop vitrification and the slow-rate freezing of Hanwoo embryos to compare between three different blastocyst stages, the survival rates of the blastocyst stage embryos were $66.22{\pm}18.8%$ and $45.76{\pm}12.8%$, respectively with higher survival rate by the vitrification method (p<0.05). And the survival rate of expanded blastocysts was higher than those of early blastocysts and blastocysts in two freezing methods with significantly higher survival rate by the slow-rate freezing method (p<0.05).

Inhibitory Effect of Thujae orientalis Semen Extract on Pancreatic Lipase Activity (백자인 추출물에 의한 pancreatic lipase의 저해 효과)

  • Kim Min-Soo;Kim Bo-Yeon;Park Chan-Sun;Yoon Byung-Dae;Ahn Soon-Cheol;Oh Won-Keun;Ahn Jong-Seog
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.328-332
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    • 2006
  • The possible presence of inhibitors of pancreatic lipase (tricaylglycerol acylhydrolase EC 3.1.1.3) was screened from Korean traditional edible or medicinal herbs. Among tested herbs, Arecae pericarpium, Mucunae Caulis, Rhus javanica, Thujae orientalis were shown to have strong inhibitory effect against pancreatic lipase. Thujae orientalis was finally selected as a candidate for pancreatic lipase inhibitor. The extract of Thujae orientalis was showed selective inhibition on porcine pancreatic lipase activity. Active inhibitors, TF-1, TF-2, TF-3, were purified from an extract of Thujae orientalis, using chloroform extraction, followed by successive chromatography in silica gel and LH-20 and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The $IC_{50}$ values of TF-1, TF-2, TF-3 and orlistat were 44.7, 98.7, 46.1 and $27.6{\mu}g/ml$, respectively. And also the TF-2 and orlistat were shown to be inhibitory effect on the differentiation of preadipocyte NIH-3T3 L1 cells at a concentration of $10{\mu}g/ml$.

The Effect of Seminal Plasma on Chilling and Freezing of Canine Spermatozoa (개 정액의 정장이 개정자의 냉각과 동결에 미치는 영향)

  • You, Myung-Jo;Lee, John-Hwa;Kim, In-Shik;Park, Jin-Ho;Kwon, Jung-Kee;Kim, Jong-Hoon;Kim, Bum-Seok;Yu, Il-Jeoung
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.486-492
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    • 2007
  • Seminal plasma(SP) is usually removed from semen that is to be cryopreserved. However, some reports indicate that SP has beneficial effects on spermatozoa during chilling and freezing. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of SP on sperm survival by adding SP to the extender before cooling and freezing canine spermatozoa. In replicate experiments, ejaculates obtained from four healthy dogs(1-4 years old) of various breeds were pooled, centrifuged at $300{\times}g$ for 10 min at $25^{\circ}C$, and the supernatant of seminal plasma was decanted. Spermatozoa were suspended in egg yolk-Tris(EYT) buffer. The study comprised two experiments: [Exp 1] Sperm were suspended in EYT extender containing either 0, 20, 40, 80 or 100% SP and were slowly cooled to $4^{\circ}C$ for 2h or held at $25^{\circ}C$ as controls. Sperm concentration was adjusted to $2{\times}10^8/ml$. [Exp II] Sperm samples, each of which contained $1{\times}10^8/ml$, were assigned to nine groups to be frozen. In the first four groups, sperm in EYT containing either 20, 40, 80 or 100% SP were cooled to $4^{\circ}C$, then diluted to contain final concentrations of EYT+0.6M glycerol and then were frozen. The final concentrations of SP were 10, 20, 40 or 50%. In the other four groups, sperm in EYT alone were first cooled slowly to $4^{\circ}C$, then diluted to contain final concentrations of EYT+0.6M glycerol plus 10, 20, 40 or 50% SP and then were frozen. Spermatozoa, which chilled in EYT alone and diluted to contain final concentrations of EYT+0.6M glycerol without seminal plasma, and then frozen, was regarded as control. Spermatozoa were frozen at $25^{\circ}C/min$ of cooling rate in plastic straws that were suspended above liquid nitrogen and thawed in water at $38^{\circ}C$ for 1 min. Sperm survival was assayed by determining progressive motility and integrity of plasma and acrosome membranes. Progressive motility was determined by microscopic examination at $200{\times}$ magnification. Membrane integrity was assessed by use of a double fluorescent dye, and acrosome integrity by staining sperm with Pisum sativum agglutinin. The results of the first experiment showed that adding SP did not improve motility of spermatozoa compared to those incubated without SP regardless of temperature. The results of the second experiment showed that spermatozoa suspended in EYT+0.6M glycerol containing SP exhibited the higher progressive motility before being frozen(P<0.05). However, frozen-thawed spermatozoa that had suspended in EYT+0.6M glycerol containing SP showed the similar or lower viability(P<0.05). In summary, although seminal plasma did not affect spermatozoa that were chilled in EYT without cryoprotectant(CPA), addition of seminal plasma to EYT containing CPA did significantly improved progressive motility of canine spermatozoa that were chilled.