• Title, Summary, Keyword: Light vessel

Search Result 178, Processing Time 0.061 seconds

Catching efficiency of LED fishing lamp and behavioral reaction of common squid Todarodes pacificus to the shadow section of color LED light (LED 색광의 음영구역에 대한 살오징어의 행동반응 및 LED 집어등의 어획성능)

  • An, Young-Il;Jeong, Hak-Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.47 no.3
    • /
    • pp.183-193
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study made a comparative analysis of behavioral reaction of squid to red (624nm), green (524nm), blue (460nm) & white LED light, its arrival time for the shadow section by making the shadow section in the central section of a water tank just like the bottom part of a squid jigging vessel, and on-site catching efficiency of LED fishing lamp with control fishing vessel. The color LED light showing the highest squidgathering rate as against the shadow section was found to be blue LED light with 39.3% rate under the dark (0.05lx) condition. Under the brighter condition than 0.05lx, white LED light was found to have the highest gathering rate of 41.5%. In addition, it was found that squid gathering rate was high at the shadow section which showed 6.3-fold brightness difference between the shadow section and bright section. As for the arrival time for the shadow section, blue LED light was found to be the fastest in attracting squids in 192.7 seconds under the dark condition while the red LED light was the fastest in luring squids in 164.6 seconds under the bright condition. The ratio of the squid-jigging operation and sailing in fuel consumption of the fishing vessel loaded with LED fishing lamp is about 7 to 1, showing most of the fuel is consumed more in sailing than in squid-jigging operation. As for a catch of squid, the control vessel loaded with MH (Metal Halide) fishing lamp had more catch of 600-7,080 squids than the vessel loaded with LED fishing lamp having a catch of 260-1,700 squids. In addition, even in the comparison of a catch per automatic jigging machine, the catch of the vessel loaded with MH fishing lamp excelled that of the vessel loaded with LED fishing lamp in 6 operations of squid jigging out of 9 operations. The ratio of hand-jigging and automatic jigging machine (one line) in the LED fishing lamp vessel was 1:1.1 excepting the case of having a catch only using an automatic jigging machine, showing almost the same with each other in catches, while in case of a MH fishing lamp vessel, its ratio against hand-jigging was 1 to 5.8, showing hand-jigging excelled in catches.

The LED lamp synchronous light control and charge/discharge system by using GPS (GPS를 이용한 LED 동기점멸등 제어 및 충방전 시스템)

  • Jang, Hye-Young;Son, Young-Dae;Kim, Cherl-Jin
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.157-159
    • /
    • 2007
  • For a vessel to safely navigate on the ocean, it is required to check the vessel position as frequently as possible. When a vessel navigates oil the ocean or entering/leaving a port, the target area such as islands, points and mountain peak, etc. are used. However, when such target are not available or when vessel navigates in night time, installed artificial navigation aid facilities help successful vessel navigation. Light Wave Aid helps to confirm a position to the navigator directly and quickly. So, the synchronous light to display the accurate signal has wide applications. However, lantern domestic industry is small, and most of the products show non-compatibility. Consequently, this paper presents the synchronous lighting using UTC of GPS, which maintains compatibility with different lanterns. Also, by replacing conventional electric bulb with LED lamp, simple and efficient lighting system is obtained.

  • PDF

An Investigation of Thermal Margin for External Reactor Vessel Cooling(ERVC) in Large Advanced Light Water Reactors(ALWR)

  • Park, Jong-Woon;Jerng, Dong-Wook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.473-478
    • /
    • 1997
  • A severe accident management strategy, in-vessel retention corium through external reactor vessel cooling(ERVC) is being studied worldwide as a means to prevent reactor vessel failure following a core melt accident. An evaluation of feasibility of this ERVC for a large Advanced Light Water Reactor (ALWR) is presented. To account for the coolability of corium and metal in the reactor vessel, a thermal analysis is performed using an existing method. Results show that the peak heat flux along the inner surface of the reactor vessel lower head has a relatively smaller margin than a small capacity reactor such as AP600 in regards with the critical heat flux attainable at the outer surface of the reactor vessel lower head.

  • PDF

Micromorphological Structures of the Vessel Wall Sculptures in Korean Hardwoods (한국산 활엽수재 도관벽의 수식구조에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Won-Yong;Lee, Sung-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.54-67
    • /
    • 1996
  • Micromorphology of the vessel wall sculptures such as perforation plate, inter-vessel pits, vessel-ray pits, vessel-parenchyma pits, vestured pits, spiral thickening, and warts was observed in 78 species(45 genera, 25 families) of Korean hardwoods using a scanning electron microscopy. The SEM observation revealed the micromorphology of vessel wall sculptures which have not yet been described, and have confirmed findings already established at the light microscopical level.

  • PDF

Fishing gear and method and improvement of regulation of the middle sized trawl fishery in the East Sea of Korea (동해구중형트롤어업의 어구어법 및 제도 개선에 관한 연구)

  • JANG, Choong-Sik;SONG, Won-Sang;KANG, Myoung-hee;CHO, Youn-Hyoung;KIM, Bo-Yeon;AN, Young-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.52 no.2
    • /
    • pp.162-168
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study attempted to help determine Korean fishery policies by proposing improvement plans after examining the current regulations, fishing vessels, fishing gear and fishing methods of the middle sized trawl fishery in the East Sea for targeting only squid. In general, the size, engine horse power, and net length of the middle sized trawlers are between 50 and 60 GT, 1,200 and 1,600 PS, and approximately 165 m with four seamed trawl nets, respectively. While a jigging vessel attracted squids using lights, the trawler approached a jigging vessel. The trawler let the jigging vessel know its decision for fishing, and then jigging vessel rolled up jigs. The net of the trawler was casted at 45 degrees between the bow and the stern of the jigging vessel. Once the trawler towed close to the stern of the jigging vessel upon its passing of the jigging vessel, the bow of the trawler turned 45 degrees left again. Then, squid aggregations were entered into the net. When the cod end was passed a light vessel, the trawler hoisted the net up to the otter board. Then the trawler turned 180 degrees. It repeated three to five times of fishing operations as the previous method. We recommend that the regulations allow nineteen side trawlers to catch like stern trawler, as well as the cooperative trawler and jigging vessel operations.

Development of multi-cell flows in the three-layered configuration of oxide layer and their influence on the reactor vessel heating

  • Bae, Ji-Won;Chung, Bum-Jin
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.51 no.4
    • /
    • pp.996-1007
    • /
    • 2019
  • We investigated the influence of the aspect ratio (H/R) of the oxide layer on the reactor vessel heating in three-layer configuration. Based on the analogy between heat and mass transfers, we performed mass transfer experiments to achieve high Rayleigh numbers ranging from $6.70{\times}10^{10}$ to $7.84{\times}10^{12}$. Two-dimensional (2-D) semi-circular apparatuses having the internal heat source were used whose surfaces of top, bottom and side simulate the interfaces of the oxide layer with the light metal layer, the heavy metal layer, and the reactor vessel, respectively. Multi-cell flow pattern was identified when the H/R was reduced to 0.47 or less, which promoted the downward heat transfer from the oxide layer and possibly mitigated the focusing effect at the upper metallic layer. The top boundary condition greatly affected the natural convection of the oxide layer due to the presence of secondary flows underneath the cold light metal layer.

Operating performance of squid jigging vessel using the LED and metal halide fishing lamp combination (LED와 메탈핼라이드 집어등을 겸용한 오징어채낚기 어선의 조업 성능)

  • An, Heui-Chun;Bae, Jae-Hyun;Bae, Bong-Seong;Park, Jong-Myung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.49 no.4
    • /
    • pp.395-403
    • /
    • 2013
  • Fishing efficiency of the squid jigging vessel using the LED and metal halide fishing lamp combination was analyzed to reduce the cost for fishing operation utilizing the fishing light system for high degree of efficiency in the squid jigging fishery (one of the representative coastal and offshore fisheries in Korea). This study aims to improve the nature of existing LED lamps and to develop fan-shaped LED lights having 180W of power and ${\pm}45^{\circ}$ angle of light intensity distribution. The marine experiment for making a comparison of their fishing efficiency was tested by a 9.77 tons fishing vessel from Oct. through Dec. 2012. As a result, experimental fishing vessel showed slightly higher fishing efficiency than the average of metal halide lamp-equipped vessel and 20% energy savings. This means that the combination of LED and metal halide lamps would provide an efficient way to lower energy consumption while maintaining fishing efficiency.

Development of Whistle Signal Reception and Alert System for Small Vessel (소형선박용 기적경고신호 수신.경보시스템 개발)

  • Moon, Serng-Bae;Oh, Jin-Seok;Jun, Seung-Hwan;Yang, Hyoung-Seon;Jeong, Eun-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
    • /
    • v.31 no.8
    • /
    • pp.990-997
    • /
    • 2007
  • In the last 5 years, collisions of fishing vessels have recorded about 54.6% of the total marine accidents. Specially about 64.0% of these collisions were caused by navigator's negligence of watch keeping during works. The purpose of this paper is to develop vessel detecting system that is able to receive the whistle blast of other vessel and make a warning sound and light when the fishermen can not confirm the approaching another vessel on account of fishing works. It is designed to receive the whistle signal blast by a weather tight microphone. The signal is processed by analog active filter in order to enhance the SNR(Signal to noise ratio). And this microprocessor-based system is programmed to do ADC(Analog to digital converting), FFT analysis, controls of warning sound and light.

Advanced In-Vessel Retention Design for Next Generation Risk Management

  • Kune Y. Suh;Hwang, Il-Soon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.713-718
    • /
    • 1997
  • In the TMI-2 accident, approximately twenty(20) tons of molten core material drained into the lower plenum. Early advanced light water reactor (LWR) designs assumed a lower head failure and incorporated various measures for ex-vessel accident mitigation. However, one of the major findings from the TMI-2 Vessel Investigation Project was that one part of the reactor lower head wall estimated to have attained a temperature of 1100$^{\circ}C$ for about 30 minutes has seemingly experienced a comparatively rapid cooldown with no major threat to the vessel integrity. In this regard, recent empirical and analytical studies have shifted interests to such in-vessel retention designs or strategies as reactor cavity flooding, in-vessel flooding and engineered gap cooling of the vessel Accurate thermohydrodynamic and creep deformation modeling and rupture prediction are the key to the success in developing practically useful in-vessel accident/risk management strategies. As an advanced in-vessel design concept, this work presents the COrium Attack Syndrome Immunization Structures (COASIS) that are being developed as prospective in-vessel retention devices for a next-generation LWR in concert with existing ex-vessel management measures. Both the engineered gap structures in-vessel (COASISI) and ex-vessel (COASISO) are demonstrated to maintain effective heat transfer geometry during molten core debris attack when applied to the Korean Standard Nuclear Power Plant(KSNPP) reactor. The likelihood of lower head creep rupture during a severe accident is found to be significantly suppressed by the COASIS options.

  • PDF

Vessel Elements of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer (인삼 (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer)의 도관요소)

  • 정병갑
    • Journal of Plant Biology
    • /
    • v.31 no.3
    • /
    • pp.169-185
    • /
    • 1988
  • Vessel elements in lateral root, tap root, transition region, stem and mid vein of 1-year old, 3-year old and 5-year old ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) are studied with light microscope to clarify the distribution and differentiation of several kinds of vessel elements. Vessel elements are classified into five types such as ring vessel, spiral vessel, scalariform vessel, reticulate vessel and pitted vessel according to the secondary thickenings of cell wall. All of the five types are not observed in each organ, but diverse kinds of vessels are present in stem and mid vein compared with the underground organs such as tap root and lateral root. The length of vessel elements is longest (680$\mu$m) in stem and shortest (143$\mu$m) in tap root. The diameter of vessel elements is 19.0$\mu$m in tap root and the angle of perforation plate comes under 22$^{\circ}$-60$^{\circ}$. The degree of differentiation of vessel elements according to the length, diameter and angle of perforation plate of vessel elements is highest in tap root regardless of the age of ginseng. Three types of perforation plate such as scalariform, intermediate type of simple and scalariform, and simple perforation plate are observed. The vascular tracheids are characteristically observed in mid vein of 1-year old ginseng, and in transition region of 3 and 5-year old ginseng.

  • PDF