• Title, Summary, Keyword: Life status

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Effect of Anxiety about Climate Change on Life Satisfaction and Mediating Effect of Subjective Health Status (노인의 기후변화 불안감이 생활만족도에 미치는 영향과 주관적 건강의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Sungeun
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.267-272
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine effect of anxiety about climate change on life satisfaction and mediating effect of subjective health status between anxiety about climate change and life satisfaction among older persons. Methods: This study used data from Statistics Korea 2018 Social Survey and a total of 7,870 older persons aged 65 and over were selected for the analyses. Descriptive statistics was used to identify characteristics of study participants and correlation analysis was used to examine the associations among anxiety about climate change, subjective health status, and life satisfaction. Also, multiple regression analyses were performed to examine effect of anxiety about climate change on life satisfaction and mediating effect of subjective health status between anxiety about climate change and life satisfaction. Results: Study findings show that anxiety about climate change had significant effect on life satisfaction. A higher level of anxiety decreased the level of life satisfaction of the elderly. A higher level of anxiety about climate change also decreased the level of subjective health status. In addition, the effect of anxiety about climate change on life satisfaction was partially mediated by subjective health status. Conclusions: Findings of the study suggest that the needs of older population should be considered in designing policy and interventions on climate change.

Nutrient Intake of the Rural Elderly Living in Kyungnam -Focusing on Health and Aging Status, and Life-Satisfaction- (경남 일부지역 농촌노인의 영양섭취조사 -건강과 노화상태 및 생활만족도를 중심으로 -)

  • 이경혜;박미영
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.773-788
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference in nutrient intake according to the level of self-perception of health status, aging status and life satisfaction of the rural elderly. The factors for the study were surveyed by interview method. The subjects were 270 people(71 male, 129 female) aged over 65 years(73.5 $\pm$ 5.6ys) in the Ham-an area. The obtained results as follows : By evaluation of self-perception of health status, 57.5% of subjects answered they are in a bad health condition. The 91.5% of subjects had diseases(rheumatitis & arthritis 31.4%, cardiovascular disease 20.2%, gastric disease 10.2%). The women had more diseases than the men(p < 0.01). The subjects took medical treatment in private hospital(40.5%) and public health centers(35.0%). The men showed better level of aging status(p < 0.001) and life satisfaction index(p < 0.01) than the worsen. Living with spouse influenced the aging status(p < 0.05) and the more pocket money influenced life satisfaction(p < 0.05) and aging status(p < 0.05). The elderly who eat regularly 3 times a day(p < 0.05) and have a good appetite(p < 0.001) appeared to have positive effect on the self perception of health status and aging status. An increasing level of the self-perception of health status and regular exercise worked to improve aging status(p < 0.001). The habits of smoking and alcohol drinking, however had no effect on any index. The self-perception of health status affected the nutrient intake, but only in female elderly. The aging status and the life satisfaction index related overall positively to the intake of nutrients. In conclusion, the study shows that gender did influence nutrient intake in the elderly. The women who live alone rated lowest in social resources and health condition therefore their nutrient intake was also extremely in deficit. For successful aging, a program for rural elderly is needed, i.e. actions to provide minimum economic life, food delivery and psychological/physical health care through regional public health centers.

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A Study on Health Status by THI Health Index and Life-Style among Workers in an Industry (근로자의 생활습관이 THI에 의한 건강상태에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 이명선
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.24-34
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    • 1996
  • This study had been carried out to analyze the relationship among the personal variables, the variales of life style and physical and mental health status of workers. In order to analyze the influence of industrial worker's life-style on physical and mental health status of workers, explore the relaionship between healh status and their life-style. Special interest in this study was the assesment of worker's physical and mental health status measured by the Todai Health Index(THI)-a self-adminstered health stutus screening instrument developed by a University of and Gumma research team. Data were collected from an industry of 1,495 workers at city of Chang Won in Korea. 1. The young age group especially the group who had short work duraion less than two years had high THI scores which were statistically significant. 2. A worker who followed 6∼7 good life style scores were found to be associated with better health status than those who followed 0-3 bad life style scores in most of all dimensions of physical and mental health scales of THI. 3. According to the multiple regression analysis, the variable of life style scores had the greatest influence on physical and mental health status of industrial workers. The variable of age, duration of work, and life style were included in the regression model(R²= 18.8).

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Factors Influencing the Health Status and Life Satisfaction of Elders in Free and Charged Welfare Facilities (무료 및 유료 노인복지시설 노인의 건강상태와 생활 만족도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Yoen-Kyoung;Park, Kyung-Min;Kim, Chung-Nam
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.317-325
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    • 2008
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors influencing the health status and life satisfaction of elders in welfare facilities. Methods: The subjects of this study were selected randomly among those without cognitive impairment from free (140 persons) and charged (140 persons) welfare facilities in the Yeongnam area. Data was analyzed using t-test and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Health status and life satisfaction were 2.52 and 1.98, respectively, in the elders from free welfare facilities, and 2.67 and 2.08 respectively, in the elders from charged welfare facilities. In those from free facilities, life satisfaction and motivation for getting into the welfare facility were the influencing factors of health status. In those from charged facilities, life satisfaction, gender, motivation for getting into the welfare facility, limited service such as physiotherapy, age, and lack of staff and professionalism were the influence factors of health status. In those from free facilities, health status, relationship conflict with fellow elders, lack of staff and professionalism, insufficient facilities and inadequate environment, and indifference of sons and daughters were the influence factors of life satisfaction. In those from charged facilities, health status, education and age were the influence factors of life satisfaction. Conclusions: It was found that both health status and life satisfaction of elders in charged welfare facilities were higher than those in free welfare facilities.

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The Effects of Social Participation on Daily Life Satisfaction in Elderly with Disabilities: Mediating Effect of Self-Rated Health Status and Self-Esteem (장애노인의 사회참여가 일상생활만족도에 미치는 영향: 주관적 건강상태와 자아존중감의 매개효과)

  • Ko, Min-Seok
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.221-232
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships among social participation, self-rated health status, self-esteem and daily life satisfaction of the elderly with disabilities. It especially focused on the mediating effects of self-rated health status and self-esteem on the relationship between social participation and daily life satisfaction. Methods : From the fifth panel survey of employment for the disabled, data for 518 elderly over age of 65 were analyzed with SPSS 22.0, SmartPLS 2.0 M3 and the Sobel test. Results : First, social participation of the elderly with disabilities had a positive influence on the self-rated health status and self-esteem. The direct effect of self-rated health status and self-esteem on daily life satisfaction was statistically significant. However, the influence of social participation on daily life satisfaction was not statistically significant. Second, the self-rated health status and self-esteem had a mediating effect on the relationship between social participation and daily life satisfaction. Conclusions : This study shows that it is important to provide an integrated social participation support program that coincides with a variety of social programs to elderly with disabilities.

A Study on the Dietary Life and Nutritional Status of the Buddhist Priests (우리나라 스님들의 식생활과 영양실태 조사.연구)

  • 유영상;이윤희
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.425-434
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate of the dietary life and nutritional status of the Buddhist priests. Dietary life, the state of prepare a meal and menu are carried out through the questionnaire and the nutritional status is carried out through the analysis of the constituents of the blood. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. 1. The traditional temple's foods undergo a change with the variety and westernization of dietary life. 2. Buddhist priests take a carbohydrate centered meal and the intake of protein and lipid is tendency to lack, but the intake of vitamin and mineral is sufficient with various vegetables. 3. The content of the lipid compoents and glucose of blood are low and they are free from the danger of geriatric diseases but the content of triglyceride is very higher than the healthy general adults. Therefore it is necessary to improve the nutritional status of the buddhist priests with decrease the intake of rice and increase the various side dish and to develop the standard menu for the Buddhist priests.

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A Study on Determinants of Life Satisfaction of the Urban Elderly People (도시지역 노인의 생활만족 결정요인에 관한 연구)

  • Jung Young Ju
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.143-160
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this descriptive survey study was to examine the following items. 1) Score distribution of life satisfaction. powerlessness. perceived health status and self-esteem 2) Demographic characteristics and the affection of socioeconomic characterictics to life satisfaction. powerlessness. perceived health status and self-esteem 3) Correlationship between life satisfaction. powerlessness. perceived health status and self-esteem 4) Determining the factors affecting life satisfaction The subjects were 167 urban elderly people. Data were collected from May to July in 1998 using the questionaires. The data were analyzed by mean. ANOVA. Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS win 7.5 program. The results were as follows : 1) The degree of life satisfaction and powerlessness were relatively low with the mean score of 42.4 and 39.79 respectively. and perceived health status and self-esteem were relatively high with the mean score of 3.15 out of 5 and 27.3 respectively. 2) There were no significant differences between demographic characteristics and life satisfaction. Education(F=2.91. p=0.02), previous employment(F=2.23. p=0.03) and marital status(F=3.85. p=0.04) showed significant differences in the relationship between demographic characteristics and powerlessness. Sex(F=6.40. p=0.0l). education(F=3.30. p=0.0l). marital status(F=7.13. p=0.008) and kinds of living togather(F=3.69. p=0.003) showed significant differences in the relationship between demographic characteristics and perceived health status. There were no significant differences between demographic characeristics and self-esteem. 3) Monthly allowance(F=3.68. p=0.007). participation in social activity(F=5.90. p=0.000) and number of social activities(F=5.27. p=0.000) showed significant differences in the relationship between socioeconomic characteristics and life satisfaction. Monthly allowance(F=3.13. p=0.01) and number of social activities(F=2.7. p=0.02) showed significant differences in the relationship between socioeconomic characteristics and powerlessness. There were no significant differences between socioeconomic characteristics and perceived health status. Montly allowance(F=4.82. p=0.001). particpation in social activity(F=2.90. p=0.02) and number of social activities(F=3.79. p=0.003) showed significant differences m the relationship between socioeconomic characteristics and self-esteem. 4) Powerlessness showed negative correltionship with perceived health staus(r=-0.295. p<0.001). self-esteem(r=-0.463. p<0.001) and life satisfaction(r=-0.514. p<0.001). Perceived health status showed positive correltionship with self-esteem(r=0.312. p<0.001) and life satisfaction (r=0.377. p<0.001). Self-esteem showed positive correlationship with life satisfaction(r=0.652. p(<0.001). 5) The predicting variances for life satisfaction m elderly people were self-esteem. powerlessness. participation in social activity and perceived health status. The most influencing factor among the variances was the self-esteem$(42.5\%)$ and powerlessness was the second. Both of self-esteem and powerlessness accounted for $48.2\%$ in life satisfaction. The addition of participation of social activity and perceived health status accounted for $52.9\%$ in life satisfaction.

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A Study on Stressful Life Events, Self-esteem and Perceived Health Status of the Elderly in a Rural Community (노인의 스트레스 생활사건, 자아존중감, 지각된 건강상태에 관한 연구)

  • Kang Young Sil;Park Ok Hee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 1999
  • This study was performed to estimate stressful life events, self-esteem and perceived health status in the elderly persons and to compare degree of self-esteem and perceived health status according to experience of stressful life events and general characteristics. The data was collected from 179 elders in a rural community. Data collection was done from October 20 to December 6, 1997. A comparison of self-esteem and perceived health status by experience of stressful life events and general characteristics was summarized as follows : 1) Eighty three persons, $46.4\%$ of the surveyed, have experienced stressful life events, including disease(54 persons) and death of family member(l2 persons). 2) Thirty eight percents of the surveyed persons evaluated they are not healthy. The average score of perceived health status of the elderly was 2.88± .92 for the scale of 5, which represents the healthiest status. 3) There were significant differences on the self-esteem score in the elderly according to having a spouse or not(t=3.51. p=.00l), having family members living together or not(t=2.98. p=.003) and socioeconomic status(F=7.08. p=.00l). 4) There were significant differences on the perceived health status in the elderly according to experience of stressful life events(t=3.51. p=.00l), having family members living together or not(t=2.09, p= .038) and socioeconomic status(F=6.56, p=.002). 5) Positive correlation was observed between self-esteem and perceived health(r= .5037, p=.000). The above results imply that support of family and society should be reinforced to improve self-respect and health of aged persons, and that it is desirable to build up social and economic environment promoting health status through daily life.

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The Relationships between Academic Stress and Adjustment at University Life in Korean University Students (대학생의 학업 스트레스와 학교생활적응)

  • Cha, Nam Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.124-131
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this paper was to identify the correlations among academic stress and adjustment at university life in university students. Methods: A total of 489 subjects aged 17 and 36 were selected through convenient sampling. Data were collected with a self reported questionnaire from September 2 to November 30, 2015. Collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN. Results: There were statistical differences between academic stress and adjustment at university life. Academic stress were significantly different according to gender, grade, economic status, health status major department of study, drinking and smoking. Adjustment at university life were significantly different according to gender, economic status, health status. 25.4% of variance in adjustment at university life were explained by academic stress, major department of study, health status. Conclusion: The finding of this study may be useful in understanding the academic stress expression of university students and developing more specific programs on adjustment at university life.

Correlation of Quality of Life in the Health Condition of Korean Elderly: Perceived, Physical, Mental Health Status (한국 노인에서 건강상태와 삶의 질의 관련성: 주관적, 신체적, 정신적 건강상태 중심으로)

  • Yu, Soo-Jin;Kang, Chang-Yeol;Kim, Young-Ran
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to observe the health status of the elderly, and to investigate the correlation between their health status and quality of life. Data from the years 2010 and 2011 were used which are from the fifth edition of the 'Survey of the Korean National Health and Nutrition'. According to multiple regression analysis, perceived health status, chronic illness, stress, depression, and suicidal thoughts were important factors in quality of life. Above all, the most important factor was perceived health status (its explanatory power was 36.5%). In conclusion, perceived health status has strong effects on the quality of life in the elderly, and it is necessary to provide more extensive welfare projects to improve the quality of life in Korean elderly.