• Title/Summary/Keyword: Leydig cells

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Expression of Metallothionein mRNA in Cadmium Treated Leydig Cells (테스토스테론생성 레이디히세포(Leydig)에서의 메탈로치오닌 유전자 발현특성연구)

  • Park Kwangsik
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.261-269
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    • 2004
  • Although the biological functions of metallothioneins (MTs) are still being investigated, they have been suggested to be involved in detoxification of heavy metals, scavenging of free radicals, and protection against alkylating agents. MTs have been reported to be induced in most of animal tissues by heavy metals such as zinc, copper, mercury and cadmium, and the proteins have binding affinities to the metals. However, the presence or induction of MTs was reported not to be clear in leydig cells, which produce testosterone for the maturation of spermatozoa in male testes. In this study, we investigated the inducibility of metallothionein isomers by cadmium in cultured mouse leydig cells. Total RNA was extracted from the near confluent grown leydig cells and RT-PCR was Performed using the Primers which were synthesized on the basis of MT-1, 2, 3 and 4 cDNA from GenBank database. As results, MT-1 and MT-2 mRNA were found to be expressed in cadmium non-treated control cells and MT 1 mRNA expression was dose-dependent when leydig cells were treated with cadmium chloride. But MT-3 which is known to be brain specific and MT-4 which is another isoform of metallothionein, were not expressed. Other genes induced or depressed in cadmium treated leydig cells were also identified by microarray techniques.

The Antioxidant Activity of Cnidii Fructus and Torilis Fructus in Leydig cells (Leydig Cell의 항산화에 미치는 벌사상자와 사상자의 비교연구)

  • Oh, Ji Hoon;Kim, Do Rim;Park, Soo Yeon;Chang, Mun Seog;Park, Seong Kyu
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to estimate the antioxidant activity of water extract of Cnidii Fructus (CF) and Torilis Fructus (TF) in Leydig cells. Methods : Free radical scavenging activity of CF and TF against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) was determined spectrophotometrically. We investigated the effect of CF and TF in Leydig cells by MTT assay. The protective effects of CF and TF against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in Leydig cells. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase activity assays were performed in Leydig cells. Results : The results showed that CF scavenged DPPH radical in a dose-dependent manner by up to 81.2%, TF scavenged DPPH radical in a dose-dependent manner by up to 63.8%. CF showed cell viability as 121.0, 132.7, 126.6% in 5, 10, $100{\mu}g/ml$ concentrations. TF showed cell viability as 127.5, 111.8% in 5, $100{\mu}g/ml$ concentraions, respectively. The hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity of Leydig cells were protected to 86.3% by CF at concentration of $10{\mu}g/ml$ and protected to 83.5% by TF at concentration of $100{\mu}g/ml$. Both CF and TF at all concentrations, SOD activity was not significantly changed. Catalase activity was significantly increased at 10, $100{\mu}g/ml$ concentrations of CF, respectively. TF's catalase activity showed no significant difference from that of the control. Conclusions : These results suggest that CF, as an antioxidant, protects Leydig cells in hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress. know that "Kwangjebikeup" played a role in settlement and spreading of foreign knowledge to civilians.

Effects of Cyclophosphamide on the Leydig Cells of the Mouse Testis (Cyclophosphamide가 생쥐 정소의 Leydig Cell에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Hae-Man;Kim, Jeong-Sang;Cho, Kwang-Phil
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 1995
  • This research was undertaken to determine the effect of cyclophosphamide(CP) on the Leydig cells and macrophages in the interstitial tissue of the mice(ICR strain). To evaluate how this drug could affect the these cells, during administration(200mg/kg) 1 time to 3 times at intervals of 48hrs. In the Leydig cells of the control and 1 time treated group, a number of microperoxisomes were observed interspersed among the network of smooth endoplasmic reticulum(SER) in cellular regions where the SER predominantes. Microperoxisomes were also founded in close proximity to the cell membrane. The interstitial tissue were exhibited degenerating Leydig cells but macrophages wer containd greatly increased numbers of cytoplasmic inclusion body and secondary lysosomes. In the 1 time treated group. A very small number of Leydig cells were observed, from 2 to 3 time group, but macrophages were more increased than 1 time group in number. CP thus offers a valuable opportunity to study further the interaction between Leydig cells and macrophages in the interstitial tissue. These alteration could be direct mediated by toxic effect of the drug on the interstitial tissue.

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Ultrastructural Studies of Germ Cell Development and the Functions of Leydig Cells and Sertoli Cells associated with Spermatogenesis in Kareius bicoloratus (Teleostei, Pleuronectiformes, Pleuronectidae)

  • Kang, Hee-Woong;Kim, Sung Hwan;Chung, Jae Seung
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 2016
  • The ultrastructures of germ cells and the functions of Leydig cells and Sertoli cells during spermatogenesis in male Kareius bicoloratus (Pleuronectidae) were investigated by electron microscope observation. Each of the well-developed Leydig cells during active maturation division and before spermiation contained an ovoid vesicular nucleus, a number of smooth endoplasmic reticula, well-developed tubular or vesicular mitochondrial cristae, and several lipid droplets in the cytoplasm. It is assumed that Leydig cells are typical steroidogenic cells showing cytological characteristics associated with male steroidogenesis. No cyclic structural changes in the Leydig cells were observed through the year. However, although no clear evidence of steroidogenesis or of any transfer of nutrients from the Sertoli cells to spermatogenic cells was observed, cyclic structural changes in the Sertoli cells were observed over the year. During the period of undischarged germ cell degeneration after spermiation, the Sertoli cells evidenced a lysosomal system associated with phagocytic function in the seminiferous lobules. In this study, the Sertoli cells function in phagocytosis and the resorption of products originating from degenerating spermatids and spermatozoa after spermiation. The spermatozoon lacks an acrosome, as have been shown in all teleost fish spermatozoa. The flagellum or sperm tail of this species evidences the typical 9+2 array of microtubules.

Effects of Daidzein on Testosterone Synthesis and Secretion in Cultured Mouse Leydig Cells

  • Zhang, Liuping;Cui, Sheng
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.618-625
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    • 2009
  • The objective of this work was to study the direct effects of daidzein on steroidogenesis in cultured mouse Leydig cells. Adult mouse Leydig cells were purified by Percoll gradient centrifugation, and the cell purity was determined using a $3{\beta}$-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase ($3{\beta}$-HSD) staining method. The purified Leydig cells were exposed to different concentrations ($10^{-7}$ M to $10^{-4}$ M) of daidzein for 24 h under basal and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)-stimulated conditions. The cell viability and testosterone production were determined, and the related mechanisms of daidzein action were also evaluated using the estrogen receptor antagonist ICI 182,780 and measuring the mRNA levels of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR), cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme (P450scc), and $3{\beta}$-HSD-1 involved in testosterone biosynthesis. The results revealed that daidzein did not influence cell viability. Daidzein increased both basal and hCG-stimulated testosterone production in a dose-dependent manner, and this effect was statistically significant at concentrations of $10^{-5}$ M and $10^{-4}$ M daidzein (p<0.05). ICI 182,780 had no influence on daidzein action. RTPCR results revealed that $10^{-5}$ M and $10^{-4}$ M daidzein did not exert any obvious influence on the mRNA level of P450scc in Leydig cells. However, in the presence of hCG, these concentrations of daidzein significantly increased the StAR and $3{\beta}$-HSD-1 mRNA levels (p<0.05), but in the absence of hCG, only $10^{-5}$ M and $10^{-4}$ M daidzein up-regulated the StAR and $3{\beta}$-HSD-1 mRNA expression (p<0.05), respectively. These results suggest that daidzein has direct effect on Leydig cells. Daidzein-induced increase of testosterone production is probably not mediated by the estrogen receptor but correlates with the increased mRNA levels of StAR and $3{\beta}$-HSD-1.

Disturbance in Testosterone Production in Leydig Cells by Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

  • Oh, Seunghoon
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.187-195
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    • 2014
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are ubiquitous in the air, are present as volatile and particulate pollutants that result from incomplete combustion. Most PAHs have toxic, mutagenic, and/or carcinogenic properties. Among PAHs, benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) are suspected endocrine disruptors. The testis is an important target for PAHs, yet effects on steroidogenesis in Leydig cells are yet to be ascertained. Particularly, disruption of testosterone production by these chemicals can result in serious defects in male reproduction. Exposure to B[a]P reduced serum and intratesticular fluid testosterone levels in rats. Of note, the testosterone level reductions were accompanied by decreased steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) and $3{\beta}$-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase isomerase ($3{\beta}$-HSD) expression in Leydig cells. B[a]P exposure can decrease epididymal sperm quality, possibly by disturbing the testosterone level. StAR may be a key steroidogenic protein that is targeted by B[a]P or other PAHs.

Induction of Oxidative Stress by Silver Nanoparticles in Cultured Leydig Cells (배양 레이디히 세포를 이용한 은나노 물질의 산화적 스트레스발생 연구)

  • Park, Eun-Jung;Park, Kwang-Sik
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2007
  • Nanomaterials have been used to create unique devices at the nanoscale level. However, the toxicities of nanomaterials have not been fully tested and the risk of nanomaterials has been raised as an emerging issue in these days. In this study, the cytotoxicity of silver nanoparticles was tested using cultured mouse leydig cells. As results, silver nanoparticles showed cytotoxicity with the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). With the increased level of ROS, intracellular glutathione level was decreased. DNA fragmentation and caspase-3 activation suggested the apoptotic mechanism of cell death in leydig cells treated with silver nanoparticles.

Antioxidant effect of Woogyuyeum against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in Leydig cells (右歸飮이 hydrogen peroxide에 의해 유도된 Leydig cell에 미치는 항산화 효과 연구)

  • Kim, Soo Hyun;Kim, Do Rim;Chang, Mun Seog;Park, Seong Kyu
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.111-119
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of water extract of Woogyuyeum (WGY) in Leydig cells. Methods : We investigated the cytoprotective effect of WGY in cultured mouse Leydig cells by MTT assay. Leydig cells treated with WGY were incubated in the presence or absence of 50 μM hydrogen peroxide at 37℃ for 24 h. The protective effects of WGY against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress, lipid peroxide (LPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase activity assays were performed in Leydig cells. Results : As a result, WGY showed no significant cytotoxicity in Leygdig cells. WGY showed cell viability as 103.65% in 5 μg/ml concentrations. The cytotoxicity induced by hydrogen peroxide in Leygdig cells, the antioxidant effects of WGY was increased in 1, 5, 50, 100 ug/ml concentraions. 100 μg/ml concentration of WGY showed maximum antioxidant effects. Treatment of cells with 100 μg/ml WGY significantly reduced the MDA concentration to 0.23 nmoles/mg protein. SOD activity was increased at 1, 100 μg/ml concentration of WGY and catalase activity was significantly increased at 50, 100 μg/ml concentrations of WGY, respectively. Conclusions : In conclusion, WGY has antioxidant activities against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in Leydig cells.

The Antioxidant Activity of Sesami Semen Nigrum on Leydig TM3 cells (흑지마(黑芝麻)가 Leydig cell의 항산화에 미치는 영향)

  • Chang, Mun-Seog;Chung, Kyu-Jin;Chang, Won-Kyu;Park, Seong-Kyu
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.133-138
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to estimate the antioxidant activity of Sesami Semen Nigrum extract (SSN) on mouse Leydig cells, TM3. Methods : Cell viability assays were performed. The protective effects of SSN against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in Leydig cells were examined by measuring cell viability. Lipid peroxidation levels and antioxidant enzyme concentrations such as SOD and catalase were measured. Results : Cell viability of Leydig cells increased with SSN concentration. Cell viability of Leydig cells was 136.66% when SSN concentration was $50{\mu}g/ml$. Cell viability of the hydrogen peroxide group was statistically decreased (p<0.01) compared with the control group. Antioxidant effect of SSN was measured and the protective effect of SSN concentration were 5, 10, $50{\mu}g/ml$. LPO were decreased significantly at 5, $50{\mu}g/ml$ of SSN concentrations. SOD activity was increased at 1, 10, $50{\mu}g/ml$ of SSN concentrations. Catalase activity was significantly increased at 123.7, 133.3 and 131.9 units/mg protein when SSN concentrations were 5, 10 and $50{\mu}g/ml$, respectively. Conclusions : In conclusion, Sesami Semen Nigrum extract has antioxidant activities in Leydig cells against oxidative stress.

TRPV1 activation induces cell death of TM3 mouse Leydig cells

  • Kim, Eun-Jin;Dang, Long Cao;Nyiramana, Marie Merci;Siregar, Adrian S.;Woo, Min-Seok;Kim, Chang-Woon;Kang, Dawon
    • Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.145-153
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    • 2021
  • The role of transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor-1 (TRPV1) has been primarily investigated in pain sensory neurons. Relatively, little research has been performed in testicular cells. TRPV1 is abundantly expressed in Leydig cells of young adult mice. This study was conducted to determine the role of the TRPV1 channel in Leydig cells. TRPV1 modulators and testosterone were treated to the mouse Leydig cell line TM3 cells for 24 h. Capsaicin, a TRPV1 activator, dose-dependently induced cell death, whereas capsazepine, a TRPV1 inhibitor, inhibited capsaicin-induced cell death. Testosterone treatment reduced capsaicin-induced cell death. High concentrations of testosterone decreased TRPV1 mRNA and protein expression levels. However, TRPV1 modulators did not affect testosterone production. These results showed that capsaicin induced cell death of Leydig cells and that testosterone reduced capsaicin-induced cell death. Our findings suggest that testosterone may regulate the survival of Leydig cells in young adult mice by decreasing the expression level of TRPV1.