• Title, Summary, Keyword: Level of Participation

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A Study of the Effects of Motive, Expectation and Satisfaction upon the Participation Level or the Students of the Advanced Course for Bachelor of Dental Technology (치기공학과 전공심화과정 학습자의 참여 동기, 교육기관 기대 및 교육만족도가 학습참여에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Wol
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.113-122
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study analyzed the difference in participation motive, expectation for educational institution and educational satisfaction depending on participation level of students of advanced course for bachelor of dental technology. Methods: 81 students of advanced course for bachelor of dental technology from four university were selected by convenience sampling method. To analyzed influence of participation level depending on participation motive, expectation for educational institution and educational satisfaction, regression analysis was carried out. Results: The participation level of the students was found to be influenced by the educational satisfaction, participation motive and expectation for educational institution. Conclusion: Based on the results, it is important to understand the participation motive of the students and to offer satisfaction environment and administrative support for enhancing the expectation for education for educational institution.

Participation of Mothers in the Internet Community: Relationship to Their Perceptions of Social Support and Parenting Efficacy (유아기 자녀를 둔 어머니의 육아관련 인터넷 커뮤니티 참여현황과 사회적 지지 및 양육 효능감과의 관계)

  • Kim, Mihye;Kim, Heejin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2007
  • This study examined the current status of mothers' participation in the internet community and the relation of participation to maternal perceptions of social support and parenting efficacy. Participants were 386 mothers with young children. Half of them participated in internet communities, and the other half did not. Results showed that mothers' participation in internet communities is currently increasing in terms of quality and quantity of participation. The perceived level of social support and parenting efficacy were higher for participating mothers than for non-participating mothers. Among participating mothers, those with a higher level of participation had a higher level of perceived social support and of parenting efficacy than mothers with a lower level of participation.

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Factors Influencing Participation in National Health Screening Program among Korean Older Adults by Cognitive Function Level

  • Han, Song Yi;Ko, Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.508-517
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the participation rate of the National Health Screening Program (NHSP) and its influencing factors by cognitive function level in Korean older adults. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis using data from the survey of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging in 2016. The data were analyzed using ��2 test and multiple logistic regression. Results: The participation rates of the NHSP in the mild cognitive impairment group (79.6%) and the suspected dementia group (58.0%) were lower than the normal cognitive function group (88.1%). The factors influencing NHSP varied by cognitive function level. Especially, in the suspected dementia group, higher participation rates of the NHSP were associated with living in rural areas, enrollment in private health insurance, no depressive symptoms, participation in social activities, and no living with children. Depression and participation in social activities influenced participation in NHSP in all groups. Conclusion: This study suggests that interventions differentiated by cognitive function level are important for increasing the participation in the health screening.

An investigation of factors influencing the participation of stroke survivors in social and leisure activities

  • Ahn, Si-Nae;Hwang, Sujin
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.67-71
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    • 2018
  • Objective: Participation restrictions are serious problems that stroke survivors experience while reintegrating into family, work, community, and social situations after participating in rehabilitation programs. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors affecting participation in activities of daily living (ADL), as well as social and leisure activities of individuals with hemiparetic stroke. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: The study involved 96 participants who were diagnosed with a first stroke 6 months before the study (58 men, 38 women; $60.3{\pm}14.3years$). The Berg Balance Scale, Modified Barthel Index, Manual Function test, and Activity Card Sort were used to assess static and dynamic balance function, upper limb function, level of independence, and their level of participation within the community. A regression analysis was used to identify the influence of factors affecting participation in ADL, social and recreational activities. Results: The Activity Card Sort scores were significantly affected by the Manual Function test and Modified Barthel Index scores (p<0.05). Participation in leisure activities was affected by the level of independence. Participation in social activities was affected by the balance function and level of independence of the participants. Conclusions: The results of this study have shown that participation restrictions are affected by upper limb function, balance function, and the level of independence in individuals with hemiparetic stroke.

A Study on the Opportunity level of Adult Education by Gender and Regions (성별ㆍ지역간 사회교육 기회격차에 관한 연구)

  • Bae Sung Eui
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.37-47
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    • 2005
  • Education has been emphasized as one of tools of realizing social equality, which has its base on the ideology of equal education opportunity. The Opportunity level of adult education is important in the meaning of social equality. but these days It is being inequality. so The objectives of this study were 1) measuring the opportunity level of adult education in Korea, 2) analysing the difference adult education level by gender, regions, 3) making out the gap of the its level by social educational agencies, 4) to suggest the way to improve the opportunity level of adults educations between adults by gender, regions. The followings are the results from the study: Adult education participation level were lower. Adult education participation level per adult education type showed higher participation at private institutes, lower at cultural center of community and school's human and material resources are not properly utilized in adult educational activities. By adult education participation level per gender and location, women have a higher participation level then men, and urban areas have a higher participation level then rural areas. In case of location, environment variables is most explanatory in adult education participation level. To strive for methods to activate school-oriented adult education activities and to develop political solution to ease the resources gaps for adult education investment among regions in order not to deepen environment gaps of adult education between urban and rural areas. For adult education activation, institution and bodies in charge of adult education should expand and discover hardware and develop and distribute software. Also, adult education specialists who operate and manage these hardware and sofeware efficiently should be recruited.

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The Leisure Participation and Leisure Satisfaction of Single Working People (미혼 직장인의 여가활동참여와 여가만족 - 부산시를 중심으로 -)

  • 이정숙
    • Korean Journal of Rural Living Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to empirically verify the influence of variables on leisure participation and leisure satisfaction of single working people and the relative contribution of individual leisure participation and family leisure participation. The subject of this study were 176 single working people in Pusan and interviewed with a questionnaire. The data were analyzed by SPSS/PC+ program for the frequency, mean, standard deviation, Cronbach'$\alpha$, factor analysis and regression. The major results of this study were as follows : 1. The score of family leisure participation were higher than individual leisure participation. The Level of leisure satisfaction was relatively high. 2. Variables that affect the leisure participation were job, degree of information using and perception level of the adequacy of household income. 3. Variables that affect leisure satisfaction were perception level of the adequacy of household income and individual leisure participation.

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Factors Affecting the Participation Rate in the Health Screening Program of Medical Insurance (의료보험 성인병 건강검진율의 결정요인)

  • Youn, Sung-Tae;Jee, Sun-Ha;Suh, Il;Ohrr, Hee-Choul;Kim, Han-Joong
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.150-156
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    • 2000
  • Objective : To analyze the factors affecting the participation rate in the health screening program of medical insurance. Method : We investigated the factors associated with the participation rate in the health screening program in Korea. Data were collected at the aggregate level from 145 employee health insurance societies and 227 self-employed health insurance societies from 1995 to 1997 Data were also collected at the individual level from four health insurance societies. This study hypothesized that the participation rate of the health screening program was related to 1) the characteristics of its members and the size of the health insurance society; 2) the specifications of the health screening program; 3) the venue of the health screening institution and the interests of individuals in the health screening program; and 4) the activities of the health insurance society. We used bivariate and multiple regression models to examine the factors on the participation rate of the health screening program. Results : First, in the case of dependents of on employee health insurance society, the ratio of dependents 40 years old and over, the average monthly contribution per household, the interest and satisfaction level of individuals in health screening, and the level of refunds for over-payment were all associated with the participation rate in the health screening program, accounting for 54.4% of the participation rate. Second, in case of those insured by the self-employed health insurance society, the interest and satisfaction level of individuals in health screening, the level of refunds for over-payment, and the performance level of on-the-spot health screening were statistically significant, accounting for 40.1% of the participation rate. Conclusion : The factors concerning the participation rate in the health screening program of medical insurance, in both a health insurance society and for individuals, were closely related to the age and gender of individuals and household contributions.

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A Study on Level of Participation and Satisfaction on Leisure by The Types of Money Attitudes in Adults Consumer (성인 소비자의 화폐태도 유형별 여가참여 및 만족에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Sook;Lee, Sin-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.771-783
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate level of participation and satisfaction on leisure by the types of money attitudes in adults consumer, and to offer useful informations for improvement of leisure life. The data used in this study were collected from 449 adult consumers in Busan. The results of this study are as followings: 1. The attitude factors of adult consumers toward money are divided into six factors. And according to the factor points, five clusters are obtained. 2. Demographic variables which influenced on the types of money attitudes were the size of a family, the household monthly income, and the educational background. 3. The differences of level of participation on leisure according to the types of money attitudes were significant to participation level, participation time, participation cost and participation satisfaction in leisure. 4. The differences of satisfaction on leisure according to the types of money attitudes were significant to the monthly leisure expenditure. 5. The influencing variables of satisfaction on leisure according to the types of money attitudes showed differences by the various cluster types.

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A study on related factors of parent's participation intention for early childhood secondhand smoke prevention (유아간접흡연 예방에 대한 부모의 참여의도 관련변인 연구)

  • Gwon, Gi-Nam;Min, Ha-Yeoung
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.1097-1105
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    • 2007
  • This study aims to 1) examine the difference of parent's participation intention for early childhood secondhand smoke prevention depending on sex, education level, income level, and smoking or nonsmoking of parent, parent's knowledge and attitude of early childhood secondhand smoke 2) estimate the influence of independent factors on parent's participation intention for early childhood secondhand smoke prevention centering around factors stated previously, and 3) suggest effective strategies to ultimately encourage parent's behavior for early childhood secondhand smoke prevention. A total of 279 parents with four- and five-year-old day care children participated in this study. The following are the main results of this study. First, the higher the level of income parent had, the higher the level of participation intention for early childhood secondhand smoke prevention parent had. Second, nonsmoking parent exhibited higher level of participation intention than smoking parent. Finally, parent's knowledge and attitude of early childhood secondhand smoke had influence on parent's participation intention for early childhood secondhand smoke prevention, but parent's attitude had a high degree of influence on parent's participation intention.

Civic Participation and Self-rated Health: A Cross-national Multi-level Analysis Using the World Value Survey

  • Kim, Saerom;Kim, Chang-Yup;You, Myung Soon
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.18-27
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: Civic participation, that which directly influences important decisions in our personal lives, is considered necessary for developing a society. We hypothesized that civic participation might be related to self-rated health status. Methods: We constructed a multi-level analysis using data from the World Value Survey (44 countries, n=50 859). Results: People who participated in voting and voluntary social activities tended to report better subjective health than those who did not vote or participate in social activities, after controlling for socio-demographic factors at the individual level. A negative association with unconventional political activity and subjective health was found, but this effect disappeared in a subset analysis of only the 18 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Moreover, social participation and unconventional political participation had a statistically significant contextual association with subjective health status, but this relationship was not consistent throughout the analysis. In the analysis of the 44 countries, social participation was of borderline significance, while in the subset analysis of the OECD countries unconventional political participation was a stronger contextual determinant of subjective health. The democratic index was a significant factor in determining self-rated health in both analyses, while public health expenditure was a significant factor in analysis of 18 countries. Conclusions: Our investigation suggests that civic participation, including unconventional political activity at the contextual level, might be a significant determinant of health status of a country.