• Title/Summary/Keyword: Legal violation

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A Study on the Internet Defamation Policy and Law - Focusing on the Communications Decency Act of 1996 and the Brodie Case (인터넷 명예훼손 방지를 위한 정책과 법안에 관한 연구 - 미국의 통신품위법과 Brodie 사건을 중심으로)

  • Bae, Sung-Ho
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2012
  • Defamation is one of the most frequently occurring daily legal violation because it can easily be done by words. In the internet generation with flooding internet forum websites and social network services, internet defamation is becoming one of the most serious problems in many leading IT countries including Korea and the United States. Being such a critical issue that can lead to a suicide, Korean policy makers has undertaken efforts to prevent the internet defamation by defining the liabilities of internet users and internet service providers. Many of the policies and laws including "the Telecommunication Information Usage Promotion and Security Protection Act of 2007" are modeled after that of the United States. Thus, the study aims to explore American defamation law and internet defamation law analyzing "the Communications Decency Act of 1996" and a recently decided precedent, "Brodie" case, in Maryland state court.

A Study on the Improvement of the Intelligent Robots Act

  • Park, Jong-Ryeol;Noe, Sang-Ouk
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.217-224
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    • 2019
  • The intelligent robot industry is a complex which encompasses all fields of science and technology, and its marketability and industrial impact are remarkable. Major countries in the world have been strengthening their policies to foster the intelligent robot industry, but discussions on liability issues and legal actions that are accompanied by the related big or small accidents are still insufficient. In this study, therefore, the patent law by artificial intelligence robots and the legislation for relevant legal actions at the criminal law level are presented. Patent law legislation by artificial intelligence robots should comply with the followings. First, the electronic human being other than humans ought to be given legal personality, which is the subject of patent infringement. Even if artificial intelligence has legal personality, legal responsibility will be varied depending on the judgment of whether the accident has occurred due to the malfunction of the artificial intelligence itself or due to the human intervention with malicious intention. Second, artificial intelligence as a subject of actors and responsibility should be distinguished strictly; in other words, the injunction is the responsibility of the intelligent robot itself, but the financial repayment is the responsibility of the owner. In the criminal law legislation, regulations for legal punishment of intelligent robot manufacturing companies and manufacturers should be prepared promptly in case of legal violation, by amending the scope of application of Article 47 (Penal Provisions) of the Intelligent Robots Development and Distribution Promotion Act. In this way, joint penal provisions, which can clearly distinguish the responsibilities of the related parties, should be established to contribute to the development of the fourth industrial revolution.

Necessity of Strengthening Small-Scale Wastewater Discharge Facilities Management (소규모 폐수배출시설 관리 강화의 필요성)

  • Park, Jae Hong;Rhew, Doug Hee
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.226-233
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    • 2018
  • Small-scale wastewater discharge facilities account for 98% of all workplaces, but in the generation and emission of major pollutants, they account for 27.5 % and 23.5 %, respectively. Since the proportion of the emission load of the small-scale workplace is not large, the national environmental policy has been established mainly around large-scale wastewater discharge facilities. However, in the case of specific hazardous substances in water, the amount of the discharge load of the small-scale wastewater discharge facility was 2.4 times higher than that of the generation load. Certain types of specific hazardous substances in water, which have a higher discharge load than large-scale wastewater discharge facilities, account for 24 ~ 32 %. There are also cases in which the discharge load from a small-scale discharge facility is more than four times higher, depending on the specific kind of water pollutant. As a result of inspections, the violation rate of the small-scale wastewater discharge facility among the total violations by facilities is 93.9 ~ 97.5 %. As a result, the ecotoxicity value of small-scale wastewater discharge facilities was high in most industries, and there was a fluctuation in the measured value. This indicates that the ecological integrity of the water system can be largely influenced by small-scale wastewater discharge facilities. Therefore, it is necessary to expand the environmental management of small-scale wastewater discharge facilities, and in some cases, the effect of the improvement in quality may be more significant than in the management of large-scale wastewater discharge facilities.