• Title/Summary/Keyword: Learning self-efficacy

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The Effects of Team-Based Learning on Fundamentals of Nursing (기본간호학 수업에서 팀기반 학습 적용 효과)

  • Kim, Soon-Ok;Kim, Mi-sook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.107-119
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    • 2016
  • This research was explored the effects of the application of the team-based classes on the self-directed learning, the academic self-efficacy, and the level of learning satisfaction of the nursing students. Study subjects are 104 nursing students from one university from G region. The data were analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA, paired t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficients. With regard to the differences between the levels of the learning satisfaction, the differences were shown (t=4.410, p<.05). Regarding the self-directed learning, it rose to the average of 3.50 points after the application of the team-based learning from the average of 3.39 points. It showed a difference (t=-2.083, p=<.05). And the academic self-efficacy rose to 3.65 points from the 3.12 points after the application of the self-based learning. And it showed a difference (t=-14.175, p=<.001). The level of the learning satisfaction was shown to be over the middle with the average of 3.73 points. And the self-directed learning after the application of the team-based learning showed an academic self-efficacy (r=.512, p<.001), a level of the learning satisfaction (r=.421, p<.001), and a positive relationship. It was proven that the team-based learning can cultivate the capabilities for effectively solving the clinical problems.

An analysis of the mobile learning usages of adult learners and the effects of their perceptions of mobile learning to their learning achievements in a cyber-university (사이버대학 성인학습자의 모바일러닝 활용실태 분석 및 학업성취도에 대한 모바일러닝 관련 인식의 영향 탐색)

  • Lee, Euikil
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 2014
  • The purposes of this study were to analyze the mobile learning usages of adult learners and how their perceptions of the mobile learning affects their learning achievements in a cyber-university. 1,118 online adult learners who enrolled in a cyber-university in Korea were involved in this study and the data for their demographic information, mobile learning usages, the perceptions of mobile learning(self-efficacy for mobile learning, perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, and learning satisfaction) and the learning achievement were collected. The main findings of this study were as follows. First, the subjects in this study showed higher participation rates in the mobile learning with recently introduced mobile devices compared to the results of previous studies. They also showed the need of more learning materials and video streamed lectures. Second, the higher-aged subjects showed relatively higher levels of perception of mobile learning compared to the lower-aged group. Third, the effects of the subjects' perceptions of mobile learning to their learning achievement seem to be limited. It was recommended to enhance the quality of the mobile learning especially considering the relationships between the perceived usefulness and the learning achievement.

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Effect of Smart Learning applied on Achievement Goal, Self Directed Learning for Students in Health College (스마트 학습법이 보건 계열 학생들에게 성취목표지향성 및 학업적 자기 효능감이 미치는 효과)

  • Shim, Jae-Goo;Park, Soo-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.279-287
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this was to study and analyze smart learning the self directed learning, self efficacy, learning satisfaction about department of radiology in a college. For this study total students 74 in 2classes were surveyed at the end of semester. Compared to use smartphones one group and not use smartphones one group for study in a class. The research data was analyzed using SPSS also self directed learning, self learning efficacy, learning satisfaction analyzed t-test, general character was analyzed two group(one : Used smart learning other : not Used smart learning) ${\chi}^2-test$. First, Used smart learning group is more higher than not Used smart learning group in a self learning efficacy, self directed learning, learning satisfaction. Second, during the smart learning classes a students appeared a positive response. Suggest to change a paradigm in a radiology classes so we have to improve a teaching skills this solution recommend is two way communication. In conclusion, smart learning applied for classes of college is meaningful as a new teaching, which can be change gradually learning satisfaction by teaching methods.

Self-archiving Motivations across Academic Disciplines on an Academic Social Networking Service (학술 소셜 네트워킹 서비스에서의 학문 분야별 연구자의 셀프 아카이빙 동기 분석)

  • Lee, Jongwook;Oh, Sanghee;Dong, Hang
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.313-332
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to compare motivations for self-archiving across disciplines on an academic social networking site. We carried out an online survey with ResearchGate(RG) users, testing 18 motivational factors that we developed from a previous study (enjoyment, personal/professional gain, reputation, learning, self-efficacy, altruism, reciprocity, trust, community interest, social engagement, publicity, accessibility, self-archiving culture, influence of external actors, credibility, system stability, copyright concerns, additional time, and effort). We adapted Biglan's classification system of academic disciplines and compared motivations across different categories of discipline. First, we compared motivations across the four combined categories by the two dimensions - hard-pure, hard-applied, soft-pure, and soft-applied. We also performed a motivation comparison across each dimension between soft and hard disciplines and between pure and applied disciplines. We examined investigated statistical differences in motivations by demographic characteristics and RG usage of participants across categories as well. Findings showed that there were differences of motivations, such as enjoyment, accessibility, influence of external actors and additional time and effort, and personal/professional gains, for self-archiving across disciplines. For example, RG users in the hard-applied were more highly motivated by enjoyment than others; RG users in the soft-pure were more highly motivated by personal/professional gains than others. It is expected that findings could be used to develop strategies encouraging researchers in various disciplines contributing to share their data and publications in ASNSs.

Development and Application of Integrated-Simulation Practice Program using Standardized Patients : Caring for Alcoholism with Diabetes Mellitus in the Community (표준화 환자를 활용한 통합시뮬레이션 실습 프로그램 개발 및 적용 -지역사회에 거주하는 당뇨를 동반한 알코올중독대상자 간호-)

  • Kang, Gwang-Soon;Kim, Younkyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.662-672
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to develop an integrated-simulation practice program using standardized patients and to identify the effects of such program. The present study used a pretest-posttest design with a single group applied to 30 fourth-year nursing students in a university and developed a case scenario for alcoholism patients with diabetes mellitus in a community. As results showed, communication skills were significantly improved (t = 4.24, p < .001), but the learning of self-efficacy and motivation of transfer were insignificantly improved compared with the pretest. Moreover, motivation of transfer showed a positive correlation with the learning of self-efficacy (r = .758, p < .01). The purpose of utilizing an appropriate case development based on practical experience and hands-grade students was to improve the motivation of transfer and increase self-efficacy through problem solving. Therefore, we identified that an integrated-simulation practice program using standard patients was useful in the improvement of client centered nursing competence, such as communication skills. In addition, further studies would help develop various scenarios for the integrated-simulation practice program to improve not only communication skills but also increase self-efficacy and motivation of transfer.

The Effectiveness of Problem Based Learning(PBL) across Learning Styles in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 학습유형에 따른 문제중심 학습의 효과)

  • Lee, Insook;Park, Chang-Seung;Park, Hee-Ok
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.5658-5671
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    • 2013
  • This study was to identify the difference of achievement motivation, self-efficacy, self-directed learning across the learning styles after application of the Problem based learning(PBL) in Nursing students. Descriptive survey was performed from march to june, 2009 at a university in Jeju. The participants were 268 in freshman nursing student and PBL was used during one semester. The data from 242 participants were analysed using IBM SPSS 20.0 The results revealed that most nursing students had converger in learning styles. Achievement motivation and self-efficacy were the greatest scores in accommodator and self-directed learning was the greatest scores in converger. However, Achievement motivation, self-efficacy, and self-directed learning were lowest in diverger. Significant positive correlation was found among achievement motivation, self-efficacy, and self-directed learning each other. There were significant difference in achievement motivation, self-efficacy and self-directed learning across learning styles. More research is needed to determine the effects of PBL in nursing education including many variables.

Study on the Effect of Smart Learning applied at a Radiationtherapy Subject on Self Directed Learning, Self Learning Efficacy, Learning Satisfaction of College Students (방사선과 학생의 스마트 학습법 적용이 자기 주도적 학습능력, 학업적 자기 효능감, 학습 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Shim, Jae-Goo;Kim, Yon-Min;Park, Soo-Jin
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.661-667
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this was to study and analyze smart learning the self directed learning, self efficacy, learning satisfaction about department of radiology in a college. For this study total students 102 in 3 classes were surveyed at the end of semester. The research data was analyzed using SPSS also self directed learning, self learning efficacy, learning satisfaction analyzed t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient results were followings. First, Men is more higher than women in a self learning efficacy, self directed learning, learning satisfaction. Second, in a learning satisfaction smart learning ever heard in a first time group more satisfaction. Third, during the smart learning classes a students appeared a positive response. As a results, learning satisfaction will increase a learning when learners need a ability of self control planning and learning motivation by themselves in voluntarily and actively. Suggest to change a paradigm in a radiology classes so we have to improve a teaching skills this solution recommend is two way communication. In conclusion, smart learning applied for classes of college is meaningful as a new teaching, which can be change gradually learning satisfaction by teaching methods.

The Effect of Fundamental nursing practice class with Flipped Learning on Self-efficacy and Critical Thinking Disposition of Nursing students (플립러닝을 적용한 기본간호학실습 수업이 간호대학생의 자기효능감과 비판적 사고능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Hye-Suk
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.277-284
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    • 2021
  • This study was conducted to confirm the effect on self-efficacy and critical thinking disposition by applying flip learning class to fundamental nursing practice education for nursing students. The study subjects were 42 people in the experimental group and 40 people in the control group who were allowed to participate in the study. Data analysis was statistically processed using SPSS/WIN 24.0 program. As a result of this study, the self-efficacy score of the experimental group who received the flipped learning class increased significantly immediately after class (t=3.49, p=.001) compared to before class, and 10 weeks after class (t=-0.75, p=.456), the effect persisted. The critical thinking disposition score of the experimental group increased significantly immediately after class (t=3.49, p=.001) compared to before class, and the effect persisted 10 weeks after class (t=0.11, p=.913). However, there was no significant difference in the academic self-efficacy and critical thinking disposition scores of the control group who received lecture classes. In other words, it was confirmed from the results of this study that fundamental nursing practice classes applied with flip learning are effective in improving self-efficacy and critical thinking disposition of nursing students. Based on this study, it is suggested that the application of flip learning method should be expanded in the major subject of nursing science.

An Empirical Study Upon How Social Comparative Learning of Forum Participants Affects Learning Effects with Emphasis on Participants' Characteristic (포럼 참가자의 사회적 비교학습이 학습효과에 미치는 영향에 대한 실증분석: 참가자 특성을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Eunsoo;Kim, Chulwon
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.131-163
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to empirically analyze how social comparative learning of forum participants affects learning effects with an emphasis on participants' characteristics. As today's society is changing at a fast pace, the desire for new knowledge and information has grown accordingly. To quench this thirst for knowledge and information, seminars, symposiums, conferences, forums, conventions, exhibitions, and more are taking place as part of knowledge sharing events across the world. Also, the increased need for knowledge and information exchange has led the development and growth of the convention industry and Meetings, Incentives, Conferences, and Events (Exhibitions)(MICE) industry. Especially, forum is a type of event which invites professionals and specialists to discuss diverse topics and share their knowledge and experience with the audience. The participants utilize it as an opportunity to get close to information providers and enjoy the pleasure of knowledge exchange. However, there have been few empirical analyses on who the participants are, why they attend forum, how they pick up and learn new information and knowledge, and what kinds of learning effects they achieve after the event. This paper is to analyze how social comparative learning of the forum's participants influences learning effects based on Albert Bandura's Social Learning Theory (1977, 1997, 1982. 2001) and Leon Festinger's Social Comparative Theory (1950, 1954). By dividing the participants into two groups, one with high level of self-efficacy and the other with low level of self-efficacy, we have examined the differences in learning effects between the two groups using them as moderating variables. This study was conducted in 'MBN Y Forum 2016,' which is one of the most representative knowledge exchange forums of South Korea. An online survey was distributed out and, 1,307(39.2%) out of the total participants of 3,338 have completed the survey. The survey included questions about whether the participants have gained positive or negative motivations by comparing themselves to the speakers (upward comparison learning) and other participants (lateral comparison learning). The results have shown the quality of messages that the speakers are presenting as knowledge providers is the most significant factor that acts on learning effects. Particularly, the participants had higher levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem than average people. They had a clear goal to learn from the speakers (upward comparison) and received positive motivations from them. In other words, no negative learning effects had been found. This presents a managerial implication that having a qualified speaker is necessary for a forum to be successful. On the other hand, the results from the comparison with the other participants (lateral comparison) were different. The participants were likely to compare themselves to the other participants through observational learning. They could compare listening attitudes, language skills, or capabilities to ask a question. The results have showed the participants received positive motivations from the lateral group but at the same time were jealous of abilities of the others. When the quality of a question by a participant is not good enough, it can have a negative influence on the participants' learning effects. The first group with high levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem had no correlation to negative learning effects from the speakers. They rather had a strong desire to learn from the speakers. On the contrary, the participants perceived the lateral group as a learning subset and competitor. The second group with low levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem saw the quasi-group as a rival. This presents that the individual learning effects can be different depending on the participants' characteristics.