• Title, Summary, Keyword: Learning Strategies

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Self-Directed Learning Strategies of High Academic Achievers Majoring in Engineering (공학전공 우수학습자의 자기주도학습전략 탐색)

  • Jin, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.24-35
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to explore self-directed learning strategies of high academic achievers majoring in engineering. The research participants were 21 fourth-year students who had attained the first or second highest cumulative grade point average in each department during the past three-year and were asked to write an essay on "my successful learning methods or techniques." The essays were analyzed by theme analysis method which is one of the qualitative methods to extract the self-directed learning strategies used by high performing students. According to the results of this study, the self-directed learning strategies of excellent students could be categorized into fundamental strategies to induce self-directed learning, preparatory strategies, implementation strategies and management strategies for marinating self-directed learning. Detail information on each category is as follow: 1) fundamental strategies refer to positive and pleasant mind, academic confidence and effort attribution, 2) preparatory strategies refer to concrete and challenging goal setting, establishment of learning strategies adjusted courses characteristics and practical learning planning, 3) implementation strategies refer to intensive learning in class, knowledge exploration, knowledge acquisition, social networking and exhaustive preparation for exams and 4) management strategies refer to time management and learning environment management.

Learning strategies and deep learning (학습전략과 심층학습)

  • Shin, Hong-Im
    • Korean Medical Education Review
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2009
  • Learning strategies are defined as behaviors and thoughts that a learner engages in during learning and that are intended to influence the learner's encoding process. Today, demands for teaching how to learn increase, because there is a lot of complex material which is delivered to students. But learning strategies shouldn't be identified as tricks of students for achieving high scores in exams. Cognitive researchers and theorists assume that learning strategies are related to two types of learning processing, which are described as 'surface learning' and 'deep learning'. In addition learning strategies are associated with learning motivation. Students with 'meaning orientation' who struggle for deep learning, are intrinsically motivated, whereas students with 'reproduction orientation' or 'achieving orientation' are extrinsically motivated. Therefore, to foster active learning and intrinsic motivation of students, it isn't enough to just teach how to learn. Changes of curriculum and assessment methods, that stimulate deep learning and curiosity of students are needed with educators and learners working cooperatively.

The Effects of Intrinsic Motivation, and e-Learning Strategies on Learning Satisfaction of Nursing Students in Blended e-Learning Environment (블렌디드 이러닝(Blended e-learning)환경에서 간호대학생의 내재동기, 이러닝 학습전략이 학습만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Ji-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.16-23
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of intrinsic motivation and e-learning strategies on nursing students' learning satisfaction in blended e-learning environment. Method: The survey was performed with 111 undergraduate nursing students who have taken community health nursing in 1 university. The data was collected by questionnaires and were analyzed with the IBM SPSS statistics 20.0, using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: The mean score for intrinsic motivation was 3.25, for e-learning strategies, 3.56, and for learning satisfaction, 3.69. Significant positive correlation among intrinsic motivation, e-learning strategies, and learning satisfaction. The regression model explained 41.4% of learning satisfaction. Both intrinsic motivation and e-learning strategies were significant predictor of learning satisfaction. Conclusion: In order to improve the learners' learning achievement and learning satisfaction in blended e-learning environment, intrinsic motivation should be strengthen and e-learning strategies should be developed.

Learning Strategies on International e-Trade Simulation Education (전자무역 시뮬레이션 교육의 학습전략)

  • Lee, Ho-Hyung;Kim, Hag-Min
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.109-132
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to survey the learning strategies and learning styles of the undergraduates in international e-trade simulation education. The set of learning strategies are investigated and the analysis is made how learning styles could affect the learning strategies. The subjects of this study were 112 undergraduates majored in international trade and their classes were using e-trade simulation. It is found that the undergraduates' learning strategy level is not high because the simulation education is not common yet in e-trade classes. The levels of self-efficacy and positive attitudes have high level whereas the expression strategy has the lowest. Strong results were not found among undergraduates' learning styles by each of the 11 strategies except two cases. One is that the undergraduates who had experiences of e-learning have higher level of social strategy than those of non e-learning experience group. The other is that the more the students spend the time in the simulation class, the more they have positive attitudes. This study supports that the simulation can increase the effectiveness of e-trade learning.

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Comparative Study of Learning Strategies between Mathematical Gifted Children and Average Students in Elementary School (초등수학영재와 일반학생의 학습전략 검사결과 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Yu-Mi;Ryu, Sung-Rim
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.217-239
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    • 2010
  • This study is to understanding characteristics of Mathematical gifted children by comparing and analyzing of the learning strategies between gifted children and average students. The result of this study is as below. First, the mathematical gifted children's application ability on the cognitive meta-cognitive strategies and learning resources management strategies was higher than average students. Second, in case of learning resources management strategies between gender, male mathematical gifted students's t-test showed higher than female gifted students. Also, in case of average students, male student's t-test for the learning motive was higher than average female students. Third, mathematical gifted children are positive correlation among the learning motive, self-efficacy, cognitive meta-cognitive strategies, and learning resources management strategies. And in case of average student, it had a positive correlation among the learning motive, self-efficacy, and cognitive meta-cognitive strategies. But there is no correlation between learning strategies and cognitive meta-cognitive strategies.

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The Relationship between Learning Strategies and Congnitive Learning Abilities (학습전략과 인지적 학습능력과의 관계 분석 연구)

  • 김종순
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.93-109
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between learning strategies and cognitive learning abilities with achievement scores of elementary school children. To achieve this purpose, 109 sixth grade children were sampled in Seoul-City, and the 'Questionnaire on the Learning Strategies and Learning Abilities Test' were administered to them. The collected data were analyzed by Pearson's Product Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows: Firstly, there appeared to be statistically significant correlations between learning strategies and achievement scores. The process of thinking variable of learning strategies were most significantly correlated with achievement scores(r=.251- .458, p<.01). The calculated R2 indicated that the combined effects of process of thinhng and affective domain on the achievement scores were about 21.5%. Secondly, there appeared to be statistically significant correlations between cognitive learning abilities and achievement scores. The verbal reasoning and verbal comprehension variable of cognitive learning abilities were most significantly correlated with achievement scores(r=.215-,493, p<.01). The calculated R2 indicated that the verbal reasoning and verbal comprehension variable of cognitive learning abilities explained about 27.6% of the variance of achievement scores. Thirdly, there appeared to be no statistically significant correlations between learning strategies and cognitive learning abilities. The results of this study shows that the development of learning strategies and cognitive learning abilities could improve the achievement scores in school learning.

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The Use of Cognitive and Metacognitive Strategies of Elementary School Students in the Learning and Testing Situations (평소 학습과 시험 상황에서 초등학생의 인지 전략과 메타인지 전략의 사용)

  • Noh, Tae-Hee;Jang, Shin-Ho;Lim, Hee-Jun
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.327-336
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    • 1998
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate 6th-graders' use of cognitive strategies and metacognitive strategies in usual learning and testing situations, and to compare the difference in the use of the strategies by students' science achievement, learning motivation, and gender. The relationship among these strategies, science achievement, and learning motivation were also examined, and the portion of variance of explanation for achievement score was studied by a multiple regression analysis. The results showed that high-achieving students used more cognitive strategies and metacognitive strategies in usual learning and more cognitive strategies in testing situations than low-achieving students. Highly motivated students used more cognitive and metacognitive strategies than poorly motivated students in all situations. Elementary female students used more learning strategies than male students in usual learning. On the other hand, no gender differences was found to be significant in the use of strategies in testing situations. These learning strategies were significantly correlated with the science achievement and motivation scores. The cognitive strategies in usual learning accounted for the significant portion of the variance of the achievement score. Educational implications are discussed.

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A Study on the Preferable Learning Strategies in Science Learning of the Secondary School Students (과학 학습시 중 . 고등학생들이 선호하는 학습 전략에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Seok;Kwon, Hye-Lyun;Chang, Nam-Kee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.103-113
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the preferable learning strategies in science learning and to find out the relationship between these strategies and scientific achievement of students in the secondary school. The learning strategies were tested with two categories, self-focused and work-focused learning. The four types of learning strategies in science learning were analyzed, and they were named to organization, monitoring, elaboration and memorization strategies, which were defined by GSSS test. In the self-focused learning, the organization and monitoring strategies were preferred to the elaboration and memorization strategies. Middle school students had a preference for memorization strategy (p=0.000), whereas high school students had a preference for monitoring strategy (p=0.015). In the case of organization strategy, female groups were preferable to male groups (p=0.027). In the second form of learning types, work-focused learning, the memorization strategy was the same preference as organization and monitoring strategies in the secondary school students, especially the male groups of high school students. The preference of elaboration strategy was relative lower compared with that of self-focused learning type. Middle school students had a preference for monitoring strategy (p=0.001), whereas high school students had a preference for elaboration strategy (p=0.001). The difference of each preference between male and female groups was not shown. From the analysis of correlation between learning strategy and scientific achievement, it showed that the monitoring strategy was commonly correlated with scientific achievement. In the self-focused learning, elaboration and organization strategies were correlated with scientific achievement in high school students (p<0.05). In the work-focused learning, memorization strategy was correlated with scientific achievement in middle school students, especially in male groups (p<0.05).

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Motivated Strategies for Learning of Prospective Elementary School Teachers (예비초등교사의 학습동기 전략에 관한 연구)

  • 김민경
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 2002
  • According to changing the society rapidly in the 21s1 century, the self-regulated learning ability is considered as an ability of which people should carry on their lives. The purpose of this study was to investigate prospective elementary school teachers in mathematics teaching method class in terms of the following areas: (1) the degree of their abilities shown the lower level factors of motivated strategies for learning such as self-efficacy, intrinsic value, anxiety, cognitive strategy use, and self-regulation (2) relations between factors of motivated strategies for loaming and performance of prospective elementary school teachers The results show that the prospective elementary school teachers showed above the mean value of the motivated strategies for learning and there are positive relations among lower level factors of motivated strategies fur learning except anxiety, positive relation between motivated strategies for learning and achievement. In order to help the prospective elementary school teacher to improve their motivated strategies fur learning in their elementary mathematics teaching method lecture, several methods such as mathematical connections to real world problem, history of mathematics and interview with mathematicians and application of feller's ARCS model to elementary mathematics education are suggested.

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The Application of Cognitive Teaching and Learning Strategies to Instruction in Medical Education (인지주의 교수학습 전략과 의학교육에서의 적용)

  • Yeo, Sanghee
    • Korean Medical Education Review
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to examine teaching strategies from cognitive learning theory applied to medical education and to present specific applications of the strategies and cases. The results of this study yielded (1) seven teaching strategies and specific sample activities that instructors can use based on learning processes in medical schools; (2) nine instructional events to which cognitive learning strategies were applied; (3) principles of curriculum design from a cognitive perspective; and (4) instruction cases employing cognitive teaching strategies. Cognitive learning theory has two implications: first, if instructors in medical schools apply the results of the study to design a class and curriculum, it would be possible for them to minimize cognitive loading of the learners that may stem from ineffective teaching strategies or curricula; second, cognitive teaching strategies that seek improvement in thinking skills could provide useful teaching strategies for medical education, which aims to develop experts with high-level thinking processes. In this sense, cognitive learning theory is not an out-of-date learning theory, but one that can be effectively applied in current medical education.