• Title, Summary, Keyword: Learning Orientation

Search Result 302, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

The Impacts of Communication Reinforcement on Performance of Learning in Web-PBL (Web-PBL환경에서 커뮤니케이션 강화가 학습성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Ko, Yun-Jung;Kang, Ju-Seon;Ko, Il-Sang
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.179-202
    • /
    • 2006
  • The objective of this study is to identify the impacts of communication reinforcement on performance of learning in Web-PBL. Communication reinforcement is defined as the combination of information sharing and co-construction. As factors facilitating communication reinforcement, we propose learner's characteristics, task characteristics, and group characteristics. Learner's characteristics are collaboration-orientation, openness, holistic approach, and online community-orientation which reflects e-learning environment. Collaboration-oriented tasks as group projects were developed and given to groups with 5-6 members. The group characteristics are categorized into 'horizontal' and 'vertical', according to the patterns of communication between a group leader and members. To verify empirically the proposed research model, an experimental design was performed to learners who took on-line and off-line courses with group projects. We found important results as follows; First, field dependence has positive impacts on information sharing, and online community-orientation has positive impacts on co-construction. These results correspond with prior studies on relationship between field dependence and collaborative learning. Second, collaboration-oriented task directly impacts on information sharing, and indirectly affects co-construction, This result implicates that information sharing is pre-requisite of co-construction. Third, 'horizontal' was identified as a factor giving positive effects on information sharing and co-construction. This result implies that horizontal communication is very important to facilitate communication reinforcement.

Gender Issues in a Korean EFL Learning Context

  • Park, Hae-Soon
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.155-176
    • /
    • 2007
  • An attempt to investigate the effect of gender differences on Korean students' EFL learning orientation was made. To explain a Korean EFL learning context, three criteria (cultural distance between the target country and the host country, communicative needs of the TL, the status of the TL in the host country) are adopted. Moreover, as a contrastive FL learning context from the Imposed FL learning context, a FL learning context where there is a substantial cultural distance from the TL community, communication needs of the TL do not exist, and the TL enjoys a special educational and socioeconomic status in the host country, a concept of an Integrative FL learning context is newly brought up in this paper. As the result of a questionnaire conducted in four different high schools, female learners can be claimed to be more internalized about academic and socioeconomic benefits the TL entails for their social advancement and overcoming inequality between men and women in society, albeit insignificant numerical data.

  • PDF

Nursing students' and instructors' perception of simulation-based learning

  • Lee, Ji Young;Park, Sunah
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.44-55
    • /
    • 2020
  • The degree of mutual understanding between nursing students and instructors regarding simulation-based education remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify the subjectivity of nursing students and instructors about simulation-based learning, and was intended to expand the mutual understand by employing the co-orientation model. Q-methodology was used to identify the perspectives of 46 nursing students and 38 instructors. Perception types found among students in relation to simulation-based learning were developmental training seekers, instructor-dependent seekers, and learning achievement seekers. The instructors estimated the student perception types as passive and dependent, positive commitment, demanding role as facilitators, and psychological burden. Perception types found among instructors included nursing capacity enhancement seekers, self-reflection seekers, and reality seekers. The students classified the instructors' perception types as nursing competency seekers, learning reinforcement seekers, and debriefing-oriented seekers. As a result of the analysis of these relations in the co-orientation model, instructors identified psychological burden and passive and dependent cognitive frameworks among students; however, these were not reported in the students' perspectives. Likewise, the reality seekers type found among the perception types of instructors was not identified by the students. These findings can help develop and implement simulation-based curricula aimed at maximizing the learning effect of nursing students.

Effect of Gender and Time-Use on Elementary School Children's Self-Regulated Learning Ability (초등학교 저학년 아동의 성별과 생활시간이 자기조절학습능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Ha Na;Kim, Yu Mi
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
    • /
    • v.24 no.6
    • /
    • pp.741-753
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate whether elementary children's time-use and self-regulated learning ability was different according to gender and whether children's gender and time-use effects self-regulated learning ability. Participants were 2,122 children who participated in KCYPS longitudinal study from their first grade to third grade. Time-use was reported by children's parents. Children's self-regulated learning is invented by Yang(2000). Components of self-regulated learning scale was achievement value, mastery goal orientation, action control, academic time management. The major findings were as follows. First, children's self-regulated learning was different according to chidren's gender. Girls' achievement value, mastery goal orientation, academic time management scores were higher than the boys'. Second, children's daily time was different according to their gender. Third, children's daily time-use affected their self-regulated leaning, however children's gender didn't.

The Prediction of Mastery-Approach Goal Orientation, Task Value, and Self-Regulated Learning Strategy on Academic Satisfaction and Achievement of Cyber Engineering University Students (사이버대학교 공학계열 학생들의 숙달접근목표지향성, 과제가치, 자기조절학습전략의 학업만족도와 학업성취도 예측력 규명)

  • Joo, Young-Ju;Chung, Ae-Kyung;Seol, Hyun-Nam;Yi, Sang-Hoi
    • 전자공학회논문지 IE
    • /
    • v.49 no.2
    • /
    • pp.65-74
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the prediction of mastery-approach goal orientation, task value, and self-regulated learning strategy on academic satisfaction and achievement of cyber engineering university students. For this study, 219 engineering students of H cyber university who enrolled in the spring semester of 2011 was chosen and completed web surveys. A hypothetical model proposed included mastery-approach goal orientation, task value, and self-regulated learning strategy as predictors, and academic satisfaction and achievement as criteria variables. The results of this study through multiple regression analysis indicated that task value(${\beta}$=.401) and self-regulated learning strategy(${\beta}$=.401) predicted significantly on academic satisfaction. In addition, self-regulated learning strategy(${\beta}$=.301) and mastery-approach goal orientation(${\beta}$=.196) predicted significantly on academic achievement. The result of this study suggested that mastery-approach goal orientation, task value, and self-regulated learning strategy should be considered for improving academic satisfaction and achievement in cyber engineering education.

A Study on the Factor Affecting the Service Commitment in Customer Satisfaction Education: Focused on Financial Institute Employee (고객만족교육에서 서비스몰입에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구: 금융기관 종사자를 중심으로)

  • Bae, Injoung;Park, Soeun;Choi, Jeongil
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Quality Management
    • /
    • v.44 no.1
    • /
    • pp.121-138
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: Financial institute employees have various education programs for enhancing customer satisfaction. The purpose of this study is to explore critical factors that affect the service commitment in the financial institution and to propose the implication for employee's service involvement. Methods: This study is intended to identify how service quality of education, servicescape, and learning motivation affect the service commitment. The research model proposed in this study is tested via a survey of 322 employees for financial institution employees. Results: This study shows that tangibles, reliability, assurance and ambient condition, physical structure, symbolic artifacts and internal motivation, extrinsic motivation significantly influence education satisfaction. Tangibles, reliability and ambient condition, physical structure, symbolic artifacts and internal motivation significantly influence affective service orientation and that tangibles, reliability, assurance and extrinsic motivation significantly influence altruistic service orientation. It also verifies that education satisfaction affective service orientation, and altruistic service orientation positively affect service commitment. Conclusion: This study suggests critical factors to promote service commitment in the financial institute. It has focused on not only the service quality of education program, but also servicescape and learning motivation as the meaningful factors for increasing the employee's service involvement.

An Study on the Effects of Entrepreneurship and Company Competence on the Business Performances in Ubiquitous Environments - Focused on the Small and Medium Business - (유비쿼터스 환경에서 기업가정신과 기업역량이 기업성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 - 중소기업을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Kyu-Young;Her, Eun-Kyung
    • International Commerce and Information Review
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.239-264
    • /
    • 2009
  • As the competitive market environment and industry circumstances become more and more competitive on a daily basis, it is not easy to find an opportunity to initiate small business, or increase performances of Small and Medium Business. The research findings are as follows. First, entrepreneurship(innovation, progressive, social responsibility) has significant effects on the market orientation. Second, company competence(individual resource, technology resource) has significant effects on the market orientation. Third, market orientation has significant effects on the non-financial performance(Internal process performance, learning & growth performance, customer performance). Finally, non-financial performance(Internal process performance, learning & growth performance, customer performance) has significant effects on the financial performance.

  • PDF

The Impact of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Learning Orientation on Performance (기업가지향성과 학습지향성이 기업성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yong-Tae;Park, Jae-Hwan;Choi, Myeong-Gil
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.25-28
    • /
    • 2009
  • 본 연구에서는 기업 내 기업가정신(Corporate Entrepreneurship)의 주요 변수에 대한 탐색적 연구를 통해 기업의 최종 변수인 성과(Performance)에 대한 영향 요인을 고찰하고자 한다. 지금까지 국내에서는 개인 수준의 기업가정신(Entrepreneurship)에 대한 연구는 활발하게 이뤄지고 있지만, 조직 수준의 기업가정신(Entrepreneurship)에 대한 소개는 부족한 것이 현실이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 기업 내부에서 발생하는 기업가정신에 대한 구조적인 이해와 더불어 최종적인 종속변수인 기업 성과에 영향을 미치는 중요한 요소인 기업가지향성(Entrepreneurial Orientation)과 학습지향성(Learning Orientation)에 대한 실증적 연구에 앞서 기본적인 개념을 살펴보고자 한다.

  • PDF

A Study of Learning and Performance Goal Orientation in Restaurant Servers' Up-Selling and Its Impact on Sales Behaviors and Sales Performance (레스토랑 직원의 Up-Selling에 대한 목적 지향성이 판매 행동과 판매 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-Gab;Hong, Jong-Sook
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.20 no.5
    • /
    • pp.776-784
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study investigated causal relationships between goal orientation, sales and performance towards increasing the effectiveness of up-selling in internal promotion methods in family restaurants and provided implications about the hiring and training of sales people. The subjects were 232 sales people in family restaurants. The data were collected by self-administered questionnaires and analyzed by exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, comparative analysis of the average, and regression analysis. Results, showed that variations in goal orientation, sales, and performance depended on the age and experience of salespeople and that goal orientation makes adaptive selling more effective. It turned out that effort selling affects up-selling result than adaptive selling. Long-term workers were better than short-term workers in goal orientation, selling, and up-selling results, so human resource management needs to implement a long-term plan to enhance these effects. And, because effort selling is more effective than adaptive selling in up-selling results in family restaurants, effort selling requires training.

An Investigation into the Effects of Integrative and Instrumental Orientations on Language Learning Strategies

  • Lee, Moon-Bok
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-55
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study examines the effects of two motivational orientations on the use of language learning strategies at overall, category, and specific-item levels. 184 students (males and females) from a Korean university responded to the following two questionnaires: the Motivational Orientation Questionnaire (MOQ) developed by the author and Oxford's Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL). The results showed that both integratively- and instrumentally-oriented students were moderate strategy users overall. Integratively-oriented learners were found to use learning strategies more often and a broader spectrum of strategies than instrumentally-oriented learners. A noteworthy finding, however, is that strategy use was not motivation orientation-specific. In other words, the two motivational groups were found to share the similar patterns of strategy use. Independent samples t test results revealed that integratively-oriented students exhibited significantly greater use of overall strategy than instrumentally-oriented students. This phenomenon held true for the use of cognitive, metacognitive, and social categories. At the specific item levels, 13 of the total 50 individual strategies were shown to be employed significantly more often by integratively motivated learners than by their instrumentally motivated peers.

  • PDF