• Title, Summary, Keyword: Learning Orientation

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Relationship Between Pre-Service Physics Teachers' Learning Orientation and Reflective Thinking in the Context of Reflective Practice Activities (반성적 실천 활동 맥락에서 나타나는 예비물리교사의 학습 성향과 반성적 사고의 관계)

  • Im, Sungmin
    • New Physics: Sae Mulli
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    • v.67 no.3
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    • pp.381-387
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this strudy is to investigate the relationship between pre-service physics teachers' learning orientation and their reflective thinking in the context of reflective practice. For this, the author designed the reflective practice activities for pre-service physics teachers based on the pedagogy of the reflective teacher education model according to previous literatue, and 33 pre-service physics teachers took part in this reflective practice where pre-service teachers should reflect on their teaching plans and practices for 5 weeks before field practicum. Teachers' reflective thinking was measured using reflection journals that the teachers wrote after field practicum, and their learning orientation was measured using Internal/External Orientation before and after the reflective practice. As a result, the author was able to find the distribution of the pre-service physics teachers' learning orientation and their reflective thinking. In addition, the pre-service physics teachers' internal and external orientation was found to be correlated with some categories of reflective thinking.

The Effects of Supervisors on Goal Orientations and Sales Performance of Department Store Salespeople (백화점 판매원의 목표지향성과 성과에 미치는 판매관리자의 영향: 패션제품 판매원을 중심으로)

  • 박경애;허순임;사공수연;신수임
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.116-127
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    • 2000
  • This study investigated the effects of sales supervisors on salespeople's goal orientations and sales performance in fashion retail setting. Specifically, it examined: 1) the differences in salespeople's goal orientations by salespeople characteristics; 2) the effects of supervisor's behavioral orientations on goal orientations of salespeople; and 3) the effects of salespeople's goal orientations on performance. A total of 343 questionnaires collected from salespeople in various apparel and accessory selling departments at four department stores in Korean were analyzed. Variables included supervisor's behavioral orientations(end-results, activity and capability), salespeople's goal orientations(learning and performance), sales performance and salespeople characteristics. MANOVA revealed that three was no difference in goal orientations by salespeople characteristics except by selling department. Multiple regression analysis revealed that supervisor's end-result orientation affected salespeople's learning orientation and performance orientation while activity and capability orientations did not. The study suggests that for long-term performance supervisors and retail organizations need to develop various supervisory behaviors, stimulate learning demands of salespeople, and provide training programs to achieve the learning goal.

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Change Commitment and Learning Orientation as Factors Affecting the Innovativeness of Clinical Nurses (병원간호사의 변화몰입과 학습지향성이 혁신성향에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Kyeong Hwa;Ko, Yu Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.404-413
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of change commitment and learning orientation on the innovativeness of clinical nurse. Methods: The participants in this study were 268 nurses, working in hospitals in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Gangwon Provinces, and Daejeon City. Data were collected from June to August, 2012. A structured questionnaire was used for data collect and data was analyzed using the SPSS/WIN program. Results: The most significant predictors of innovativeness were education, normative commitment, continuance commitment and learning commitment. Continuance commitment negatively correlated with innovativeness. Conclusion: These findings suggest that nurses' commitment to change and learning commitment were strongly linked to innovativeness. Management-level workers in these hospitals should have the skills and strategies to promote commitment to change include developing positive expectations about change positive outcomes.

The Effect of Relationship Learning on Recontracting Intention in the Foodservice Franchise Industry (관계 학습이 프랜차이지의 재계약 의사에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Jung-Heon;An, Sung-Hoon
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.54-68
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    • 2009
  • This study is to examine the structural relationships between relationship learning, their antecedents such as transaction specific assets, and environmental uncertainty, and long-term orientation, overall satisfaction and recontracting intention in the context of the foodservice franchise industry. The data is analyzed with structural equation modeling with Amos 5.0 and SPSS 14.0. The result of the overall model analysis appeared as follows: $x^2=57.75$, df=9, p=0.00, GFI=0.95, AGFI=0.81, RMSR=0.03, NFI=0.92, CFI=0.93. Since the result of the overall model analysis demonstrated a good fit, we could further analyze our data. The results of this study are as follows: First, information sharing of relationship learning had a significantly positive effect on long-term orientation. Second, information sharing of relationship learning did not have a significantly positive effect on overall satisfaction. Third, shared interpretation of relationship learning had a significantly positive effect on long-term orientation and overall satisfaction. Fourth, developing memories of relationship learning did not have a significantly positive effect on long-term orientation and overall satisfaction. Fifth, overall satisfaction had a significantly positive effect on long-term orientation. Sixth, long-term orientation and overall satisfaction had a significantly positive effect on recontracting intention. Finally, transaction specific assets and environmental uncertainty had a significantly positive effect on relationship learning. At the end of this paper, limitations, further research directions, and implications are suggested.

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A Study of the Structural Relationship of Corporate e-Learning in Quality, Users' Learning Characteristics and Customer Orientation in Hotel Industry (호텔 e-Learning의 품질 및 사용자 학습특성과 고객지향성과의 구조적 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Ji, Yun Ho;Park, Tae Soo;Kim, Minsun;Moon, Yun Ji
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.575-577
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    • 2013
  • The research was aimed at the hotel industry's employees in order to test the efficiency of e-Learning, which is emerging as the alternative training system to the conventional one. The independent variables are the quality of e-Learning, including the qualities of the system, contents, and service of e-Learning, and the learning characteristic factor, including the quality factor of e-Learning, the self-efficacy of the user, learning motivation, and the flow of learning. Furthermore, the intervening variables are its perceived usefulness and the satisfaction factor of the user known as the so-called utility of e-Learning, continuous intention to use in terms of efficaciousness, and the spread of education and training. The dependent variable is customer orientation, known as the ultimate efficaciousness of corporate e-Learning.

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A Study on the Preferable Motivation Types in Science Learning of the Secondary School Students (과학 학습시 중.고등학생들이 선호하는 동기 유형에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Seok;Kwon, Hye-Lyun;Chang, Nam-Kee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.477-485
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the preferable motivation types in science-learning and to find out the relationship between these types and scientific achievement of students in the secondary school. The subjects of the study were the second grade 581 students sampled by random cluster sampling method in three middle schools and three high schools. Three motivation types in science learning were analyzed, and they were named to task-orientation, ego-orientation and work-avoidance. From our results, secondary school students preferred task-orientation and work-avoidance to ego-orientation. In the case of task-orientation, high school students, especially in male group, had much preferable tendency than that of middle school students (p<0.001). It is interpreted that, as the level of scientific content of texts or the cognitive level of students were higher, a preference for the motivation type was focused to the task-orientation, especially in male group. In the case of ego-orientation, the female group showed much preferable tendency than that of male group in middle school (p<0.05). However, the female group in high school students was not different from the other groups in this motivation type. In the case of work-avoidance, there were not only a significant difference between males and females in the middle school (p<0.001), but also difference between middle and high school students in female group (p<0.05). It showed that female group had much preferable tendency than that of male group, and this tendency was decreased to the higher grade students in secondary school. From the analysis of correlation between motivation types and scientific achievement, task-orientation and work-avoidance were correlated to the scientific achievement. Its results were interpreted that the scientific achievement could be accomplished by the external motivation stimulus as well as the scientific content of texts. The task-orientation were comparatively correlated to the intelligence quality. It means that the students having high intelligence quality showed much preferable for the task-orientation.

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Study of Open Innovation and Performance of New Product Development (조직의 개방형 혁신과 신제품개발 성과에 관한 연구)

  • Um, Hyemi;Kang, Sora;Kim, Min Sun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.274-281
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    • 2015
  • Firms are becoming increasingly dependent on external resources for a competitive advantage in environmental turbulence, the requisite speed of organizational change. Therefore, they focused on an 'Open Innovation'. This study examined the relationships among entrepreneurial orientation, learning orientation, open innovation, and new product development. The results provide broad support for the following: (1) entrepreneurial orientation and learning orientation strongly drive open innovation, (2) open innovation has a significant effect on new product development, and (3) learning orientation has a positive effect on open innovation and new product development. These results provide unique insight into how firms develop new product through open innovation. This study also addresses the implications of these results and the possible limitations of the research.

The Level of Self-Directedness : A Parameter for the Success of Cyber Education

  • Yum, Ji-Hwan
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.101-111
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    • 2009
  • The study reveals the relationships between the level of self-directedness and educational performance of students in the cyber education environment. Where the motivations for participating cyber education may vary, the final destination of education may be the same-improving the level of self achievement by study. As the researchers believe that the paramount success factor of cyber education would be self-directedness, we probed the factors to build UP self-directedness. Researchers developed the level of self-directedness as object-orientation, action-orientation, and learning orientation. Those composite orientations were compared with learning achievement. The study showed the significant relationship between some factors of self-directedness and educational performance.

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The Study on The Effect of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Learning Orientation Toward to SME's Performance (창업지향성과 학습지향성이 중소창업기업의 성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, Se Keun;Son, Jong Seo;Lee, Woo Jin
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2015
  • There are various performance factors for SMEs in order to survive in the rapid changing market and it is discussing the importance of entrepreneurs' entrepreneurial orientation based on many researches. Thus, it is worth to analyze factors of seize new opportunity and firm's performance to build sustainable competitive advantages, which provide the directions to SMEs. This study investigates through exploratory research that the important factors of entrepreneurial orientation and the influence factors on firm's performance confirmed by empirical study. This study was conducted to explore the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation of SME CEO, learning orientation and corporate performance was verified following section. First, entrepreneurial orientation (pro-activeness, competitive aggressiveness, risk taking, innovativeness) was to examine the effect of learning orientation; Second, entrepreneurial orientation was to examine the impact on firm's performance; and in the last, validated learning orientation affect factors that are mediated between entrepreneurship orientation and firm's performance through empirical research. The results of this study, each SME have shown that they have a different impact on firm's performance based on a variety of entrepreneurial orientation. This result shows that the need for a separate independent study on entrepreneurial orientation of SMEs. In conclusion, this study implicates that entrepreneurial orientation is important role for firm's performance, entrepreneurs of SMEs are innovative rather than competitive aggressive, and risk taking activities positively affect firm's activity. The conclusions of this study would be utilized to develop the entrepreneurial orientation when necessary for entrepreneurs of SMEs.

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Effects of Entrepreneurship, Information Technology Acceptance, and Media Utilization on Office Worker Commitment: with Moderating Effect of Learning Orientation (기업가정신, 정보기술 수용성, 미디어 활용역량이 직장인의 업무몰입에 미치는 영향: 학습지향성 조절 효과를 반영하여)

  • Lee, Sang Gil;Ha, Kyu Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.37-51
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    • 2017
  • We investigated how entrepreneurship, information technology acceptance, and media utilization influence on office worker commitment and how effects are modulated by learning orientation. The purpose of this study is to identify variables that influence on office worker commitment. To do so, entrepreneurship, information technology acceptance, and media utilization that are the core competencies of individuals and organizations in the era of smart information are proposed as predictor variables, office worker commitment as a outcome variable and learning orientation as a modulator. For this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted on office workers, and finally 340 valid questionnaires are used for analysis. Hierarchical regression analysis is used with demographic characteristics as control variables and learning orientation as a modulating variables. A result showed that the higher need for achievement and proactiveness of entrepreneurship is, the higher job commitment is and that the perceived usefulness of information technology acceptance and communication utilization ability of media utilization competitiveness have a positive effect on job commitment. A research showed that learning orientation is modulating the relationship between entrepreneurship and job commitment, and between media utilization capability and job commitment, respectively. We concluded that we should actively seek synergies of learning orientation along with accumulation of online communication utilization capacity and perceived usefulness of information technology, and of proactiveness need for achievement and in entrepreneurship in order to improve the work committment in the smart information society where the digital environment is advanced.

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