• Title, Summary, Keyword: Learning Orientation

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Effects of CEO's Entrepreneurship in Small and Medium Enterprises and Goal Orientation of Employees on Collective Efficacy: Approaching Structural Equation Model (중소기업 경영자의 기업가정신과 조직구성원의 목표지향성이 조직효능감에 미치는 영향: 구조방정식 모형 접근)

  • Kang, Sung-Doo;Kang, Young-Soon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.439-452
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the best structural model among CEO's entrepreneurship(innovation proactiveness and risk-taking) in small and medium enterprises, group goal orientation(learning and performance goal orientation) and collective efficacy of employees. The result of verifying the best structural model is as follows. First. it indicated that innovation proactiveness of CEO's entrepreneurship positively affected group learning goal orientation and group performance goal orientation of employees while it did not affect risk-taking. Second, it indicated that group learning goal orientation and group performance goal orientation of employees positively affected collective efficacy. Third, it indicated that CEO's innovation proactiveness positively affected collective efficacy through group goal orientation of employees(learning and performance goal orientation). In this study, we targed 162 CEOs and 486 employees in small and medium enterprises located in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Jeju and applied the reponses of employees to 162 enterprises by using the average value measured in three divisions of each enterprise. We conducted a survey as a study method and conducted covariance structure analysis to verify the study model. Implications of the research are as below. First, we provided academic discussions by expanding the study category of goal orientation with an individual level into a group level. Second, we expanded the study category with individual goal orientation and collective efficacy into group goal orientation. Third, we suggested the possibility of another mechanism's effect between entrepreneurship and collective efficacy.

Effects of Software Education Program for the Education Welfare Priority Support Students on Learning Motivation, Self-efficacy and Goal Orientation

  • Kim, Jeong-Rang
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.11
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we propose a Software Education Program for the Education Welfare Priority Support students. Elementary school students of education welfare priority support programs has low school satisfaction level and course maturity. Also, they have various problem such as relatively large digital divide when compared to general student. To solve such problem, we designed, developed, and applied a software education program on education welfare priority support program's elementary school students to analyze its effect on their learning motivation, self-efficacy, and goal orientation. Software education program followed the main stages of ADDIE model and was designed into experience Sharing, Requirements analysis, Sharing, Grouping, and Organizing. 20 of 6th graders in education welfare priority support programs were chosen as subject for software education program. The effectiveness has been analyzed through pre, and pro test. As a result of the analysis, we found that the developed software education program has meaningful effect on Learning Motivation, Self-efficacy, and Goal Orientation of education welfare priority support program's elementary students.

The Relationship Between Learning Orientation and Incremental Innovation, and the Moderating Effect of Tenure (학습지향성이 점진적 혁신에 미치는 효과 및 재직기간의 조절효과)

  • Ahn, Kwan-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.249-255
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    • 2010
  • This paper studies the relationship between learning orientation and incremental innovation(process innovation, operational innovation, and service innovation), and the moderating effect of tenure in tele-communication service sector. Based on the responses from 241 employees, the results of multiple regression analysis show that learning orientation have positive relationships with process innovation, operational innovation, and service innovation. The results of moderating analysis showed that longer tenure employees have more positive relationships with all incremental innovation factors(process innovation, operational innovation, and service innovation) than short tenure employees.

Knowledge Sharing in Co-worker Relationships: Interaction Effect of Quality of Co-worker Exchange and Learning Goal Orientation (동료 간 지식공유에 관한 연구: 동료관계의 질과 목표성향의 상호작용효과)

  • Kim, Boyoung
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.147-162
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    • 2016
  • Knowledge sharing has many benefits; however, employees are generally reluctant to share their knowledge with co-workers. This reluctance can be attributed to the facts that sharing knowledge involves the threat of losing personal competitiveness and the codification of knowledge for sharing requires additional effort. This study explains why employees engage in knowledge sharing despite the threat and cost of sharing knowledge. Specifically, it examines the effects of the quality of co-worker exchange (CWX) on knowledge sharing and the moderating effect of learning goal orientation on the relationship between CWX and knowledge sharing. Data from 186 individuals indicate that there is a positive relationship between CWX and knowledge sharing, and that this relationship is strengthened when learning goal orientation is low rather than when it is high. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings are also discussed.

An Analysis on Antecedents Path of Export Performance and Moderating Effects of Social Capital in Materials and Components SMEs (소재부품 중소기업 수출성과의 선행요인 경로 및 사회적 자본의 조절효과 분석)

  • Won, Dong-Hwan
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate the moderating effects of social capital on antecedents factors path of export performance in the materials and components SMEs(Small and Medium-sized Enterprises) of Busan and Kyungnam region. In case of materials and components SMEs, they are always trying to achieve business performance including export sales and market share, but it is difficult for them to increase performance due to the limitation of inner & tangible resources. Therefore intangible asset such as technology capability and its antecedents factors which are technology innovation and learning orientation are getting more important to SMEs. In addition, it is supposed that social capital such as local network including distribution channel in overseas market plays an essential role to enhance export performance. Accordingly, the main goal of this study is to find out the relationship between export performance and antecedents factors and the validity of social capital as a moderating valuable. Research design, data, and methodology - Technology innovation, learning orientation and technology capability have been used as antecedents factors for export performance and social capital such as network diversity and intensity has been used for moderating effects analysis. In order to select these valuables mentioned above, this study examined the existing researches on a basis of Resources Based View, Organizational Learning Theory and Social Capital theory. To achieve the objective of this paper, 7 hypotheses including the moderating effects have been proposed with 6 potential variables measured by 24 questions. The survey was carried out from December 2014 to March 2015 and 137 samples out of total 175 were selected for the analysis. PLS(Partial Least Squares) has been used for the methodology of empirical analysis for both antecedents factors path and moderating effects. Results - Research findings are as follows. First, technology innovation has a significant impact on learning orientation, learning orientation has a positive effect on the technology capability and technology capability also has a significant impact on export performance. Therefore 3 valuables are proved as antecedents factors of export performance. Second, the social capital(both network diversity and intensity) plays a moderating role with learning orientation to technology capability. However, there is no moderating effects between both of social capital and technology capability regarding export performance. Conclusions - According to path analysis results, it is suggested that the materials and components SMEs should raise technology innovation and learning orientation in order to improve technology capability and export performance. Meantime, the moderating effect analysis shows that SMEs should consider local network diversity and intensity along with learning orientation to add up technology capability. But local network diversity and intensity does not work systematically with technology capability for export performance and it means that SMEs should find the appropriate local partners for the purpose of establishing concrete distribution channels based on marketing perspective, not for improving technology capability.

Exploring of Reaction Behavior to Instructor Messages according to Learning Motivation Types in Online Collaborative Learning (온라인 협력학습 환경에서 학습동기 유형에 따라 교수메시지에 대한 반응행동 탐색)

  • Lee, Eun-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.514-524
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate learners' reaction behaviors by the type of learning motive when teaching messages were delivered. The subjects of this study were 82 students from Auniversity and Buniversity in the metropolitan area. Students were online collaborative learning. The instructor delivered six messages. Since then, the researchers have measured the learner 's response time and the frequency and level of interaction. And analyzed using an independent sample t-test. As a result, the frequency and level of interaction increased before the message was delivered. The response time to instructional messages was the fastest among the students with performance avoidance goal orientation. Mastery goal orientation students were most sensitive to scaffolding messages. Performance avoidance goal orientation students responded most sensitively to the reminder message. Finally, Mastery goal orientation students had the most action on new topics. And performance approach goal orientation students had the most to do with accuracy and relevance.

Effects of Informal Learning and Positive Psychological Capital on Job Satisfaction and Customer orientation (무형식 학습과 긍정심리자본이 직무만족 및 고객지향성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Joon-Hwan
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2017
  • Previous studies on salesperson's performance have concentrated on increasing job satisfaction through compensations and benefits or effective communication processes and have not sufficiently considered the emotional aspect of salesperson's selling behaviors. The purpose of this study is to investigate informal learning and positive psychological capital on the relationship between job satisfaction and customer orientation of IT salespeople. Data were collected from 159 IT salespeople and analyzed by structural equation modeling (SEM). As a result, it was found that the informal learning of IT salesperson had a significantly positive impact on positive psychological capital. Positive psychological capital was significantly affect on job satisfaction and customer orientation. Positive psychological capital mediated the relationship between informal learning and job satisfaction/customer orientation. The results of this study suggest that there is a need to develop informal learning based on positive psychology and to strengthen the reflected job satisfaction and customer orientation.

The Entrepreneurship of Convergence Companies Affect Learning Orientation (융합기업의 기업가정신이 학습지향성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Seung-Il;Kim, Dong-Il
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.243-250
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    • 2017
  • Since the global financial crisis in 2008, countries around the world have emphasized the activation of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship as essential strategies for survival. In the case of developed countries, the United States, the European Union and China actively promote entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship. In Korea, on the other hand, the importance of entrepreneurship is emphasized by stagnating growth of companies and strengthening their competitiveness through convergence within companies or companies. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between entrepreneurship and learning orientation in order to enhance competitiveness of Korean companies and to be the basis of management strategy for growth of convergence companies based on this. For the progress of this study, the convergence companies were targeted and the hypothesis was verified through the questionnaire survey through the statistical program. The results of the study showed that Innovation influenced learning orientation. Second, Initiative was found to affect learning orientation. Finally, it is shown that risk sensitivity does not affect learning orientation.

The Structural Relationship among Perceived Instrumentality, Mastery Goal Orientation, Self-Regulated Learning, and Academic Achievement in Cyber University (사이버대학에서 지각된 수단성, 숙달접근목표지향성 및 자기조절학습능력과 학업성취도 간의 구조적 관계 분석)

  • Joo, Young-Ju;Lee, So-Young;Hong, Yu-Na
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.645-660
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the causal relationship among perceived instrumentality, mastery goal orientation, self-regulated learning and academic achievement in cyber education. 317 current students of the W cyber university participated in the study. The results of structural equation modeling analysis are as follows: First, endogenous instrumentality affects mastery goal orientation. Second, mastery goal orientation affects self-regulated learning. Third, while exogenous instrumentality had negative effect on academic achievement, self-regulated learning was the only variable that had positive effect on academic achievement. In addition, the result indicated that endogenous instrumentality had indirect effect on academic achievement and self-regulated learning mediated between mastery goal orientation and academic achievement.

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Impact of Self-Determination Characteristic of Small Business Start-Up on Entrepreneurial Intention (소상공인의 자기결정성 특성이 창업의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Se Eon;Hwang, Chan Gyu;Kwon, Do Soon
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.1-37
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    • 2015
  • Micro small business start-ups are receiving financial and marketing support from government or public authority, but business closure rate is very high and it causes a hugh burden to households and national economy. This study aims to verify the causal relationship between the self-determination characteristic of small business start-ups and entrepreneurial intention through learning orientation and innovation ability. The man's intrinsic motivation of self-determination theory is expected to have an impact on the entrepreneurial intention of small business start-ups. The self-determination theory includes perceived autonomy, perceived competence, perceived relationship as independent variables. This study presented a research model for explaining the entrepreneurial intention of small business start-ups, and collected 260 survey responses from the small business start-ups In order to validate the proposed research model, PLS analysis is performed with valid 246 questionnaires. By PLS technique, the measurement reliability and validity of research variables are tested and the path analysis is conducted to do the hypothesis test. Path analysis shows that perceived autonomy does not significantly affect the learning orientation and innovation ability. On the other hand, perceived competence significantly influences learning orientation and innovation ability. Perceived relationships had significant influence on learning orientation. It is found that the parameters of learning orientation and innovation ability significantly influence the dependent variable of entrepreneurial intention. Based on the results, a policy and strategy for supporting small business start-up are presented.