• Title, Summary, Keyword: Leadership

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A Duet of Leadership by Leader and Member: The Synergy Effects of Leader Transformational Leadership and Transformational Leadership Shared by Members on Team Effectiveness (리더와 구성원의 리더십 이중주: 팀에서 리더의 변혁적 리더십과 구성원의 변혁적 리더십의 상호작용)

  • Kim, Moon-Joo;Lee, Jiye;Yoon, Jeongkoo
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.55-85
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    • 2013
  • The present study examines the effects of transformational leadership exercised by team leader and transformational leadership shared by team members on team creativity and team performance at the team level. A growing body on leadership research highlights the role of team leadership in work organizations. In team settings, studies have focused exclusively on individual leaders who occupy formal leadership positions and exercise vertical influence over team members. In contrast to this traditional approach, shared leadership highlights a horizontal influence process where leadership is collectively carried out by team members. In this shared form of leadership, members actively participate in the leadership process and horizontally influence other team members. This mutual influence among team members constitutes a critical condition for the success of team-based organizations. The ability of team members to work together as a team is the key to the overall functioning of the team organization. To verify the effect of two leadership styles, we analyze the effect of a leader's transformational leadership and members' shared transformational leadership on team creativity and team performance for the same team. This study also predicts that the transformational leadership shared by members will moderate the effects of leader transformational leadership on team performance and creativity. Our findings show that both leaderships have a positive effect on team performance. However, the main effect of a leader's transformational leadership on team creativity is not significant when members' transformational leadership is employed into the model. With the effect of leader transformational leadership controlled for, the main effects of the transformational leadership shared by members on team creativity and performance are significant. In addition, we also found the significant moderation effects of member transformational leadership by leader transformational leadership on team creativity. Based on these findings, we strongly recommend that team based organizations shift the leadership focus from the leader focused leadership model to the shared leadership model. We also discuss managerial implications of our findings in details.

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A Study on the Leadership in Korean Management (한국경영에 있어서의 리더쉽에 관한 연구)

  • 김인호
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.19-32
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    • 1979
  • The title of research is a study on the leadership in Korean management. The purpose of research is that I build up the ideal management-leadership in future which is objective and suitable studying through the existing theory at all points, and analyzing the leadership in Korean management concentrated on situational factors. Moreover it contributes to the promotion of productivity, the contents of research 1. The importance of management-leadership. 2. The development in theory concentrated on a principle of leadership. 3. The development in behavioral scientific leadership, which adopts situational approach to its methodology. 4. The study on the leadership-style and the pursuit of the ideal management-leadership in accordance with behavioral analysis. 5. The build up of leadership in Korean management. The refore I learn the following facts through the study on the leadership in modern management. 1. Leadership consists of the relations among all interdependant variables composing of system. 2. The problem of the increase in the management-leadership effectiveness. 3. The pursuit oriented ideal management-leadership. 4. The build-up of leadership in Korean management. So far 1 have studied the theory of management-leadership at all points and the leadership in Korean management concentrated on situational factors. I learn that leadership is made of the relations among these in building the future management-leadership. Therefore I try to come to the conclusion by raising the following three problems. 1. The increase in leadership effectiveness. 2. Leadership-oriented. 3. The build-up of the leadership in Korean management.

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A Study on the Relationship between Leadership Styles and Job Satisfaction in University Libraries (대학도서관에서의 리더십 유형과 직무만족 간의 관계에 관한 연구)

  • 김수진
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.179-196
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study Is to verify relationship between leadership styles ( consideration leadership and Initiating structure leadership) and Job satisfaction In university libraries. The conclusions in this study are summarized as follows: 1. Correlations between leadership styles and job satisfaction are positive. Consideration leadership is higher correlation than initiating structure leadership. 2. Leadership styles have affected on Job satis-faction (promotion, task, salary, superior, fellow) differently. Consideration leadership is higher influenced than initiating structure leadership except satisfaction of task. 3. It is no difference that leadership styles have affected on job satisfaction by a characteristic(sex, school career, librarian's license) of person. As consideration leadership is higher correlation and influence than initiating structure leadership, leader should have done consideration leadership and then library's staffs can get job satisfaction in order to achieve job satisfaction, leader had better show consideration leadership regardless of sex. school career and librarian's license. leadership styles have influenced Job satisfaction differently. It shows indirectly that library's staffs are not discriminated by sex, school career and librarian's license.

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The Relevant Variables of Parent-Leadership that Influence Family Strength (가족건강성에 영향을 미치는 부모 리더십에 대한 연구)

  • Chae, Kyoung-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the relevant variables of parent-leadership that influence family strength based on the transformational leadership and transactional leadership proposed by Bernard M. Bass and to investigate the primary impact of leadership on the subordinate's job satisfaction and job involvement to his/her supervisor. Therefore, this study will provide implications for the family through a diagnosis of the effect by leadership. The results of this research are as follows : 1) How is the relationship of parent-leadership and family strength? A positive correlation was found between transformational leadership scores and family strength. A negative correlation was found between nontransactional leadership scores and family strength. 2) How had transformational leadership and transactional leadership affected on the family strength? Transformational leadership had the strongest effect on family strength. How had the 7 sub- factors of transformational/transactional leadership affected family strength? Idealized influence and contingent reward had strong effect on family strength but management by except had a negative effect on family strength.

Leadership Experience of Clinical Nurses: Applying Focus Group Interviews (임상간호사의 리더십 경험: 포커스 그룹 인터뷰 적용)

  • Lee, Byoung-Sook;Eo, Yong-Sook;Lee, Mi-Aie
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.671-683
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to understand and describe the leadership experience of clinical nurses. Methods: During 2014, data were collected using focus group interviews. Three focus group interviews were held with a total of 20 clinical nurses participating. All interviews were recorded as they were spoken and transcribed and data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: Fifteen categories emerged from the five main themes. 1) Thoughts on the leadership category: to lead others, to cope with problem situations adequately and to serve as a shield against difficulties. 2) Situations requiring leadership: situation that requires correct judgement, coping and situations that need coordination and cooperation. 3-1) Leadership behaviors: other-oriented approach and self-oriented approach. 3-2) Leadership behavior consequences: relevant compensation and unfair termination. 4-1) Facilitators of leadership: confidence and passion for nursing and external support and resources. 4-2) Barriers to leadership: non-supportive organization culture and deficiency in own leadership competencies. 5) Strategies of leadership development: strengthen leadership through self-development and organizational leadership development. Conclusion: In conclusion, the results indicate that it is necessary to enhance clinical nurses' leadership role in healthcare. Enhancement can be achieved through leadership programs focused on enlarging leadership experience, constant self-development, leadership training, and development of leadership competencies suited to the nursing environment.

The Effects of Organizational Commitment on Leadership Style: Focused on Transactional Leadership and Transformational Leadership (부서장 리더십 유형이 조직몰입에 미치는 영향: 거래적 리더십과 변혁적 리더십을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Jae Woong;Han, Man Yong;Sung, Joong Ahn
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.251-264
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to suggest proper types of leadership that can enhance organizational commitment by examining differences in recognition of department head leadership style. This research is to find out what kind of leadership type is the most efficient to make member committed to their organization among transactional leadership and transformational leadership. To following consequences are gained through this analysis. First, as to the types of department head leadership, the average of transformational leadership was higher than that of transactional leadership. Second, the result of this research indicates the positive impact of transformational leadership affect organizational commitment without continuance commitment at IT departments. But, at non-IT departments, all organizational commitment is affected by transformational leadership. Third, transactional leadership affects affective commitment at IT departments. But, transactional leadership may not affect affective commitment at non-IT departments. Finally, transactional leadership may not affects normative commitment at IT departments, but at non-IT departments.

The Impact of Transformational Leadership, Servant Leadership, and Followers' Regulatory Focus on Individual Creativity: The Mediation Effect of Intrinsic Motivation (변혁적 리더십 및 서번트 리더십과 조직 구성원의 조절 초점 성향이 개인 창의성에 미치는 영향: 내재적 동기의 매개효과)

  • Kwon, Sang-Jib
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.137-159
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    • 2016
  • Although prior studies suggest that transformational leadership and servant leadership fuel followers' creativity, there is a few study on leadership style and followers' personality interaction. Based on regulatory focus theory, this study believe that interaction impacts of leadership styles and followers' regulatory focus differed in promotion focus and prevention focus employees' creativity. To strengthen causal process and rule out alternative results, this study conducted an experimental study using field employees. Participant were randomly assigned to four conditions (transformational leadership ${\times}$ promotion focus), (transformational leadership ${\times}$ prevention focus), (servant leadership ${\times}$ promotion focus), (servant leadership ${\times}$ prevention focus). The major results of this study suggest that (1) transformational leadership was positively related to promotion focus followers' intrinsic motivation and creativity, and was negatively related to prevention focus followers' intrinsic motivation and creativity. (2) Servant leadership, on the other hand, was positively related to promotion focus and prevention focus followers' motivation and creativity. (3) Intrinsic motivation mediated the relationship between interaction effects of leadership style and follower's regulatory focus style and individual creativity. The results of this study demonstrated a remarkable differential impact based on a simple manipulation inducing feeling or thinking of a responsive situation. This research, measuring interaction impact of leadership and followers' regulatory focus in an experimental context, expands the leadership style and regulatory focus literature and provides future directions on leadership role in personality-related research domains.

Relationship between the leadership style and organizational effectiveness : Job crafting mediation effect

  • Lee, Sang-Young;Yang, Hae-Sool
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.167-177
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we propose the role of job crafting in the relationship between leadership and organizational effectiveness in voluntarily carrying out each member's assigned tasks. This study surveyed the manufacturing, construction, service industries in Seoul and Gyeonggi province, identified the type of leadership they recognized, and empirically analyzed the organizational effectiveness of leadership. The purpose of this paper is to grasp the types of leadership acknowledged by the industry of manufacturing, construction, and service, and also to empirically analyze the organizational effectiveness of the leadership. The study measures the organizational effectiveness in terms of the job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behavior while classifying the leadership into coaching leadership, transformational leadership, and sensible leadership. In addition, the strictness of the analysis is imposed by estimating the simple least square model and ranking probit model. The results of the least square model is summarized as the following. Regardless of the different defining terms of organizational effectiveness, transformational leadership was shown to have the greatest organizational effectiveness. Sensible leadership positively effected job satisfaction whereas coaching leadership positively effected job satisfaction and organizational effectiveness. Compared to transformational leadership and coaching leadership, the impact of the sensible leadership was very much limited. The result of the ranking probit model is summarized as the following. First, sensible leadership had a positive impact on the member's job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Second, regarding the organizational citizenship behavior, coaching leadership showed greater impact than transformational leadership. This results contradicts the results from the simple least square model. If similar studies were to be conducted in the future, two models and the results must be compared. Third, as the leadership score increases by 1 point, there is greater possibility of having more than 4 points for all job satisfaction, organizational commitment, organizational citizenship behavior. Lastly, the analysis proves that job crafting has the mediation effect between the leadership and organizational effectiveness.

The Study on the Effects of Leadership Types in Hospital Organization on Organization Effectiveness: Focused on Medical and Non-Medical, Middle manager and operator (병원 조직의 상사리더십 유형이 조직 유효성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 직종 및 직급 수준에 따른 차이를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Yeon Sook
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.82-97
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    • 2019
  • Objective: In this study, in order to investigate the relationship between leadership type and job satisfaction, the types of leadership in medical institutions are divided into transformational leadership, servant leadership and authentic leadership. In addition medical staff and non-medical staff are classified according to their job characteristics, and middle managers and operators are classified according to position. Methods: For this purpose, 589 questionnaires were applied to the medical institutions in Seoul and Gyunggi-do, and empirically analyzed with multiple regression. Results: The results of this study are first, among gender, medical or non-medical staff, position and career experience, men, non-medical staffs, and middle managers showed higher leadership, job engagement, and job satisfaction. Second, servant leadership and authentic leadership have significant positive relationships with job engagement. In the case of medical staff, only servant leadership has a positive effect on job engagement, while in the case of non-medical staff, both servant leadership and authentic leadership have significant influence on job engagement. Job satisfaction was found to have a statistically significant effect of servant leadership and authentic leadership in medical staff and non-medical staff. Third, in the case of middle managers, servant leadership showed a statistically significant effect only on job satisfaction, while servant leadership and authentic leadership had statistically significant effects on job engagement and job satisfaction of operators. Conclusions: This study suggests the possibility and applicability of authentic leadership in addition to transformational leadership and servant leadership in hospital organizations. Also, by identifying differences in the effects on organizational effectiveness, it is also suggested the need for research on identifying leadership factors that reflect strictly distinctive job characteristics.

A Program for University Student's IT Leadership Renovation

  • Park, Jong-Jin
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, we propose a new program for university student's IT leadership renovation. Automation and Artificial Intelligence(AI) are changing the nature of work. According to MGI report, they will change the skills needed in the workforce. Leadership is one of the skills needed more of in the future at workplace including IT industry. Leadership could be defined as having 5 level leadership. According to the 5 level leadership, a program was formulated to renovate university student's self-leadership, teamwork, team leadership and finally global leadership. We named the program as Stepping-Stone Platform for Student's IT Leadership Renovation(SSP-SLR). Each level of four stepping stones consists of one semester. Student can raise their leadership skills by the program step by step. Various instruction learning methodologies are adopted to the program, including Flipped learning which has been proved effective in many ways in the field of education recently.