• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Layup sequences

검색결과 17건 처리시간 0.035초

복합소재 기둥 구조의 적층배열 변화에 따른 고유진동 및 모드 특성 (Natural Frequency and Mode Characteristics of Composite Pole Structures for Different Layup Sequences)

  • 김규동;;이상열
    • 복합신소재구조학회 논문집
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2013
  • The dynamic analysis of poles made of advanced composite materials is carried out for different length-thickness ratios and layup sequences. The numerical results using ABAQUS obtained for plates and shells are in good agreement with those reported by other investigators. The new results for laminated composite pole structures in this study mainly show the effect of the interactions between the radius-length ratio and other various parameters. The effect of fiber angles of long composite poles also investigated. Key observation points are discussed and a brief design guideline is given.

Ultrasonic Characterization on Sequences of CFRP Composites Based on Modeling and Motorized System

  • Im, Kwang-Hee;David K. Hsu;Song, Sung-Jin;Park, Je-Woung;Sim, Jae-Ki;Yang, In-Young
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2004
  • Composites are a material class for which nondestructive material property characterization is as important as flaw detection. Laminates of fiber reinforced composites often possess strong in-plane elastic anisotropy attributable to the specific fiber orientation and layup sequence when waves are propagating in the thickness direction of composite laminates. So the layup orientation greatly influences its properties in a composite laminate. It could result in the part being .ejected and discarded if the layup orientation of a ply is misaligned. A nondestructive technique would be very beneficial, which could be used to test the part after curing and requires less time than the optical test. Therefore a ply-by-ply vector decomposition model has been developed, simplified, and implemented for composite laminates fabricated from unidirectional plies. This model decomposes the transmission of a linearly polarized ultrasound wave into orthogonal components through each ply of a laminate. Also in order to develop these methods into practical inspection tools, motorized system have been developed for different measurement modalities for acquiring ultrasonic signals as a function of in-plane angle. It is found that high probability shows between the model and tests developed in characterizing cured layups of the laminates.

적층배열 변화에 따른 진동하는 복합재료 적층 구조의 미시역학적 물성변화 추정 (Determination of Degraded Properties of Vibrating Laminated Composite Plates for Different Layup Sequences)

  • 김규동;이상열
    • Composites Research
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.277-284
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    • 2015
  • 본 연구의 목적은 고유진동 응답데이터로부터 적층된 GFRP 판구조의 섬유 물성 변화를 추정하는 것이다. 고등유한요소 상용프로그램(ABAQUS)와 연동된 알고리즘은 미시역학적 관점에서 손상된 요소를 추정할 뿐만 아니라 위치, 개수 및 정도를 탐색할 수 있다. 연동된 기법을 적용하여 역문제를 해결하기 위하여 본 연구에서는 모드형상 대신 제한된 몇 개의 고유진동수 데이터만을 적용하였다. 몇가지 수치해석 결과로부터 제안된 시스템 기법은 다양한 적층배열을 갖는 복합재료 적층판과 같은 복잡한 구조물의 섬유 강성 변화를 추정하는 데 수치해석적으로 효율적임을 보여준다.

적층된 ACM 경사판의 기하학적 비선형 동적 해석 (Geometrical nonlinear dynamic analysis of laminated skew plates made of advanced composite materials)

  • 이상열;장석윤
    • 복합신소재구조학회 논문집
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.28-34
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    • 2010
  • W e performed a geometrical nonlinear dynamic analysis of laminated skew plates made of advanced composite materials (ACM ) based on the first-order shear deformation plate theory (FSDT). The Newmark method and Newton-Raphson iteration are used for the nonlinear dynamic solution. The effects of skew angles and layup sequences on the nonlinear dynamic response for various parameters are studied using a nonlinear dynamic finite element program developed for this study. The several numerical results were in good agreement with those reported by other investigators for square composite and skew plates, and the new results reported in this paper show the significant interactions between the skew angle and layup sequence in the skew laminate. Key observation points are discussed and a brief design guideline is given.

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Characterization of CFRP Laminates′Layups Using Through-Transmitting Ultrasound Waves

  • Im, Kwang-Hee;David K. Hsu;Cho, Young-Tae;Park, Jae-Woung;Sim, Jae-Ki;Yang, In-Young
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.292-301
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    • 2002
  • Ultrasound waves interact strongly with the orientation and sequence of the plies in a layup when propagating in the thickness direction of composite laminates. Also the layup orientation greatly influences its properties in a composite laminate. If the layup orientation of a ply is misaligned, it could result in the part being rejected and discarded. Now, most researchers cut a small coupon from the waste edge and use a microscope to optically verify the ply sequences on important parts. This may add a substantial cost to the production since the test is both labor intensive and performed after the part is cured. A nondestructive technique would be very beneficial, which could be used to test the part after curing and requires less time than the optical test. Therefore we have developed, reduced, and implemented a novel ply-by-ply vector decomposition model for composite laminates fabricated from unidirectional plies. This model decomposes the transmission of a linearly polarized ultrasound wave into orthogonal components through each ply of a laminate. High probability is found, by comparisons between the model and tests, in characterizing cured layups of the laminates by using the proposed method.

전자기 초음파를 이용한 CFRP 복합적층판의 적층배향 특성평가에 관한 연구 (A Study on Characterization for Stacking Fault Evaluation of CFRP Composite Laminates Using an EMAT Ultrasonics)

  • 임광희;나승우;김지훈;이창노;;양인영
    • 한국자동차공학회논문집
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2005
  • An electromagnetic acoustic transducer (EMAT) is a unique probe that does not require a couplant or gel and also can usually generate or detect an ultrasonic wave into specimens across a small gap. It, therefore can be applied in a noncontact mode with a high degree of reproducibility. Especially stiffness of composites depends on layup sequence of CFRP(carbon fiber reinforced plastics) laminates. It is very important to evaluate the layup errors in prepreg laminates. A nondestructive technique can therefore serve as a useful measurement for detecting layup errors. This shear wave for detecting the presence of the errors is very sensitive. A decomposition model has been used in the interpretation and prediction of test results. Test results have been com pared with model data. It is found that the high probability shows between tests and the model utilized in characterizing cured layups of the laminates. Also a C-scan method was used for detecting layup of the laminates because of extracting fiber orientation information from the ultrasonic reflection caused by structural imperfections in the laminates. Therefore, it was found that interface C-scan images show the fiber orientation information by using two-dimensional fast Fourier transform (2-D FFT).

초음파 트랜스듀셔 투과법을 이용한 CFRP 복합적층판의 특성평가 (Characteristics Evaluation of CFRP Composite Laminates Using a Through-Transmission Method of Ultrasonic Transducers)

  • 임광희;나승우;강태식;김선규;김지훈;이현;박제웅;심재기;양인영
    • 대한기계학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.401-406
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    • 2001
  • When propagating the thickness direction of composite laminates ultrasound waves interacts strongly with the orientation and sequence of the plies in a layup. Also the layup orientation greatly influences its properties in a composite laminate. If one ply of the layup orientation is misaligned, it could result in the part being rejected and discarded. Now, most researchers cut a small coupon from the waste edge and use a microscope to optically verify the ply sequences on important parts. Those may add a substantial cost to the product since the test is both labor hard and performed after the part is cured. A nondestructive technique would be very beneficial, which could be used to test the part after curing and require less time than the optical test. Therefore we have developed, reduced, and implemented a novel ply-by-ply vector decomposition model for composite lam mates fabricated from unidirectional plies. This model decomposes the transmission of a linearly polarized ultrasound wave into orthogonal components through each ply of a laminate. It is found that a high probability shows between the model and tests developed in characterizing cured layups of the laminates.

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기하학적 비선형 효과를 고려한 복합재료 적층 쉘 구조의 유한요소 동적 해석 (Finite element dynamic analysis of laminated composite shell structures considering geometric nonlinear effects)

  • 이상열
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.5979-5986
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    • 2013
  • 본 연구에서는 복합재료 적층 쉘 구조의 기하학적 비선형 동적 거동을 상세 분석하였다. Sanders의 1차 전단 변형 쉘이론 및 비선형 방정식을 기반하여, 비선형 동적 방정식의 해는 Newmark 방법과 Newton-Raphson 반복법을 혼용하여 적용하여 산정하였다. 본 연구에서 개발한 유한요소 해석프로그램을 사용하여 쉘의 곡률, 화이버 보강각도 및 적층 배열의 변화가 적층 쉘의 기하학적 비선형 동적 거동에 미치는 영향을 상세 분석하였다. 몇 가지 수치해석 결과는 기존 문헌으로부터 얻어진 결과와 잘 일치하는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구의 새로운 결과는 최대 동적변위에 대한 적층 쉘 구조의 곡률, 화이버 보강각도 그리고 적층 배열 형식과의 중요한 상호관계를 보여준다. 몇 가지 수치해석 예제는 동적 특성을 고려한 적층 쉘 구조를 상세 설계하는데 필요한 가이드라인을 제시할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

적층된 복합소재 경사판의 기하학적 비선형 동적 거동에 미치는 매개변수 영향 (Parametric effects on geometrical nonlinear dynamic behaviors of laminated composite skew plates)

  • 이상열
    • Composites Research
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.217-223
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구는 복합소재로 구성된 적층 경사판의 비선형 동적 거동을 분석한다. 1차 전단 변형 판이론에 기반하여, 비선형 동적 방정식의 해는 Newmark 방법과 Newton-Raphson 반복법을 혼용하여 적용하여 산정하였다. 본 연구에서 개발한 유한요소 해석프로그램을 사용하여 개구부의 크기 또는 판의 경사각, 그리고 적층 배열의 변화가 판의 기하학적 비선형 거동에 미치는 영향을 상세 분석하였다. 몇 가지 수치해석 결과는 기존 연구자로부터 얻어진 결과와 잘 일치하는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구의 새로운 결과는 경사 적층 구조의 중앙 개구부의 크기 또는 판의 경사각도, 그리고 적층 배열과의 중요한 상호관계를 보여준다. 몇 가지 수치예제는 개구부를 갖는 적층 판구조를 설계하는데 필요한 가이드라인을 제시하였다.

이변량 Gaussian 분포함수를 적용한 CFRP 적층 평판의 보강섬유 물성저하 규명 (Determination of Degraded Fiber Properties of Laminated CFRP Flat Plates Using the Bivariate Gaussian Distribution Function)

  • 김규동;이상열
    • Composites Research
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.299-305
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구는 이변량 Gaussian 분포함수를 적용하여 CFRP 적층판의 섬유물성 변화를 추정하는 방법을 제안하였다. 섬유의 손상 분포를 규명하기 위하여 수정된 이변량 Gaussian 분포함수를 적용하여 5개의 미지 변수가 고려되었다. 조합된 컴퓨터 기법을 적용하여 역문제를 해결하기 위하여 본 연구에서는 몇 개의 고유진동수와 모드 정보를 입력데이터로 활용하였다. 수치해석 예제는 제안된 기법이 적층배열 변화에 따른 CFRP 판의 섬유 손상 분포 및 위치를 규명할 수 있는 적합하고 실용적은 방법임을 보여준다.