• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Laying Hen

검색결과 300건 처리시간 0.038초

산란계농가의 자동화계사 시설실태 및 의식조사 연구 (Survey on the Automation of Laying Hen Houses and Farmers' Awareness of its Significance)

  • 최희철;서옥석;이덕수;한정대
    • 한국축산시설환경학회지
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 1996
  • This survey was conducted to investigate the situation of three types of laying hen houses and farmers' awareness of farm automation. Six windowless, three high-rising windowless and four open-sided laying hen houses were surveyed to compare their characteristics, and sixty farmers answered questionnaires. 1. Population density of laying hen was 13.9 birds/m^2$ in open-sided, 28.9 birds/m^2$ in high-rising windowless, and 44.9 birds/m^2$ in windowless laying hen houses. 2. Feeder space was $12{\sim}13.5cm$ in open-sided laying hen houses, but feeder space of windowless and high-rising hen houses was narrower than that of open-sided laying hen houses. 3. Thermal resistance values were $14.6{\sim}18.7\;m^2\;{\circ}C/W$ in wall, #22.0{\sim}23.7\;m^2\;{\circ}C/W$ in roof of windowless and high-rising windowless laying hen houses but the wall of open-sided laying hen houses was only $1.9\;m^2\;{\circ}C/W$. 4. Maximum ventilation capacity was 0.161{\sim}0.326$ cmm/bird in summer. Minimum rate of tunnel Ventilation laying hen houses in winter was $0.013{\sim}0.040$ cmm/bird, but minimum rate of crossflow and high-rising windowless laying hen houses was larger than that of tunnel ventilation houses. 5. One person managed about 8,100 birds in open-sided, and about 23,500 birds in windowless and high-rising windowless laying hen houses. 7. 90.7% of farmers responsed that they want to construct automatized laying hen houses in the future.

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산란계와 비산란계의 에너지대사 비교 시험 (Comparison of Energy Metabolisms between Laying and Non- laying Hen)

  • 이영철
    • 한국가금학회지
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 1986
  • 정상적인 산란계와 란소 기능을 정지시킨 비산란계의 에너지 대사를 비교한 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 절식시 열생산량(FHP)은 산란계 109.7Kcal/kg$^{0.75}$ , 비산란계 87.4 Kcal/kg$^{0.75}$ 이며 전자의 FHP가 약 25.5% 높았다. 2. 유지를 위한 ME요구량(MEm)에 있어서 산란계 149Kcal/kg$^{0.75}$ 에 대하여 비산란계는 135Kcal/kg$^{0.75}$ 이며 산란계가 10% 높았다. 이는 유지시라 하드라도 란생산을 계속하는 이상체내에서의 산란을 위해 대사작용이 계속되기 때문으로 생각된다. 3. 생산을 위한 ME의 정미이용효율(NAME)은 산란계 77%, 비산란계 83%이었다. 이 경우 체에너지 축적이 마이너스였던 산란계의 NAME은 주로 란생산을 위한 ME 이용효율이며 또 산란이 중지된 비산란계의 NAME은 증체를 위한 이용효율에 해당된다고 생각된다. 4. 산란계와 비산란계에 있어서 각각 체중과 체에너지 축적의 회귀식으로 구한 체중 1g 증감할때의 에너지치는 산란계 3.54Kcal, 비산란계5.04Kcal 가 된다. 즉, 산란계는 비산란계에 비하여 약 70%의 에너지가를 나타내어 이들은 체에너지가 란생산을 위해 이용되는 경우의 이용효율을 나타내는 것이라 생각된다. 5. 혈청중 T$_3$ 및 T$_4$ 측정결과 T$_4$농도는 유의차가 없는데 비하여 T$_3$ 농도는 산란계가 비산란계에 비하여 유의적으로 높았다. 6. 간추출액중 에너지 대사에 관여하는 효소, ATP citrate lyase, fructose diphosphate aldolase, isocitrate dehydrogenase 및 glutamic pyruvic transaminase활성을 측정한 결과 간추출액 1mg 1분간당 분해기질을 기준으로 할 때 측정한 4개 효소활성은 산란계가 비산란계에 비하여 유의적으로 증가한다. 그러나 간 1당 1분간 분해 기질을 기준으로 할 때 ICD와 APT citrate lyase만이 산란계의 활성이 현저히 증가하였다.

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Optimizing Carnosine Containing Extract Preparation from Chicken Breast for Anti-glycating agents

  • Kim, Seung-Ki;Kwon, Dodan;Kwon, Da-Ae;Paik, In Kee;Auh, Joong-Hyuck
    • 한국축산식품학회지
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2014
  • Optimization of carnosine and anserine extraction from chicken breast was performed using response surface methodology (RSM) to obtain the maximized physiological activities for anti-glycation and anti-oxidation. The optimum extraction conditions were water extraction for 1.6 h in the case of the 20-wk laying hen muscle and water extraction for 2.12 h in the case of 90-wk laying hen muscle. Higher carnosine and anserine contents were measured in the 20-wk laying hen muscle, along with higher physiological activities, which increased in direct proportion with the dipeptide contents. The extracts prepared from the 20-wk laying hen under optimum conditions showed 57% inhibition of advanced glycated end-product formation, 64% inhibition of lipid peroxidation, and 61% of DPPH radical scavenging effects. On the other hand, 52% inhibition of AGE formation, 62% inhibition of lipid peroxidation, and 53% of DPPH radical scavenging effect were demonstrated within the 90-wk laying hen. In addition, the ratio of carnosine was a key indicator for the physiological activities of the extracts.

New Approach to Chuncheon Dakgalbi Processing by Various Chicken Materials, Seasoning and Cooking Methods

  • Muhlisin, Muhlisin;Kang, Sun Moon;Choi, Won Hee;Kim, Cheon-Jei;An, Byoung Ki;Kang, Chang Won;Lee, Sung Ki
    • 한국축산식품학회지
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.740-748
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    • 2012
  • This research was conducted to develop a new approach to Chuncheon Dakgalbi processing by various chicken materials, seasoning (conventional sauce/CS and new approach of seasoning by adding the curing mixture/CSA), and cooking methods. Three chicken breeds (broiler, old broiler and spent laying hen) were divided into five experimental groups: broiler-CS, old broiler-CS, old broiler-CSA, spent laying hen-CS, and spent laying hen-CSA. All samples were stored at $5^{\circ}C$ for 12 d. For sensory evaluation, all samples were cooked with conventional cooking (pan grilling) or high temperature and pressure cooking (at $121^{\circ}C$ with pressure 1.5 $Kg_f/cm^2$ for 30 min). The chicken material analysis showed that the moisture and crude protein content, cooking loss and shear-force of the old broiler and spent laying hen were higher (p<0.05) than those of the current broiler, but the crude ash, crude lipid and WHC were lower (p<0.05). The addition of CSA increased the pH value and reduced the lipid oxidation at the end of storage regardless of chicken breeds (p<0.05). The high temperature and pressure cooking method seemed to increase the taste, smell and overall-acceptability scores of the old broiler and spent laying hen Chuncheon Dakgalbi regardless of the implementation of new approach of seasoning (CSA). In conclusion, an old broiler and spent laying hen can be used as material of Chuncheon Dakgalbi by the application of a new approach of seasoning and cooking method.

산란계에서의 흉강내 기형종 발생보고 (Thoracic teratoma in a laying hen (Deklb brown warren). A case report)

  • 한규삼;이성효;서문정;오언평;채효석;유혜진;임채웅
    • 한국가축위생학회지
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.183-189
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    • 1997
  • This article reports a spontaneous thoracic teratoma in a laying hen (Deklb brown warren). In this case, a 40 days old hen was submitted for necropsy as part of an investigation into a flock problem suspected Marek's disease to Chonbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory in 1983. On the gross finding, mass was In the cranial subpulmonary cavity and attached to the vertebral column. It contained fully developed contour feathers. Histologically, feathers were arised from feather follicles complete with arrector plumi muscle, nerve, vessel and mucous gland composed with simple tall columnar epithelium. The outer surface of mass was lined by keratinized or nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium. It converted to pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium in some area. There were lymphocyte infiltration around gland tissue and eosinophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies in nonkeratinized epithelium. This thoracic teratoma was composed of ectodermal origin, squamous epithelium and nerve, and endodermal origin, mucous gland. This case in laying hen has never been reported in the literature in the world.

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산란계종의 잡종강세 이용을 위한 유전학적 기초연구와 우량교배조합 선발에 관한 연구 (Estimation of Genetic Variations and Selection of Superior Lines from Diallel Crosses in Layer Chicken)

  • 오봉국;한재용;손시환;박태진
    • 한국가금학회지
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 1986
  • 본 연구에서는 산란종계 육종개발에 필요한 기초자료를 얻기 위하여 산란종계 6계통을 양면교잡시켜 생산된 후대 3,759수를 가지고 교잡에 의한 잡종강세효과와 결합능력을 추정하였다. 공시계는 국립종축원 대전지원에서 보유하고 있는 White LKeghorn종 6계통에서 생산된 36개 조합의 양면교잡종을 이용하여 1984년 5월 11일부터 1985년 9월23일까지 500일간 수행하였으며, 수정율, 부화율, 육추율, 유성율, 성계생존율, 초산일령, 초산시 체중, 평규란중, 생존계산란율, 산란지수 및 사료요구율 등을 조사하였다. 조사된 각 형질에 대한 기록을 분석하여 교잡에 의한 잡종강세효과, 일반결합능력, 특수결합능력, 상반교잡효과 등을 추정하였다. 분석방법은 Griffing(1956)의 Model I 모형을 이용하여 추정하였다. 본 연구에서 얻어진 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. 조사된 형질의 일반능력은 수정율이 94.76%, 부화율이 74.05%, 육추율이 97.47%, 육성율이 99.72%, 생존율이 93.81%, 초산일령이 150일, 초산시체량이 1,505g, 평균란중이 60.08g, 생존계산란율이 77.11%, 산란지수가 269.8개, 사료요구율이 2.44로 나타났다. 2. 잡종강세의 크기는 수정율에서 -1.66%로 부의 방향으로 나타났으며 부화율에서 9.58%, 육추율에서 0.26%, 생존율에서 1.83%, 초산일령에서 -3.87%, 초산시체중에서 3.63%, 평균란중에서 0.96, 산란율에서 4.23%, 산란지수에서 6.4%, 그리고 사료요구율에서 -0.85%로 나타나 수정율과 체중을 제외한 모든 형질에서 바람직한 개량방향으로 잡종강세효과를 보여 주었으며, 비교적 유전력이 낮은 부화율, 사란능력에서는 잡종강세효과가 컸고, 유전력이 비교적 높은 란중은 잡종강세효과가 적었다. 3. 결합능력의 분석에서 얻어진 결과는 다음과 같다. 1)수정율 일반결합능력, 특수결합능력 및 상반교잡효과는 중요하지 않은 것으로 나타났으며, 수정율은 유전적 요인보다는 환경적인 요인에 의해 영향을 많이 받는 것으로 나타났다. 부화율에서는 일반결합능력이 큰 비중을 차지하였으며 특히 K와 V계통의 상가적 유전효과가 크게 추정되었다. 2) 사료요구율과 평균란중은 일반결합능력이 특히 중요하였으며 특수결합능력과 상반교잡효과도 중요하게 나타났다. 사료요구율은 F, K, B 계통에서 우수하였으며, 란중은 F, B 계통이 우수하게 나타났다. 4) 초산일령은 일반결합능력, 특수결합능력 및 상반교잡효과가 모두 중요하게 나타났으며, V$\times$E, F$\times$K, B$\times$F의 교배조합이 우수하였고, 초산시체중은 일반결합능력이 특히 중요하게 나타났으며 특수결합능력과 상반교잡효과도 중요하게 나타났다. 초산시체중을 가벼운 쪽으로 개량하고자 할 때 K, F, E 계통이 우수하였다. 5) 산란율과 산란지수는 일반결합능력, 특수결합능력, 상반교잡효과가 모두 중요하였으며, F$\times$K, $A\times$K, $K\times$A 조합에서 우수하게 나타났다. 4. 일반적으로 일반결합능력이 중요하게 나타난 형질은 부화율, 초산시체중, 평균란중, 산란율, 산란지수, 사료요구율이었고 특수결합능력이 중요하게 나타난 형질은 육추율, 성계생존율, 초산일령, 산란율, 산란지수였으며, 상반교잡효과가 중요하였던 형질은 초산일령이었다.

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무창산란계사의 환경분석에 관한 연구 (Environmental Analysis in the Windowless Laying Hen Houses)

  • 이성현
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.225-230
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to analyze the environmental variation of layer house at Iowa State in the USA. The analyzed seasons for this study were summer and winter. Analyzing factors are inside temperature and relative humidity, carbon dioxide concentration, ammonia concentration and emission. All factors were collected every 30 second from each house with portable monitoring units. In this study, two types of laying hen houses were monitored at the same season. One was a manure belt house, the other was a high-rise house. In order to estimate the ventilation rates of the laying hen houses, carbon dioxide concentration balance was used in this study. Ammonia concentrations and emission rates of the manure belt house are much lower than those of the high rise house. Daily mean ammonia concentrations in the manure belt house and high-rise house ranged from 3 to 7 ppm and 5 to 34 ppm, respectively. The daily ammonia emission rates averaged 0.68g/h$\cdot$500kg and 0.73g/h$\cdot$500kg for the manure belt house and 0.93g/h$\cdot$500kg and 2.89g/h$\cdot$500kg for the high-rise house in summertime and wintertime, respectively. Summertime is associated with much higher ammonia emission rates than wintertime because of much higher ventilation rates and ambient air temperature, even though the concentrations may be lower.

Bovine Serum Albumin 투여가 산란계의 품종별 면역반응에 미치는 영향 (The Level of Immune Response on Bovine Serum Albumin(BSA) Injection to Different Breeds of Laying Hen)

  • 채현석;김동운;안종남;김용곤;이종문;노환국;윤병선;심정석
    • 한국가금학회지
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.247-252
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    • 1999
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of the laying hens on the immune response against bovine serum albumin(BSA) in egg yolk. Total 45 laying hens were divided into three groups according to breeds (White Leghorn, ISA Brown, Native hen). They were fed the experimental diet for 12 weeks. Immune response were examind in egg yolk from three groups of hens injected with BSA. The results obtained from this work were summaried as follows : 1. The weight of egg yolk and the percentage of hen-day production in the ISA Brown hens are greater than those in the Native hens and the White Leghons. 2. IgY concentrations in eggs from hens immunized with BSA were not different among the breeds laying hens. 3. The anti-BSA antibody activities determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in the egg yolk were similar between the White-Leghorn and ISA Brown hens, but Native hens tended to decrease in 20∼50 days respectively. Therefore, the weight of egg yolk and the percentage of hen-day production in the ISA Brown hens are greater than those in the Native hens and the White Leghons will be as important factors for an efficient production of IgY.

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산란 노계육이 첨가된 유화형 소시지의 품질 특성 비교 (The Study on the Quality of Sausage Manufactured with Different Mixture Ratios of Spent Laying Hen and Pork Meat)

  • 김영직
    • 한국가금학회지
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.271-277
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    • 2014
  • 유화형 소시지 제조 시에 산란 노계육의 첨가량(0, 10, 20, 30%)을 다르게 하여 제조한 소시지를 냉장온도($4{\pm}1^{\circ}C$)에서 7일간 저장한 후, 소시지의 일반성분, pH, TBARS, WHC, 전단력, 가열 감량, 총 미생물수, 육색 및 관능평가를 실시하였다. 시험구는 산란 노계육을 첨가하지 않은 대조구, 산란 노계육을 10% 첨가한 T1, 산란 노계육을 20% 첨가한 T2, 산란 노계육을 30% 첨가한 T3 등 4개 처리구로 나누어 7일간 저장한 후 실험하였다. 일반성분 중 수분, 조단백질 및 조회분 함량은 산란 노계육이 첨가된 소시지에서 유의성이 없으며, 조지방 함량은 산란 노계육의 첨가구에서 특히 T3에서 유의적으로 감소하였다(P<005). 소시지의 이화학적 특성을 나타내는 pH, TBARS 및 총 미생물수는 처리구 간에 유의적인 차이는 없으며, 보수성은 산란 노계육의 첨가구에서 증가하였고, 산란 노계육의 첨가량에 의한 차이는 없었다. 가열 감량은 대조구와 T1, T2 보다 T3에서 유의하게 감소하였다. 산란 노계육이 첨가된 유화형 소시지의 육색은 명도와 황색도에는 영향을 미치지 않았으나, 적색도는 산란 노계육의 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 증가하였다. 훈련된 관능검사요원에 의한 관능검사 결과, 다즙성과 기호성에는 유의성이 없었다. 그러나 경도는 산란 노계육의 첨가량이 많은 T3에서 유의하게 증가하였다. 이상의 결과를 종합적으로 고찰해 보면 유화형 소시지 제조 시 산란 노계육의 첨가는 소시지의 품질 변화 없이 첨가 가능성이 있으리라 생각된다.

Effect of superdosing phytase on productive performance and egg quality in laying hens

  • Kim, Jong Hyuk;Pitargue, Franco Martinez;Jung, Hyunjung;Han, Gi Ppeum;Choi, Hyeon Seok;Kil, Dong Yong
    • 아세아태평양축산학회지
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.994-998
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    • 2017
  • Objective: An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of superdosing phytase on productive performance and egg quality in laying hens. Methods: A total of 200 42-wk-old Hy-Line Brown laying hens were allotted into 1 of 5 dietary treatments with 5 replicates consisting of 8 hens per replicate. The positive control (PC) and negative control diets (NC) were prepared based on the recommended P levels in layer diets. Supplemental phytase was added to the negative control diet at 10,000 (SD10), 20,000 (SD20), or 30,000 (SD30) fytase units (FTU)/kg. Productive performance was summarized for 6 weeks from 42 weeks to 47 weeks of age. Egg quality was assessed from 4 eggs per replicate randomly collected at the conclusion of the experiment. Results: The SD20 treatment had greater (p<0.05) hen-day egg production than PC, NC, and SD10 treatment groups. There was no difference in hen-day egg production between SD20 and SD30 treatment groups. However, SD30 treatment had greater (p<0.05) hen-day egg production than PC treatment, but showed no difference in hen-day egg production as compared to NC and SD10 treatment groups. However, egg weight, egg mass, feed intake, and feed conversion ratio were not affected by dietary treatments. Egg quality including eggshell strength, eggshell color, egg yolk color, and haugh unit was not influenced by dietary treatments. Conclusion: Superdosing level of 20,000 FTU/kg phytase in diets has a positive effect on egg production rate, but no beneficial effect on egg quality in laying hens.