• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Large White

검색결과 709건 처리시간 0.032초

도입한 돼지동결정액의 번식능력에 관한 연구 (Study on Reproductive Performance of Imported Frozen Boar Semen)

  • 정홍기;송우석;박창식
    • 한국가축번식학회지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.22-25
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    • 1987
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of imported pellet frozen semen on sperm motility and NAR acrosomes after thawing, and the farrowing rates, litter sizes and preweaning body weights after artificial insemination. A total of 28 sows of Landrace, Large White and Duroc were inseminated at the Chungnam Provincial Animal Breeding Station. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Landrace andLarge White had higher sperm motility than Duroc by about 20% and had higher NAR acrosomes by about 10%. 2. The farrowing rates of Landrace, Large White and Duroc were 63.6, 55.6 adn 50.0%, respectively. The number of pigs born alive per litter were larger in Landrace and Large White as compared with Duroc (p<.01). 3. Duroc had the highest mean pig weight at birth, followed by Landrace and Large White (p<.01). The mean pig weights at 21 days and 56 days had no significant differences between the breeds.

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Carcass Fat-free Lean Gain of Chinese Growing-finishing Pigs Reared on Commercial Farms

  • Yang, Libin;Li, Defa;Qiao, Shiyan;Gong, Limin;Zhang, Defu
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.1489-1495
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    • 2002
  • Five regions and 258 pigs were selected for this study: North (Beijing), Central (Wuhan), South (Guangzhou), Southwest (Chongqing), Northeast (Harbin). Five typical genetics of growing-finishing pig were selected: Landrace${\times}$Large White${\times}$Beijing Black, Duroc${\times}$Landrace${\times}$Large White, Duroc${\times}$Large White${\times}$Landrace, Landrace${\times}$Rongchang, Landrace${\times}$Harbin White, respectively at each sites. The basal diet was a corn-soybean meal containing sufficient nutrients to meet requirements. Carcass fat-free lean gain was determined by dissecting and analyzing chemical composition of the carcass. Cubic function fitted lean moistures to live weights better than other functions. Exponential function fitted lean lipids to live weights equally to allometric function. Carcass fat-free lean gain of Duroc${\times}$Large White${\times}$Landrace, Landrace${\times}$Large White${\times}$Beijing Black, Duroc${\times}$Landrace${\times}$Large White, Landrace${\times}$Harbin White, Landrace${\times}$Rongchang from 20 to 100 kg of average body weight was 259 g/d, 261 g/d, 311 g/d, 220 g/d, 200 g/d, respectively. All are lower than intermediate fat-free lean gain in NRC (1998).

Comparative Analysis on Antioxidative Ability of Muscle between Laiwu Pig and Large White

  • Chen, Wei;Zhu, Hong-Lei;Shi, Yuan;Zhao, Meng-Meng;Wang, Hui;Zeng, Yong-Qing
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.25 no.8
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    • pp.1190-1196
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to evaluate effects of storage temperatures ($4^{\circ}C$ and $20^{\circ}C$) and pig breeds (Laiwu pig and Large White pig) on the main antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase) activity and lipid oxidation in porcine Longissimus dorsi muscle. Activities of antioxidative enzymes (AOE) decreased slightly during storage, regardless of storage temperatures. Muscle antioxidative enzymes activities stored at $4^{\circ}C$ were higher than that stored at $20^{\circ}C$. Laiwu pig's enzymes activities were significantly (p<0.01) higher than Large White's. The level of malondialdehyde is a direct expression of the grade of lipid oxidation in meat. In our study, the malondialdehyde contents increased after 6 days storage. However, malondialdehyde contents of Laiwu pig were significantly (p<0.01) lower than Large White's. A lower content of malondialdehyde corresponds to a lower oxidation of lipids. These results indicated the muscle antioxidative ability of Laiwu pig was higher than Large White pig. It also implied that antioxidative enzymes were involved in the essentials and deciding mechanisms of meat quality by quenching oxygen free radicals and inhibiting lipid oxidation in muscle.

돼지 mtDNA D-loop 지역의 Large White 특이 중복현상 탐지 (Detection of a Large White-Specific Duplication in D-loop Region of the Porcine MtDNA)

  • 김재환;한상현;이성수;고문석;이정규;전진태;조인철
    • 생명과학회지
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.467-471
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    • 2009
  • 돼지 6품종(Landrace, Duroc, Large White, 한국재래돼지, Berkshire, Hampshire)을 대상으로 기존에 보고된 서열을 바탕으로 제작한 primer를 이용하여 mtDNA D-loop 전체영역을 증폭하였다. 증폭된 PCR product를 cloning 및 DNA sequencing, 다중염기서열비교를 통하여 분석한 결과, mtDNA에서 heteroplasmy가 나타나는 D-loop 내 tandem repeat region 이후에 11-bp 중복이 존재하는 것을 확인하였다. 이런 중복현상은 일본재래돼지와 Duroc에서 보고되었지만, 이를 이용한 돼지 품종별 중복현상의 빈도 및 분포에 관한 연구는 이루어져있지 않다. 품종별 11-bp 중복현상을 분석하기 위해서 6품종을 대상으로 중복지역을 포함한 약 150 bp 절편을 증폭하였으며, PAGE 방법을 통하여 분석하였다. 그 결과 본 연구에서 사용한 품종들 중 모든 Large White에서 중복현상이 발생하는 것을 확인하였으며, Duroc인 경우 11.2% (9/80)에서 중복현상이 확인되었다. 반면에 Landrace, 한국재래돼지, Berkshire 및 Hampshire에서는 전혀 발견되지 않았다. 이런 결과로서, 11-bp 중복현상의 분석은 현재 구별이 불가능한 Landrace와 Large White를 구별할 수 있는 유용한 DNA marker로서 사용이 가능할 것이다.

The identification of novel regions for reproduction trait in Landrace and Large White pigs using a single step genome-wide association study

  • Suwannasing, Rattikan;Duangjinda, Monchai;Boonkum, Wuttigrai;Taharnklaew, Rutjawate;Tuangsithtanon, Komson
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.12
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    • pp.1852-1862
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate a single step genome-wide association study (ssGWAS) for identifying genomic regions affecting reproductive traits in Landrace and Large White pigs. Methods: The traits included the number of pigs weaned per sow per year (PWSY), the number of litters per sow per year (LSY), pigs weaned per litters (PWL), born alive per litters (BAL), non-productive day (NPD) and wean to conception interval per litters (W2CL). A total of 321 animals (140 Landrace and 181 Large White pigs) were genotyped with the Illumina Porcine SNP 60k BeadChip, containing 61,177 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), while multiple traits single-step genomic BLUP method was used to calculate variances of 5 SNP windows for 11,048 Landrace and 13,985 Large White data records. Results: The outcome of ssGWAS on the reproductive traits identified twenty-five and twenty-two SNPs associated with reproductive traits in Landrace and Large White, respectively. Three known genes were identified to be candidate genes in Landrace pigs including retinol binding protein 7, and ubiquitination factor E4B genes for PWL, BAL, W2CL, and PWSY and one gene, solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 6A1, for LSY and NPD. Meanwhile, five genes were identified to be candidate genes in Large White, two of which, aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member A3 and leucine rich repeat kinase 1, associated with all of six reproduction traits and three genes; retrotransposon Gag like 4, transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily C member 5, and LHFPL tetraspan subfamily member 1 for five traits except W2CL. Conclusion: The genomic regions identified in this study provided a start-up point for marker assisted selection and estimating genomic breeding values for improving reproductive traits in commercial pig populations.

Thinning Intensity for Large Diameter Trees in Korean White Pine Plantation of South Korea

  • Lee, Daesung;Seo, Yeongwan;Park, Jiyoung;Choi, Jungkee
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.74-77
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of thinning intensity on the growth of large diameter trees in Korean white pine (Pinus koraiensis S. et Z.) plantation. Eight thinning plots were analyzed by categorizing into heavy thinning, light thinning, no thinning (control) according to thinning intensity. As a result, average DBH increased more in heavy thinning plots than in light thinning or unthinned plots. The number of large trees (DBH>25 cm) were obviously shown the most in heavy thinning plots. It is considered that heavy thinning is needed for the production of the large diameter trees.

대시야 백색광 간섭계를 이용한 3차원 검사 장치 개발 (Development of 3D Inspection Equipment using White Light Interferometer with Large F.O.V.)

  • 구영모;이규호
    • 한국지능시스템학회논문지
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.694-699
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    • 2012
  • 반도체 검사 공정에 적용하기 위한 대시야 백색광간섭계(WSI ; White Light Scanning Interferometer)를 사용한 반도체 검사 결과를 본 논문에서 제시한다. 각 서브스트레이트에 있는 동일한 여러 범프에 대한 3D 데이터 반복성 측정 실험 결과를 제시한다. 각 서브스트레이트의 모든 범프에 대한 3D 데이터 반복성 측정 실험 결과를 제시한다. 반도체 검사 공정에서 3D 데이터 검사를 고속으로 달성하기 위해 대시야 백색광간섭계를 사용한 반도체 검사는 매우 중요한 의미를 갖는다. 인라인 고속 3D 데이터 검사기 개발에 본 논문이 크게 기여할 수 있다.

IMPROVEMENT AND UTILIZATION OF GENETIC RESOURCES IN NATIVE CHICKEN : RECIPROCAL CROSS BETWEEN TAIWAN COUNTRY CHICKEN AND SINGLE COMB WHITE LEGHORN

  • Lee, Yen-Pai;Huang, Hwei-Huang
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.103-114
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    • 1989
  • Reciprocal crosses were conducted between three strains of Taiwan Country chickens, developed in the National Chung-Hsing University, and two strains of Single Comb White Leghorns, developed in the Taiwan Livestock Research Institute. Traits studied were growing performances, laying performances, egg quality traits and traits concerning disease resistance, including resistance to Marek's disease virus and immune responses to Newcastle disease virus vaccine and to sheep red blood cell. Results indicated that laying performances of Taiwan country chickens were much inferior to White Leghorns, but they matured earlier, their eggs had better shell strength and larger proportion of yolk, and their general disease resistance was much better than White Leghorns. Heterosis were found in laying performances and egg quality traits. The heterosis in laying traits was so large that the hybrid laid as many eggs and as large eggs as did pure strains of White Leghorns. Strategies on the improvement of native chickens and the utilization of genetic merits of native chickens were also discussed.

Comparison of Gene Expression Patterns in Longissimus dorsi of Pigs between the High-parent Heterosis Cross Combination andrace×Large White and the Mid-parent Heterosis Cross Combination Large White×Meishan

  • Liu, G.Y.;Xiong, Y.Z.;Deng, C.Y.;Zuo, B.;Zhang, J.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.1192-1196
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    • 2004
  • In order to detect the molecular mechanism of heterosis in pigs, the mRNA differential display technique was performed to investigate the differences in gene expression of pig's Longissimus dorsi between the high-parent heterosis cross combination Landrace${\times}$Large White and the mid-parent heterosis cross combination Large White${\times}$Meishan. Three pig purebreds, Large White, Meishan, and Landrace and four types of reciprocal $F_1$ hybrids were analyzed using nine 3'-end anchored primers in combination with ten 5'-end arbitrary primers and nearly 7,000 reproducible bands were examined. The patterns of gene expression of each cross combination were analyzed and eight common patterns (fifteen kinds) were found. When the results from the two cross combinations were put together and compared, eight different typical expression patterns were observed, these indicated that the patterns of gene expression of these two cross combinations had obvious differences. Gene expression correlation and cluster analyses of the two cross combinations indicated that the gene expression of the mid-parent heterosis cross combination was correlated with maternal effect, but in the high-parent heterosis cross combination, paternal effect acted in the gene expression of the hybrids or the gene expression of the hybrids was biased towards one parent.

대한민국내 주요 돼지 품종의 순종 식별을 위한 품종특이 DNA marker의 활용 (Application of Breed-specific DNA Markers for the use of Identifying Major Pure Pig Breeds Maintained in Korea)

  • 서보영;김재환;박응우;임현태;조인철;김병우;오성종;정일정;이정규;전진태
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.735-742
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구는 돼지의 품종특이 DNA marker를 이용하여 Large White, Landrace, Duroc의 순종 판별을 가능하게 하기 위해서 실시하였다 순종 판별을 위해 현재 알려져 있는 KIT과 돼지내의 모색과 밀접한 연관성이 있는 MCIR 그리고 mitrochondrial DNA상에서 종 특이적인 현상을 보이는 D-loop 지역의 11-bp 중복과 ND2 유전자의 개시 codon 변이를 이용하였다 품종간의 판별을 위해 KIT 유전자 exon17의 splicing 지역 변이를 활용하여 백색종과 유색종을 분류 하였다. MCIR 유전자의 (N121D)변이를 이용하여 유색종들로부터 Duroc 종이 분류되었다. 그러나 Duroc 이외의 유색종들 간에는 특이한 변이가 발견되지 않아 이 이상의 분류는 불가능 하였다 D-loop 지역의 11-bp 중복현상과 ND2 개시 codon의 변이에 의해 백색종인 Landrace(11-bp비중복과 ATT)종과 Large White(llbp 중복과 ATA) 종을 분류할 수 있었다. 결론적으로 본 연구에서 설정된 판별방법을 통하여 Landrace, Large White와 Duroc 종의 순종 판별이 완벽히 가능함을 입증하였다.