• Title, Summary, Keyword: Large White

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Study on Reproductive Performance of Imported Frozen Boar Semen (도입한 돼지동결정액의 번식능력에 관한 연구)

  • 정홍기;송우석;박창식
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.22-25
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    • 1987
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of imported pellet frozen semen on sperm motility and NAR acrosomes after thawing, and the farrowing rates, litter sizes and preweaning body weights after artificial insemination. A total of 28 sows of Landrace, Large White and Duroc were inseminated at the Chungnam Provincial Animal Breeding Station. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Landrace andLarge White had higher sperm motility than Duroc by about 20% and had higher NAR acrosomes by about 10%. 2. The farrowing rates of Landrace, Large White and Duroc were 63.6, 55.6 adn 50.0%, respectively. The number of pigs born alive per litter were larger in Landrace and Large White as compared with Duroc (p<.01). 3. Duroc had the highest mean pig weight at birth, followed by Landrace and Large White (p<.01). The mean pig weights at 21 days and 56 days had no significant differences between the breeds.

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Carcass Fat-free Lean Gain of Chinese Growing-finishing Pigs Reared on Commercial Farms

  • Yang, Libin;Li, Defa;Qiao, Shiyan;Gong, Limin;Zhang, Defu
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.1489-1495
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    • 2002
  • Five regions and 258 pigs were selected for this study: North (Beijing), Central (Wuhan), South (Guangzhou), Southwest (Chongqing), Northeast (Harbin). Five typical genetics of growing-finishing pig were selected: Landrace${\times}$Large White${\times}$Beijing Black, Duroc${\times}$Landrace${\times}$Large White, Duroc${\times}$Large White${\times}$Landrace, Landrace${\times}$Rongchang, Landrace${\times}$Harbin White, respectively at each sites. The basal diet was a corn-soybean meal containing sufficient nutrients to meet requirements. Carcass fat-free lean gain was determined by dissecting and analyzing chemical composition of the carcass. Cubic function fitted lean moistures to live weights better than other functions. Exponential function fitted lean lipids to live weights equally to allometric function. Carcass fat-free lean gain of Duroc${\times}$Large White${\times}$Landrace, Landrace${\times}$Large White${\times}$Beijing Black, Duroc${\times}$Landrace${\times}$Large White, Landrace${\times}$Harbin White, Landrace${\times}$Rongchang from 20 to 100 kg of average body weight was 259 g/d, 261 g/d, 311 g/d, 220 g/d, 200 g/d, respectively. All are lower than intermediate fat-free lean gain in NRC (1998).

Comparative Analysis on Antioxidative Ability of Muscle between Laiwu Pig and Large White

  • Chen, Wei;Zhu, Hong-Lei;Shi, Yuan;Zhao, Meng-Meng;Wang, Hui;Zeng, Yong-Qing
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.25 no.8
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    • pp.1190-1196
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to evaluate effects of storage temperatures ($4^{\circ}C$ and $20^{\circ}C$) and pig breeds (Laiwu pig and Large White pig) on the main antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase) activity and lipid oxidation in porcine Longissimus dorsi muscle. Activities of antioxidative enzymes (AOE) decreased slightly during storage, regardless of storage temperatures. Muscle antioxidative enzymes activities stored at $4^{\circ}C$ were higher than that stored at $20^{\circ}C$. Laiwu pig's enzymes activities were significantly (p<0.01) higher than Large White's. The level of malondialdehyde is a direct expression of the grade of lipid oxidation in meat. In our study, the malondialdehyde contents increased after 6 days storage. However, malondialdehyde contents of Laiwu pig were significantly (p<0.01) lower than Large White's. A lower content of malondialdehyde corresponds to a lower oxidation of lipids. These results indicated the muscle antioxidative ability of Laiwu pig was higher than Large White pig. It also implied that antioxidative enzymes were involved in the essentials and deciding mechanisms of meat quality by quenching oxygen free radicals and inhibiting lipid oxidation in muscle.

Detection of a Large White-Specific Duplication in D-loop Region of the Porcine MtDNA (돼지 mtDNA D-loop 지역의 Large White 특이 중복현상 탐지)

  • Kim, Jae-Hwan;Han, Sang-Hyun;Lee, Sung-Soo;Ko, Moon-Suk;Lee, Jung-Gyu;Jeon, Jin-Tae;Cho, In-Cheol
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.467-471
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    • 2009
  • The entire D-loop region of the porcine mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was amplified from six pig breeds (Landrace, Duroc, Large White, Korean native pig, Berkshire, and Hampshire) using a primer set designed on the basis of reported porcine mtDNA sequences. From analyses through cloning, DNA sequencing and multiple sequence alignment, an 11-bp (TAAAACACTTA) duplication was observed after known tandem repetition in the D-loop region, which promoted hetroplasmy in mtDNA. Although the existence of the 11-bp duplication has been previously reported in Duroc and Japanese native pigs, there have not been any attempts to know the characteristics of this duplication in other breeds so far. A 150 bp fragment containing the 11-duplication was amplified and typed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). All Large Whites had two duplication units and Duroc showed heteromorphic patterns, 11.2% (9/80) of the animals had the 11-bp duplication in total. On the other hand, Landrace, Berkshire, Hampshire and Korean native pigs were non-duplicated. This result showed that the 11-bp duplication could be used as a breed-specific DNA marker for distinguishing pure Landrace and Large White breeds.

The identification of novel regions for reproduction trait in Landrace and Large White pigs using a single step genome-wide association study

  • Suwannasing, Rattikan;Duangjinda, Monchai;Boonkum, Wuttigrai;Taharnklaew, Rutjawate;Tuangsithtanon, Komson
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.12
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    • pp.1852-1862
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate a single step genome-wide association study (ssGWAS) for identifying genomic regions affecting reproductive traits in Landrace and Large White pigs. Methods: The traits included the number of pigs weaned per sow per year (PWSY), the number of litters per sow per year (LSY), pigs weaned per litters (PWL), born alive per litters (BAL), non-productive day (NPD) and wean to conception interval per litters (W2CL). A total of 321 animals (140 Landrace and 181 Large White pigs) were genotyped with the Illumina Porcine SNP 60k BeadChip, containing 61,177 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), while multiple traits single-step genomic BLUP method was used to calculate variances of 5 SNP windows for 11,048 Landrace and 13,985 Large White data records. Results: The outcome of ssGWAS on the reproductive traits identified twenty-five and twenty-two SNPs associated with reproductive traits in Landrace and Large White, respectively. Three known genes were identified to be candidate genes in Landrace pigs including retinol binding protein 7, and ubiquitination factor E4B genes for PWL, BAL, W2CL, and PWSY and one gene, solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 6A1, for LSY and NPD. Meanwhile, five genes were identified to be candidate genes in Large White, two of which, aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member A3 and leucine rich repeat kinase 1, associated with all of six reproduction traits and three genes; retrotransposon Gag like 4, transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily C member 5, and LHFPL tetraspan subfamily member 1 for five traits except W2CL. Conclusion: The genomic regions identified in this study provided a start-up point for marker assisted selection and estimating genomic breeding values for improving reproductive traits in commercial pig populations.

Thinning Intensity for Large Diameter Trees in Korean White Pine Plantation of South Korea

  • Lee, Daesung;Seo, Yeongwan;Park, Jiyoung;Choi, Jungkee
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.74-77
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of thinning intensity on the growth of large diameter trees in Korean white pine (Pinus koraiensis S. et Z.) plantation. Eight thinning plots were analyzed by categorizing into heavy thinning, light thinning, no thinning (control) according to thinning intensity. As a result, average DBH increased more in heavy thinning plots than in light thinning or unthinned plots. The number of large trees (DBH>25 cm) were obviously shown the most in heavy thinning plots. It is considered that heavy thinning is needed for the production of the large diameter trees.

IMPROVEMENT AND UTILIZATION OF GENETIC RESOURCES IN NATIVE CHICKEN : RECIPROCAL CROSS BETWEEN TAIWAN COUNTRY CHICKEN AND SINGLE COMB WHITE LEGHORN

  • Lee, Yen-Pai;Huang, Hwei-Huang
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.103-114
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    • 1989
  • Reciprocal crosses were conducted between three strains of Taiwan Country chickens, developed in the National Chung-Hsing University, and two strains of Single Comb White Leghorns, developed in the Taiwan Livestock Research Institute. Traits studied were growing performances, laying performances, egg quality traits and traits concerning disease resistance, including resistance to Marek's disease virus and immune responses to Newcastle disease virus vaccine and to sheep red blood cell. Results indicated that laying performances of Taiwan country chickens were much inferior to White Leghorns, but they matured earlier, their eggs had better shell strength and larger proportion of yolk, and their general disease resistance was much better than White Leghorns. Heterosis were found in laying performances and egg quality traits. The heterosis in laying traits was so large that the hybrid laid as many eggs and as large eggs as did pure strains of White Leghorns. Strategies on the improvement of native chickens and the utilization of genetic merits of native chickens were also discussed.

Development of 3D Inspection Equipment using White Light Interferometer with Large F.O.V. (대시야 백색광 간섭계를 이용한 3차원 검사 장치 개발)

  • Koo, Young Mo;Lee, Kyu Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.694-699
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, semiconductor package inspection results using white light interferometer with large F.O.V., in order to apply semiconductor product inspection process, are shown. Experimental 3D data repeatability test results for the same special bumps of each substrate are shown. Experimental 3D data repeatability test results for all the bumps in each substrate are also shown. Semiconductor package inspection using white light interferometer with large F.O.V. is very important for the fast 3D data inspection in semiconductor product inspection process. This paper is surely helpful for the development of in-line type fast 3D data inspection machine.

Comparison of Gene Expression Patterns in Longissimus dorsi of Pigs between the High-parent Heterosis Cross Combination andrace×Large White and the Mid-parent Heterosis Cross Combination Large White×Meishan

  • Liu, G.Y.;Xiong, Y.Z.;Deng, C.Y.;Zuo, B.;Zhang, J.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.1192-1196
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    • 2004
  • In order to detect the molecular mechanism of heterosis in pigs, the mRNA differential display technique was performed to investigate the differences in gene expression of pig's Longissimus dorsi between the high-parent heterosis cross combination Landrace${\times}$Large White and the mid-parent heterosis cross combination Large White${\times}$Meishan. Three pig purebreds, Large White, Meishan, and Landrace and four types of reciprocal $F_1$ hybrids were analyzed using nine 3'-end anchored primers in combination with ten 5'-end arbitrary primers and nearly 7,000 reproducible bands were examined. The patterns of gene expression of each cross combination were analyzed and eight common patterns (fifteen kinds) were found. When the results from the two cross combinations were put together and compared, eight different typical expression patterns were observed, these indicated that the patterns of gene expression of these two cross combinations had obvious differences. Gene expression correlation and cluster analyses of the two cross combinations indicated that the gene expression of the mid-parent heterosis cross combination was correlated with maternal effect, but in the high-parent heterosis cross combination, paternal effect acted in the gene expression of the hybrids or the gene expression of the hybrids was biased towards one parent.

Application of Breed-specific DNA Markers for the use of Identifying Major Pure Pig Breeds Maintained in Korea (대한민국내 주요 돼지 품종의 순종 식별을 위한 품종특이 DNA marker의 활용)

  • Seo, B.Y.;Kim, J.H.;Park, E.W.;Lim, H.T.;Cho, I.C.;Kim, B.W.;Oh, S.J.;Cheong, I.C.;Lee, J.G.;Jeon, J.T.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.735-742
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted for the identification of pure Landrace, Large White and Duroc breeds which are mainly maintained in Korea using DNA markers. We used known KIT and MC1R mutations, which were related coat color in pigs, and pig mitochondrial DNA variations. The KIT mutation was used to distinguish white and colored animals. Duroc breed could be discriminated from other colored breeds using the MC1R mutation N121D. Discriminating Landrace and Large White was possible using the l l-bp duplication of D-Ioop region and alternative initiation codon of ND2. In conclusion, identification of Landrace, Large White and Duroc breeds was might be possible using the procedure designed in this study.