• Title, Summary, Keyword: Large Black

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New Records of Five Ennomine Moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae; Ennominae) from Korea

  • Choi, Sei-Woong;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.122-127
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    • 2015
  • The subfamily Ennominae is one of the most species-rich taxa of Geometridae that include more than 9,700 species worldwide and over 280 species in South Korea. Herein, we present the first report of five species of Ennominae. Abraxas flavisinuata can be characterized by the white wings, a thick black postmedial line that is medially and dorsally broken with an orange band, large rounded black discal dots on the forewing, and a black dotted postmedial line on the hindwing. Lomographa claripennis can be characterized by the whitish wings, the black undulating postmedial line as well as the minute blackish discal dot on the forewing, and the black undulating postmedial line with a minute black discal dot on the hindwing. Arichanna tetrica can be characterized by the grayish forewings, thick black transverse ante- and postmedial lines, a large blackish discal dot, whitish apical streak on the forewing, and scattered black dots on the whitish hindwing. Apocleora rimosa can be characterized by the brown ground color of the fore- and hindwings, the black slanted ante- and postmedial lines of the forewing, and two black medial lines on the hindwing. Ourapteryx japonica can be characterized by the white wings, the dark brown transverse ante- and postmedial lines with a long discal dot on the forewing, and the dark brownish transverse antemedial line as well as a termen that has a sharp white tail with one large dark reddish dot and one small black dot on the hindwing.

A Study on the Large Black Glazed Jar of Myanmar(Martavan Jar) in the Documents (문헌에 보이는 미얀마 흑유대호(黑釉大壺, 일명 Martaban Jar)에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Ingyu
    • The Southeast Asian review
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.329-358
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    • 2011
  • The pottery and porcelain of Myanmar is very various such as Celadon, Black glazed large Jar and White galzed Jar painted Green Colour. In these Myanmarese Ceramics, Black glazed large Jar is very important to understand the Character and Role of Myanmar Ceramics. The description on the Black glazed large Jar of Myanmar is seen in several Books such as a travel essay of Ibun Battuta, Duarte Barbosa, The book of Duarte Barbosa: A Account of the Contries Bordering on the Indian Ocean and their Inhabitants, Jan Huygen van Linschoten, Volker, T., Porcelain and the Dutch East India Company These descriptions on the Black glazed Jar in these Books are important evidence to discovery the existence of it and its Types and Price and Use. The appearance of Black glazed Jar of Myanmar is considered in the Middle of 14C with the description of the Book of Ibn Battuta. Furthermore, Excavated from the Shipwreck of China in the Sinan, Chellanamdo, it is certain that the Black glazed large Jar was already existed in the early of 14C. And it was considered that the Shipwreck of China in the Sinan, Chellanamdo was started from Ninbo(寧波) of China to the destination of Japan with the Inscrition made Bamboo. So we know that The route of $Ninbo{\rightarrow}Korea{\rightarrow}Japan$ is very important in the Trade Ceramics of East Asia in 14C. And The size of Black glazed Jar has 3 types, Large, Middle and Small. The large type is used as a Tools for Water and Oil. The small type is the personal bottle for drinking. The Price of Black glazed Jar of Myanmar was changed as times go by. The price of the late of 16C and the early of 17C is 30 prolin and the late of 17C is 8 Prolin. The price of the Black glazed Jar of Myanmar in the late of 16C and the early of 17C is estimated 3 times for the price of the late of 17C. and This change of the price of Myanmarese Black Glazed Jar is decided on the Demand and Supply. and the Black glazed Jar of Myanmar was mainly used for the tools for Morpin in the year of 1620 and for Salt and Sugar in the year of 1640 and for Water and Oil in the late of 17C.

PRECESSION OF SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES

  • PARK SEOK JAE
    • Journal of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.71-75
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    • 1995
  • In the previous work we made a long term evolution code for the central black hole in an active galactic nucleus under the assumption that the Blandford-Znajek process is the source of the emission. Using our code we get the evolution of the angular velocity of the precession for a supermassive black hole. We consider a hole at the center of an axisymmetric, ellipsoidal galactic nucleus. Our numerical results show that, only for the cases such that the stellar density or the mass of the black hole is large enough, the precession of the black hole - presumably the precession of the galactic jet - is interestingly large.

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Some Biological Activities and Isoflavone Content of Chungkugjang prepared with Black Beans and Bacillus Strains (Bacillus 균주를 이용한 검정콩 청국장의 생리활성 및 Isoflavone 함량)

  • 손미예;서권일;박석규;조영숙;성낙주
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.662-667
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    • 2001
  • Some biological activities and isoflavone (daidzein, genisten) contents were investigated from chungkugjang (CK) fermented with black beans and Bacillus strains at 42$^{\circ}C$ for 72 hr. n antibacterial activity, black bean CK fermented with Bacillus megaterium SMY-212 was higher than that ferment4d with B. subtilis. In both CK the methanol extract fo large black bean CK was more effective than that of small black bean CK was more effective than that of small black bean. Hydrogen-donating activity of methanol extract of chungjugjang (MEC) prepared with large and small black soybean showed to be 76.4 and 75.5%, respectively. Hydrogen-donating activity of MEC prepared with B. subtilis and SMY-212 was slightly highter than that without both strains. MEC of large black bean was higher in nitrite-scavenging activity than that of small black bean, and black bean CKs fermented with B. subtilis and SMY-212 have no difference in nitrite-scavenging activity B. subtilis and SMY-212. MEC of black bean showed strong antioxidative activity against peroxidation of linoleic acid and $H_2O$$_2$-FeSO$_4$-induced peroxidation of rat liver homogenate. MEC of black bean with Bacillus strains was higher in antioxidative activities than that of black bean without Bacillus strains. Contents of isoflavone (daidzein, genistein) were gradually increased during fermentation of CK. The isoflavone content was slightly higher in large black bean CK than in small black bean CK.

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Particle-size-dependent aging time scale of atmospheric black carbon (입자 크기의 함수로 나타낸 대기 중 블랙카본의 변성시간척도)

  • Park, Sung Hoon
    • Particle and aerosol research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2009
  • Black carbon, which is a by-product of combustion of fossil fuel and biomass burning, is the component that imposes the largest uncertainty on quantifying aerosol climate effect. The direct, indirect and semi-direct climate effects of black carbon depend on its state of the mixing with other water-soluble aerosol components. The process that transforms hydrophobic externally mixed black carbon particles into hygroscopic internally mixed ones is called "aging". In most climate models, simple parameterizations for the aging time scale are used instead of solving detailed dynamics equations on the aging process due to the computation cost. In this study, a new parameterization for the black carbon aging time scale due to condensation and coagulation is presented as a function of the concentration of hygroscopic atmospheric components and the black carbon particle size. It is shown that the black carbon aging time scale due to condensation of sulfuric acid vapors varies to a large extent depending on the sulfuric acid concentration and the black carbon particle size. This result indicates that the constant aging time scale values suggested in the literature cannot be directly applied to a global scale modeling. The aging time scale due to coagulation with internally mixed aerosol particles shows an even stronger dependency on particle size, which implies that the use of a particle-size-independent aging time scale may lead to a large error when the aging is dominated by coagulation.

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Biological Activities of Chungkugjang Prepared with Black Bean and Changes in Phytoestrogen Content during Fermentation (검정콩 청국장의 생리활성 및 발효중 Phytoestrogen 함량의 변화)

  • Shon, Mi-Yae;Seo, Kwon-Il;Lee, Sang-Won;Choi, Seong-Hee;Sung, Nak-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.936-941
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    • 2000
  • To assess functional properties of chungkugjang (CK), a traditional Korean soyfood, fermented with black beans at $42^{\circ}C$ for 72 hrs, some biological activities of methanol extract of CK and the changes in phytoesterogen (daidzein, genistein) contents during fermentation were investigated. The methanol extract of CK (MEC) prepared with soybean had no or a little antibacterial activity. MEC prepared with black bean inhibited the growth of all bacteria tested, and MEC of small black bean was higher in antibacterial activity than that of large black bean. Hydrogen-donating activities of MEC of large and small black bean were 76.4 and 75.5%, respectively, which were higher than that of soybean being 67.3%. Nitrite-scavenging activity was found to be above 90% in all MECs tested as compared with control group. MEC showed strong antioxidant activities against both peroxidation of linoleic acid and $H_{2}O_{2}-FeSO_{4}-induced$ peroxidation of rat liver homogenate. The antioxidant activities were high in the order of small black bean, large black bean and soybean. Contents of genistein and daidzein were gradually increased during fermentation of CK. The isoflavones were higher in black bean CK than in soybean CK and higher in large black bean CK than in small black bean CK. In black beans genistein content was about twice as much of daidzein.

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Anisotropy in Gum and Black Filled SBR and NR Vulcanizates Due to Large Deformation

  • Park, Byung-Ho;G.R. Hamed
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.268-275
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    • 2000
  • After imposing a large pre-strain, anisotropy increases with increasing residual extension ratio. Gums have very low residual extension ratio and exhibit little anisotropy, while black filled SBR and especially sulfur-cured carbon black filled NR have large set and anisotropy. For carbon black filled rubber, samples subjected to tensile loading in perpendicular to the pre-strain direction have the same stress-strain curves shape as the sample without pre-strain (=isotropic samples), but slightly lower modulus. However, compared to isotropic or perpendicular directional samples to pre-strain direction, samples subjected to tensile loading in parallel to the pre-strain direction show low stress at low deformation, but have high stiffness at high deformation. Normalized anisotropy changes with strain. The normalized anisotropy for various deformations is a linear function of residual extension ratio.

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Electric Charge and Magnetic Flux on Astrophysical Black Hole

  • LEE HYUN KYU
    • Journal of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.301-303
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    • 2001
  • We suggest a possible scenario of an astrophysical black hole with non-vanishing electric charge and magnetic flux. The equilibrium charge on a rotating black hole in a force-free magnetosphere is calculated to be Q $\~$ BJ with a horizon flux of ${\~}BM^2$, which is not large enough to disturb the background Kerr geometry. Being similar to the electric charge of a magnetar, in sign and order of magnitude, both electric charge and magnetic flux are supposed to be continuous onto a black hole.

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Optimum Strategies When p<1/2 in Discrete Red & Black (이산형 적흑게임에서 p<1/2인 경우의 최적전략)

  • Seok, Young-Woo
    • Journal of the military operations research society of Korea
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.122-129
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    • 2005
  • In discrete red and black, you can stake any amount s in your possession, but the value of s takes positive integer value. Suppose your goal is N and your current fortune is ${\Large\;f},\;with\;O<{\Large\;f}. You win back your stake and as much more with probability p and lose your stake with probability, q=1-p. In this study, we consider optimum strategies for this game with the value of p less than ${\frac{1}{2}}$ where the house has the advantage over the player. It is shown that the optimum strategy at any ${\Large\;f}$ is the DBold strategy which is to play boldly in discrete red and black when $p<{\frac{1}{2}}$. And then, we perform the simulation study to show that this strategy, which is to bet as much as you can, is optimal in discrete case.

Black Phosphorus Nano Flake Lithium Ion Battery Using Electrophoretic Deposition (전기영동 증착법을 이용한 Black Phosphorus Nano Flake 리튬이온 배터리)

  • Kim, Juyun;Park, Byoungnam
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.252-255
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    • 2019
  • Black phosphorus (BP) is a potential candidate for an anode in lithium ion batteries due to its high theoretical capacity and the large interlayer spacing in the monolayered phosphorene form, allowing for lithium intercalation/deintercalation. In this study, large-scale exfoliation of bulk BP was accomplished using a solution of NaOH and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), yielding phosphorene, which can be assembled into nanoflakes using electrophoretic deposition (EPD). Through the systematic addition of NaOH and subsequent sonication, BP nanoflakes were obtained in high yields by EPD, allowing for the integration of these nanoflakes into an anode in the film state. Anodes with a charge/discharge capacity of 172 mAh/g at a rate of 200 mA/g were obtained, which are promising for battery applications through various post-film treatments.