• Title, Summary, Keyword: Landscape Law

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A Proposal of Rural Landscape Policy for Preservation, Formation and Management (농촌경관의 보전.형성.관리를 위한 정책제안 연구)

  • Joo, Shin-Ha
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to propose the policies for preservation, formation and management of Korean rural landscape. For this, the current rural landscape policies are examined and recent legislative changes are also surveyed. The Landscape Law and the Comprehensive Countermeasures for Rural Landscape Improvement are the most significant changes. The proposed issues are as follows: 1. the establishment of rural landscape planning system, 2. the arrangement of the criteria and guideline for rural landscape planning and design, 3. the re-arrangement of the rural landscape index and landscape map, 4. the survey and management of the rural landscape amenity, 5. the revitalization of the landscape projects for rural area, 6. the pragmatic connection with other law and system(especially the Landscape Law), 7. the education and cultivation of the rural landscape expert groups.

Comparative Analysis on the Law Related to landscape Plan-making (경관계획수립 관련법규의 비교분석)

  • 서주환;최현상;김상범
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.96-105
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to establish landscape planning, and to find out to administrative system and improvement way on landscape plan in Korea. We have sought for research trend and the concept of landscape planning related to the landscape planning through the investigation of books and documents, and have analyzed the characteristics on the law for landscape plan in United State of America, United Kingdom,, France, Germany, Japan and Korea. As the results of this study are as follows; 1) A state developing local self-governing body as United State of America, United Kingdom and Germany carried out individually landscape plan. Especially, it raises clarity of administration to fix residents participation(Nonprofit Organization : NPO) and secures responsibility. 2) A state of centralized authoritarian rule as France and Japan applies common law to the nationwide but commission's concrete management or conference. 3) And so in Korea and applicable landscape plan was made on the basis of town-planning law and managed with ordinances for landscape. In here the important thing is division of role of central and local government and residents. This study proposes the system of planning and analyzed the related laws for the landscape formation and management. The future research on the character of the local areas, providing many chances with people in the community through publicity activities, and rearing the expert group on this matter should be made in the future.

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A Study on the Principles of Law for the Establishment of the Landscape Architectural Organization within the Government Office (정부기관내 조경식 설치에 따른 법리와 법제에 대한 연구)

  • 신익순
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1999
  • There is no official landscape architectural organization in the current government organization in Korea. Therefore, it is necessary to establish the landscape architectural organization which will carry out the works of the special landscape architectural interest and create the new services with other interested government offices. The contents of the study are as follows; 1. A legal basis for the establishment of the landscape architectural organization is the demand for the introduction of the landscape architectural organization which has 5 types(urban planning, architecture, land register, land surveying, civil work) of the special groups to official organization by changing the 1 article of the Official Appointment Regulations. 2. Theories of law of equality for everyone(the Constitution of Korea : §11(1)), the rights of having pleasant residential life(the Constitution of Korea : §35(3)) and the national duty of employment increase(the Constitution of Korea : §32(1)) are reviewed to provide the legal reason of establishing the landscape architectural organization. 3. With the addition of new landscape architectural organization, it could expand the areas of landscape architects by adding of new landscape architectural subjects into official examinations for government employees. Also it is necessary to exempt the test for those who have licenses and to give additional points in evaluation their works at the end of year to the people who have licenses. 4. The reasons for the creation of new landscape architectural organization into the present official organization are acquired from the derivation of 23 present regulations referring to the landscape architects, the existence of the landscape architectural administrative departments belonging to the Metropolis of Seoul, and the favorable result of the questionnaire on the establishment of the new organization. Hereafter the lawyers should be cooperated with landscape architects to initiate the related principles of law, and it is necessary to analyze each text of the related laws in detail to establish the landscape architectural organization by means of the joint studies.

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The Legislation Process of Landscape Protection and Management: Learning from the Foreign Cases (경관의 보호와 관리를 위한 법제화 과정 -국제적 선례를 중심으로-)

  • Ryu, Je-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.575-588
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    • 2013
  • The concept of cultural landscape, which is defined in the World Heritage Convention, provides a new framework with which to manage the heritage sites. European Landscape Convention proposes that landscape is the basic component of natural and cultural heritage, which in turn contributes to the improvement of human well-being and consolidation of the European identity. While recognizing the international trend, Japan has strived to improve the level of managing and protecting the landscape and cultural landscape through the enactment of Landscape Law and the revision of Cultural Property Protection Law. Now that landscape and cultural landscape has occupied the core of heritage management in the advanced countries, it is required more than ever that the concept of landscape and cultural landscape should be clarified through the legislation and convention in Korea. If the legislation for protecting and managing the landscape and cultural landscape is prerequisite for Korea to be an advanced country, a careful and in-depth examination, along with the consideration of the Korean circumstances, should be further carried out on the international experiences about the legislation from the comparative perspective.

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A Comparative Study on the Regulations for Landscape Managements of Historic Cities in Korea and Japan (한국과 일본의 역사도시 경관관리법규의 비교 -경주시와 나라시의 사례로-)

  • 정성태;조세환;오휘영
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of paper is to investigate the characteristics of regulations on landscape management of historic city of Kyongju in Korea, compared with those of Nara in japan to answer the research question that what is the regulative characteristics of landscape management of historic city in Korea. We have analyzed the three laws of the two country - Urban Planning Law, Cultural Assets Protection law, and Building Law. This research has been done in terms of regulative systems of the two country and articles, ordinances, and bylaws on landscape managements of historic city Major components of urban historic landscape management are goals and devices of preservation, preserving actor, authorized actor permitting major planning change, regulatory power on landscape development, and backgrounds of enacting regulations. From this research, we have fond the fact that 1) Kyongju City has general and implicit objectives of landscape management based on conservation of natural environment while Nara City has concrete objectives of lansdscape management, 2) Kyongju City has no regulations on landscape planning while Nara City has systematic planning measures such as designation of landscape management district, planning for preservation of historic landscape, and planning for establishing urban landscape, 3) In an application of landscape management district, Kyongju City designate the district based on the general principle of urban planning district while nara City designate it in a more detailed manner such as district of preservation of historic landscape, district of landscape establishment, and district of building agreement. 4) Kyongju has no legal actor in implementation and management of historic landscape plan while Nara City has administrative organization and procedures, including citizen participation, public hearing, and voluntary participation, and 5) Kyongju City does not operate the consultation committee on landscape management just like Nara City operating. This research results will provide us the remedial insights for landscape preservation of such Korean historic city as Kongju, Puyo, and Chunju. Since our research is focused on the limited area of preserving landscape in historic cities in korea and Japan we need to study sociocultural issues on preserving urban historic landscape more in depth in the future.

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A Study on Development Direction for the Establishment of the Rural Landscape Planning (경관관련 제도변화에 따른 농촌경관계획의 발전방안 연구)

  • Kim, Sang Bum;Son, Ho Gi;Kim, Eun Ja;Lee, Dong Gwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2012
  • The main contents of revision of the rural landscape planning according to Landscape Law discussed in this study show that the urban landscape and rural landscape have a propulsion system which integrate them into the national landscape and manages through the landscape planning. However, management and conservation reflecting the fundamental difference between urban and rural areas are needed. Planning the landscape by generalizing the size of the population, administrative district, the surface area does not meet the ultimate purpose of the Landscape Law that tries to establish differentiated local landscapes. Therefore, the association of professionals who can support and establish a propulsion system for landscape planning with the consideration of regional characteristics. For the urban landscape, the landscape committee is fulfilling the role, but none is available for the rural areas. This study is mostly based on previous literatures, however, in the future, it is desirable to have selected pilot areas for different landscape types and review problems that may occur during the application and process, in order to establish the landscape guidelines for the rural landscape plan.

A Study on Landscape Ordinance of the Korean Building Code (건축허가기준으로서 조경법규에 대한 고찰)

  • Suh, Eung-Chul
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.79-85
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    • 2011
  • Landscaping on building sites has been regulated by Building Code in Korea. By Article 42 of the Code, landscaping is mandated in the process of building construction and people should comply with the code to get the building permit. On the other hand, sustainability tends to be a prime value these days. Because of the intrinsic nature of Korea Building Code, the landscaping was not adequately implemented in reality. After studies on the landscape ordinance, the major problems on the mandated landscaping has been speculated as follows: 1. As far as landscaping has been regulated by single building code, there seems to be a limitation. Urban Planning Code etc. would be another mean to adequate landscaping. 2. Speculations on landscape details associated with landscape plans are needed for building permit process. 3. By any level of law, the landscape should be reinforced for public buildings and developments because of its own publicity. 4. Locally sound landscape would be implemented through Special Architectural District etc.

A Comparative Study on the Landscape Planning System of Asia (아시아의 경관계획제도 비교 및 경관교육 추진)

  • Baek, Tae-Kyung;Yamashita, Sampei
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.26-35
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    • 2013
  • This study is to compare and analyze the current status of landscape planning system in Korea and Japan by establishing the landscape database utilizing geographic information system(GIS). Specifically, landscape laws and their ordinances enacted in Korea and Japan and their implementation cases were compared to identify the characteristics. As of December 1, 2010, landscape administrative bodies are composed of 472 local governments in Japan while as of March 1, 2010, they are 83 local governments in Korea. The landscape laws in Korea and Japan have a similar structure overall. However, there are no supplementary provision and penal provision in the Korean landscape law whereas there is landscape district provision in the Japanese landscape law. The results of this study would be used as a base for building up the landscape planning and policy in the East Asian region.

Remedial Measures of Ordinances and Regulations on landscaping at Site Level -The Case of Local Governments in Chollabuk-Do- (대지내의 조경관련 조례와 규제제도의 개선방안 -전라북도의 기초지방자치단체를 중심으로-)

  • 김남희;이명우
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.37-47
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    • 2000
  • This research focused on the improved alternatives of the ordinance which practically control the open space in-situ, public open space and landscape construction related to city landscape for the healthy physical and mental life of the city dwellers. The contents of the study are as follows: 1. The special law of Landscape Architecture should be legislated. 2. The portion of landscaping should be changed by up-grading in the Ordinance of Landscape area and planting and the terms of landscape Facilities should include the ecological aspects in it's contents in the law. 3. The administration of local governments should actively lead and support the dwellers to make the roof gardens and the window gardens in the building area of cities or commercial districts which have relatively low rate of green space. 4. Any new construction and restoration of the buildings with preservation of the natural environment and creation of public open space should be given incentive and Set-back space in aesthetic area should have appropriate planting area and facilities in it. 5. Organizing professional landscape evaluation committee and composing evaluation standards are very important because of the contemporary proposition of the establishment of the establishment of ecological space and conservation of urban natural space. Because of the characteristics of Landscape Architecture, the Provisions of landscape Architecture Design and landscape architecture supervision of the specialist should be legislated and the Landscape Architectural Organization should be established within the Government.

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