• Title, Summary, Keyword: Landscape Evaluation

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Domestic and Foreign Trends in the Study of the Landscape Evaluation (경관평가연구의 국내외 동향)

  • 주신하;임승빈
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to overview domestic and foreign trends in the study of the landscape evaluation through new framework of landscape evaluation studies. 108 studies on the landscape evaluation are summarized and categorized into theoretical studies, verification of theories, development of evaluation methods and applications in physical planning. Major theories in the landscape evaluation came from the psycho-physics, the evolutionary theory ann the cultural-learning theory, and were verified and applied into physical planning. Early experimental researches on landscape evaluation, based on psycho-physics, were focused on relatively simple responses to landscapes. But many studies have been gradually related to the evolutionary theory and the cultural learning theory, emphasizing biological and cultural effects on landscape evaluation. Especially, Appleton's Prospect-Refuge theory' and Kaplans' 'Information Processing model' have very strong influence in landscape evaluation. Relatively there have been many application researches in Korea, which tells there have been strong needs to solve pending practical problems caused by the rapid economic and social growth for several decades. Almost of applications in physical planning are focused on physical features of landscapes, but for more comprehensive landscape evaluation, many other factors such as cognitive and sociocultural variables should be integrated into the whole evaluation system. As a result of reviewing of landscape evaluation studies, I found the overall domestic and foreign trends and the necessity of more research on the applications in physical planning. Because this study mainly focused on academic researches, for more appropriate landscape evaluation and management there should be more practical researches including various approaches.

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A study on a research method measuring rural landscape resources by inhabitants participation - Focused on a case study using Landscape Evaluation Map (주민참여에 의한 농촌경관자원조사 방법 연구 - 경관맵 사례 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Jeung-Won;Yoon, Jin-Ok;Im, Seung-Bin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2010
  • Rural landscape is an outcome of residents' life activity based on natural environment. Unlike city, rural residents make their own landscape over a period of time interacting with nature through cultivating and building houses and huts based on the background. Therefore, residents' role in rural area is of greater importance than city's and their recognition of landscape is a key factor to evaluate and manage rural landscape. Landscape Evaluation Map which utilizing Feeling Map method is a evaluation tool to [md out residents' recognition of landscape. In this tool, responses evaluate landscape around their living space and mark color dots which mean landscape grade on a map. This research is to examine effectiveness and applicability of the tool, Landscape Evaluation Map, which is recommended to estimate residents' evaluation of landscape. Through analyzing 7 cases of field application, the effectiveness of Landscape Evaluation Map has been verified and also demerits have been drawn. After modifying detailed techniques and developing resident education, Landscape evaluation map could be applied to [md out landscape resources rather than to evaluate whole rural landscape.

Classifying Rural Landscape Types and Developing Rural Landscape Evaluation Indicators Using Expert Delphi Survey Method (전문가 델파이 설문 조사를 통한 농촌경관 유형분류 및 평가지표 개발)

  • Ban, Yong-Un;Baek, Jong-In;Kim, Min-Ah;Yoon, Jin-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2008
  • This study has intended to elicit the definition of rural landscape, to classify rural landscape type, and to develop the evaluation indicators of rural landscape, meeting the definition through delphi expert survey method. The survey was performed five times for 80 days by 20 experts. The delphi expert survey asked experts as follows: 1) to fill out open-ended questions regarding the definition of rural landscape, and classification of rural landscape types, and evaluation indicators; 2) to provide their own feasibility evaluation regarding the results of the previous answer; and 3) to reevaluate the feasibility of the definition, types, and indicators. Based on the survey results, this study has found the appropriate definition of rural landscape like the comprehensive complex of physical (objective) and nonphysical (subjective) factors characterizing natural and/or artificial scenary of rural village itself Also, this study has developed the evaluation indicators of rural landscape in accordance with space types and landscape units classified. The developed indicators included areal ratio, the degree of green naturality, the building coverage ratio for physical landscape field, and skyline, landscape adjectives, color landscape, semantic scale.

Landscape Resources Evaluation strategy of rural waterfront villages - An application to a rural waterfront village along the Han river - (수변 농촌 마을의 경관 자원 우수성 평가 방안에 관한 연구 - 한강 유역 수변 농촌 마을 사례적용 -)

  • Lee, Jung-A;Lee, Yoo-Kyoung;Lee, Sang-Woo;Chon, Jin-Hyung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.91-101
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to suggest a landscape resources evaluation strategy of rural waterfront villages along the river. This strategy consists of three phases: 1) an evaluation of rural amenity landscape resources, 2) an evaluation of water landscape resources, and 3) development of a positioning map based on the results of phase 1) and 2) the study result as follows. First, the evaluation method used in phase 1) was modified as a set of proposed evaluation indicators to assess development potential on rural waterfront villages. Second, to evaluate water landscape resources in rural waterfront villages, a series of evaluation index was developed including water area, diversity of water resources, biodiversity, and landscape quality. And the last, the positioning map showed relative position of waterfront villages obtained from two evaluation results: rural amenity landscape resources and water landscape resources. The study examined the proposed strategy as a possible alternative to evaluate landscape quality to 398 rural waterfront villages along the Han River. Landscape resources evaluation strategy proposed here could contribute to government officials and planners to operate systematic planning and management of rural waterfront villages.

Evaluation Elements for Effectiveness of Rural Landscape Policy (농촌경관정책의 실효성을 위한 평가요소 도출)

  • Park, Ji-hoon;Lee, Yong-hak;Kang, Eun-ji;Kim, Yong-geun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.81-96
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    • 2016
  • For rural landscape management to run in virtuous circle, the present study has paid attention to the roles and activities of local residents and administration, which are the main sectors of managing landscape. In this respect, this study is aimed to arrange the roles of local residents and administration for landscape management and propose the basic data necessary to develope evaluation index for effectiveness of rural landscape policy. Key findings and implications are as follows. First, literature reviews of 18 landscape management studies found 37 administrative roles and 7 roles of local residents. And those roles were classified into 3 factors by similar concept: 'local government support system', 'landscape management planning', and 'promoting the participation of residents'. Second, two Delphi surveys were conducted with landscape experts to verify the validity of those evaluation items by sector. Third, factor analysis was carried out to analyze the hierarchical structure of those evaluation items. 3 sub-factors were extracted from 'local government support system' sector; 2 sub-factors from the 'landscape management planning' sector; and 4 sub-factors from the 'promoting participation of residents' sector. Fourth, the hierarchy of those evaluation factors was divided into high and low classes and sub-indexes were structured to examine the relative importance of each class and assign a relative weight on each index. The most important sub-factors were turned out as follows: 'local residents' will to practice landscape activities (0.112)', 'local government budget for rural landscape management (0.088), and 'restriction on buildings by village regulation (0.068). It indicates the viewpoints of the landscape experts that local residents' voluntary participation in landscape activities and agreement of local residents on landscape management by village, e.g. village regulation, are preconditions for successful landscape management. In addition, it is significant for a local government to secure the budget of landscape management to support local residents support.

Techniques for Evaluation of Ecological and Aesthetic Aspects of Landscapes through GIS Overlay Method (생태경관다양성과 시각경관민감도를 적용한 GIS중첩평가 계획기법)

  • Jang, Rai-Ik;Lee, Myung-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.22-31
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    • 2009
  • In this study a landscape evaluation was carried out for the submission of a natural landscape conservation plan with the intention to prevent damage to natural landscapes through incautious exploitation. In the case of Korean landscape evaluation, in fact, only the aesthetic value of the landscape is evaluated as related to development projects but the ecological relevance of the landscape cannot be estimated by evaluating only the aesthetic. For that reason, this study performed a landscape evaluation, including the sensitivity limit of visible scenery and the diversity of ecological scenery. For the intention of landscape evaluation in the designation of an essential conservation area and for devising a plan related to this area, a GIS applied to Ian McHarg's map overlay method was used and both the ecological landscape diversity and the aesthetic value of the landscape was surveyed using this map overlay method. A region can be analyzed in relation to the needs for concentration of management in influence analysis of landscape effect elements.

A Study on Rural Landscape Assessment Based on Rural Amenity Resources (농촌어메니티 자원에 기초한 농촌정관평가에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Kun;Yoon, Eun-Joo;Kim, Eun-Young;Cho, Soon-Jae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2007
  • Rural landscape is essential resources to reinvigorate rural tourism and local economy. The objective of this study is to apply the methodology that can assess landscapes of many rural villages based on the data of Rural Amenity Resource Survey. Above all, to make the data of rural amenity resources survey appropriate for landscape assessment, that was reclassified into 4 landscape resource and 12 lower items. Secondly, 4 evaluation standards of rural landscape; weight of landscape resources, weight of lower items, evaluation of lower items as the number, and evaluation of management condition was established by questionnaire survey. Thirdly, the evaluation standards was applied to case study area; Jug-Goc Myeon, Goc-Seong county, Jeollanamdo. Finally, this result was compared with the other result that management condition was not included in, and the villages that were urgent to improve management condition were selected. As a result, water resource and management condition have great effects on the total quality of rural landscape. Therefore, there are many villages that have peat potentials although that indicates low quality of landscape, now.

A Comparison of Landscape Evaluation between the Internet and Slide Method (인터넷과 슬라이드를 이용한 경관평가방법의 비교)

  • Huh, Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.20-27
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate and compare the validity and the reliability of the visual simulation method using the internet. For this. the evaluation of the artificial and natural landscape through the medium of color slides are compared with the internet survey. Data is analysed through the comparison of t-test between the two media by landscape type, and spatial image is analysed by factor analysis algorithm. Principle component analysis using Varimax Method is applied for extraction and factor rotation respectively. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; There are no statistical differences between the two methods with artificial and natural landscape in the total data that included second tests. Factors covering the spatial image are found to be \`aesthetic\`, \`spatial shape\`, and \`familiarity\`. Total variance is obtained as 66.4%. There are no statistical differences between the two methods in 2/3 of the cases. In the case of far view of artificial landscape, the results of the t-test show that the two methods are exactly the same. Especially in the case of the artificial far landscape shows no difference of all factors between two methods. There are no differences between first and second tests of the same media and the same landscape type. And it shows the reliability of this method. These results suggest that the probability that the internet can be used as a medium of landscape evaluation and gathering information on anyone\`s landscape image. Simulation techniques with the internet survey method should be further developed for practical application.

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Establishing Criteria for the Evaluation of Landscape Architectural Works (조경설계작품평가의 기준과 항목에 관한 연구)

  • 조정송;안건용
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.21-33
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    • 1993
  • The evaluation is one of aspects of criticism, and thus it plays many roles in terms of the functions of criticism. The purpose of this study is to examine the evaluating criteria of landscape architectural works. The conclusions of this study are summarized as follows: The essential criterion of the evaluation is 'the originality' with respect to history(or tradition) of landscape architecture. And the sub-criteria of the evaluation can be invented through a frame;[].

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The Influence of Street Planting Types to the Evaluation of Sidewalk Landscape (가로식재유형이 보행경관평가에 미치는 영향분석)

  • Kim, Dong-Chan;Park, Kung-Mo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.14-23
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    • 2006
  • Recently there have been great interest in the street landscapes, and numerous studies have been investigating shaping processes of urban landscapes, legal systems for scenery management, landscape preference and evaluation techniques. However, there are only few studies investigating how planting types influence on street landscape evaluation and how the relationships among street landscapes are. This study aims to make a guidelines which can be used for securing afforestation in urban settings and improving urban environment. In specific, the results of this study can provide guidelines for urban street design and the base knowledge for identifying appropriate requirements for better street landscapes. We identify factors which make shape certain images of street landscape, and draw physical factors influencing on visual appropriateness through visual landscapes evaluation process. To evaluate landscapes according to planting types, on-the-spot survey at 14 streets in Gang-Nam district were made. The district is under executing street improving projects and shows the most satisfying planting types. To evaluate street landscapes which people experience during their walking, 100m of continuous streets are chosen. The survey sites exclude streets with irregular pattern, are adjacent to large urban parks or are used as parking spaces in part. We evaluated 9 street landscapes classified into 1-line-planting, 2-line-planting and 3-line-planting on the basis of the location of planting and the planting methods.