• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lactobacillus

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Studies on the mixed culture of Lactobacillus helveticus and Streptococcus thermophilus in milk - Growth characteristics and cultural conditions for the mixed culture - (Lactobacillus helveticus와 Streptococcus thermophilus의 혼합배양에 관한 연구 -생육특성 및 배양조건-)

  • 윤성식;박정길;유주현
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.151-156
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    • 1985
  • To investigate the new Yoghurt starter, Lactobacillus helveticus YM-1, which was selected among 14 Lactobacillus strains, and Streptococcus thermophilus CH-1 were inoculated together in reconstituted non-fat skim milk medium and their growth characteristics and cultural conditions for the mixed culture were examined. The main results of this study were obtained as follows. The typical symbiotic growth was shown between the two strains and pH and temperature for optimal growth were 6.5 and 4$0^{\circ}C$, respectively. Heat treatment of milk was most effective at 10$0^{\circ}C$ for 30 min. The cell-free filtrate of Lactobacillus helveticus YM-1 had stimulatory effect on Streptococcus thermophilus CH-1 but the reverse case was slightly observed. Significant difference was observed in the proteolytic activities between Lactobacillus helveticus YM-1 and Streptococcus thermophilus CH-1. The former liberated 135$\mu\textrm{g}$ free amino acid per $m\ell$ of cultured milk, the latter 35$\mu\textrm{g}$ per $m\ell$.

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Characterization of Isolated Lactobacillus spp. And classification by RAPD-PCR Analysis

  • Kwon, Oh-Sik
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.137-144
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    • 2000
  • The genetic relationship of six Lactobacillus strains and five laboratory isolated form fermented milk were determined by a random amplified polymorphic DNA(RAPD)-Polymease chan reaction (PCR) method. With 42 random primers. the result were analyzed by using the NTSYS-PC software for phenetic analysis. it revealed that all tested bacteria were divided into three distinct clusters. The clusters implied three subgenuses existed for the genus Lactobacillus, which were previously proposed by Rogosa and Sharpe. From the results, it was also possible to determine that the isolated Lactobacillus strains from fermented milk were grouped into L. acidophilus or L. bulgaricus. Interestingly. the three tested L. casei strains were divided into different clusters implying different subgenuses, i.e., Thermobacterium (L. casei YIT 9018) and Streptobacterium(L. casei CHR. Hansen and L.casei ATCC 4646). According to the distance matrix generated by an UPGMA program, the isolated bacteria LT01 and LT02 were determined as a subspecies of L. bulgaricus. The HK01, HK02 and HK03 were very closely related to either L. acidophilus or L. case YIT 9018. Hence, RAPD-PCR appears to be a very practical method to determine the genetic relationships of the Lactobacillus species and to characterize the unknown Lactobacillus strains at the subspecies level.

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Effect of Barley Bread Using Sourdough Prepared by Enterococcus sp. and Lactobacillus sp. - II. Physicochemical and Rheological Properties of Barley Bread - (Enterococcus sp.와 Lactobacillus sp. 첨가 sourdough로 제조된 보리식빵의 품질특성 - II. 보리식빵의 이화학적 및 물성적 특성 -)

  • Hong, Jeong-Hoon;Kim, Kyoung-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.361-370
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    • 2001
  • To investigate the effect of sourdough on the characteristics of quality of barley bread, sourdough starter with Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus sanfrancisco and Enterococcus sp. were added to baking after 48 hours incubation at $37^{\circ}C$. 1. The pH of bread using Lactobacillus sanfrancisco starter was the lowest among tested starters. while the titratable acidity(TTA) of the strain was the highest, followed by Enterococcus sp.. 2. In bread, moisture contents of control were 38%. It was decreased during 6 days. The moisture contents of bread using Lactobacillus sanfrancisco starter were the highest among tested starters, followed by Enterococcus sp.. 3. Oneset temperature$(T_o)$, peak temperature$(T_p)$ and enthalphy $({\Delta}H)$ were increased during storage of 6 days. The enthalphy of bread using Lactobacillus sanfrancisco starter was the lowest among tested starters, followed by Enterococcus sp..

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Identification of Bacteriocin-producing Lactic Acid Bacteria from Kimchi and Partial Characterization of their Bacteriocin

  • Ha, Duk-Mo;Cha, Dong-Soo
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.305-315
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    • 1994
  • Nineteen strains of bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria were isolated from 432 Kimchi samples, and identified by the comprehensive biochemical and morphological tests verifying their cellular fatty acid composition. Using partially purified bacteriocins from these isolates, their inhibitory activities against other lactic acid bacteria and some pathogens, and sensitivity to enzyme and heat treatments were tested. The isolates were identified as Lactobacillus plantarum (2 strains), L curvatus (2 starins), L brevis (2 strains), Enterococcus faecium (6 strains), Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides (1 strain) and Lactobacillus sp. (6 strains). The bacteriocins produced by E. faecium strains provided the broadest spectrum of inhibition, affecting against other Gram-positive bacteria including lactic acid bacteria and health-threatening bacteria such as Clostridium perfringens and Listeria monocytogenes. The bacteriocins of Lactobacillus sp., L plantarum and L brevis strains were capable of inhibiting many strains of the lactic acid bacteria, whereas those of L curvatus and L mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides strains were only inhibitory to a few strains. Generally, the inhibitory activities of both E. faecium and Lactobacillus sp. strains were greater than those of other producer strains. The bacteriocins from the isolates were sensitive to several proteolytic enzymes, and those of L curvatus and L mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides were also sensitive to lipase and $\alpha$-amylase as well as to proteolytic enzymes. The bacteriocins from the strains of Lactobacillus sp. and a strain of L. brevis were resistant to autoclaving.

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Cloning and Expression of a Full-Length Glutamate Decarboxylase Gene from Lactobacillus plantarum

  • Park, Ki-Bum;Oh, Suk-Heung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.324-329
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    • 2004
  • In order to investigate the molecular mechanism of $\gamma$-aminobutyric acid (GABA) production in lactic acid bacteria, we cloned a glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) gene from Lactobacillus plantarum using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). One PCR product DNA was obtained and inserted into a TA cloning vector with a T7 promoter. The recombinant plasmid was used to transform E. coli. The insertion of the product was con­firmed by EcoRI digestion of the plasmid purified from the transformed E. coli. Nucleotide sequence analysis showed that the insert is a full-length Lactobacillus plantarum GAD and that the sequence is $100\%$ and $72\%$ identical to the regions of Lactobacillus plantarum GAD and Lactococcus lactis GAD sequences deposited in GenBank, accession nos: NP786643 and NP267446, respectively. The amino acid sequence deduced from the cloned Lactobacillus plantarum GAD gene showed $100\%$ and $68\%$ identities to the GAD sequences deduced from the genes of the NP786643 and NP267446, respectively. To express the GAD protein in E. coli, an expression vector with the GAD gene (pkk/GAD) was constructed and used to transform the UT481 E. coli strain and the expression was confirmed by analyzing the enzyme activity. The Lactobacillus plantarum GAD gene obtained may facilitate the study of the molecular mechanisms regulating GABA metabolism in lactic acid bacteria.

Continuous Production of γ-aminobutyric Acid by Immobilization of Lactobacillus brevis (Lactobacillus brevis의 고정화 균체에 의한 γ-aminobutyric acid의 연속 생산)

  • 류병호;전재호
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.167-173
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    • 2004
  • The optimal conditions for the continuous production of $\gamma$-aminobutyric acid by immobilization of Lactobacillus brevis BH-21 using column type reactor were investigated. The optimal conditions of operation were 2.2 mm diameter bead of 3.0% sodium alginate at 10 mL/h of substrate feeding rate. Continuous production by immobililzed cells showed the highest productivity with replacement of fresh medium in every 48h for fourth fermentatoin cycle following the rendition of $\gamma$-aminobutyric acid productivity. A productivity of $\gamma$-aminobutyric acid could be obtained for 25 days by continuous column type reactor under optimal conditions.

Antimicrobial Activity of Lactobacillus plantarum LP2 against Helicobacter pylori (Lactobacillus plantarum LP2 균주의 Helicobacter pylori 억제효과)

  • Kim, Tae-Jung;Moon, Gi-Seong
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.372-375
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    • 2015
  • A lactic acid bacterium LP2 strain, which was previously isolated from a natural cheese, was confirmed to produce 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (DHNA), a bifidogenic growth factor. The strain was identified as Lactobacillus plantarum (99% identity) by a homology search of the 16S rRNA gene sequence and named Lactobacillus plantarum LP2. The culture supernatant of the strain presented an antimicrobial activity against Helicobacter pylori KCTC 12083, where the DHNA might have influenced on the activity.

Study on Intestinal Viability and Optimum Feeding Method of Lactobacillus in Broiler Chickens (육계에 대한 유산균의 장내 생존성 및 적정 급여방법에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Wook;Kim, Ji-Hyuk;Kang, Geun-Ho;Kang, Hwan-Ku;Lee, Sang-Jin;Lee, Won-Jun;Kim, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.807-818
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to prove the optimum feeding method of Lactobacillus in broiler chickens by investigating the intestinal viability of ingested Lactobacillus and the effect of feeding levels and frequency of Lactobacillus on growth performance in broiler chickens. In experiment 1, A total of one hundred, 5 weeks old male broiler chickens(Abor Acre) were fed Lactobacillus reuteri avibro2 expressed green fluorescent protein(GFP) at 104cfu/g diet to investigate the retention time of ingested Lactobacillus in the intestine for 1 day. The percentage of Lactobacillus expressed GFP in intestinal contents was 26% at 1 day after fed Lactobacillus expressed GFP. The percentage of Lactobacillus expressed GFP in intestinal contents was decreased in length of time. In experiment 2, A total of four hundred eighty, 1-d-old male broiler chicks(Abor Acre) were randomly divided into 4 groups with 4 replicates of 30 birds each to prove the optimum feeding level of Lactobacillus. The treatments were control(free antibiotics), Lactobacillus reuteri avibro2 5.0×10cfu/mL, 5.0×103cfu/mL, and 5.0×105cfu/mL. The final body weight and body wight gain of Lactobacillus reuteri avibro2 5.0×103cfu/mL were the highest in all groups(P<0.05). Feed conversion ratio was not significantly difference among the groups. The number of intestinal lactic acid bacteria in Lactobacillus treated groups tended to be improved or significantly increased as compared to that of control(P<0.05). Protein and fat digestibility in Lactobacillus 5.0×103cfu/mL and 5.0×105cfu/mL treated groups were significantly improved(P<0.05). No significant differences were observed on the availability of dry matter and crude ash in Lactobacillus treatments compared to those of control. In experiment 3, A total of six hundred 1-d-old male broiler chicks(Abor Acre) were randomly divided into 4 groups with 4 replicates of 30 birds each and were fed Lactobacillus reuteri avibro2 at intervals of 1, 2, 3, and 5 day for five weeks. Feeding level of Lactobacillus was 5.0×103cfu/mL The final body weight and body wight gain of Lactobacillus reuteri avibro2 5.0×103cfu/mL were the highest in all groups(P<0.05). The final body weight and body weight gain were significantly increased, when Lactobacillus was fed at intervals of 1 days, or 2 days. There were no significant differences in feed intake and feed conversion ratio among the all groups. The number of intestinal lactic acid bacteria in Lactobacillus treated groups tended to be improved or significantly increased as compared to that of control(P<0.05). No significant differences were observed on the number of coliform bacteria and Salmonella of ileum and cecum. Consequently, supplemental Lactobacillus influenced positive effects on the growth performance, nutrient availability and intestinal microflora. The optimum feeding level of Lactobacillus was 5.0×103cfu/mL, and the constant feeding of Lactobacillus was effective.

Protective Activities of Lactobacillus casei YIT 9018 against Salmonella enteritidis KU101 and Characteristics of 16S-23S rRNA Intergenic Spacer Region Sequence (Lactobacillus spp의 Salmonella enteritidis KU 101에 대한 보호 효과와 L. casei YIT 9018의 16S-23S rRNA Intergenic Spacer Region 염기배열 특성)

  • Sung, Bae-Jin;Ho, Yoon-Yung
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.473-482
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    • 2003
  • In vivo protective and in vitro inhibitory activities of Lactobacillus casei YIT 9018. against typical enteritis causing Salmonella enteritidis KU101 and IgA level after challenge have been determined. In order to identify the strains of lactobacilli the sequences of 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer region were determined. All the test strains of Lactobacillus spp. inhibited Salmonella enteritidis, the intensity varied depending upon the species of lactobacilli. Effects on the survival rate of the mouse after challenge with Salmonella enteritidis KU101 on feeding Lactobacillus spp. have shown the highest survival rate in L. helveticus CU 631 followed by L. casei YIT 9018 and L. johnsonii C-4 and the lowest in control mice. The higher level of total Ig A concentration in the intestinal fluid of lactobacilli fed mice than control mice was observed. The sequences of 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer region of seven strains of Lactobacillus casei could be utilized as a strain identification, those sequences showed some degree of difference in homology.

Determination of Optimal Electrotransformation Conditions for Various Lactobacillus spp. (다양한 Lactobacillus 균주에 대한 electrotransformation 최적 조건 탐색)

  • Lee, Yoo-Won;Im, Sung-Hoon;Xin, Chun-Feng;So, Jae-Seong
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.182-188
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    • 2009
  • Lactobacillus spp., primary members of probiotics, have significant benefits for health and well-being of human. In this study Lactobacillus strains representing six species (L. paracasei KLB58, L. fermentum MS79 and KLB282, L. plantarum KLB213, L. gasseri KLB238, and L. reuteri KLB270) isolated from Korean adults were electrotransformed with plasmid pNCKH104. To determine optimal electrotransformation conditions, various conditions including cell wall weakening agent, electroporation buffer, electric field strength and time constant were tested for each strain. Overall, high transformation efficiency of approximately 2.5 ${\times}$ $10^3$ ${\sim}$ 5.5 ${\times}$ $10^4$ CFU/${\mu}g$ DNA was obtained where conditions of 0.5 M sucrose electroporation buffer, 1.8 kV pulse voltage and 5 ms time constant were applied. The common conditions developed in this study will make transformation of various Lactobacillus spp. easier than previous procedures.