• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lactobacillus

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Effect of Dietary Lactobacillus on Growth Performance, Intestinal Microflora, Development of Ileal Villi, and Intestinal Mucosa in Broiler Chickens (유산균의 급여가 육계 생산성, 장내 미생물 균총, 회장 융모 발달 및 장점막에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sang-Ho;Kim, Dong-Wook;Park, Su-Young;Kim, Ji-Hyuk;Kang, Geun-Ho;Kang, Hwan-Ku;Yu, Dong-Jo;Na, Jae-Cheon;Lee, Sang-Jin
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.667-676
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    • 2008
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of various Lactobacilli strains on growth performance, intestinal microflora, ileal villi development and ileal mucosal surface of broiler chickens. Six hundred 1-d-old male chicks(Avian) were randomly divided into five groups of four replicates, each replicates containing 30 birds and fed corn-soybean meal diets containing Latobaillus were isolated from cecum of chichens at 107cfu/g diet for five weeks. The treatments were control(antibiotics-free diet), Lactobacillus crispatus avibro1(LCB), Lactobacillus reuteri avibro2(LRB), Lactobacillus crispatus avihen1(LCH) or Lactobacillus vaginalis avihen2(LVH). The body weight gain in groups fed Lactobacillus significantly improved as compared to those of control(P<0.05). Feed intake was not statistically different among the groups. The number of Lactobacillus in ileum and cecum of chicks fed various Lactobacillus tended to be increased or significantly increased as compared to those of the control(P<0.05), but there was difference by age of chicks and species of Lactobacillus. The number of yeast was significantly increased in cecum and ileum at three weeks old chicks fed Lactobacilli compared with the control(P<0.05). The anaerobes’ number of ileum and cecum tended to increase or significantly increased in Lactobacillus treatments compared with the control(P<0.05). The ileal villi length extended greatly at three weeks of age in groups fed Lactobacillus compared with the control(P<0.05). The length of ileal villi in chicks fed Lactobacillus was continuously increased up to five weeks of age, but did not increased in the control(P<0.05). Lactobacillus was found on ileal mucosal surface. And ileal mucosal surface was maintained better with Latobacillus feeding. These results suggest the possibility that cecal Lactobacillus of chickens could be used as probiotics by improving the growth performance and promoting development of ileal villi in broiler chicks.

Antibacterial Activities of Lactobacillus crispatus ATCC 33820 and Lactobacillus gassed ATCC 33323

  • Kim, Jin-Woo;S.N. Rajagopal
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.146-148
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    • 2001
  • Lactobacillus crispatus ATCC 33820 and L. gasseri ATCC 33323 were grown in MRS broth (pH 6.5) at 37$^{\circ}C$ for 24 h and the antibacterial activities of cell free culture supernatants were determined by the agar well diffusion method. The culture supernatants were inhibitory to Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Pediococcus acidilacticii, and Lactobacillus helveticus. The supernatants did not show any lysozyme activity. Addition of catalase did not affect the antibacterial activities of the supernatants. The antibacterial substances were heat stable (100$^{\circ}C$ for 60 min) and sensitive to proteases.

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Transformation of Escherichia coli-Lactobacillus casei Shuttle Vector by Electroporation (Electroporation에 의한 Escherichia coli-Lactobacillus casei 셔틀 벡터의 형질전환)

  • 홍성희
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.109-111
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    • 2000
  • A 3.5 kb plasmid from Lactobacillus. casei ssp. cosei NCIB 4114 was isolated and E. cali-L. casei shuttle vectors were constructed containing this plasmid. Transformation by electroporation was successful with all the plasmids constructed. Optimized condition for the electroporation was established with efficiency level of $2{\times}10^5$ transformants per $\mu$g of vector DNA. Successful introduction of those shuttle vectors enable to these vectors as food grade vector for lactic acid bacteria.

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Antimicrobial Activity of Polylysine against Streptococcus mutans and lactobacillus acidophilus (Streptococcus mutans와 Lactobacillus acidophilus 에 대한 Polylysine의 항균활성)

  • 이갑상
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.199-203
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    • 1999
  • To evaluate antidental caries activity of polylysine cell growth and acid production of Streptococcus mutans and lactobacillus acidophilus were microbiologically monitored in anaerobic broth system containing various concentration of polylysine. The pH and heat stability of polylysine having antimicrobial activity were also examined. Two tested microbes were fairly well grown in broth containing polylysine 0.1mg/ml however inhibited at 1 and 2mg/ml of polylysine concentration. Especially lag times of Strep-tococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus were prolonged to about hour at 1.0 and 2.0 mg/ml of poly-lysine. acid production of Streptococcus mutans and lactobacillus acidophilus was also decreased by poly-lysine. Antimicrobial activity of polylysine was not affected by the change of pH and the heat treat-ment.

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Accumulation of Aluminum to Lactic Acid Bacteria under Anaerobic Conditions (혐기조건하 젖산균에서 알루미늄의 축적)

  • 박성수
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.600-605
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    • 1998
  • Present study was investigate to evaluate the aluminum absorption effect on lactic acid bacteria(Lactobacillus acidophilus ATTC 4356, Lactogacillus bulgaricus ATTC 11842, Lactobacillus casei IFO 3533, and Streptococcus thermophilus KCTC 2185 ; LAB) and Clostridium perfringens ATCC 3627 (CP) in artificial intestinal tract. Their growth rate, aluminum accumulation and cellular distribution was studied under anaerobic broth system. All of above microbes were inhibited by adding 10 to 100ppm of aluminum. The degree of aluminum in LAB (Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356, Lactobacillus bulgaricus ATCC 11842, Lactobacillus casei IFO 3533, and Streptococcus thermophilus KCTC 2185) was higher than of CP. The largest amount of aluminum was accumulated in Lactobacillus bulgaricus ATCC 11842. Aluminum accumulation in LAB was distributed in 49.1% at cell wall, 27.3% at plasma membrane, and 23.6% at cytoplasm, respectively. This study suggests that LAB might help to eliminate the ingested aluminum in intestinal tract.

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Inhibiton Activity and Charaterization of Lactic Acid Bacteria from Pig Feces (돼지분변으로부터 분리한 유산균주들의 헬리코박터 저해력과 항균활성 및 배양특성)

  • Moon, Ki-Hyuke;Park, Phun-Bum;Yoon, Jeong-Weon
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.76-83
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    • 2005
  • Lactic acid bacteria were isolated from pig feces for probiotics. The six isolated strains were identified as Lactobacillus paracasei (Lp), Lactobacillus fermentum (Lf), Lactobacillus brevis (Lb), Lactobacillus plantarum (P1 , P2), and Pediococcus pentosaceus (P3) by its sugar utilization, morphological and physiological characteristics. Pl was showed largest antibacterial inhibition zone among the isolated strains. It was against Salmonella gallinarum 25mm, E. coli 20.5mm, Staphylococcus aures 24mm, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa 28mm by inhibitory zone, respectively. Lf was showed hyper acid tolerance, $80\%$ survival rate for 40 minutes, and P1, Lb showed hyper bile tolerance, $408\%,\;283\%$ survival rate for 9 hrs, respectively. Therefore the Lf, P1, and P2 strains were expected to probiotics.

유산균의 음수 급여가 육계의 성장 특성, 영양소 소화율 고 장내미생물 변화에 미치는 영향

  • 김상호;최철환;서옥석;이상진;류경선
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Poultry Science Conference
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    • pp.105-106
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    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of supplemental Lactobacillus with drinking water on growing performance, nutrients digestibility, intestinal microflora, fecal NH3-N and VFA of broiler chicks. Four hundreds and eighty one day broiler chicks were divided into no supplement (none) and three drinking water, 10$^{6}$ (T1), 10$^4$(T2) and 10$^2$ cfu/ml water(T3) with Lactobacillus reuteri for five week. Weight gain of T2 was the highest in all treatments(P<0.05), and other supplements also tended to increase but there were not significantly difference compared to the none. Feed intake and feed conversion were not statistically different of all treatments. Dry Matter digestibility of Lactobacillus treatments was tended to improve compared to that of none, but was not significantly different. Protein and fat digestibility were also tended to Improve In Lactobacillus treatments relative that of control(P<0.05), whereas ash digestibility was not consistency. Total Lactobacillus spp. of birds fed Lactobacillus was significantly higher in cecum at five weeks(P<0.05), but was not different at ileum. E. coli and Salmonella were not difference by treatments. In conclusion, feeding Lactobacillus increase performance and nutrients digestibility of broiler chicks and Improve environments of house.

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Antipathogenic Activity of Lactobacillus plantarum Isolated from Pickled Mulberry Leaf (뽕잎 장아찌로부터 분리된 Lactobacillus plantarum 균주의 유해균 증식 억제 활성)

  • Park, Eun-Hee;Kim, Myoung-Dong
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2016
  • Strains of lactic acid bacteria were isolated from a variety of fermented foods collected in Korea. The strain L2167 showed a strong antipathogenic activity against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, and Staphylococcus epidermidis. L2167 was identified as Lactobacillus plantarum by sequence analysis of its 16S rRNA gene. Scanning electron microscopy revealed rough and wrinkled morphology of B. cereus, L. monocytogenes, S. Typhimurium, S. aureus, and S. epidermidis cell membranes after treatment with a crude cell extract of L. plantarum L2167, indicating that Lactobacillus plantarum L2167 might destroy the cell membrane of pathogenic bacteria. The optimal temperature and initial medium pH for Lactobacillus plantarum L2167 growth were 35℃ and 5.5, respectively. Lactobacillus plantarum L2167 was more sensitive to NaCl than Lactobacillus plantarum KCTC21004, used as a control strain. Lactobacillus plantarum L2167 is expected to be developed as a prominent starter strain for efficient inhibition of growth of pathogens.

In vivo Antagonistic Effect of Lactobacillus helveticus CU 631 against Salmonella enteritidis KU101 infection

  • Bae, Jin-Seong;Byun, Jung-Ryul;Yoon, Yung-Ho
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.430-434
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    • 2003
  • In vivo antagonistic effect of Lactobacillus helveticus CU 631 and Lactobacillus spp. against typical enteritis causing pathogen Salmonella enteritidis KU 101 have been determined, which showed an increase in survival rate and the decline in viable cell numbers of pathogen in liver and spleen at sacrifice. A signifcant difference in the antagonistic effect against KU 101 were observed, which was species and/or strain dependent of Lactobacillus (p<0.01), the survival rate of the mice in the Salmonella infection by feeding L. helveticus CU 631 has been shown to be 157%, whereas those of L. rhamnosus GG ATCC 53103, L. acidophilus ATCC 4356, L. johnsonii C-4 were 137%, 132%, 119% respectively on the basis of lactobacilli non-associated control KU101 fed mice to be 100%. Viable cells of S. enteritidis KU101 in the liver and in the spleen at sacrifice were decreased in Lactobacillus spp. fed group with no significant difference. The higher level of total secretory IgA concentration in the intestinal fluid of lactobacilli fed mice than control mice have been observed. In vitro antagonistic activity of Lactobacillus spp. against KU101 have been determined, a prominent antagonistic activity of CU 631 against KU 101 were demonstrated.

Study on Mixed Cultures of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in Soymilk (대두유에서의 Lactobacillus acidophilus와 Saccharomyces cerevisiae의 혼합배양에 관한 연구)

  • 유주현;오두환;공인수;박영서;임홍철
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.131-135
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    • 1988
  • Lactobacillus acidophilus KFCC12731 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae KFCC32017 were incubated together in soymilk and the conditions for acid production were investigated. The acid production of Lactobacillus acidophilus was much higher when this organism was incubated with Saccharomyces cerevisiae in soymilk than when it was incubated alone. Optimum acid production by the mixed cultures of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae was achieved with the following conditions; a temperature of 34$^{\circ}C$, a 3:7-8:2 (OD 660) ratio of Lactobacillus acidophilus to Saccharomyces cerevisiae at inoculum, a 1.5% level of sucrose fortification or a 2.0-3.0 % level of skim milk powder fortification and a culture time of 12 hours or more.

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