• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lactobacillus

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Characterization of Lactobacilli Isolated from Chicken Ceca as Probiotics (닭의 맹장에서 분리된 유산균의 생균제적 특성)

  • Kim, Sang-Ho;Kim, Dong-Wook;Park, Su-Young;Kim, Ji-Hyuk;Kang, Geun-Ho;Kang, Hwan-Ku;Yu, Dong-Jo;Na, Jae-Cheon;Lee, Sang-Jin
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.509-518
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    • 2008
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate enzyme activity, antimicrobial activity, and antibiotics susceptibility of Lactobacilli strain(Lactobacillus reuteri BLA5, Lactobacillus crispatus BLA7, Lactobacillus reuteri BLA9, Lactobacillus amylovorus LLA7, Lactobacillus crispatus LLA9, Lactobacillus vaginalis LLA11) isolated from chicken ceca and were selected by organic acid synthesis, acid tolerance, bile salt tolerance. The enzymes activities were different among strains of Lactobacilli. The amylase activity and lipase activity of Lactobacillus were high but cellulase activity and protease activity of that were low. Lactobacillus culture showed high antimicrobial activity against E. coli but low antimicrobial activity against Salmonella. The inhibitory factor of Lactobacilli isolated from chickens’ cecum on E. coli was low pH by organic acid. All of Lactobacillus isolated from chicken’s cecum were susceptible to ampicillin and amoxicillin but weren’t susceptible at the optimum level of feed additive antibiotics(virginiamycin and salinomycin).

Genomic Fingerprinting of Antituberculosis Agents-Resistant Lactobacillus ruminus SPM0211 Using the Microbial $Uniprimer^{TM}$ Kit

  • Kang, Byung-Yong;Song, Moon-Seok;Kim, Yun-A;Park, So-Hee;Chung, Myung-Jun;Kim, Soo-Dong;Baek, Dae-Heoun;Kim, Kyung-Jae;Ha, Nam-Joo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.28 no.7
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    • pp.854-858
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    • 2005
  • A Lactobacillus isolate was collected from the feces of a healthy Korean individual and named as Lactobacillus ruminus SPM0211. It was further characterized by subjecting it to an antibiotic resistance test and genetic analysis. In the antibiotic resistance test, all tested Lactobacillus spp. were classified as 'high resistance' for multiple antibiotics, such as isoniazid, ethambutol, cycloserine, and vancomycin. L. ruminus SPM0211 was classified as 'high resistance' for streptomycin also, while the other tested Lactobacillus spp. were classified as low resistance. This suggests that the antimicrobial spectra may be a good indicator in the discrimination of this strain among the tested Lactobacillus spp. In a polymerase chain reaction-random amplified polymorphic DNA (PCR-RAPD) analysis using the Microbial Uniprimer kit, L. ruminus SPM0211, and L. suebicus were clustered as a group with a 74.3% similarity level, suggesting that these two species are genetically related. Thus, our data suggest that the PCR-RADP method using the Microbial Uniprimer kit may be valuable in discriminating L. ruminus SPM0211 from other Lactobacillus spp.

Oral Toxicity of Crude Antifungal Compounds Produced by Lactobacillus Plantarum AF1 and Lactobacillus Plantarum HD1 (Lactobacillus plantarum AF1과 Lactobacillus plantarum HD1이 생성한 조항균 물질의 독성평가)

  • Chang, Hae-Choon;Koh, Sang-Bum;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.511-522
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    • 2015
  • This study investigates the acute and repeated-dose oral toxicity of crude antifungal compounds produced by Lactobacillus plantarum AF1 (Lb. plantarum AF1) and Lactobacillus plantarum HD1 (Lb. plantarum HD1) in male and female Sprague Dawley rats. In the acute toxicity study, crude antifungal compounds (500, 1,000, and 2,000 mg/kg) did not reduce mortality or produce significant changes in general behaviors or the gross appearance of external and internal organs. In the repeated-dose toxicity study, crude antifungal compounds were administered orally to rats at doses of 500, 1,000, and 2,000 mg/kg daily for 28 days. There were no test-article-related deaths, abnormal clinical signs, or body weight changes. In addition, there were no significant differences between groups treated with crude antifungal compounds and the control group in their organ weight, hematological and serum biochemical parameters, or any other factors. These results suggest that the acute or repeated-dose oral administration of crude antifungal compounds produced by Lb. plantarum AF1 plus Lb. plantarum HD1 is not toxic in male and female rats.

Characterization and Inhibitory Activity of Lactobacillus plantarum MG989 and Lactobacillus fermentum MG901 Isolated from Vaginal Microbiota of Korean Women against Gardnerella vaginalis and Candida albicans (한국여성의 질에서 분리한 Lactobacillus plantarum MG989와 Lactobacillus fermentum MG901의 Gardnerella vaginalis와 Candida albicans에 대한 억제효과 및 특성 규명)

  • Paek, Nam-Soo;Lee, Youn Yeop;Han, Seul Haw;Kang, Chang-Ho;So, Jae-Seong
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.40-45
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    • 2016
  • Vaginitis, also known as vaginal infection and vulvovaginitis, is an inflammation of the vagina and possibly vulva. The three main kinds of vaginitis are bacterial vaginosis, vaginal candidiasis, and trichomoniasis. The purpose of this study was to characterize Lactobacillus plantarum MG989 and L. fermentum MG901 isolated from the vaginas of healthy Korean women in terms of their inhibitory activity against the vaginitis associated pathogens such as Gardnerella vaginalis and Candida albicans. Co-culture experiments showed that the two Lactobacillus strains MG989 and MG901 significantly reduced the viability of G. vaginalis and C. albicans. Also, the two strains were resistant to bile acid up to 1% and their autoaggregation rates were as high as 83.33%. Further studies are underway to demonstrate that the two strains can be applied as pharmaceutical agents for recovering healthy vaginal ecosystem.

A Comparison of Feeding Lactobacillus and Virginiamycin Influence on Performance and Intestinal Microflora of Broiler Chicks (유산균과 버지니아마이신의 급여가 육계의 생산성 및 장내 미생물에 미치는 영향)

  • 김상호;박수영;유동조;이상진;류경선
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.15-25
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    • 2001
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of feeding two strains of Lactobacillus and virginiamycin on performance, nutrients digestibility and intestinal microflora of broiler chicks(Abor acres$\times$Abor Acres) were randomly allocated into six treatments with four replications for five weeks. Control(no supplement), 0.05% virginiamycin(VM), Lactobacillus crispatus avibro1(LC), Lactobacillus reuteri avibro2(LR), LC+0.05% VM(LC+VM), LR+0.05% VM(LR+VM) were supplemented into basal diets, which contained ME 3,100kcal/kg and CP 22.0, 20.0% for starting and finishing period, respectively. Weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion(FC) were weekly measured. Nutrients digestibility, intestinal microflora and fecal noxious gas were examined at the end of experiment. Weight gains of chicks fed Lactobacillus or VM was significantly higher than control(P〈0.05). Feed intake increased significantly in those supplemental groups(P〈0.05). FC of chicks fed Lactobacillus or VM significantly lower than control(P〈0.05). Degestibility of crude protein, calcium, and phosphorus improved significantly in alone or combined Lactobacillus treatments(P〈0.05). Whereas DM, crude fat and ash digestibility were not statistically different. Feeding Lactobacilli tended to increase the total Lactobacillus spp. in ileum at one and three weeks of age(WOA) and showed significantly higher in cecum than control at 5 WOA. Total yeast were not shown difference at 1 and 3 WOA, but significantly increased at 5 WOA(P〈0.05). The ileal and cecal anaerobes were started to increase from the first WOA. Fecal NH$_3$gas tended to decrease in Lactobacillus treatments compared to that of other treatments.

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Detection of Pediococci in Kimchi Using Pediococci Selective Medium (Pediococci 선택배지를 이용한 김치 유래 Pediococci 검출)

  • Lee, Myeong-Jae;Lee, Jong-Hoon
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.238-242
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    • 2009
  • Pediococci selective medium (PSM) supplemented with ampicillin (A) reported as valid for the detection and enumeration of pediococci included in foods and animal feed was evaluated for the selective detection of the genus Pediococcus in kimchi. PSM is based on the complex basal medium MRS supplemented with cysteine hydrochloride, vancomycin, novobiocin, and nystatin. In the medium evaluation with known species, the growth inhibition of leuconostocs, Pediococcus pentosaceus, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus curvatus, Oenococcus oeni, and Streptococcus thermophilus was not confirmed. In the application of kimchi samples on the selective medium, leuconostocs, P. pentosaceus, Weissella koreensis, Lb. curvatus, Lactobacillus brevis, and Lactobacillus sakei were detected. PSM+A was proved to be not applicable for the detection of pediococci in kimchi.

Antimutagenic Activities of Cell Wall and Cytosol Fractions of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Kimchi

  • Park, Kun-Young;Kim, So-Hee;Son, Tae-Jin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.329-333
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    • 1998
  • Cell wall (lactic acid bacteria-sonicated precipitate ; LAB-SP) and cytosoll(lactic acid bacteria-sonicated supernatant ; LAB-SS) fractions were prepared from kimchi fermenting lactic acid bacteria such as Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus fermentum , Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococcus acidilactici, with Lactobacillus acidophillus isolated from yogurt. Using the Ames mutagenicity test and SOS chormotest system, the antimutagenic acitivity of those cell fractions was studied . One hundered eighty $\mu$l of LAB-SP from lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi, excepting Pediococcus acidilactici, supressed the mutagenicity of 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide(4-NQO) in Ames mutagenicity test and SOS chromotes system , by above 90% and 60% , respectively. LAB-SP from lactic acid bacteria also inhibited the mutagenicity mediated by 3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido [4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-2). Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus plantarum, and Lactobacillus acidphillus had higher antimutagenicity against Trp-P-2). Lactobacillus fermentum , Lactobacillus plantarum , and Lactobacillus acidphillus had higher antimutagenicity against Trp-P-2 than the other lactic acid bacteria. However, LAB-SS of lactic acid bacteria did not show any mutagenic activity against 4-NQO in Ames mutagenicity test and SOS chromotest systems. On the mutagenicity of MEIQ and Trp-P-2 , LAB-SS of lactic acid bacteria from kimchi or dairy products exhibited a weaker inhibitory effect than LAB-SP of those bacteria. These results represent that, whether the lactic acid bacteria from kimchi are viable or nonviable, antimutagenic acitivity was still effective. We suggest that the strong, antimutaganic activity of lactic acid bacteria might be found in the cell wall fraction , rather than in the cytosol fraction.

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The Effect of Gamma Irradiation on the Survival of Lactic Acid Isolated from Commercial Daily Product (시판 유제품 중에서 분리된 젖산균의 감마선 조사에 의한 생존 효과)

  • Lee, Ji-hye;Kim, Jae-Kyung;Jo, Eu-Ri;Sung, Nak-Yun;Choi, Jong-Il;Kim, Jae-Hun;Song, Beom-Seok;Park, Jong-Heum;Yook, Hong-Sun;Lee, Ju-Woon
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.175-178
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted with effect of lactic acid bacteria by gamma irradiation. Lactic acid bacteria were exposed to irradiation with a single absorbed dose of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 kGy. Possible lactic acid bacteria, including Lactobacillus paracasei KCTC 13169, Lactobacillus casei KCTC 3109, Lactobacillus acidophilus KCTC 3140, Lactobacillus plantarum subsp plantarum KCTC 3103, Lactobacillus debruekii subsp bulgaricus KCTC 3635, Streptococcus thermophilus KCTC 3658 were selected. The radiation sesitivities of lactic acid bacteria were expressed as $D_{10}$ values. The $D_{10}$ values of Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus casei, Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum, and Lactobacillus debruekii were calculated as 0.42, 0.51, 0.47, 0.90, 0.44, and 0.61 kGy, respectively. Results suggest that L. acidiphilus has the highly resistant to gamma irradiation.

Effect of the Transformed Lactobacillus with Phytase Gene on Pig Production Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Gut Microbes and Serum Biochemical Indexes

  • Yin, Q.Q.;Chang, J.;Zuo, R.Y.;Chen, L.Y.;Chen, Q.X.;Wei, X.Y.;Guan, Q.F.;Sun, J.W.;Zheng, Q.H.;Yang, X.;Ren, G.Z.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.246-252
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    • 2010
  • In order to improve the availability of phytase and probiotics together, a phytase gene from Aspergillus ficuum has been expressed in Lactobacillus. In this study, the transformed Lactobacillus with phytase gene was fed to pigs to determine its effect on pig production, feed conversion and gut microbes. Forty eight, 60-day-old, castrated pigs (Duroc${\times}$Landrace${\times}$Pietrain) were assigned to 6 groups, 8 pigs for each group. Group 1 was the control, group 2 was added with chlortetracycline (500 mg/kg), group 3 was added with the transformed Lactobacillus (500 mg/kg) with 20% (w/w) of calcium monohydrogen phosphate (CMP, $CaHPO_{4}$) removed, group 4 was added with the natural Lactobacillus (500 mg/kg) with 20% (w/w) of CMP removed, group 5 was added with the transformed Lactobacillus (500 mg/kg) with 40% (w/w) of CMP removed, group 6 was added with phytase (500 mg/kg) with 40% (w/w) of CMP removed. The results showed: i) the average daily gain (ADG) was improved in groups 2, 3 and 4 (p<0.05); ii) the diarrhea rates in the groups added with Lactobacillus were lower than in the other groups (p<0.05), in which the transformed Lactobacillus had more effect on reducing digestive disease; iii) the transformed Lactobacillus was most effective in improving the digestibilities of crude protein (CP), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), compared with the other groups (p<0.05); iv) Lactobacillus could increase lactic acid bacterium number and ammonia concentrations, and decrease pH values and E. coli number in pig feces (p<0.05); v) the phytase activity in the feces of pigs fed with the transformed Lactobacillus was 133.32 U/g, which was higher than in group 4 (9.58 U/g, p<0.05), and was almost the same as group 6 (135.94 U/g); vi) the transformed Lactobacillus could increase serum concentrations of IgA, triglyceride, and glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase activity (p<0.05), and had no significant effect on other serum indexes (p>0.05).

Hydrolysis of ${\beta}-glycosidic$ Bonds of Isoflavone Conjugates in the Lactic Acid Fermentation of Soy Milk (대두 요구르트 제조에서 이소플라본 배당체의 가수분해)

  • Choi, Yeon-Bae;Woo, Je-Gu;Noh, Wan-Seob
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.189-195
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    • 1999
  • Isoflavones of soy milk were mainly present as sugar conjugates such as genistin and daidzin which a glucosyl residue was attached to their aglycones, genistein and daidzein through ${\beta}-glycosidic$ bond, respectively. When soy milk containing sucrose as a sugar source was fermented with lactic acid bacteria, small amount of lactic acid $(0.16{\sim}0.29%)$ was produced but isoflavone conjugates were fully hydrolyzed. Supplementation of glucose or lactose was required for normal lactic acid production and affected the hydrolysis of isoflavone conjugates in some lactic acid bacteria. In the case of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii KCTC 1047, glycosidic bond of isoflavone was fully hydrolyzed regardless of glucose supplementation. But only $25{\sim}40%$ of daidzin and $65{\sim}80%$ of genistin was hydrolyzed when glucose was added into soy milk in the other lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacillus bulgaricus KCTC 3188, Lactobacillus casei KCTC 3109, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp lactis KCTC 1058, Lactobacillus lactis KCTC 2181. The hydrolyzing enzyme, ${\beta}-glucosidase$ produced by lactic acid bacteria except Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii KCTC 1047 could be considered as inducible in the fermentation of soy milk and its production was decreased when glucose was added.

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