• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lactobacillus

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Inhibition Activity Against Pathogenic Organism of Probiotic Bacteria and Characterization of Inhibition Activity of Isolated Bacteria from Calf Dejecta (Probiotic균주의 Pathogenic Organism에 대한 억제 활성과 송아지분변 분리균주의 억제활성 특성)

  • 배임희;변정열;배귀석;이상석;장문백;윤영호
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.907-920
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to investigate the inhibitory activity of Lactobacillus spp., Bacillus ssp., and calf fecal isolates against pathogenic Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus. Among thirteen strains of Lactobacillus ssp. tested, Lactobacillus helveticus CU631 showed the highest inhibition against three pathogens, whereas Bacillus spp. showed a weak inhibitory activity. Four calf fecal isolates were identified as Lactobacillus pentosus CU13, CU05, Pediococcus pentosaceus CUR02, and Lactobacillus lactis ssp. lactis CUM14. The whole cell and cell wall components of L. rhamnosus CU02 and L. pentosus CU13 were active in the inhibition of L. monocytogenes. The medium components and levels, which affect on the inhibitory activity, were revealed as Tween 80 1.0%, peptone 3.0%, yeast extract 3.0%, glucose 3.0%, beef extract 3.0%, and NaCl 1.0~3.0%, respectively. Inhibitory activity of the supernatant culture medium was not affected by catalase and proteinase K treatment but affected by heat treatment at 80℃ and netralization, which implies that the inhibitory activity is due to the production of organic acids during the growth. L. pentosus CU13 and L. rhamnosus CU02 exhibited broad inhibition spectrum against 16 out of 21 strains including some pathogens. Oral administration of L. rhamnosus CU02 to the mice infected with E. coli O157:H7 was proven to be effective to recover their body weight during the experimental period.

Comparison of the Biochemical Activities of Commercial Yogurts and Lactobacillus acidophilus-containing Yogurt (시판용 요구르트와 Lactobacillus acidophilus 요구르트의 생화학적 활성의 비교)

  • Ryu, Jae-Ki;Lee, Hyeong-Seon;Koo, Bon-Kyung;Kim, Hyun-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.59-64
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    • 2015
  • Lactic acid-producing bacteria such as Lactobacillus spp. function to ferment carbohydrates and produce ATP. Such Lactobacillus spp. are used for the production of commercial yogurts. Lactobacillus spp. are beneficial to the intestinal tract, and Lactobacillus acidophilus-containing yogurts have received considerable attention because of their preventive effects against early-stage cancer of the large intestine. In this study, lactic acid-producing bacteria were cultured from three different groups: commercial solid yogurt (for eating), commercial liquid yogurt (for drinking), and Lactobacillus acidophilus-containing yogurt. We first determined the optimum culture conditions for Lactobacillus spp. and then analyzed turbidity and pH in order to compare the growth abilities and lactic acid-production capacities among the groups. Finally, high-performance liquid chromatography was used to measure the lactic acid content in the culture supernatants, and the antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli were compared among the three groups. The optimum culture conditions for Lactobacillus spp. were MRS medium at $25^{\circ}C$, for 24 h. The highest turbidity was found in L. acidophilus-containing yogurt, followed by liquid yogurt and solid yogurt. Similarly, the highest lactic acid production ability was found in L. acidophilus-containing yogurt, followed by liquid yogurt and solid yogurt. Culture supernatants from the three groups did not show any antibacterial activity towards S. aureus; however, supernatants derived from L. acidophilus-containing yogurt resulted in a 1.8 mm inhibitory zone against E. coli in a paper disk diffusion test. These results revealed the high level of lactic acid-production capacity and antibacterial activity in L. acidophilus-containing yogurt.

Study on Growth Characteristics of Lactobacillus Isolated from Broiler Cecum (육계 맹장 유산균의 성장특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김상호;박수영;유동조;장병귀;최철환;박용윤;이상진;류경선
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 2000
  • This study was investigated to observe Lactobacillus spp. population of poultry digestive organ, duodenum, ilium, cecum and colon by growing steps and to select of valuable lactobacilli as probiotics. Two strains of male broiler commercial chickens, Hybrid and Ross, were used to evaluate population of Lactobacillus spp. in intestinal tracts. Three strains of Lactobacillus were identified, and bile salts environment. The number of lactovacilli was the lowest in duodenum compared to other intestinal tracts which had similar population. Population of Lactobacillus was maintained constantly regardless growing steps after one week of age. Identification of Lactobacillus from cecum resulted in L.reuteri BC5, L. crispatus BC7, L.reuteri BC9. All strains was depressed in pH 1 and 2, although two strains could survive for one hour at pH 2. And they could survive at pH 4 for 4hours. In bile salts tolerance, L.reuteri BC5, L.crispatus BC7 were maintained for 2 hours, but the growth reduced from 2hours. Growth of L.reuteri BC9 was increased continuously. In conclusion, Lactobacillus of intestinal tracts were established at first week, and maintained constant population. They were influenced on severe acidic condition and bile salts. Cecal Lactobacillus has different growth charcteristics by strains.

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Real-Time PCR Monitoring of Lactobacillus sake, Lactobacillus plantarum, and Lactobacillus paraplantarum during Kimchi Fermentation

  • Um, Sang-Hee;Shin, Weon-Sun;Lee, Jong-Hoon
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.595-598
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    • 2006
  • Semi-quantitative monitoring of Lactobacillus sake and Lactobacillus plantarum, major and minor microorganisms in kimchi, respectively, and Lactobacillus paraplantarum, recently shown to be present in kimchi, was carried out by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Changes in the 3 species during kimchi fermentation were monitored by the threshold cycle ($C_T$) of real-time PCR. As fermentation proceeded at $15^{\circ}C$, the number of L. sake increased dramatically compared to those of L. plantarum and L. paraplantarum. During fermentation at $4^{\circ}C$, the growth rates of the 3 species decreased, but the proportions of L. plantarum and L. paraplantarum in the microbial ecosystem were almost constant. Considering the $C_T$ values of the first samples and the change in the $C_T$ value, the number of L. sake is no doubt greater than those of L. plantarum and L. paraplantarum in the kimchi ecosystem. L. sake seems to be one of the major microorganisms involved in kimchi fermentation, but there is insufficient evidence to suggest that L. plantarum is the primary acidifying bacterium.

Isolation and Identification of Lactic Acid Bacteria from Commercial Kimchi (시판김치로부터 젖산균의 분리 및 동정)

  • Ko, Jung-Lim;Oh, Chang-Kyung;Oh, Myung-Cheol;Kim, Soo-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.732-741
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to identify lactic acid bacteria isolated from commercial Kimchi. Twelve lactic acid bacteria strains were isolated from Chinese cabbage kimchi (Baechu kimchi) that was fermented for 4 days at room temperature after making kimchi, 6 strains from pickled ponytail radishes (Chongkak kimchi) that was fermented for 2 days, and 15 strains in radish cube kimchi (Kaktugi) that was fermented for 5 days, and 23 strains were isolated in pickled Wakegi (Pa kimchi) that was fermented for 4 days. Eight strains among the lactic acid bacteria of 12 strains isolated from Baechu kimchi (pH 4.0) were identified as Lactobacillus plantarum, 1 strain as Leuconostoc lactis, 2 strains as Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum, and 1 strain as Lactobacillus sake. Three strains among the lactic acid bacteria of 6 strains isolated from Chongkak kimchi (pH 4.5) were identified as Leuconostoc paramesenteroides, 2 strains as Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides, and 1 strain as Lactobacillus plantarum. Two strains among the 15 strains isolated in Kaktugi (pH 4.0) were identified as Leuconostoc lactis, 3 strains as Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp dextranicum, 4 strains as Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum, and 4 strains as Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. torquens. Twenty-two strains among the 23 strains isolated from Pa kimchi (pH 4.1) identified as L. plantarum and 1 strain was as Lactobacillus sake. From the results above, the dominant species of Baechu kimchi was confirmed as L. plantarum, Chongkak kimchi as L. paramesenteroides, Kaktugi as L. casei subsp. pseudoplantarum and L. coryniformis subsp. torquens, and Pa kimchi as L. plantarum.

Evaluation of Optimum Conditions for Bacteriocin Production from Lactobacillus sp. JB-42 Isolated from Kimchi

  • Jo, Young Bae;Kyung Mi Bae;Sung Koo Kim;Hong Ki Jun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.63-67
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    • 1996
  • Bacteriocin-producing microorganism was isolated from Kimchi. The microorganism was identified as a Lactobacillus sp. and named Lactobacillus sp. JB-42. The optimum conditions for the bacteriocin production from the isolated microorganism were evaluated. For the maximum yield of bacteriocin from Lactobacillus sp. JB-42, the cell should be harvested at the early stationary phase and the temperature, pH and NaCl concentration should be $30^{\circ}C$, pH 7 and without the addition of NaCl, respectively. Sucrose, glucose or fructose should be used as a carbon source and organic nitrogen such as tryptone should be used as a nitrogen source for the best yield. The production of bacteriocin was related to the cell growth of Lactobacillus sp. JB-42 indicating the role of Lactobacillus in the Kimchi fermentation process.

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Kefir로부터 분리된 Lactobacillus sp.의 특성

  • Yu, Suk-Jin;Jo, Jin-Guk;Heo, Gang-Chil
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources Conference
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    • pp.338-342
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    • 2005
  • 본 연구에서는 Kefir를 MRS선택배지에 도말하여 생장이 우수한 Lactobacillus sp. 최종 분리하였다. 분리된 Lactobacillus sp. 균은 API Kit의 당발효 시험과 16s RNA배열 분석으로부터 Lactobacillus rhamnosus로 동정되었다. Lactobacillus rhamnosus균주는 amylase와cellulase, xylanase 비활성이 0.673과 0.269, $0.288\;{\mu}mole/min/mg$으로 높은 활성을 보였다. 그리고, pH 2에서 65% 이상이 잔존하는 강한 pH내성과 1.0% 담즙산이 함유된 배지에서도 72% 생존하는 내담즙성을 나타냈으며, 열안정성도 비교적 뛰어난 것으로 확인되었다. 대장균에 Lactobacillus rhamnosus를 첨가하여 혼합배양시는 18시간이내에 대장균이 100% 사멸되었다. 이상의 결과로부터 분리된 Lactobacillus rhamnosus 균주는 probiotics 로서의 우수한 특성을 가진 것으로 확인되었다.

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Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Lactobacillus on Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Intestinal Microflora, and Fecal $NH_{3}$ Emission in Laying Hens (산란계의 생산성, 영양소 소화율 분의 암모니아 발생량 및 장내 미생물 변화에 대한 유산균의 급여 효과)

  • 김상호;유동조;박수영;이상진;최철환;나재천;류경선
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.213-223
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to investigate the influence of feeding various Lactobacillus on production performance, nutrients digestibility, intestinal microflora, and fecal $NH_{3}$ gas emission in laying hens. Three hundred and sixty ISA Brown layers, 21 weeks of age, were randomly allotted to nine treatments, with low replicates per treatment. Nine treatments consisted of Control(no Lactobacillus), Lactobacillus crispatus avibrol(LCB: KFCC-11195), Lactobaciilus reuteri avibro2(LRB: KFCC-11196), Lactobacillus crispatus avihenl(LCH: KFCC-11197), Lactobacillus vaginalis avihen2(LVH: KFCC-11198). Each Lactobacillus was added at two levels ($10^{4}$and $10^{7}$ cfu/g diets). Egg production, and egg weight were measured daily. A metabolism trial was conducted following the 12-week feeding trial, during which egg qualities, intestinal microflora and fecal $NH_{3}$ gas emission were examined. Egg production and daily egg mass improved significantly by the addition of various Lactobacillus(P<0.05), of which effect was more notable during the latter part of the feeding trial. But, no significant differences were found among Lactobacillus strains and between two levels of supplementation. Egg weight and feed intake showed no difference among all treatments. Feed conversion ratio of birds fed lactobacillus was significantly improved compared to that of the Control(P<0.05), but not different among lactobacillus treatments. Digestibility of crude protein, ether extract and crude ash improved significantly in lactobacillus treatments(P<0.05). However, there were not statistically different by adding levels and strains. Total counts of Lactobacillus spp. in ileum of layers fed Lactobacillus were significantly higher than that of the control, but no consistent trend was found in cecum. There were no significant differences in intestinal yeast and anaerobes counts among all treatments. The Lactobaciilus supplementation did not exert my effect on the eggshell quality and Haugh unit. Fecal $NH_{3}$ gas emission decreased significantly in Lactobacillus treatments, and showed no difference between the two supplementation levels. From the result of this study, it could be concluded that dietary supplementation of Lactobacillus, regardless of their species, Improves the laying performance and decreases the fecal ammonia gas emission. The proper level of supplementation appears to be $10^{4}$ cfu/g of diet.

The Regulation of Uric Acid on the Biosynthesis of Serratia marcescens and Lactobacillus plantarum Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase (Serratia marsecscens 와 Lactobacillus plantarum Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase의 생합성에 대한 요산의 조절)

  • Choi, Byung-Bum
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.361-365
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    • 2001
  • The effects of purine catabolites in growth media on the biosynthesis of Serratia marcescens and Lactobacillus plantarum purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) activity were examined. Serratia PNP activity was decreased approximately by 30% in the presence of high concentrations of inosine $(5{\sim}15\;mM)$, but was not affected at low concentrations of inosine $(0.1{\sim}1\;mM)$. However, Lactobacillus PNP activity was increased above 60% by inosine among the range from 5 to 15 mM. Serratia PNP activity was decreased approximately by 45% in the presence of high concentrations of hypoxanthine $(5{\sim}15\;mM)$, but was not affected at low concentrations of hypoxanthine $(0.1{\sim}0.5\;mM)$. Lactobacillus PNP activity was increased approximately by 20% in the presence of low concentrations of hypoxanthine $(0.1{\sim}0.5\;mM)$, and increased approximately by $50{\sim}65%$ in the presence of concentrations of hypoxanthine $(1{\sim}15\;mM)$. Serratia and Lactobacillus PNP activity was increased 20% by low concentrations of uric acid (0.5 mM), but was decreased $40{\sim}80%$ at high concentrations of same purine catabolite $(10{\sim}15\;mM)$. These data suggest that purine nucleoside phosphorylase in Serratia marcescens ATCC 25419 and Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 8014 is positively regulated by a low uric acid concentration, and then may play a regulatory role in a purine nucleotide catabolic pathway.

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Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Lyophilized, Heat-Killed Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus plantarum (가열살균한 Lactobacillus rhamnosus와 Lactobacillus plantarum의 콜레스테롤 저하 효과)

  • Kim, Dae-Weon;Yang, Dae-Hyeok;Kim, Sun-Young;Kim, Kwang-Soo;Chung, Myun-Gjun;Kang, Sang-Mo
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.69-74
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    • 2009
  • Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were well known to enhance the intestinal health of human. For the development of pharmaceutical LAB. it was screened that the LAB with activity lowering the cholesterol in vitro and evaluated the hypocholestrolemic effect of live and heat-killed (HK) LAB on rats. The selected Lactobacillus plantarum CBT 1209 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus CBT 1702 had the deconjugation of bile salts and assimilation of cholesterol micelles activities from laboratory media, The mixture of 1702 and 1209 strains was administrated to the rats with high cholesterol diet. The experiment performed by 4 groups which were control, HCD, LLAB, HKLAB groups. The hypocholesterolemic effect of LAB (strains 1702, 1209) at blood level, the phenomena of AI decreasing through LDL-cholesterol dwindling, was assessed. This effect of 1702 and 1209 was enhanced when it comes to be the HKLAB more the live-LAB, This data means that the Lactobacillus rhamnosus CBT 1702 and Lactobacillus plantarum CBT 1209 were very useful functional ingredient for hypercholesterolemia.