• Title, Summary, Keyword: Labor Turnover

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The Effects of Work Environment, Emotional Labor on Turnover Intention by Hospital Nurses (병원 간호사의 업무환경, 감정노동이 이직의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Mun-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.256-267
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    • 2015
  • Purpose. The objective of this study was to investigate factors influencing turnover intention index of work environment, emotional labor by hospital nurses Methods. A survey was conducted with 290 nurses who were working hospital. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS window 18.0 program. Result. Findings revealed that; 1) The mean scores were 2.81 [range : 1-5] for work environment, 3.24 [range : 1-5] for emotional labor, 3.43 [range : 1-5] for turnover intention. 2) Pearson's correlation revealed work environment was negatively correlated with turnover intention but emotional labor positively correlated with the turnover intention. 3) Hrarchical multiple regression analysis showed work environment, ages, assign ward, period in current hospital, emotional labor significantly influenced turnover intention in hospital nurses. Conclusion. These findings can be utilized to development of strategies to improving the work environment, managing the emotional labor for decreasing turnover intention of hospital nurses so that can be long time.

Influences of Fatigue, Emotional Labor and Job Embeddedness on Nurses Turnover Intention (간호사의 피로도, 감정노동, 직무착근도가 이직의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yo-Na
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.67-78
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : This study investigated the fatigue, emotional labor and job embeddedness factors influencing the turnover intention of clinical nurses. Methods : A survey was conducted with 479 hospital nurses. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients. and multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 23.0. Results : The mean scores fatigue, emotional labor, job embeddedness. and turnover intention were $3.06{\pm}0.71$, $3.43{\pm}0.60$, $2.94{\pm}0.47$, and $3.39{\pm}0.62$, respectively. Turnover intention was positively correlated with fatigue and emotional labor, but negatively correlated with job embeddedness. Multiple regression analysis showed that the factors affecting turnover intention were job embeddedness, emotional labor, gender, and with studying. Conclusions : The results indicate that emotional labor and job embeddedness are very important factors affecting nurses turnover intention. Therefore nurse managers should decrease nurses emotional labor and maximize their job embeddedness by developing various emotional sensitivity and support programs.

Effects of Emotional Labor, Job Satisfaction on Turnover in Nurses (간호사의 감정노동, 직무만족도가 이직의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Hye Ri
    • Health Communication
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.167-174
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among emotional labor, Job Satisfaction, Turnover in clinical nurses. Methods: A convenience sample of 136 registered nurses was obtained from a university General hospital in a city. Data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire during December, 2017. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlations and multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 21.0. Results: The mean score for emotional labor was $3.65{\pm}0.32$, Job Satisfaction was $2.96{\pm}0.31$, and Turnover was $3.49{\pm}0.74$. In multivariate analysis, factors related to Turnover were emotional labor of nurse, Job Satisfaction. The explained variane for Turnover was 44.2%(F=114.35, p<.001). Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that emotional labor, Job Satisfaction have an effect on turnover of Nurses. Findings from this study indicate the need to evaluate and improve the intervention program for nurses to decrease Turnover.

A study on the relationships among emotional labor, job satisfaction and turnover intention of beauty industry professionals (미용서비스업 종사자의 감정노동과 직무만족 및 이직의도의 관계분석)

  • Kang, Joo-A;Rhee, Young Ju
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.664-678
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to define the relationships among the emotional labor, job satisfaction, and turnover intention of beauty industry workers. The data for this study were collected through a survey, and a total of 197 questionnaires were used in the statistical analysis. The survey items were classified into 4 domains: demographic characteristics, emotional labor, job satisfaction, and turnover intention. This study extracted factors that compose each measurement domain to define the impact of emotional labor on job satisfaction or turnover intention. According to the research results, 3 factors - positive norm, sincere behavior, and emotional incongruity - were extracted for emotional labor. Individual aptitude satisfaction and work environment satisfaction were extracted as the factors for job satisfaction, whereas a single factor was extracted for turnover intention. By analyzing the effect of factors related to the emotional labor of beauty in dustry workers on factors related to job satisfaction, results showed that positive norm positively influenced individual aptitude satisfaction, sincere behavior positively influenced individual aptitude satisfaction and work environment satisfaction, and emotional incongruity negatively influenced individual aptitude satisfaction. Among factors related to emotional labor, positive norm and sincere behavior negatively affected turnover intention, whereas emotional incongruity positively influenced turnover intention. With regard to the effect of job satisfaction on the turnover intention of beauty industry workers, results showed that individual aptitude satisfaction and job environment satisfaction negatively (-) affected turnover intention. The results of this study show that people presenting a high level of individual aptitude satisfaction displayed positive job satisfaction, whereas people showing serious emotional incongruity for work presented high turnover intention. This implies that in order to increase the work efficiency of beauty businesses, it is essential to examine and manage the emotional labor of workers as a measure for increasing job satisfaction and lowering turnover.

Mediating Effects of Burnout in the Association Between Emotional Labor and Turnover Intention in Korean Clinical Nurses

  • Back, Chi-Yun;Hyun, Dae-Sung;Jeung, Da-Yee;Chang, Sei-Jin
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.88-96
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    • 2020
  • Background: The current lack of the number of nurses and high nurse turnover rate leads to major problems for the health-care system in terms of cost, patient care ability, and quality of care. Theoretically, burnout may help link emotional labor with turnover intention. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effect of burnout in the association between emotional labor and turnover intention in Korean clinical nurses. Methods: Using data collected from a sample of 606 nurses from six Korean hospitals, we conducted a multiple regression analysis to determine the relationships among clinical nurses' emotional labor, burnout, and turnover intention, looking at burnout as a mediator. Results: The results fully and partially support the mediating role of burnout in the relationship between the subfactors of emotional labor and turnover intention. In particular, burnout partially mediated the relationship between emotional disharmony and hurt, organizational surveillance and monitoring, and lack of a supportive and protective system in the organization. In addition, we found that burnout has a significant full mediation effect on the relationship between overload and conflicts in customer service and turnover intention. Although the mediating effect of burnout was significantly associated with the demands and regulation of emotions, no significant effects on turnover intention were found. Conclusion: To reduce nurses' turnover, we recommend developing strategies that target both burnout and emotional labor, given that burnout fully and partially mediated the effects of emotional labor on turnover intention, and emotional labor was directly associated with turnover intention.

Effects of Emotional Labor and Communication Competence on Turnover Intention in Nurses (간호사의 이직의도, 감정노동, 의사소통능력 간의 관계)

  • Kim, Se Hyang;Lee, Mi-Aie
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.332-341
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among turnover intention, emotional labor, and communication competence in nurses. Methods: The participants for this study were 297 nurses from three general hospitals in two local cites in Korea. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires from August 26 to September 10, 2013 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, One-way ANOVA, t-test, Pearson Correlation, Stepwise Multiple Regression with the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: The average scores for turnover intention, emotional labor, and communication competence respectively, were 3.45, 3.08, and 3.44 out of 5. The novices recognized that their emotional labor and turnover intention were significantly higher, and their communication competence was lower than other nurses. Nurses' turnover intention had a positive relationship with their emotional labor, but no relationship with communication competence. Job satisfaction, frequency of emotional expression, and emotional dissonance had an effect on nurses' turnover intention. Conclusion: The results show that emotional labor and job satisfaction are very important factors affecting nurses' turnover intention. So, nurse managers should try to minimize nurses' emotional labor and maximize their job satisfaction by developing various human relationship educational and support programs and using them.

The Effect of Emotional Labor on Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intention of Dental Hygienists (치과위생사의 감정노동이 직무만족과 이직의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Sunyoung;Kim, Jiyoung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.93-106
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    • 2020
  • Purpose : This study examines dental hygienists' emotional labor, job satisfaction, and turnover intention and defines how this emotional labor affects job satisfaction and turnover intention in hospitals. Methods : Among the dental hygienists currently working for the dental department in hospitals and clinics located in Busan, South Korea, 216 dental hygienists who understood the purpose of this research and agreed to participate were instructed to answer a self-administered questionnaire from April 1 to April 30, 2019. A statistical analysis was subsequently conducted on the responses using the SPSS Win 23.0 program. Results : Emotional labor and job satisfaction showed a negative relationship; thus, as emotional labor was low, job satisfaction was high. Moreover, emotional labor and turnover intention were found to be positively correlated, while job satisfaction and turnover intention were shown to be negatively related (p<0.01). Conclusion : The present study demonstrated that the emotional labor of dental hygienists affects job satisfaction and turnover intention. The results suggests that through systematic organization and human resource management, hospitals should design and implement in practice programs to increase dental hygienists' job satisfaction. In addition, these hospitals should secure compensation systems that are motivating enough to enhance the severe emotional labor of dental hygienists to decrease turnover intention. As another method to lower turnover intention, dental hygienists may attempt to resolve emotional disharmony with their own problem-solving methods; however, it is necessary to develop and support organizational culture for the improvement of their working environment.

Relationship between emotional labor, burnout and turnover intention in the dental hygienists (치과위생사들의 감정노동, 소진 및 이직의도간의 관계)

  • Oh, Hea-Seung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.641-648
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between emotional labor, burnout and turnover intention in the dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 326 dental hygienists in Seoul and Gyeonggido from September to October, 2013. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 15.0 program. The questionnaire consisted of nine questions of the general characteristics of the subjects, ten questions of turnover intention, and fourteen questions of burnout. Each question was measured by Likert 5 point scale. Results: There was a significant difference in workplace and monthly income which had an impact on emotional expression(p<0.05). There was a significant difference in current workplace and monthly income which had an impact on emotional dissonance(p<0.05). Burnout had a significant difference(p<0.05) in age, religion, and turnover intention current workplace, employment condition, and the number of turnover. There was a positive correlation between burnout and turnover intention. It was shown that Emotional labor had a positive correlation with burnout and turnover intention and the explanation power was 18.1%. Conclusions: The dental hygienists are one of the most vulnerable emotional labor workers and are apt to feel exhaustion from the job and turnover intention. It is necessary to prepare for the burnout and turnover intention in the dental hygienists.

The Relationship of Emotional Labor, Empowerment, Job Burnout and Turnover Intention of Clinical Nurses (병원 간호사의 감정노동, 임파워먼트, 직무소진 및 이직의도 간의 관계)

  • Lee, Keum-Jae;Lee, Eliza
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.130-142
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships among emotional labor, empowerment, job burnout, and turnover intention. Methods: The design of this study was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The subjects of this study were 358 nurses working for over 6 months in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. The data were collected from 4th to 30th of September, 2009 through one-to-one interviews. Survey data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and hierarchical regression. Results: We find the positive correlation of turnover intention with emotional labor and with job burnout, but the negative correlation of empowerment with job burnout and with turnover intention. The nurses' turnover intention scores were relatively low with 1.30. Job burnout, shift work, and frequency of turnover were predictors of turnover intention. The most powerful predictor variable was job burnout (${\beta}$=.420, p<.001). We find that emotional labor and empowerment as determinants of turnover intention are not significant. Conclusion: These results suggest that manager should consider shift work of nurses and job burnout in order to manage nurse organization and resource effectively.

An Empirical Study on the Airline Service Employees' Psychological Mechanism according to the Emotional Labor (감정노동에 따른 공항서비스 직원의 심리적 메커니즘에 관한 실증연구)

  • Lee, Jun-Seop
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 2017
  • Purpose - Service employees who work at airline check-in counters in airport are typically employed to undergo emotional labor. Emotional labor of airport service employees is an important managerial issue that must be solved. This study attempts to examine the underlying mechanism of emotional labor on turnover intention. It focuses on the consequences of emotional labor of service employees. The purpose of this study is to examine and empirically test how the two-types of emotional labor(deep-acting & surface-acting) of service employees differently affect the level of their job satisfaction and job stress. It also investigates the relationship between job satisfaction, job stress, and turnover intention. For this purpose, first, this study identified the structural relationship between emotional labor, job satisfaction, job stress, and turnover intention. Second, it investigated the mediating effects of job satisfaction between deep-acting and turnover intention. Research design, data, and methodology - To empirically test these structural relationships among research variables, data were collected by a interview from service manager of domestic airline companies and survey from 179 service employees who are working at single domestic airline check-in counters in airports in Korea using a self-rating questionnaire with total 19 items dealing with emotional labor, job satisfaction, job stress, and turnover intention. To test the research hypotheses, collected data were analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structure equation model (SEM). Results - This study obtains meaningful research results. The results from this study are as follows. First, deep-acting has a positive effect on job satisfaction, whereas, deep-acting has a negative effect on job satisfaction. Second, surface-acting has a positive effect on job stress, whereas, the effects of surface-acting on job satisfaction did not show statistically significant result. Also, job satisfaction has partial mediating roles to the relationship between deep-acting and turnover intention. Conclusions - Based on the results of this empirical study, emotional labor of service employees is one of the key factors influencing their job satisfaction and job stress. In particular, deep-acting is the important factor in emotional labor to increase job satisfaction and reduce job stress. Finally, theoretical, managerial implications, and research limitations are mentioned in discussion parts.