• Title, Summary, Keyword: LPO

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Indirect ELISA Method for Measurement of Lactoperoxidase using IgY Antibody (IgY 항체를 이용하여 Lactoperoxidase 정량을 측정하기 위한 Indirect ELISA 방법의 개발)

  • 이승배;최석호;최재원
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.182-188
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    • 2004
  • To determine the concentration of Lactoperoxidase (LPO), an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay(ELISA) was developed. Anti-LPO egg yolk immunoglobulin(IgY) was transferred to egg yolk by immunizing of Brown hens with LPO. The titer of purified anti-LPO IgY was 1: 520,000. The immunological response of anti- LPO IgY with ${\alpha}$-lactalbumin, ${\beta}$-lactoglobulin, casein and lysozyme were evaluated, resulting that the anti-LPO IgY found to be a specific antibody toward LPO and no cross-reaction was observed against ${\alpha}$-lactalbumin, ${\beta}$-lactoglobulin, casein, and lysozyme in double immunodiffusion test and ELISA test. In indirect ELISA method, coating concentration of LPO and dilution rate of anti-LPO IgY was 0.25$\mu\textrm{g}$/mL and 1:8,000 respectively. Sensitivity in the standard curve of LPO was ranged from 0.01 to 1$\mu\textrm{g}$/mL using anti-LPO IgY.

Study on Antioxidant Aaction of Sibjeondaebo-tang (십전대보탕의 항산화작용에 관한 연구)

  • Heo Jun Young;Kim Byoung Soo;Kang Jung Soo
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.356-362
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    • 2003
  • In order to examine the antioxidant activities of SJDBT(Sibjeondaebo-tang), the study was done through measurement of parameters such as LPO(lipidperoxidation), GSH(glutathione), SOD(superoxidation dismutase), catalase, GOT, GPT, ALP. The results were obtained as follows: For the weight changes, the kidney and testis of group given SJDBT showed decrease in the weight compared to the control group, and the left cerebrum, right cerebrum, cerebellum and liver of group given SJDBT showed increase. But the changes were not significant. The left cerebrum and right cerebrum of group given SJDBT showed significant decrease in the content of LPO compared to the control group, and in the activity of SOD and catalase showed significant increase. The cerebellum of group given SJDBT showed significant decrease in the content of LPO and GSH compared to the control group, and in the activity of SOD and catalase showed significant increase. For the changes of LPO, GSH in the liver, the group given SJDBT showed significant decrease in the content of LPO and GSH compared to the control group, and in the activity of catalase showed significant increase. For the changes of LPO in the kidney, the group given SJDBT showed significant decrease in the content of LPO compared to the control group. For the changes of LPO, GSH and the activity of SOD, catalase in the testis, the group given SJDBT showed significant decrease in the content of LPO and GSH compared to the control group, and in the activity of SOD and catalase showed significant increase. From above results, the antioxidant action of SJDBT is effective. And it is expected to be necessary to the study of the mechanism in the antioxidant of SJDBT.

Rock Deformation and Formation of LPO of Minerals in the Upper Mantle: Implications for Seismic Anisotropy (맨틀상부에서 암석의 변형 및 광물의 격자선호방향(LPO) 형성과 지진파 비등방성과의 연계성)

  • Jung, Hae-Meong
    • The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.249-261
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    • 2012
  • Olivine is a dominant mineral in the upper mantle and is elastically very anisotropic. When olivine is deformed under stress at high pressure and high temperature, lattice preferred orientation (LPO) is formed. It is known that the LPO of olivine is affected by water, stress, and pressure. In this paper, I reviewed the papers dealing with the effects of water, stress, and pressure on the LPO of olivine, summarized the papers on the LPOs of olivine in natural mantle rocks, and discussed its implications for seismic anisotropy in the upper mantle. In addition, I also described four types of LPOs of orthopyroxene recently found in natural spinel lherzolite.

$^{125}I$ Labelling of Protein Using Immobilized Enzyme (고정화효소에 의한 단백질의 $^{125}I$ 표지반응)

  • Kim, Jae-Rok;Park, Kyung-Bae;Awh, Ok-Doo
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 1984
  • For an effective solid-phase labelling of protein with $^{125}I$, studies on the immobilization of lactoperoxidase(LPO) on the inner wall of polystyrene tubes were carried out. Labelling of bovine serum albumin(BSA) and insulin was also practiced using the LPO immobilized tubes. The immobilized enzyme of about $2.5{\mu}g/tube$ was sufficient for small scale labelling since the results of radio-paper chromatography of the labelling mixture of insulin indicated that the yields were sufficiently high(80%) even in the reactions conducted at room temperature for 60 sec. The results of the Sephadex column chromatography indicated that the labelled products were not contaminated with $LPO-^{125}I$, and the radiochemical purity of the products was more than 90%. In considering the general trend that the $^{125}I$ labelled protein obtained by using LPO maintains its intactness better than those obtained by using chloramine-T, together with the tendency of yield enhancing with increase of reactants-concentration, the LPO immobilized tube method is estimated to be one of the simple methods of labelling. The product might be applicable without further purification.

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Protective Effects of Natural Phytochemicals on the Lipid Peroxides Induced Apoptosis in the Human Endothelial ECV 304 Cells

  • Kim, Ae-Jung;Kim, Mae-Wha;Kang, Young-Hee;Lee, Myoung-Sook
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.436-441
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    • 2009
  • The final bio-metabolites of lipid peroxidation (LPO) such as 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and malondialdehyde (MDA) have been suggested to mediate the oxidative stress-linked pathological incidences. Natural phytochemicals such as polyphenolic compounds in green tea have been known in preventing the LPO induced cellular growth inhibition and apoptosis. We investigated that green tea ethanol extracts (GTE) inhibit LPO-induced apoptosis in ECV 304 cells. GTE had time- or dose-dependent anti-apoptotic effects as evidenced by changes in cell morphology, MTT assay, DNA fragmentation, LPO production, and the Western blotting for apoptotic expression. In the 4-HNE-induced apoptosis model, GTE $10-20{\mu}g/mL$ decreased cell death through decreasing LPO production. GTE protected 4-HNE induced apoptosis, as evidence with down regulation of mitochondrial signaling such as cytochrome C and caspase-3 activity. GTE increased bcl2, survival signaling protein, compared to 4-HNE alone within 6 hr incubation. Since polyphenols in GTE are effective antioxidants in endothelial ECV 304 cells, we suggested that natural polyphenols might be anti-atherosclerotic.

Rapidly Solidified Powder Metallurgy Mg-Zn-RE Alloys with Long Period Order Structure

  • Kawamura, Yoshihito
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.1269-1270
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    • 2006
  • Mg-Zn-RE alloys had a novel lond period stacking ordered (LPO) structure. Their rapidly solidified powder metallurgy (RS P/M) alloys exhibited a combination of high strength and god ductility (tensile yield strength above 550 MPa and elongation above 5%). The LPO Mg-Zn-RE RS P/M alloys had high elevated temperature strength (tensile yield strength above 380 MPa at 473 K) and exhibited a high-strain-rate superplasticity at higher temperatures. In Japan, a national project for developing high strength LPO Mg-Zn-RE RS P/M alloys has started at 2003 for 5 years, which is founded by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) of Japan. In the national project, project targets in materials performances have been achieved. The developed LPO Mg-Zn-RE RS P/M alloys exhibited higher tensile yield strength, fatigue strength and corrosion resistance than high strength aluminum alloys of extra-super-duralumin (7075-T6).

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2-Nitropropane의 독성에 대한 멜라토닌의 억제 효과

  • Kim, Seok-Jung
    • Bulletin of Food Technology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.61-69
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    • 1998
  • 간 독성 물질인 2-Nitropropane (2-NP)을 쥐의 복강내로 주사한 후에 조직에서의 지질산화(lipid peroxidation (LPO), malondialdehyde 와 4-hydroxyalkenal의 생산량)와 간 독성의 지표로서 혈청내의 soritol dehydrogenase(SDH) 활성을 측정하였다. 수많은 독성 물질에 대하여 방어효과를 보이는 멜라토닌(melatonin)을 2-NP 투여 30분전에 주사하여 2-NP에 대한 방어효과를 조사하였다. 2-NP 투여시에 LPO와 SDH 활성은 시간 (0, 4, 8, 24h) 및 2-NP의 농도 (0, 1, 2, 4mmol/kg)에 따라 증가하였고, 4mmol/kg의 2-NP을 투여한 24시간 후에는 간 (P<0.001), 폐 (P<0.05), 신장(P<0.001)에서 LPO가 유의적으로, 혈청에서의 SDH 활성은 470배 증가하였다. 멜라토닌을 농도에 따라 투여시(2.5, 5, 10 mg/kg) 간, 폐 신장에서 LPO가 간에 대하 발암성 물질인 2-NP가 지질산화도 유도 할 수 있으며, 약리적인 수준의 멜라토닌이 2-NP의 독성을 감소시킬 수 있음을 나타낸다.

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Effect of Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) on the Apoptosis of Human Endothelial ECV304 Cells (어유의 Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA)가 인체혈관 내피세포(ECV304 Cells)에서의 Apoptosis에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Young-Youn;Kim Hyo-Sook;Kim Mae-Ha;Jang Soo-Jeong;Lee Myoung-Sook
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.357-365
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    • 2006
  • DHA, one of w-3 fatty acids, modulates cell growth or death though the changes of apoptotic signaling in human endothelial ECV304 cells. We investigated the effects of DHA on the changes of apoptotic signaling in human vascular endothelial ECV304 cells using lipid peroxidation (LPO) metabolites. LPO could be originated by dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid(LA), arachidonic acid(AA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). DHA caused cell death of ECV304 cells compared to LA, AA or control as evidenced by changes in cell morphology and MTT assay. LPO levels was significantly elevated by 10 fold in DHA-treated ECV 304 cells and caspase-3 activity was increased by DHA corresponding to increasing incubation times compared to control. One of reasons of the cell death in DHA-treated ECV304 cells could be expected that caspase activity, marker for mitochondrial damages, might be triggered by the increasing LPO levels. Our results strongly indicated that DHA induced LPO production has an important role on apoptotic signaling pathway in ECV304 cells. LPO production in endothelial cells which was metabolized by oxidation of dietary PUFA, might be one of risk factors in the initial progression of atherosclerosis.

Various Fatty Acids Induce Cell Damages Differently in CYP2E1-transduced HepG2 Cells, E47 Cells, Compared to C34 Cells

  • Lee, Myoung-Sook;Bae, Myung-Ae
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.9-13
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    • 2006
  • The differential effects of various fatty acids such as n-3 and n-6 types or degrees of unsaturation on the CYP2E1 induction and the production of lipid peroxidation (LPO) were investigated. The CYP2E1-transduced human hepatoma HepG2 cells (E47) were cultured in RPMI 1640 media containing different concentrations of various fatty acids up to 48 h incubation compared to 04 cells and CYP2E1-null cells. Treated fatty acids were linoleic acid (LA:n-6, C18:2), arachidonic acid (AA:n-6, C20:4) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA:n-3, C22:6). The cell survival rate was decreased corresponding to the degree of unsaturation (LA>AA $\cong$DHA) and to LPO production in E47 and 04 cells. The four or five unsaturation degree of fatty acids, AA and DHA, caused time- and dose-dependent cell death in E47 cells but not as much as in C34 (without CYP2E1), suggesting an important role of CYP2E1 in the DHA mediated damage. In the levels of lipid peroxides (LPO), AA also elevated LPO by 3- and 5- fold compared to DHA or LA treated E47 cells. However, AA did not increase LPO until 48 h incubation in C34 cells. In conclusion, the polyunsaturated fatty acids induced CYP2E1 induction might be changed by the elevated levels of lipid peroxide (LPO) and oxidative stress through the connection of CYP2E1 and degrees of unsaturated fatty acids.

Influences of Animal Mucins on Peroxidase Activity in Solution and on the Surface of Hydroxyapatite (동물성 Mucin이 용액상태와 Hydroxyapatite표면에서 Peroxidase 활성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Goo;Jeon, Eun-Hyoung;Kho, Hong-Seop
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.229-240
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    • 2008
  • Animal mucins have structural characteristics similar to human salivary mucins. Animal mucins have been regarded as suitable substances for saliva substitutes. Since animal mucin molecules in saliva substitutes and host-derived antimicrobial salivary molecules exist simultaneously in whole saliva and the pellicles of patients with dry mouth, interactions may occur between these molecules. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of animal mucins on peroxidase activity in solution and on the surface of hydroxyapatite(HA) surfaces. The effects of animal mucins on peroxidase activity were examined by incubating porcine gastric mucin(PGM) or bovine submaxillary mucin (BSM) with either bovine lactoperoxidase(bLPO) or saliva samples. For solid-phase assays, immobilized animal mucins or peroxidase on three different HA surfaces(HA beads, HA disc, and bovine tooth) were used. Peroxidase activity was determined with an NbsSCN assay. The obtained results were as follows: 1. PGM enhanced the enzymatic activity of bLPO in solution phase. PGM did not affect the enzymatic activity of peroxidase in saliva sample(POS). 2. BSM did not affect the enzymatic activities of both bLPO and POS in solution phase. 3. HA-adsorbed PGM increased subsequent bLPO adsorption in all three HA phases. The activity of POS was increased on both the HA beads and bovine tooth. 4. The peroxidase activities on the HA beads and disc were increased when the HA surfaces were exposed to a mixture of bLPO and PGM. 5. The binding affinity of bLPO to PGM was greater than that of bLPO to BSM. Collectively, our results suggest that animal mucins affects the enzymatic activity of peroxidase on the HA surfaces as well as in solution. Saliva substitutes containing animal mucins may affect the function of antimicrobial components in natural saliva and saliva substitutes.